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History of women’s basketball

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1 History of women’s basketball
HONR101: History and Culture of Basketball November 2, 2011

2 Women’s basketball: The early days
December 29, 1891: Dr. James Naismith organizes the first basketball game 1892: The first women's basketball team was organized by Senda Berenson at Smith College, adapting Naismith's rules to emphasize cooperation, with three zones and six players on each team March 21, 1893: The first women's college basketball game played at Smith College; no men were admitted to the game

3 Women’s basketball: The early days
1893: Women's basketball began at Iowa State College, Carleton College, Mount Holyoke College, and Sophie Newcomb College (Tulane) in New Orleans Each year, more schools added women's basketball to their sports offerings for girls 1894: Senda Berenson published an article on women's basketball and its benefits in the Physical Education journal In 1896, bloomers introduced as a playing costume at Sophie Newbomb College, New Orleans Next slide is from 1903 edition of Basket Ball for Women, Sendra Berenson is holding the ball

4 Women’s basketball: The early days

5 Women’s basketball: The early days - 1896
Stanford and the University of California at Berkeley played the first women's intercollegiate game; Stanford won, 2-1, and men were excluded, with women guarding the windows and doors to exclude men The first known women's basketball game between two high schools was played in the Chicago area, with Chicago Austin High School against Oak Park High School

6 Women’s basketball: The early days – The rules
In 1895, Baer published rules for women's "Basquette" In 1901, Spalding issued women's basketball rules, edited by Senda Berenson, establishing 3 zones with 5-10 players per team; some teams used men's rules, some used Baer's rules, and some used Spalding's/Berenson's rules In 1938, three zones reduced to two in women's competition

7 Women’s basketball: the early days
In the early days, there were 9 players on a team The court was divided into 3 zones, with 3 players from each team per zone The game was designed to be “ladylike” and “rough play” was banned

8 Women’s basketball: The early years - opposition
In 1908, AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) took the position that women or girls should not play basketball in public In 1914, the American Olympic Committee declared its opposition to the participation of women in the Olympics competition In 1923, Women's Division of the National Amateur Athletic Federation (WDNAAF) held its first conference; over the next few years, it will take on women's extramural basketball and other sports as too competitive, working to get high schools, industrial leagues, and even churches to ban tournaments

9 Women’s basketball: The early years – spread of the game
In 1904, a Native American team played women's basketball at the St. Louis World's Fair, as an exhibition In the 1920s, industrial leagues -- teams sponsored by companies for their workers -- were established in many parts of the country In 1921, Jeux Olympiques Féminines held in Monaco, an all-women's sports competition for sports excluded from the Olympics; sports included basketball, track and field; Britain's team won the basketball event

10 Women’s basketball: The spread of the game
In 1924, Olympics included women's basketball -- as an exhibition event International Women's Sports Federation founded, hosted a women's event paralleling the Olympics, including basketball In 1926, AAU held first national tournament for women's basketball, with six teams participating In 1927, AAU National Women's Basketball Tournament cancelled under pressure from the WDNAAF

11 Women’s basketball: Canadian team at 1924 games in paris

12 Women’s basketball: the spread of the game
In 1929, AAU selected the first AAU All-America team AAU re-started national championship tournament; Sunoco Oilers won, defeating the Golden Cyclones; a beauty contest was part of the event 1930 AAU national championship included 28 teams; Sunoco Oilers won, defeating the Golden Cyclones In the 1930s, WDNAAF continued to pressure states to ban women's basketball tournaments, with success in many states

13 Women’s basketball: continued spread of the game
In 1953, international competition in women's basketball was reorganized In 1955, first Pan-American Games included women's basketball; USA won the gold medal In 1969, Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (ICAW) held an invitational basketball tournament, the first national tournament not including AAU teams; West Chester State won the championship Women's basketball was included in the Paralympics

14 Women’s basketball: The 1970’s
In 1970, five player full court game adopted for women's basketball In 1972, Title IX enacted, requiring federally- funded schools to fund women's sports equitably, including teams, scholarships, recruitment, and media coverage Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) held first national intercollegiate championship in basketball; Immaculata defeated West Chester AAU established national basketball tournaments for girls younger than college age

15 Women’s basketball: The 1970’s
In 1973, college scholarships offered to female athletes for the first time Amateur Basketball Association of the United States (ABAUSA) established, replacing AAU In 1974, the US Olympic Committee recognized the ABAUSA Billie Jean King founded the Women's Sports Foundation, to promote sports and physical activity among girls In 1976, women's basketball became an Olympic sport; the Soviet team won the gold, USA won the silver

16 Women’s basketball: The 1970’s
In 1978, the Wade Trophy established to honor a top collegiate player; first awarded to Carol Blazejowski Bill Byrne founded the 8-team Women's Basketball League (WBL) In 1979, WBL expanded to 14 teams In 1980, Ladies Professional Basketball Association founded with six teams; played for less than a month before failing The first USA Basketball Female Athlete of the Year Award went to Carol Blazejowski Olympics held but many nations boycotted, led by the USA

17 Women’s basketball: 1981 The WBL played its last season
The Women's Basketball Coaches Association (WBCA) begins The NCAA announced women's basketball tournaments; AIAW filed an antitrust suit in opposition The final AIAW tournament held; AIAW dropped the lawsuit against the NCAA and disbanded The first NCAA women's basketball Final Four championship held

18 Women’s basketball: 1984 The Olympics women's basketball event won by USA team, with the USSR and some other nations boycotting Women's American Basketball Association (WABA) formed, with six teams; it was, like most of the women's professional basketball leagues, short-lived Lynette Woodard began playing with the Harlem Globetrotters, the first woman to play with that team

19 Women’s basketball: The late 1980’s
In 1985, Senda Berenson Abbott, L. Margaret Wade, and Bertha F. Teague were inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, the first women to be so honored In 1986, National Women's Basketball Association (NWBA) founded; folded the same season In 1987, Naismith Hall of Fame initiated Female High School Player of the Year award In 1988, Olympics women's basketball event won by USA team in Seoul, South Korea

20 Women’s basketball: The early 1990’s
In 1991, WBL disbanded Liberty Basketball Association (LBA) founded, and lasted one game, broadcast on ESPN 1992 Howard University women's basketball coach became the first woman to win monetary damages under Title IX, for discrimination In 1993, Women's Basketball Association (WBA) founded In 1995, Women's Basketball Association (WBA) failed American Basketball League (ABL) founded with ten teams

21 Women’s basketball: The late 1990’s
In 1996, the NBA established the WNBA with eight teams; Sheryl Swoopes was the first player signed by the WNBA In 1997, first WNBA game played WNBA added two more teams In 1998, the ABL failed WNBA expanded by two teams In 1999 Women's Basketball Hall of Fame opened with 25 inductees Video:

22 Today’s WNBA The 2011 WNBA consisted of 12 teams playing 34 games throughout the summer The Minnesota Lynx were the 2011 champions The WNBA offseason is at the same time as the NBA season, and vice versa

23 Where do players of the wnba play in the offseason?

24 Some highlights 1984 – first college dunk: ry?columnist=garber_greg&id= first WNBA dunk: xjMFRfX4MY&feature=related High school girl dunking: Vqw&feature=grec_index Top WNBA 2008 plays: 9hQw&feature=rel LSSU women:

25 References A few sources:
us.htm line.htm ne.html

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