Presentation on theme: "Brian Scobie Half Mile, Glasgow University Track, Westerlands."— Presentation transcript:
Brian Scobie Half Mile, Glasgow University Track, Westerlands
Athlete/Coach Development One theme I want to emphasise is the relative unpredictability of success in the sport (or life?) whether as an athlete or as a coach Success and relative achievement often is closer to us than we realise – either in ourselves or in the athletes we encounter along the way Keep taking the first step towards the next goal Talent is frequently simply revealed only by Hard Work and Persistence, and High Achievement simply a product of repeated effort and the consistent application of orthodox principles or practices
Personal Background Coach Education & Influences School PE Teacher Franz Stamfl Emil Zatopek Tom Williamson Percy Cerruty Arthur Lydiard John Anderson Wilf Paish Harry Wilson
Events Coached to National Level 60m Indoors BUUCS medallist 100 and 200m BUCS Medallist 200m English Schools Medallist U/20 400 European Gold Medallist 4x400 400m U/20 UK Medallist 400m English Schools Champion 1500 English Schools Champions x 2 1500 British Schools Runner-up XC English Schools Champion and Runner-up XC National Champion x2 10 Miles National Champion 10 Miles UK Best (Record) Marathon National Champion and Record-holder Plus Marathon placings in World Champs of 4 th and 11 th and in Olympics of 10 th and 14 th, and Commonwealth Medallist, 10 th World Cross, etc
On the Margins: Student-Veteran Athlete 1 st County Schools 440 County Youth 880 2 nd Scottish Schools 880 1962 1 st Scottish 4x440 Championships 1964 1 st Scottish I Mile Medley Championships 1964 1 st Scottish Mile Medley Championships 1 st 1965 Horsforth Marathon 1 st and Course Record Horsforth Marathon 1 st and Course Record x 2 Scottish Veterans XC Championships 1 st 1986 and 1987 Uk Vets Age Records 10,00m and 10 miles 1986 Scottish Veterans Half Marathon Championships 1 st 1986 Great North Run Half Marathon 1 st Vet 1986 Commonwealth Games Veterans 25K Championship 1 st 1986 Houston Marathon Masters 1 st 1987
Coaching Progression Stage As (ex-athlete) parent coaching child School and City Competitions Stage Small training group – toCounty, School and Age-goup Area Competitions Level 4 Coach Stage Small goup U/15 to Seniors County, Area and National Competitions
Coaching Progression (2) Stage County, Area and Home Country Championship successes Stage National Championship Success and International Representation Stage Major Championship Selection and Success National Records, World Rankings, etc
So,What Does It Take for a coach to Progress in knowledge/ Outcomes? Supply of Athletes – Respect for their individuality, Recognition of Responsibility of coaching role Time and Resources – especially Time! Supportive Environment for Coach & Athlete Persistent, Intelligent Application of proven good practice Be Smart, Logical and Skeptical - and Work Hard Consistently Belief in Capacity for Improvement of coach and athlete, with Self- critical awareness Desire to Improve Yourself and to Help Others Improve Cultivation of theAbility to Listen, to to Look and to Feel, or Sense, and to analyse evidence gathered Curiosity, Sense of Pleasure in Work, Capacity for Enjoyment
Climbing the Ladder Nothing in my short athletics career as a 18-21 year-old nor as a coach of very young athletes could be said to predict later elite levels of engagement I never asked any athlete if I could coach them, but instead coached whoever came to me by design, or accident! BUT Senior Championship National Selections National Records European and Commonwealth Teams Medals World Champs and Olympic Games Elite Professional Status
The Endurance Coach Toolkit Continuous (Steady State) Running With Variations of Paces Surfaces Profiles Distances Primary Goal but perhaps best approached via Intermittent modes of running with young athletes and newcomers
Continuous Running Mileages covered Increase with training-age Mileages Should recognise challenge of puberty - in females in particular but also in males Frequency of Training likewise Do not compromise Quality for Quantity in young athletes. Be patient Utilise Training Zone indicators to diversify paces in training for specific physiological adaptations
Training Zones or Paces Longer Hard Runs up to 90 mins close to anaerobic threshold (2 x weekly – one of60 mins, other at 90 mins) Steady State Runs at Strong, Steady Pace over wide range of Distances 45min-2 Hours plus V. Easy Pace Recovery Runs or Morning Runs used in conjunction with other paced rans a part of whole integrated pattern 30-60 mins
Continuous Running Modes Continuous Running is undertaken in several forms distinguished by pace and its physiological effects: Easy running ( for recovery or for volume itself) Vital mode! Steady running (Above anaerobic Threshold but below Anaerobic Turn Point Tempo or Sustained Running: Beyond Lactate Turn point in a zone that stesses lactate tolerance – Fast and Hard runs challenging ability to sustain pace In my own utilisation of zones I included one long (90 mins) and one shorter (60 mins) Tempo runs per week, in addition to track intervals that were also in this zone
Intermittent Running Modes Predominantly away from a running track the initial modes involving those runs alternating with provision for recovery – including Fartlek, Parlaufs, informalRelays, and Hill sessions. These tend to take place in natural settings or on roads, and for me belong in early prepration periods. They are also useful for development of young athletes in particular. These modes are also characterised by Variation (in surface, profile, camber, etc, as well as speed.) A key practice on the way to track intervals would be Hill sessions, which are of value for cultivation of posture, strength and technique as much as for speed or mental toughness The epitome of intermittent running is perhaps best expressed by Interval Training - which is dependent on higher degrees of prescription and regulation of Intensity or Speed, of Recovery, and both Unit and Total Distances. Measurement is central to this training mode. It is worth noting that it establishes the Coachs role as central and authoritative. In part for that reason, the logical purpose of progressions has to be clear to the athlete as well as the coach...
Interval Sessions Suggest treating Fartlek and Hill Sessions as preparation for Intervals. Interval Training permits great measure of specificity in particular as to Pace/Intensity Establish Variables on the basis of Event targeted Develop Extent of individual effort and Total session initially. Progress volume regularly Adjust the interval Density in c.3 stages (eg 90s > 60s > 30s recovery) Intensity of runs should progressively reflect event demand. In general, Progression and Variation of demand should be observed in all sessions by manipulation of one or another of the variables..!
Interval Sessions (2) In winter, one Interval session per week In summer, two interval sessions per week with one being Long intervals and one Short Primary function of this session is physiological adaptation, but it also significantly effects change in biomechanical aspects and readily permits technical coaching in that respect. As mentioned, my fartlek sessions and hill sessions morph into track intervals over a period that sometimes extends to seven or eight months
Competition Progression County Championships Area Championships Age Group National Championships National Schools Championships Age Group National Team Selection Age Group International Representation International Age- or Student Games and Championships
Fundamental Movement Skills Assessment of Functional Strength Functional Mobility Ability to Initiate and control Movement To change direction of Movement To coordinate forces and maintain movement Tp Arrest Movement Generate, Direct, Apply Forces To do so in a manner that is sustainable Applicable to All Sports
Endurance: Two Aspects Endurance Performance is submaximal It requires both Physical attributes having to do with neuro-muscular work and the mechanics of force management And also physiological systems that provide the fuelling systems tomeet that muscular demand Economies and Efficiences can come from both areas: Physiological and Biomechanical
Endurance In large measure, the task is to develop efficient movement that can be maintained at high intensity for extended periods of time relative to the metabolic resources available. We can seek to improve the economy of fuel consumption by making more efficient use of energy production processes - more fuel available for longer. Physiological processes at work to fire muscles. Or by ensuring efficient Biomechanical movement patterns to deliver more power at less cost on available resources. Seek to do Both!
Technique - Patterns of Movement Gravity and Air resistances to be managed optimally – overcome to generate movement Via Rotations, Flexions and Extensions affecting Stride Length and Stride Cadence Ground Force Generation (contact quality) Maintenance and Direction of Force Application Alternate cyclical Single Leg activity Neuro-Muscular Coordination& Relaxation (On/Off)
Working on Technique Ensure adequate Strength in key muscles Practice component movements Minimise non-productive movement Challenge movements by resistances Eg by Extensive repetition By Surface variation (hard/soft, regularity etc) By increase in Intensity (faster/up[hill/etc) By Isolation of movement (without arms?)
Running Drills? If sprinters benefit from technical exercises or drillswhy would endurance runners not also benefit? Specific strength enhancement? Cost/Benefit caveat... Is it worth the Time? Injury Prevention role? Principles of Variation, Challenge and Progression Enhanced movement control and awareness = Skill
Prepare for Competition Planning and Peaking Optimal adaptation status Physical and Psychological Readiness Awareness of potential demands Awareness of personal status - swot Tactical knowledge: Phases of Race Decisive tactical execution (800m race model)
The Race Clear Race Plan but - Flexibility of Response Awareness of Race Process and of Others : Defend & Protect your opportunity to act Pace Judgment and Change of Pace Importance Relative to Race Distance
For Athletes: Training to Race Understand the structural phases of the event and your best options based on your strengths within those phases Understand that endurance events have a strong tactical component within them Practice changes of pace as well as cultivating pace judgement Understand and develop how long/far you can maintain a heightened pace or Kick - by practice Recognise the distinction between gradual, perhaps imperceptible increases in pace vs and dramatic sprints And Play to your Strengths!
Sample Pace Judgement Exercises Track sessions with markers on 100m or 50m intervals – Coach blowing whistle on time to coincide with target marker (Clyde Hart sessions) Or Variations in distances at constant pace Eg a series 200-300-400- 300-200-300-400-3000-200 etc (Switch-back session) Progressive road session lifting pace by agreed pace increment each 5 min section (eg 5 mins @ 6 min/ml – 5 mins @ 5:45 min/ml – 5 mins @ 5:30 min/ml - 5 mins @ 5:15 etc Measured Mile loop runs. First with aim of consistent repeat and then with target variations. Then use double laps etc.
Acceleration Practices Regularly end training sessions with sprint practice – 6 x50m Alternation of longer interval runs at race pace with shorter runs at sprint pace (alternating 400/200 or 200/100 off same recovery) Sessions on track with pre-agreed,progressive increments in pace over fixed, short distance. Strict protocol followed and small time increments pursued (ie to tenths not secs) Differential Runs Executed over a distance divided in two sectors with pace set for increased pace in second section (eg 150/150 or 100/100 seeking 2 sec increase in second section) Pack practice of chasing a break with secret and/or random selection of runner to initiate the kick Progressive, disguised acceleration of pace on pre-set markers, also with acceleration/revert to cruise /acceleration etc NOTE: All such and similar practices are highly demanding on athletes because they are intense: but covering a rivals move is a necessary skill, as is making a decisive break or kicking