Presentation on theme: "Tournament Organization Because there are different types of tournaments, it is important to familiarize yourself with the proper techniques for organizing."— Presentation transcript:
Tournament Organization Because there are different types of tournaments, it is important to familiarize yourself with the proper techniques for organizing tournament draws and brackets.
Tournament Organization Three tournament types that are often used in high school intramural and inter-school competitions are: 1. Round robin 2. Elimination 3. Challenge The format you select will depend on several factors: The type of activity/game The number of teams or players The amount of time available The facilities available The equipment available
Round-Robin Tournaments Each player or team gets to play every other player or team at least once When to Use If sufficient time and facilities are available If the number of competitors is small If you want to determine a true winner as well as rank the other contestants in the best possible manner
Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 1 Assign numbers to the teams that have entered the tournament Rotate the numbers counter-clockwise around one number that remains fixed (#1) The formula for determining the total number of games to be played in a round-robin tournament is N(N – 1) / 2, with N representing the number of teams or participating units in the tournament Round 1Round 2Round 3Round 4Round 5Round 6Round 7 1 vs. 81 vs. 71 vs. 61 vs. 51 vs. 61 vs. 31 vs. 2 2 vs. 78 vs. 67 vs. 56 vs. 45 vs. 34 vs. 23 vs. 8 3 vs. 62 vs. 58 vs. 47 vs. 36 vs. 25 vs. 84 vs. 7 4 vs. 53 vs. 42 vs. 38 vs. 27 vs. 86 vs. 75 vs. 6
Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 2 Draw up a schedule of the time and place for each game to be played All round-one games take place at 9:00 a.m. All round-two games take place at 10:00 a.m., and so on Notice that all the teams are placed on different courts as the tournament progresses ROUNDTIMECOURT ACOURT BCOURT CCOURT D 19:001 vs. 82 vs. 73 vs. 64 vs. 5 210:003 vs. 41 vs. 78 vs. 62 vs. 5 311:007 vs. 58 vs. 42 vs. 31 vs. 6 41:006 vs. 48 vs. 21 vs. 57 vs. 3 52:006 vs. 25 vs. 31 vs. 47 vs. 8 63:001 vs. 36 vs. 74 vs. 25 vs. 8 74:003 vs. 85 vs. 64 vs. 71 vs. 2
Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Step 3 Draw up and post the tournament score sheet Note 1: The number of squares on one half of the sheet equals the number of games played in the tournament Note 2: Game results must be entered in two places (i.e., for each team playing the game). Example: In the first round, 1 beats 8. A W is placed on team ones line under column 8, and an L is placed on team eights line in column 1. Alternatively, actual final scores may be entered (e.g., 25-19 for team one and 19-25 for team eight) TEAM12345678PointsPlace 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 L W
Round-Robin Tournaments: Procedures Tie-breaking strategies: Number of wins in all games played Head-to-head win record Point spread of head-to-toe games Total point spread over all games played Play another short game Coin toss
Advantages and Disadvantages of the round-robin tournament Advantages ·All teams get to play to the end of the tournament. ·All teams play an equal number of games. ·Its the fairest way to determine a champion. ·All teams are ranked at the end of the tournament. ·It permits continuous play with maximum use of facilities. Disadvantages ·Time consuming, especially if there are many teams or limited facilities. ·Can result in ties, necessitating tie-breaking procedures. ·More facilities are required.
Single-Elimination Tournaments Emphasizes the elimination Half the competitors are eliminated after the first contest Often the least desirable When to Use This Type of Tournament If you have limited time and facilities If you have many participants If the goal is to determine one champion only
Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures Determine whether the number of entries is an even power of 2 If so, proceed by drawing for position Winning teams advance to the next round Half of the teams are eliminated after the first round
Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures BYES If the number of teams entered is not a power of 2 All free matches must be placed in the first round Number of contestants for the second round is an even power of 2 Even number of byes - place half in the top and half in the bottom Odd number of byes - put the larger number in the bottom half Awarded on the basis of a random draw or seeding
Single-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures SEEDING Keeps the best players/teams from meeting until the end Prevents top players from being eliminated early Two top players are placed one at the top and the other at the bottom Other high players are placed towards the middle and evenly spaced
Single Elimination Tournament for 13 Teams with 4 Seeded Entries The top 3 seeded players have a bye in the first round No team receives more than one bye
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Single-Elimination Tournament Advantages ·It takes a short time to determine a champion. ·It is a good option when facilities are limited. ·It is suitable for a large number of entries. ·It is easy to organize. Disadvantages ·The eventual winner is not always the best entrant. ·The defeated finalist is not always second best. ·Teams/players who could benefit most from more playing experience dont get the opportunity to play. ·Except for the first game, players dont know their game times. ·It does not provide much competition for some teams.
Consolation Tournaments No teams are eliminated in the first round 1st-round winners move towards the right side and play other winners 1st-round losers move towards the left side and play other 1 st -round losers Half the teams are eliminated in the second round From the second round on, a loss eliminates the team Champion and a consolation champion are determined
Consolation Tournaments: Procedures All losers in the 1 st round (as well as those who lose in the 2 nd round after receiving a 1 st round bye) play single-elimination tournament When to Use When adequate time and facilities are available When teams or players have to travel long distances
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Consolation Elimination Tournament Advantages Each entry plays at least twice before elimination. A strong entry eliminated by the champion early in the tournament may continue. It generates greater player interest. Disadvantages Running the tournament is more time consuming. A first-round loss eliminates the opportunity to play in the tournament championship game. More games are involved, causing a potential space problem when there is a large number of entries. Except for the first game, teams dont know their game times.
Modified Double-Elimination Tournaments Each entry is assured of playing at least two contests 1 st -round loss does not lead to elimination Results in the selection of a more deserving winner When to Use If you have a more time or not enough entries for single-elimination If teams have traveled a great distance
Modified Double-Elimination Tournaments: Procedures After the first round, half the winning & losing teams move to the right and half to the left Second-round game puts winning team against team with one loss Teams losing in the second and subsequent rounds are eliminated The championship game is played between the last remaining teams on the right and left sides
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Modified Double-Elimination Tournament Advantages A player or team is guaranteed two games. A team that gets off to a slow start is not immediately eliminated It determines the most deserving winner. The final could be between two undefeated teams or between an undefeated team and a team that had one loss in the first round. Disadvantages Except for the first game, teams dont know their game times. The tournament takes longer to run than a single-elimination tournament. It emphasizes elimination.
Challenge Tournaments Carried out by the players independently Many varieties: Ladder Target Spiderweb Pyramid When to Use This Type of Tournament Singles or doubles Competitions that: Have no set schedule Run over a lengthy time period Involve any number of players
Challenge Tournaments: Ladder Procedures Place contestants names on cards Draw the cards out of a hat Placing cards in the order drawn from the top
Challenge Tournaments: Procedures Once the ladder has been set up, the following rules govern the play: A standard criterion defines a win Players advance by challenging and defeating a competitor or by default A competitor can challenge players only one or two places above If a challenger wins, he or she trades card positions Challenges must be played in the order they are made Recent contestants cannot play each other until >1 game later A defender must play within three days or default The player at the top at the end of a specified time period is the winner
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Ladder Challenge Tournament Advantages ·Competition can be carried out independently by the entrants without the presence of the tournament director or sports administrator. ·It affords competition between contestants of near-equal ability. ·No one is eliminated, thus play is continuous for all contestants. Disadvantages ·Over a period of time, players often end up competing against the same people. ·Over a period of time, it can become less exciting.
Challenge Tournament Examples
Pyramid Legion Darts Tournament · Challenge anyone one or two levels above you. If you win, trade places. · Play your way to the top of the pyramid! · Prize: Free round for you and 10 friends · Final day: May 1
Spiderweb Arm Wrestling Tournament · Challenge anyone closer to the centre of the web. · Bouts must be performed at the special table at the bar and must be witnessed. · Winners name will be engraved on a plaque. · Time limit: June 1
Target Squash Tournament · Sign up by Wednesday, April 7. · Challenge anyone one ring closer to the bulls-eye. · Prize: A Two Brothers $40 gift certificate · Closing date: April 30, 9:00 p.m.