Presentation on theme: "Compiled by Dr. Richard A. Rasmussen, Ed.D. Executive Secretary University Athletic Association William A. Rasmussen, B.A., M.S. Research Assistant Supported."— Presentation transcript:
Compiled by Dr. Richard A. Rasmussen, Ed.D. Executive Secretary University Athletic Association William A. Rasmussen, B.A., M.S. Research Assistant Supported by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation NCAA Division III Profile Executive Summary
1 Purpose To compile a database of reasonably accurate aggregate data that provides a useful profile of NCAA Division III institutions and conferences To help inform discussions and policy deliberations related to the conduct of intercollegiate athletics and the future of Division III
2 Components of the Database Institutional demographics Sport sponsorship Admission selectivity Tuition and fees and financial aid awards Participation levels and program expense Championship selection and performance
3 Data Sources NCAA membership database Carnegie Foundation publications College Board website National Center for Education Statistics website Integrated Postsecondary Education Database System (IPEDS) Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act (EADA) website NCAA championship publications
4 Reliability of Data This data is intended to provide a reasonable aggregate profile of institutions and conferences. Use of this data to compare individual institutions is not necessarily an appropriate use of the data. Much of the data was retrieved institution-by-institution from websites or printed publications. Although all entries were double-checked at the time of data entry, there may be errors in some data. Base on limited testing of data samples, we believe the number of such errors to be minimal and not of substantial effect when examining the data in aggregate. Missing Data Much of the data are self-reported by various offices of individual institutions. Missing data are noted as blank data entries and as a separate category in all cross tabulations and summaries. Generally, where a zero value is listed the institution reported a value of zero. Percentages and cumulative percentages listed in cross tabulations include missing data. Percentages listed are thus percentages of the total membership rather than percentages of respondents.
5 Known Limitations of Data EADA Data 36 institutions were exempted by law or not required to report EADA data. 22 institutions did not report data to the EADA website – none was listed. Some data are prone to institutional reporting errors and data entry errors caused by difficulty with the EADA instructions or online data entry system. 85 institutions reported Unduplicated Participant counts greater than or equal to their Participant counts. 84 institutions reported Game Day Expenses greater than or equal to their Total Program Expenses The overlap in these two groups comprised 13 institutions. It is widely acknowledged that substantial inconsistencies exist in the specific expense items individual institutions track and include in the data they report for various expense categories. Championship Data Data are all-inclusive from the inception of Division III championships in 1973. Division III membership has grown substantially during this period. Older institutions and conferences benefit statistically from having participated over a longer period of years. A substantial number of institutions posting top four finishes are no longer members of Division III. The data reflect only current members. At least one conference has, by policy, restricted the participation of its members in Team Sport championships at various times and in selected sports.
Organization of the Excel Workbooks Workbook 1: Member Profiles Workbook 2: Conference Profiles
7 Organization of the Data The data is presented in two Excel workbooks. Member Profiles – alphabetical by institutional name Conference Profiles – grouped by conference Each workbook includes directory information Index of worksheets Data definitions and sources Glossary of abbreviations Each workbook contains a separate worksheet for each category of data. Summary data and cross tabulations are also included.
8 Data Worksheets Demographic Data Sport Sponsorship Data College Board Data Cost and Financial Aid Data EADA Data Championship Data
9 Summary Statistics Summary statistics included in each worksheet High, Low, Average, and Median values for data elements as appropriate Separate worksheets are included for Cross tabulations of various data elements Median values of all data elements within conferences Summative values of championship data within conferences High/Low/Range values for selected data elements within conferences
10 Institutional Demographic Data Location NCAA district Primary conference affiliation NCAA membership status Carnegie classification Institutional control (state/private) Institution gender (coed, male, female) Undergraduate enrollment Team sport and total sport sponsorship
11 Sport Sponsorship Data Number of team sports sponsored Mens, Womens, Total Total numbers of sports sponsored Team sports + Individual sports Mens, Womens, Coed Overall Total Sponsorship by sport
12 College Board Data Admissions selectivity Percent of applicants admitted Undergraduate Enrollment First-year Enrollment Graduate Enrollment SAT Verbal and Math scores Middle 50% (25th – 75th percentile ranges) ACT scores Middle 50% (25th – 75th percentile ranges)
13 Cost and Financial Aid Data 2001 Tuition and Fees Percent of first-year students receiving aid and average amount of respective awards for Federal grant State/local grant Institutional grant Loan Average institutional grant as percent of tuition and fees Average loan as percent of tuition and fees
14 EADA Data Number of male and female participants Number of unduplicated male and female participants Total recruiting expense Game day expense – Football and All sports Total program expense – Football and All sports Unduplicated participants as percent of undergraduate enrollment Football expenses as percent of game day and total program expenses for all sports
15 Championship Data Number of team sports sponsored Number of team sports in which at least one team has participated in championship playoffs Total number of teams qualified or selected to compete in championship playoffs Won-loss-tie records and overall win percentages Numbers of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th place finishes Aggregated by mens and womens sports as well as by each respective sport
Demographics Sport Sponsorship Participants Admissions Cost and Financial Aid Recruiting and Program Costs Championships Institutional Profile Statistical Highlights
17 General Demographics 425 institutions (includes 14 provisional members) 37% of institutions are located in three states – Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania 54% baccalaureate colleges, 43% doctoral and masters universities Institutions distributed evenly over four NCAA regions 86% conference members, 14% independents 81% private, 19% state 90% coed, 9% womens, 1% mens
18 Enrollment Undergraduate Division III institutions enroll a total of 959,812 undergraduate students. Range from 252 to 18,258 undergraduates 25% have enrollments under 1,000 67% have enrollments under 2,000 Median: 1,528 Average: 2,258 High-enrollment institutions tend to be state institutions: 72% of institutions over 3,000 are state institutions 83% of institutions over 5,000 are state institutions
19 Enrollment Graduate Student 36% of Division III member institutions report no graduate student enrollment. Another 35% of members report graduate student enrollment of 500 or fewer students. Among the 269 member institutions reporting graduate student enrollments: Highest graduate enrollment – 14,764 Average graduate enrollment – 968 Median graduate enrollment – 144
20 Sport Sponsorship Totals: 3,559 team sports, 6,951 total sports Average team sport sponsorship: 8 Average total sport sponsorship: 16 Median total sport sponsorship: 16 Highs: 15 team sports 36 total sports
21 Sport Sponsorship Approximately 13% sponsor only the minimum number of sports required Total Number of Sports Sponsored Cumulative Count of Institutions Cumulative Percentage of Institutions 105713% 1211427% 1415837% 1620849% 1825861% 2032677% 2238691% 2440595%
22 Sport Sponsorship On average, private and state institutions sponsor equivalent numbers of sports. Institutional Control Average Number of Sports Sponsored Private16.4 State16.3 ALL16.4
23 Sport Sponsorship Carnegie Classification Average Number of Sports Sponsored Bac-Assoc11.1 Bac-Gen14.9 Bac-Lib Art17.9 Doc/Res-Ext20.4 Doc/Res-Int17.0 Masters-I15.9 Masters-II15.0 The most highly selective institutions sponsor the greatest number of sports.
24 Sport Sponsorship Total Enrollment Average Number of Sports Sponsored Under 1,00011.8 1,000 - 1,99917.3 2,000 - 2,99918.6 3,000 - 3,999 18.5 4,000 - 4,99920.7 5,000- 5,999 19.0 6,000 and Over 17.7 Larger institutions tend to sponsor more sports.
25 Participants Participant counts include duplicate participants. Individuals competing on more than one team are counted once for each team on which they compete. For 367 institutions reporting data: Total participants: 75,689 men; 52,382 women Average number of participants: 210 men; 146 women Highest number of participants: 552 men; 426 women Lowest numbers of participants: 45 men; 46 women (These represent coed institutions with very low numbers of one gender.)
26 Participants On average, student-athletes comprise 19% of the undergraduate enrollment at Division III institutions. High is 47% and low is 1%. At half of all reporting institutions student- athletes comprise 20% or more of the undergraduate enrollment.
27 Admission Selectivity 54% of Division III member institutions admit 70% or more of their applicants. Only 12% of Division III member institutions admit less than 50% of their applicants. On average, the most selective institutions sponsor the greatest number of sports. Institutions that admit less than 50% of their applicants sponsor an average of 9 team sports and 20 sports overall. The average sport sponsorship for all institutions is 8 team sports and 16 sports overall.
28 SAT Verbal and Math 72% of Division III member institutions report 75th Percentile SAT Verbal scores of 550 or higher. 71% of Division III member institutions report 75th Percentile SAT Math scores of 550 or higher. The spread of comparable SAT benchmarks among Division III members is approximately 300-400 points. SAT Verb 25th Pctl SAT Verb 75th Pctl SAT Math 25th Pctl SAT Verb 75th Pctl High:700780760800 Low:350480350480 Average:500608501606 Median:490605490600
29 Tuition and Fees In 2001, 59% of Division III member institutions charged tuition and fees of $15,000 or more. 13% charged tuition and fees of less than $5,000. 2001 Tuition and Fees (In-State) High:$34,290 Low:$1,761 Average:$15,302 Median:$16,320 Standard Deviation:$6,881
30 Financial Aid Institutional grant is the largest source of financial aid for the greatest percentage of students, followed by loans, and then by government grants. On average 69% of students receive institutional grants and the average amount of grant is $7,173. Pct Receiving Institutional Grant Average Amount of Institutional Grant Institutional Grant as Percent of Tuition & Fees High:100%$20,304144% Low:0%$2881% Average:69%$7,17344% Median:81%$6,82143% Std Dev:29%$4,30716%
31 Financial Aid Loans are the second largest component of financial aid packages. On average 61% of students receive loans and the average loan amount is $3,651. Pct Receiving Loans Average Amount of Loans Loan as Percent of Tuition & Fees High:100%$9,863154% Low:0%1,2007% Average:61%$3,65131% Median:63%$3,42124% Std Dev:20%$1,13622%
32 Recruiting Expense 12% of Division III members report they do not incur any recruiting expense. 14% report Total Recruiting Expense for all sports of over $40,000. AVERAGE Total Recruiting Expense for All Sports MEDIAN Total Recruiting Expense for All Sports Institutions That Do NOT Sponsor Football $12,247$6,844 Institutions That Sponsor Football $24,922$19,619 ALL Institutions $19,780$11,767
33 Game Day Expense Game Day Expenses (EADA definition) include team travel, lodging, and meals; uniforms and equipment; and officials. GAME DAY EXPENSE FootballAll Sports Football as Pct of All Sports High:$185,807$1,100,92854% Low:$7,293$10,0523% Average:$57,655$257,72720% Median:$51,108$232,77119%
34 Total Program Expense 16% of Division III member institutions reported Total Program Expense of over $1,000,000. Another 18% reported Total Program Expense of $700,000 or more. TOTAL PROGRAM EXPENSE FootballAll Sports Football as Pct of All Sports High:$464,048$3,409,32358% Low:$32,507$42,0003% Average:$191,217$726,28624% Median:$187,789$647,01723%
35 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance 385 institutions sponsor 1,599 Mens Team Sports, and 421 institutions sponsor 1,960 Womens Team Sports. 283 institutions (74%) have sent at least one Mens Team to a Division III playoff. 271 institutions (64%) have sent at least one Womens Team to a Division III playoff. 42% of all Mens Teams and 22% of all Womens Teams have participated in at least one Division III championship playoff 3,009 Mens Teams and 2,528 Womens Teams have competed in Division III championship playoffs in a Team Sport.
36 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance Smallest institutions (<1,000) are most under- represented and place in top four least often. Men: represent 25% of institutions, sponsor 18% of teams, qualify 7% of playoff teams, win 4% of top four finishes Sponsor fewest number of sports Are most recent additions to Division III Larger institutions (>2,000) tend to be over-represented and place in top four more often. Men: represent 23% of institutions, sponsor 37% of teams, qualify 55% of playoff teams, win 62% of top four finishes Sponsor greatest number of sports Have been members of Division III the longest Enrollment
37 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance Private institutions take 67% of top four finishes. State institutions tend to be over-represented in selection of teams to playoffs and in top four finishes. Men: represent 19% of institutions, sponsor 20% of teams, qualify 26% of playoff teams, win 33% of top four finishes Women: represent 19% of institutions, sponsor 19% of teams, qualify 27% of playoff teams, win 33% of top four finishes Institutional Control
38 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance Institutions that sponsor football are over-represented in selection of teams to playoffs and in top four finishes in both mens and womens sports. This difference is more pronounced in womens sports. Institutions that sponsor football tend to be larger in size and tend to commit more resources to athletics across all sports. Whether Institution Sponsors Football
39 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance Whether Institution Sponsors Football Institution Sponsorship of Football Percent of Institutions Percent of All Teams Sponsored Percent of All Teams in Playoffs Percent of All Top Four Finishes Mens Sports Football54%64%75%71% Non-Football46%36%25%29% Womens Sports Football54%55%75%80% Non-Football46%45%25%20%
40 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance Admissions Selectivity The more selective institutions tend to be over-represented in the selection of teams to playoffs and in top four finishes. Percent of Applicants Admitted Percent of Institutions Percent of Teams Sponsored Percent of Teams in Playoffs Percent of Top Four Finishes Mens Sports Less than 75%44%47%58%62% 75% - 100%48%46%38%35% Womens Sports Less than 75%44%46%55%61% 75% - 100%48%47%42%38%
41 Team Sport Championship Selection and Performance There does not appear to be a systematic relationship between reported recruiting expense and selection to championships or championship performance. This may reflect inconsistencies in what expenses individual institutions include in this reporting category. Institutions reporting the highest levels of overall program expense ($750,000+) tend to have more teams selected to championship playoffs and tend to finish in the top four more often. These institutions tend to sponsor the highest number of sports. A higher percentage of these institutions also sponsor football. Recruiting and Program Expense
Demographics Sport Sponsorship Participants Admissions Cost and Financial Aid Recruiting and Program Costs Championships Conference Profile Statistical Highlights
43 Conference Size 39 Playing Conferences Conferences comprise 86% of Division membership Average number of members: 9.4 Median number of members: 9 Highest: 16 Low: 6 Mode: 8
44 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Carnegie Classification Only 5 conferences consist exclusively of baccalaureate colleges or exclusively of masters/doctoral universities Most conferences include a mix of institutional classifications 25 conferences include at least 2 baccalaureate colleges and at least 2 masters/doctoral universities 17 conferences include at least 3 baccalaureate colleges and at least 3 masters/doctoral universities
45 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Undergraduate Enrollment Differences in Enrollment between largest and smallest conference members: Only 3 conferences have a difference in enrollment between largest and smallest member of under 1,000 25 conferences – enrollment difference is over 2,000 17 conferences – enrollment difference is over 3,000 In 30 conferences, the largest member institution has an Enrollment more than 3 times that of the smallest conference member.
46 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Sport Sponsorship Sport sponsorship levels within conferences tend to be comparable, although most conferences have one or more outliers. In 24 of 35* conferences, the difference between the highest Total Sport Sponsorship level and the conference median is 4 sports or less. Difference between conference members with the highest and lowest Total Sport Sponsorship* 25 conferences – difference of 7 or more sports 18 conferences – difference of 9 or more sports 10 conferences – difference of 12 or more sports * NOTE: These figures exclude 4 conferences with one or more single-gender institutions.
47 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Admission Selectivity There is a substantial amount of diversity in Admission Selectivity within conferences. Within conferences, the average difference between the highest and lowest Percentages of Applicants Admitted is 34 percentage points. Conferences with Percentages of Applicants Admitted of 70% or greater tend to have less variation in admit rates among their members than conferences with more selective median admit rates.
48 Among the 39 Playing Conferences SAT Scores In most conferences, standardized test score benchmarks tend to be relatively consistent among conference members. SAT Verbal 75th Percentile scores vary among conference members by less than 150 points (from highest to lowest) in 33 conferences. SAT Verbal 75th Percentile scores vary among conference members by less than 20% (range as percent of median) in 24 conferences, and by less than 30% in 36 conferences. Other test score benchmarks show similar patterns.
49 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Tuition and Fees While Tuition and Fee charges tend to be more consistent within conferences than across conference, there are substantial differences in these charges within most conferences. 21 conferences show a difference (from highest to lowest) in charges for Tuition and Fees of over $7,000. 23 conferences show a difference of 50% or more in charges for Tuition and Fees between their respective lowest cost and highest cost member institutions. Ranges in Tuition and Fees charges tend to be smallest within state university systems.
50 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Financial Aid Awards The Percentage of Students Receiving Institutional Grants varies among conference members by more than 20 percentage points in 34 conferences It varies by more than 40 percentage points in 20 conferences. The Average Amount of Institutional Grant as a Percentage of Tuition and Fees varies (from highest to lowest) by more than 30 percentage points in 27 conferences.
51 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Financial Aid Awards The Average Amount of Institutional Grant varies among conference members by more than $5,000 in 27 conferences It varies by more than $7,000 in 14 conferences. The ratio of the highest to lowest Average Amount of Institutional Grant among conference members is greater than 2:1 in 33 conferences It is greater than 3:1 in 18 conferences.
52 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Recruiting Expense A majority of conference members reported Recruiting Expense greater than zero in 37 conferences At least 6 conference members reported Recruiting Expense greater than zero in 30 conferences 22 conferences include at least one member that reported $0 in Recruiting Expense. The amount of reported Recruiting Expense varies (from highest to lowest) among respective conference members by more than $30,000 in 31 conferences. NOTE: There may be substantial differences in which expense items individual institutions choose to include in the Recruiting Expense data they report under the EADA requirements.
53 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Total Program Expense The amount of reported Total Program Expense varies (from highest to lowest) among respective conference members by more than $500,000 in 23 conferences. The ratio of the highest to lowest Total Program Expense among conference members is greater than 2:1 in 29 conferences. NOTE: There may be substantial differences in which expense items individual institutions choose to include in the Total Program Expense data they report under the EADA requirements.
54 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Championship Selection Only 7 conferences have had 100% of their members qualify at least one Mens Team for the Division III playoffs in a Team Sport, and only 5 conferences have had all of their members qualify at least one Womens Team. In 14 conferences, 25% of the conference members have never had a Mens Team participate in a Division III playoff in a Team Sport. In 18 conferences, 25% of the conference members have never had a Womens Team participate in a Division III playoff in a Team Sport.
55 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Championship Selection–Men Of the top ten conferences in Percent of Top Four finishes, three comprise all state institutions and seven comprise all private institutions. Conference Number of Members Percent of Institutions Percent of Teams Sponsored Percent of Teams in Playoffs Percent of Top Four Finishes Empire 881.9 %2.3 %5.0 %9.8 % NJAC102.4 %2.6 %7.2 %9.8 % WIAC92.1 % 3.9 %9.0 % NCAC102.4 %2.9 %6.3 %7.9 % SUNYAC112.6 %3.1 %4.4 %6.7 % Centennial112.6 %3.0 %4.2 %5.6 % CCIW81.9 % 3.8 %4.8 % MAC163.8 %4.4 %5.7 %4.8 % OAC102.4 %2.6 %4.1 %4.4 % UCAA71.6 %2.4 %3.1 %4.4 %
56 Among the 39 Playing Conferences Championship Selection–Women Of the top ten conferences in Percent of Top Four finishes, two comprise all state institutions, seven comprise all private institutions, and one is mixed. Conference Number of Members Percent of Institutions Percent of Teams Sponsored Percent of Teams in Playoffs Percent of Top Four Finishes NJAC102.4 % 6.8 %15.6 % MAC163.8 %4.5 %6.4 %9.9 % Iowa102.4 %2.0 %3.8 %6.2 % UCAA71.6 %2.0 %2.9 %6.0 % Little East81.9 %2.3 %4.2 %5.7 % UAA81.9 %1.6 %3.6 %5.7 % Centennial112.6 %3.3 %4.2 %5.0 % NESCAC112.6 %3.8 %3.9 %5.0 % WIAC92.1 %2.0 %5.1 %5.0 % Empire 881.9 %2.5 %5.2 %4.0 %
NCAA Division III Profile Executive Summary For questions or further information contact: Dr. Richard A. Rasmussen, Ed.D. Executive Secretary University Athletic Association 575 Mt. Hope Avenue Rochester, NY 14620 Phone: (585) 273-5881 FAX: (585) 275-8322 Email: email@example.com