Presentation on theme: "Warm Up How did European nations take advantage of stresses in the Muslim world? Summarize 2 problems that contributed to Ottoman decline Summarize how."— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm UpHow did European nations take advantage of stresses in the Muslim world?Summarize 2 problems that contributed to Ottoman declineSummarize how Egypt modernizedWhy did Russia and Britain compete for power in Persia?
2 Warm Up Sit anywhere Don’t forget Study (5 min) for quick vocab quiz Turn in DBQ docs (homework due)Pick up new homework – Due WednesdayStudy (5 min) for quick vocab quiz
3 Vocabulary Quiz Please define the following on a piece of paper TurnpikeLabor UnionImperialismGenocideSphere of influence
4 Make Your Own Notes Group Note taker Presenter Task manager Time keeper
5 Make Your Own Notes East India Company (329) Sepoy Rebellion (329/330) Exploiting Indian DiversityBritish policiesSepoy Rebellion (329/330)Causes of discontentRebellion and aftermathBritish Colonial Rule (330/331)Different Views on Culture (331)Indian Nationalism (332)
6 Setting the StageFor more than 200 years, Mughal rulers governed IndiaBritain turned it commercial interests in India into a political one
7 East India Company Won trading rights in India (early 1600’s) By 1800’s, they controlled 60% of IndiaIndians with different traditions and languages were not able to unite against themBritish encouraged rivalries among groupsIf unsuccessful, they used their weapons to overpower local rulers
8 Implementing British Polities Main goal – to make $$$$$Improved roads, preserved peace, and reduced banditryWestern education, laws and legal proceduresMissionaries tried to convert Indians to ChristianityPressed for social change
9 Social Changes End to slavery End to caste Improve the position of women within the familyBan of Sati
12 PredictPredict how trading cotton with the British would affect India’s economy
13 Cotton: A valuable Cash Crop Turn to page 331How did British policy contribute to famine in India?
14 Growing Discontent 1850s, East India Company made unpopular moves Required Sepoys to serve in military (even overseas which was offensive to the religion)Passed a law that allowed Hindu widows to remarry1857 British issued new rifles to SepoysTroops were told to bite off the tips of the cartridge before loading them into rifles
15 Sepoy Mutany Cartridges were greased with animal fat Cows (sacred to Hindus)Pigs (forbidden to Muslims)When troops refused, they were put in jail
16 Warm Up Presenters – get your poster! Explain why Great Britain wanted to imperialize IndiaSummarize the modernization impacts Great Britain had on IndiaWhat was the cause of the Sepoy Rebellion?Turn to page 330 in your textbook
17 MapTurn to page 330What regions were most greatly affected by the Sepoy Rebellion?Write 3 questions based on the information on the map
19 Aftermath Revolted against the British (North/Central) declared Mughal ruler as their leaderMassacred British men, women, childrenBritain officially took control of IndiaRevenge: torched villages and slaughtered peopleLed to fear and mistrust on both sidesSome view this as 1st act in Indian Independence that didn’t happen until after WWII
20 British Rule in India Positive New roads and railroads link parts of IndiaTelegraph and postal system unite peopleIrrigation system improves farmingNew laws mean justice for all classesBritish schools offer educationCustoms that threaten human rights are ended
21 British Rule Negative Indian Resources go to Britain British made goods replace local goodsFarms grow cash crops rather than food crops; Indians go hungryTop jobs go to BritishIndians treated as inferiorsBritain tries to replace Indian culture with western ways
22 Different Views on Culture Indian and British attitudes varied
23 Indian Nationalism Grows 1885Nationalist leaders create the Indian National CongressBelieved in peaceful protestCalled for greater democracyEventual self rule; supported western style modernizationMuslim and Hindus worked together at firstMuslim’s eventually create Muslim League
24 British Railroads and Indian Nationalism Turn to page 332Theme: Geography and HistoryHow did railroads encourage Indian nationalism?
25 “Thank God for Tea” Turn to page 329 Why did the British East India Company earn huge profits?
26 Questions How did the British exploit Indian diversity? What changes did the East India Company bring to India?What were the causes of the Sepoy Rebellion?How could the Sepoy Rebellion be interpreted as resulting from British feelings of superiority?Why do you think the Sepoy Rebellion was so violent?