2 About Calvin GoddardHe was a physician before he enlisted in the U.S. Army Medical Corps , and then in the U.S. Army gunnery reserveAt 34 years old, he decided to pursue guns as a career, so he joined the Bureau of Forensic Ballistics , which was at the time the only laboratory with the purpose of examining firearms and bullets used in crimes in the U.S.He was the commander of the Army’s second ever forensic laboratory, which was located in Japan, after World War IIHe became a pioneer in the development of the branch of forensic science that is forensic ballistics (firearm identification)
3 AchievementsCalvin Goddard was the founder of the science of Firearms Identification. During the Valentine’s Day Massacre, he was the one who cleared the police of being guilty of having shot a gang in cold blood. He compared the bullets and the guns to prove that the markings left were not the same. He helped prove that someone had impersonated the police to do the shooting. Later on he discovered that one of Al Capone’s men had been a shooter of Moran’s gang.He had also done this before in the Sacco -Vanzetti case. The case had caused so much controversy. On June 3, 1927, he offered his services to the defense to test out if one of the bullets came from Sacco’s gun. He proved that the bullet had come from there by shooting the gun into cotton balls and comparing it to the markings of the crime scene. He proved that Sacco and Vanzetti were guilty of murdering a security guard and stealing money.
4 Achievements(cont.)He set up a lab in Northwestern University where he worked on the Massacre and later was used to analyze fingerprints, blood and trace evidence.Goddard also supported identifying fired bullets and cartridge cases under a microscope. This is how he compared most of the bullets for cases.With the help of Charles Waite, created one of the most extensive ballistics databases in his timeThe FBI created its ever first crime lab under his guidance in 1932
5 BibliographyFisher, J. (2008, January 7). Forensic science. Jim Fisher - The Official Web Site. Retrieved September 5, 2012, fromLotter, K. (2008, February 1). St. valentine's day massacre. Forensic suite Retrieved September 4, 2012, from suite101.com/article/st-valentines-day- massacre-a43423United States Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory. (n.d.).Shiver & Nelson Document Investigation Laboratory. Retrieved September 4, 2012, fromYount, L. (2007). The name on the bullet-Calvin Goddard and firearms identification. Forensic science from fibers to fingerprints (pp ). New York: Chelsea House.Goddard, Calvin Hooker . (n.d.).eNotes . Retrieved September 4, 2012, from