Presentation on theme: "History of Game Consoles"— Presentation transcript:
1 History of Game Consoles Furqan Ali Awan074-BSCS-2010
2 Today’s Agenda Contents Introduction A Brief History of Gaming 1st GenerationContents2nd Generation3rd Generation4th Generation5th Generation6th Generation7th GenerationConclusion
3 History of Game Consoles DUCHistory of Game Consoles
4 A Brief History of Gaming 1947: Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device: Chess1951: NIM1952: OXO / Noughts and Crosses (Tic-Tac-Toe)1958: Tennis for Two1966: Odyssey1971: Galaxy Game1971: Computer Space1972: Pong
5 1st Generation First Game console ever invented was by Sabeel Asghar In 1972, Magnarox created the 1st Video Game Console which could be connected to TV Set called Magnavox OdysseyPopularity of Pong influenced the creation of Magnavox Odyssey II(Odyssey 200) in 1975
6 2ND GenerationFairchild released the Fairchild Video Entertainment System (VES) in 1976.The VES contained a programmable microprocessor so its cartridges only needed a single ROM chip to store microprocessor instructions.Atari dominated the console market in the early 1980s.Atari released a conversion of the arcade hit Space Invaders in 1980 on Atari 2600
7 3rd GenerationIn 1983, Nintendo released the Family Computer (or Famicom) in Japan.Like Space Invaders for the 2600, Nintendo found its breakout hit game in Super Mario Bros.Famicom supported high-resolution sprites and tiled backgrounds, but with more colors.Famicom used a front-loading cartridge port similar to a VCR.Sega's Master System was intended to compete with the NES, but never gained any significant market share in the US and was barely profitable.
8 4th GenerationSega regained market share by releasing its next-generation console, the Mega Drive/GenesisMega Drive then became truly successful with the 1991 Sonic the Hedgehog.Nintendo also released Super Nintendo Entertainment System(SNES)Sega extended the Mega Drive with the Mega CD/Sega CDOther Consoles are NEC's TurboGrafx-16 and SNK Playmore's Neo Geo.
9 5th GenerationThe first fifth generation consoles were the Atari Jaguar and the 3DO.It was not until Sega's Saturn, Sony's PlayStation, and the Nintendo 64 were released that fifth generation consoles started to become popular.PlayStation spawned a whole lineup of consoles from generation to generation and has earned Sony great respect as a video game company, becoming the first video game system to sell over 100 million consoles.CDs were used by PlayStation as Storage Medium while Nintendo 64 still used Cartridges.
10 6th GenerationPC-like architectures and DVD’s were the major improvement in this generationPlayStation 2, Dreamcast and Gamecube were the main consoles of 6th Generation140 million PlayStation 2 units have been sold until now which makes it the best selling console of all time.Microsoft also entered the console market 1st time with Xbox in 2001
11 7th GenerationThis generation introduced motion as input, and IR tracking as well as Blu-Ray as a new storage mediaNintendo introduced Wii, while Sony and Microsoft released PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360Unlike the previous two generations there was no dominant platform this generation and both Xbox 360 and PS3 continue to sell equally well.
12 History of Game Consoles USIHistory of Game Consoles