Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

NIFA Funded Research on Chemicals, Mycotoxins, and Nanoparticles in Foods Jodi P. Williams, PhD National Program Leader, Food Safety IRAC Workshop on Chemical.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "NIFA Funded Research on Chemicals, Mycotoxins, and Nanoparticles in Foods Jodi P. Williams, PhD National Program Leader, Food Safety IRAC Workshop on Chemical."— Presentation transcript:

1 NIFA Funded Research on Chemicals, Mycotoxins, and Nanoparticles in Foods Jodi P. Williams, PhD National Program Leader, Food Safety IRAC Workshop on Chemical Food Safety Risk Assessment FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, College Park, MD June 14 th 2012

2 NIFA Programs AFRI –Food Safety Challenge Area –Foundational Program Food Safety, Nutrition, and Health Agriculture Systems Technology –Nanotechnology for Agricultural and Food Systems NIFSI HATCH Small Business Innovation Research

3 Nanomaterials are increasingly incorporated into food ingredients Researchers at Ohio State University are proposing that engineered nanoparticles are modified by the environment of the gastro- intestinal(GI) tract. Evaluate the size, composition, surface charge, crystallinity, and surface chemistry/physics of particles after modification affect their interactions with intestinal epithelial cells, influencing particle toxicity, bioavailability and tissue distribution. Impact of the Physicochemical Properties of Engineered Nanomaterials on their Cellular Uptake and Potential Toxicity in the Gastrointestinal Tract Environment Dutta, P.K.; Rathman, J.; Waldman, J.; The Ohio State University, Columbus, and Chihae Yang, FDA ( )

4 Influence of Nanoparticle Characteristics on Fate, Bioavailability, and Toxicity of Food-Grade Nanoemulsions, Xiao, H.; McClements, D. J.; Decker, E. A. University of Massachusetts Amherst ( ) This project will show how the different properties of nanoemulsions (size, charge, surface properties) effect digestion in the GI tract, absorption of beta carotene in the blood and the adverse effects of beta-carotene on nanoemulsions. Develop nanoemulsions with beta-carotene encapsulated within. Quantification of the major factors impacting the bioavailability and distribution of beta-carotene in nanoemulsions in simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Determination of the bioavailability and safety of beta-carotene- nanoemulsions in Mongolian gerbils

5 Risk Assessment And Intervention Strategies For The Emerging Food Safety Threat Of Ochratoxin PD = Dr. Dojin Ryu Institution: Texas Woman's University Aspergillus are ubiquitous & toxigenic fungi that produce ochratoxin A (OTA), a possible human carcinogen. OTA has been found in a wide variety of agricultural commodities including cereal grains, nuts, dried fruits, spices, meat, milk, & many processed foods. Currently, no regulation for OTA in food has been set in the U.S. Award =$450,365

6 Risk Assessment And Intervention Strategies For The Emerging Food Safety Threat Of Ochratoxin PD = Dr. Dojin Ryu Institution: Texas Woman's University Optimization & verification of methods for detecting and quantifying OTA in foods to obtain reliable data in different food matrices Determination of OTA concentrations & presence of toxigenic fungi in foods with a comprehensive national survey Risk assessment of foodborne OTA exposure (general public & high-risk populations, including infants) Development of strategies to reduce OTA exposure from the food supply through examination of current postharvest practices

7 Nanoparticle Contamination of Agricultural Crop Species PD = Dr. Jason White, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) Nanomaterials (NM) are being incorporated into pesticides and fertilizers. NM impacts on agricultural plants and potential trophic transfer is unknown. This project will quantitatively characterize the effects of NMs on crops, focusing on processes relevant to human risk. The research team has hypothesized that agricultural crops accumulate and are physiologically impacted by NMs in a toxicologically significant fashion with regard to subsequent human exposure. Award =$1,498,080

8 Nanoparticle Contamination of Agricultural Crop Species PD = Jason White, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) Determine the uptake, translocation, and toxicity of NMs in crops Determine the impact of environmental conditions on NM uptake, translocation, and toxicity in crops Determine the potential trophic transfer of NMs Quantify the facilitated uptake of pesticides through NM-chemical interactions

9 Development of Rapid and Versatile Detection Systems for the Detection of Toxins and Chemicals on Fresh Produce and Nuts PD = Theodore Labuza; University of Minnesota Develop two detection systems based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and nanoparticle (NP) aggregation assays Can be used for routine, in-the-field detection of toxins and chemicals on fresh produce and nuts. Toxins and chemicals of interest include commercially available pesticides, herbicides, cyanide, Shiga toxin and many others. Award =$500,000

10 Development of Rapid and Versatile Detection Systems for the Detection of Toxins and Chemicals on Fresh Produce and Nuts PD = Theodore Labuza; University of Minnesota Develop rapid versatile (lab-based and hand-held) SERS protocols for detecting toxins and chemicals, including pesticides on fresh produce and nuts Develop NP aggregation assay for multiplex detection of toxins and chemicals, including pesticides on fresh produce and nuts

11 ACQUISITION OF A LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY TO ENHANCE RESEARCH ON TOXINS IN FRESH FOOD CROPS (Equipment Grant) PD = Simsek, Senay; Institution: North Dakota State University A Liquid Chromatography- Mass Spectrometry (LCMS) system, will be used for the analysis of toxins and other chemicals from fresh crops. ND States main use will be focused on analysis of toxins from fresh food crops. Acquisition of this instrumentation will improve ND States ability to conduct original research on the analysis of toxins from various plant sources, and therefore should improve their capacity to compete for other funding opportunities. The instrumentation and data generated also will be incorporated into the education and training of students. Award =$ 50,000

12 Helping Childbearing Women Make Informed Decisions Regarding Seafood Consumption Provided with effective educational materials, childbearing aged women will consume seafood which provides nutrients that will support a healthy pregnancy while lowering the risks of exposure to pollutants in seafood. Validate the use of thermal decomposition (gold) amalgamation-atomic absorption spectrophotometry for the rapid measurement of total mercury in fish using a fish fin or biopsy plug without having to sacrifice the fish. To survey for mercury and omega-3 fatty acids in commercially important fish species across 5 regions in the US. Develop and compare two educational communication vehicles to change the behavior of pregnant women. NIFSI and HATCH -- $600,000 +

13 Sequential Injection Enzymatic Assay for Melamine Detection in Food Develop a highly sensitive, reproducible, and rapid direct enzymatic sequential injection instrument Detect 200 ppb in milk based samples SBIR Phase I -- $80,000

14 Food contaminated with mycotoxins can sometimes cause fatal acute illness and is associated with increased cancer risk from long-term exposure. To demonstrate the feasibility of using colorimetric indicator based cartridge to indicate the presence of trace quantities of trichothecene mycotoxins in grains and in aqueous solutions. Develop a simple battery operated handheld system utilizing micro- cartridges without antibodies or enzymes for rapid detection of tricothecene mycotoxins in grains, other field crops and water. Rapid Detection of Mycotoxins SBIR Phase I - $80,000

15 Program Contacts Nanotechnology Programs – Hongda Chen AFRI Programs – Isabel Walls Jeanette Thurston, Ram Rao Small Business Innovation Research Programs – Jodi Williams


Download ppt "NIFA Funded Research on Chemicals, Mycotoxins, and Nanoparticles in Foods Jodi P. Williams, PhD National Program Leader, Food Safety IRAC Workshop on Chemical."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google