2The British East India Company Chapter 23-1The British East India Company
3Vocabulary Agent Impose Indirectly Cartridge Rajas: local rulers in India.Sepoys: Indian soldiers that worked for the BritishCast System: the ranks of Indian citizens. A strict class system.
4HinduismWhat: the main religion of India. Hindus believe in a universal soul or God called Brahman that takes on many forms, and there is a part of Brahman in everyone. Hindus believe the cow is a sacred animal.
5IslamWhat: Founded by the prophet Muhammad, Muslims believe that there is only one God, whose name is Allah. Muslims believe that pigs are unclean and they cannot eat pork.
6Video Questions What other religions does Islam share many beliefs? What is the holy book of Islam?
7The Mogul EmpireWho: Muslim Empire who harshly ruled India before the British, in decline by the 1700s.Downfall: Last ruler angered Hindus because he destroyed many Hindu temples and forced conversion to Islam. Importance: Western powers moved in when they were weakened
8Notes Question Where is India? (use a map) It is between Bangladesh and Pakistan, on the Indian Ocean, next to the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. It also borders China.
9The British East India Company What: Private trading company that had traded with India since 1600.Competed with the French and the Moguls for control of India.
10How the British East India Company Ruled India British employees of the East India Company called agents controlled local rulers called rajas .Local Indian rulers obeyed the agents.The East India Company used Indian soldiers called Sepoys to keep control.
11Notes QuestionWhy do you think the East India Company used Sepoy soldiers?
12Class QuesitonWhat was the difference between agents and rajas?
13Imposing British culture The British built Christian Churches and spoke out against Indian traditions such as the Hindu Cast-system and sati (wives throwing themselves onto their husbands funeral fire).
14Result of British Rule Advantages Disadvantages Spoke out against the cast systemExploited IndiansBrought western knowledge and technology to IndiaDestroyed local cultureBrought western medicine to India
16Indirect RuleWhat: Local Indian rulers got to keep their positions and wealth if they obeyed the British.The British East India Company ruled indirectly for 100 years.
17Notes QuestionWhy do you think the East India Company used indirect rule?
18Sepoy RebellionWhat: In 1857 Sepoy soldiers rebelled against the British.Causes: In 1857 rumors that a new bullet cartridge made with beef and or pig fat were being given to Sepoy soldiers.Result: British put it down in 1858, the British government took over control of India.
19The Big IdeaHow did Great Britain gain control of India?
21The British East India Company Rule in IndiaMogul RuleThe British East India CompanyBritish RuleSelf Governance
22Class QuestionWhy do Empires colonize weaker nations?
23Colonization of IndiaIn 1858 the British Parliament took over control of India from the East India Company because of the Sepoy Rebellion.Parliament renamed India the British Raj. British rule of India lasted from 1858 to 1947.Queen Victoria was named empress of India
24Reasons for Colonial Rule Raw materials were shipped to factories in Great Britain.India was a large market for British manufactured goods.Competition with other colonial powers for territory, power, and prestige.
25QuestionWhy did the British need cotton from India?
26Downsides to colonization Local industry was put out of business because the British could sell cheaper machine made goods.The British banned the Indians from making certain goods like salt.Top jobs in India went to British citizens.British superiority: Indians had less rights than the British, and many British felt that they were superior.
27QuestionWhy did the British ban Indians from producing goods themselves?
28Indian National Congress What: A group that formed to fight for Indian independence from Britain.Members: Educated Indians, many who had been educated in England.
29Questions Why do you think educated Indians lead the revolution? Why do you think that uneducated Indians did not lead the revolution?
30Amritsar Massacre Where: In Amristsar India When: 1919 What happened: The British fired on a crowd of un-armed Indians killing 400, and injuring 1200Importance: The massacre convinced many more Indians to fight for their independence.
33Early life Born: 1869 Religion: Hinduism Studied law in London. Worked as a lawyer in South Africa, working on behalf of Indians living there.Became leader of the Indian National Congress in 1920.
34Non-Violent Resistance What: Gandhi taught his people to oppose the British without using force or violence.Why: When the British responded to Indian non-violent resistance with violence the world saw how cruel colonial rule of India was.Why: The British colonized India to make money by getting resources and selling goods; non-violent resistance made India un-profitable.
35QuestionQuote: “you must be the change you want to see in the world”- GandhiWhat do you think Gandhi meant?
36Civil DisobedienceWhat: refusing to obey rules, orders or laws that are unjust.An un-just law is one that violates higher law, like human rights, or social justice.
37QuestionWhat is an example of an un-just law the Indians had to follow? (you can use a textbook)
38Gandhi’s BeliefsGandhi opposed the caste system, and showed it by living with and dressing like the untouchable caste.Gandhi also supported widows, who traditionally were outcasts.
39QuestionWhy do you think Gandhi was against treating people differently in Indian society?
40Famous ProtestsGandhi led several protest to gain support for independence and draw attention to India’s cause.He led thousands of Indian women to block British train tracks by laying down on the tracks.Salt March: He and followers marched 250 miles to the ocean to collect salt, violating the British monopoly on salt.
41Famous ProtestsHome spun movement: Gandhi encouraged Indians to only buy homemade cloth made by Indians and not British factory made cloth.He often fasted; didn’t eat until his demands were met.
42QuestionWhy did Gandhi encourage Indians to only wear homespun?
43British Arrests of Gandhi Gandhi spent a total of 7 years in jail. His time in jail help build support for his cause by fasting and writing.Why: For his activities like the salt march, and non-violent resistance.
44Indian IndependenceGandhi wanted a united, free India with both Muslims and Hindus living side by side.In 1947 British India was split into 2 nations India which was Hindu, and Pakistan which was Muslim.
45Death of GandhiBecause of fighting between Hindus and Muslims Gandhi fasted to try and stop the fighting.On January 30th, 1948 Gandhi was shot by a Hindu gunman.Hindu and Muslims both mourned their loss.
46Big ideasWhy did Gandhi believe civil disobedience was stronger than British guns?