Presentation on theme: "Warm Up 1.How did European nations take advantage of stresses in the Muslim world? 2.Summarize 2 problems that contributed to Ottoman decline 3.Summarize."— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up 1.How did European nations take advantage of stresses in the Muslim world? 2.Summarize 2 problems that contributed to Ottoman decline 3.Summarize how Egypt modernized 4.Why did Russia and Britain compete for power in Persia?
Warm Up Sit anywhere Dont forget – Turn in DBQ docs (homework due) – Pick up new homework – Due Wednesday Study (5 min) for quick vocab quiz
Vocabulary Quiz Please define the following on a piece of paper 1.Turnpike 2.Labor Union 3.Imperialism 4.Genocide 5.Sphere of influence
Make Your Own Notes Group – Note taker – Presenter – Task manager – Time keeper
Make Your Own Notes East India Company (329) – Exploiting Indian Diversity – British policies Sepoy Rebellion (329/330) – Causes of discontent – Rebellion and aftermath British Colonial Rule (330/331) Different Views on Culture (331) Indian Nationalism (332)
Setting the Stage For more than 200 years, Mughal rulers governed India Britain turned it commercial interests in India into a political one
East India Company Won trading rights in India (early 1600s) By 1800s, they controlled 60% of India Indians with different traditions and languages were not able to unite against them British encouraged rivalries among groups If unsuccessful, they used their weapons to overpower local rulers
Implementing British Polities Main goal – to make $$$$$ Improved roads, preserved peace, and reduced banditry Western education, laws and legal procedures Missionaries tried to convert Indians to Christianity Pressed for social change
Social Changes End to slavery End to caste Improve the position of women within the family Ban of Sati
Why was Britain interested in India ???
Answer Industrial Revolution! Need for COTTON
Predict Predict how trading cotton with the British would affect Indias economy
Cotton: A valuable Cash Crop Turn to page 331 How did British policy contribute to famine in India?
Growing Discontent 1850s, East India Company made unpopular moves 1.Required Sepoys to serve in military (even overseas which was offensive to the religion) 2.Passed a law that allowed Hindu widows to remarry 1857 British issued new rifles to Sepoys – Troops were told to bite off the tips of the cartridge before loading them into rifles
Sepoy Mutany Cartridges were greased with animal fat – Cows (sacred to Hindus) – Pigs (forbidden to Muslims) When troops refused, they were put in jail
Warm Up Presenters – get your poster! 1.Explain why Great Britain wanted to imperialize India 2.Summarize the modernization impacts Great Britain had on India 3.What was the cause of the Sepoy Rebellion? 4.Turn to page 330 in your textbook
Map Turn to page 330 What regions were most greatly affected by the Sepoy Rebellion? Write 3 questions based on the information on the map
Aftermath Revolted against the British (North/Central) – declared Mughal ruler as their leader – Massacred British men, women, children Britain officially took control of India – Revenge: torched villages and slaughtered people Led to fear and mistrust on both sides Some view this as 1 st act in Indian Independence that didnt happen until after WWII
British Rule in India Positive – New roads and railroads link parts of India – Telegraph and postal system unite people – Irrigation system improves farming – New laws mean justice for all classes – British schools offer education – Customs that threaten human rights are ended
British Rule Negative – Indian Resources go to Britain – British made goods replace local goods – Farms grow cash crops rather than food crops; Indians go hungry – Top jobs go to British – Indians treated as inferiors – Britain tries to replace Indian culture with western ways
Different Views on Culture Indian and British attitudes varied
Indian Nationalism Grows 1885 Nationalist leaders create the Indian National Congress Believed in peaceful protest Called for greater democracy Eventual self rule; supported western style modernization Muslim and Hindus worked together at first Muslims eventually create Muslim League
British Railroads and Indian Nationalism Turn to page 332 Theme: Geography and History How did railroads encourage Indian nationalism?
Thank God for Tea Turn to page 329 Why did the British East India Company earn huge profits?
Questions 1.How did the British exploit Indian diversity? 2.What changes did the East India Company bring to India? 3.What were the causes of the Sepoy Rebellion? 4.How could the Sepoy Rebellion be interpreted as resulting from British feelings of superiority? 5.Why do you think the Sepoy Rebellion was so violent?
Critical Thinking Questions Word doc
Activity Take on the role of an Indian Nationalist opening a new school – English? One of the major native Indian languages? – Did British have the right to pass laws that tried to reform the caste?