Presentation on theme: "College and Amateur Sports"— Presentation transcript:
1College and Amateur Sports Chapter 2College and AmateurSports
2Marketing College Athletics Lesson 2.1Marketing College Athletics
3Effects of Collegiate Sports - Objectives Explain the importance of the NCAA and team rankings to college sportsDefine market segmentationDiscuss the growing market surrounding women’s college athletics
4Effects of Collegiate Sports A winning team has implications not only for the school but also for the community, the region, and the state.All businesses in a college community benefit from the success of its primary team through increased media coverage.Marketers strive to promote a strong public image of the team through various media outlets. Remember promotion is a means of communication to persuade, inform, or remind people about the college athletics.
5Rules and RankingsThe NATIONAL COLLEGE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION (NCAA) is the governing body of most college and university athletic programs. It creates and enforces guidelines and rules that schools must follow in order to remain in good standing.
6NCAA Guideline Areas Recruitment Gender Equity Scholarships Prohibition of GamblingOther Ethical Issues
7NCAA’S Overall FocusThe NCAA’s overall focus is on the integrity of the athletes and their game.The NCAA strives to keep athletics an important, solid, and respectable part of college life and to help the athletes succeed with both their studies and their sports.
8Conditions for Joining the NCAA Obtain accreditation by the recognized accrediting agency of its regionOffers at least 4 intercollegiate sports for men and four for women (one in each of the three traditional seasons)Complies with all NCAA rulesCooperates with the NCAA enforcement program and accepts penalties imposed by that program
9Other Facts About the NCAA The NCAA serves as a magnet for important sponsors.The NCAA Corporate partners support intercollegiate athletics financially and provide business and personnel expertise.
10The first rankings come out before the seasons begin each year. College Team RankingsSports magazines and nationally recognized sports enthusiasts determine college team rankings based on past team performance, talent, team schedules, and personal preferences.The first rankings come out before the seasons begin each year.
11Why Emphasize Rankings ? Early ratings provide excellent promotion for a team as they enter the new seasonA highly ranked team builds excitement and strong attendance at games – the ranking also creates fan loyalty and national respectPreseason rankings influence television to schedule games which in turn brings in more revenueA high ranking makes it easier for the team to climb to a #1 spot
12Post season bowl games pay schools an enormous amount of money Post season bowl games pay schools an enormous amount of money. Bowls want teams with a large fan base.A championship has lingering effects – it increases recruitment of top high school athletes and retailers have high sales returns on items bearing the team logo.
13Market SegmentationA Market Segment is a group of individuals within a large market that share one or more characteristics.
14The Five Elements of Market Segmentation Geographic Segmentation – The dividing of markets into physical locationsDemographic Segmentation – Information that can be measured such as income, profession, gender, and educationPsychographics – Focuses on characteristics that cannot be measured such as attitudes, and lifestyle choicesProduct Usage – What products you use, how often, , and whyBenefits Derived – The value received from a product or a service
15Women’s College Sports It was not until 1980 that the NCAA focused attention on women’s college sportsIn 1981 the support was made formal and 19 championship events were added to the women’s programsIn 1987 the NCAA created the Women’s Enhancement Program which offers an opportunities to college women in the form of post graduate scholarships, internships at the NCAA office, and career help for women who want to continue to play after their eligibility is over
16Increased Fan SupportFan support has increased dramatically for women’s athletic programs over the last decadeSix national championships at the University of Tennessee have inspired huge attendance figures both at home and away gamesIn 1987 ESPN televised 7 women’s college games – in
17Marketing Opportunities in Women’s Sports A powerful target market has opened up - women now want soccer shoes, baseball equipment, racing bikes, and other sports equipment and sports related items.The success of women in sports has started a tidal wave of marketing opportunities encompassing all the key marketing functions
18The Economic Impact of College Athletics Lesson 2.2The Economic Impact of College Athletics
19The Economic Impact of College Athletics - Objectives Understand the benefits of college sports to the home communityIdentify benefits of sponsorship and licensing to a teamExplain the reasons for realignment of college conferences
20Benefits to the Community Good for the Town’s businessGood for the Stadium’s business
21Sponsorships and Licensing Sponsorships generate revenue for the college athletic programSponsorships also allow the sponsor to sell their products and services during major college sporting eventsName brand apparel is very apparent during major college sporting eventsCorporations hope fans will buy the same products used by their teamCorporate use creative promotional strategies to attract attention
22LicensingA license is a legal right to reproduce a team’s logo in exchange for paymentThe mission of the athletic licensing and sales office at a university is to protect the use of the athletic department’s name and symbols and to ensure that the public can properly identify and associate logos on products with the institutionIn 1997 colleges and universities agreed to 2000 licenses worth over 2.5 billion dollars
23Conference Realignment A conference is a group of college athletic teams within the same regionConferences are created to have playing associations of manageable sizes and to be able to assign competitive teams in a fair and organized mannerIn the 1990’s changes in the conferences were made to increase revenuesConference changes also create new rivalries