Presentation on theme: "Tournament Organization"— Presentation transcript:
1Tournament Organization Because there are different types of tournaments, it is important to familiarize yourself with the proper techniques for organizing tournament draws and brackets.
2Tournament Organization Three tournament types that are often used in high school intramural and inter-school competitions are:Round robinEliminationChallengeThe format you select will depend on several factors:The type of activity/gameThe number of teams or playersThe amount of time availableThe facilities availableThe equipment available
3Round-Robin Tournaments Each player or team gets to play every other player or team at least onceWhen to UseIf sufficient time and facilities are availableIf the number of competitors is smallIf you want to determine a true winner as well as rank the other contestants in the best possible manner
4Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 1Assign numbers to the teams that have entered the tournamentRotate the numbers counter-clockwise around one number that remains fixed (#1)The formula for determining the total number of games to be played in a round-robin tournament is N(N – 1) / 2, with N representing the number of teams or participating units in the tournamentRound 1Round 2Round 3Round 4Round 5Round 6Round 71 vs. 81 vs. 71 vs. 61 vs. 51 vs. 31 vs. 22 vs. 78 vs. 67 vs. 56 vs. 45 vs. 34 vs. 23 vs. 83 vs. 62 vs. 58 vs. 47 vs. 36 vs. 25 vs. 84 vs. 74 vs. 53 vs. 42 vs. 38 vs. 27 vs. 86 vs. 75 vs. 6
5Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 2Draw up a schedule of the time and place for each game to be playedAll round-one games take place at 9:00 a.m.All round-two games take place at 10:00 a.m., and so onNotice that all the teams are placed on different courts as the tournament progressesROUNDTIMECOURT ACOURT BCOURT CCOURT D19:001 vs. 82 vs. 73 vs. 64 vs. 5210:003 vs. 41 vs. 78 vs. 62 vs. 5311:007 vs. 58 vs. 42 vs. 31 vs. 641:006 vs. 48 vs. 21 vs. 57 vs. 352:006 vs. 25 vs. 31 vs. 47 vs. 863:001 vs. 36 vs. 74 vs. 25 vs. 874:003 vs. 85 vs. 64 vs. 71 vs. 2
6Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 3Draw up and post the tournament score sheetNote 1: The number of squares on one half of the sheet equals the number of games played in the tournamentNote 2: Game results must be entered in two places (i.e., for each team playing the game). Example: In the first round, 1 beats 8. A W is placed on team one’s line under column 8, and an L is placed on team eight’s line in column 1. Alternatively, actual final scores may be entered (e.g., for team one and for team eight)TEAM12345678PointsPlaceWL
7Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Tie-breaking strategies:Number of wins in all games playedHead-to-head win recordPoint spread of head-to-toe gamesTotal point spread over all games playedPlay another short gameCoin toss
8Advantages and Disadvantages of the round-robin tournament · All teams get to play to the end of the tournament.· All teams play an equal number of games.· It’s the fairest way to determine a champion.· All teams are ranked at the end of the tournament.· It permits continuous play with maximum use of facilities.Disadvantages· Time consuming, especially if there are many teams or limited facilities.· Can result in ties, necessitating tie-breaking procedures.· More facilities are required.
10Single-Elimination Tournaments Emphasizes the eliminationHalf the competitors are eliminated after the first contestOften the least desirableWhen to Use This Type of TournamentIf you have limited time and facilitiesIf you have many participantsIf the goal is to determine one champion only
11Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures Determine whether the number of entries is an even power of 2If so, proceed by drawing for positionWinning teams advance to the next roundHalf of the teams are eliminated after the first roundSingle-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures
12Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures BYESIf the number of teams entered is not a power of 2All “free matches” must be placed in the first roundNumber of contestants for the second round is an even power of 2Even number of byes - place half in the top and half in the bottomOdd number of byes - put the larger number in thebottom halfAwarded on the basis of a random draw or seeding
13Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures SEEDINGKeeps the best players/teams from meeting until the endPrevents top players from being eliminated earlyTwo top players are placed one at the top and the other at the bottomOther high players are placed towards the middle and evenly spaced
14Single Elimination Tournament for 13 Teams with 4 Seeded Entries The top 3 seeded players have a bye in the first roundNo team receives more than one byeSingle Elimination Tournament for 13 Teams with 4 Seeded Entries
15Advantages and Disadvantages of the Single-Elimination Tournament · It takes a short time to determine a champion.· It is a good option when facilities are limited.· It is suitable for a large number of entries.· It is easy to organize.Disadvantages· The eventual winner is not always the best entrant.· The defeated finalist is not always second best.· Teams/players who could benefit most from more playing experience don’t get the opportunity to play.· Except for the first game, players don’t know their game times.· It does not provide much competition for some teams.
16Consolation Tournaments No teams are eliminated in the first round1st-round winners move towards the right side and play other winners1st-round losers move towards the left side and play other 1st-round losersHalf the teams are eliminated in the second roundFrom the second round on, a loss eliminates the teamChampion and a consolation champion are determinedConsolation Tournaments
17Consolation Tournaments: Procedures All losers in the 1st round (as well as those who lose in the 2nd round after receiving a 1st round bye) play single-elimination tournamentWhen to UseWhen adequate time and facilities are availableWhen teams or players have to travel long distancesConsolation Tournaments: Procedures
18Advantages and Disadvantages of the Consolation Elimination Tournament Each entry plays at least twice before elimination.A strong entry eliminated by the champion early in the tournament may continue.It generates greater player interest.DisadvantagesRunning the tournament is more time consuming.A first-round loss eliminates the opportunity to play in the tournament championship game.More games are involved, causing a potential space problem when there is a large number of entries.Except for the first game, teams don’t know their game times.
19Modified Double-Elimination Tournaments Each entry is assured of playing at least two contests1st-round loss does not lead to eliminationResults in the selection of a more deserving winnerWhen to UseIf you have a more time or not enough entries for single-eliminationIf teams have traveled a great distance
20Modified Double-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures After the first round, half the winning & losing teams move to the right and half to the leftSecond-round game puts winning team against team with one lossTeams losing in the second and subsequent rounds are eliminatedThe championship game is played between the last remaining teams on the right and left sidesModified Double-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures
21Advantages and Disadvantages of the Modified Double-Elimination Tournament A player or team is guaranteed two games.A team that gets off to a slow start is not immediately eliminatedIt determines the most deserving winner. The final could be between two undefeated teams or between an undefeated team and a team that had one loss in the first round.DisadvantagesExcept for the first game, teams don’t know their game times.The tournament takes longer to run than a single-elimination tournament.It emphasizes elimination.
22Challenge Tournaments Carried out by the players independentlyMany varieties:LadderTargetSpiderwebPyramidWhen to Use This Type of TournamentSingles or doublesCompetitions that:Have no set scheduleRun over a lengthy time periodInvolve any number of players
23Challenge Tournaments: Ladder Procedures Place contestants’ names on cardsDraw the cards out of a hatPlacing cards in the order drawn from the top
24Challenge Tournaments: Procedures Once the ladder has been set up, the following rules govern the play:A standard criterion defines a winPlayers advance by challenging and defeating a competitor or by defaultA competitor can challenge players only one or two places aboveIf a challenger wins, he or she trades card positionsChallenges must be played in the order they are madeRecent contestants cannot play each other until >1 game laterA defender must play within three days or defaultThe player at the top at the end of a specified time period is the winner
25Advantages and Disadvantages of the Ladder Challenge Tournament · Competition can be carried out independently by the entrants without the presence of the tournament director or sports administrator.· It affords competition between contestants of near-equal ability.· No one is eliminated, thus play is continuous for all contestants.Disadvantages· Over a period of time, players often end up competing against the same people.· Over a period of time, it can become less exciting.
27Pyramid Legion Darts Tournament · Challenge anyone one or two levels above you. If you win, trade places.· Play your way to the top of the pyramid!· Prize: Free round for you and 10 friends· Final day: May 1
28Spiderweb Arm Wrestling Tournament · Challenge anyone closer to the centre of the web.· Bouts must be performed at the special table at the bar and must be witnessed.· Winner’s name will be engraved on a plaque.· Time limit: June 1
29Target Squash Tournament · Sign up by Wednesday, April 7.· Challenge anyone one ring closer to the bull’s-eye.· Prize: A Two Brothers’ $40 gift certificate· Closing date: April 30, 9:00 p.m.