5Drawing Practice – Cube Net Recreate the cube net below.Be sure to use a RULER and pencil.
6Drawing Practice -Rectangle Net Recreate the cube net below.Be sure to use a RULER and pencil.
7Drawing Practice – Cylinder Net Recreate the cube net below.Be sure to use a RULER and pencil.
8Internal Packaging Corrugated Cardboard Paper Foam Good for protecting products during transportation.Recyclable.Arch in the cardboard makes it strong.Easy to shape.Paper Foam100% Biodegradable and recyclable.Can be moulded around product shape to protect products during transportation.
9Finishes / Adhesives Adhesives Lamination Paint Varnish Finishes Makes material more durable.Provides protection against liquids.Material given a shiny surfacePaintRange of colours available.Usually done by hand (unless spray paint).Does not offer any protection.VarnishAvailable in matt or gloss.Available as spray cans.Protect the material below.Use to coat woods and metals.FinishesFinishesFinishesAdhesives
10Printing Techniques Lithography Block Printing Screen Printing Used to print on paper and card fabrics.Simple method once stamp has been made.Stamps can be intricate or simple. Cutting them can be difficult by hand.Used to print on paper and card.Low cost method of printing.Provides clear images.Screen PrintingEmbossingUse to print on to a wide variety of materials including fabric, paper, and metal.Little waste of ink.Only allows simple designs.Can be used to emphasise :Part of a design.As a surface finish or paper or card.To suggest a quality product.
11Section A - Design Criteria (Also known as –Design Specification)Write 3 Design Criteria points for your Fragrance Packaging:Design Criteria : EXAMPLEReason : EXAMPLEThe box interior will be made from corrugated card.Because it is recyclable and will protect the perfume from damage.Design Criteria :Reason :1)Reason 1)2)Reason 2)3)Reason 3)
12Section A - Initial Design KEYWORDSketch – A rough drawing. May have feathery linesSketch one Design Idea for your fragrance packaging.Include:Net shapeInternal PackagingPrinting technique.For this fragrance packaging design for either men or women.In the exam you could be given a different target market.
13Section A - Final Design Draw your Final Design.Ensure you have annotated your design using the information from the previous page.KEYWORDSDraw – The drawing should be very neat with NO feathery lines.Should be detailed.Annotation – Full sentences explaining a design.
14Answer these questions for your DESIGN ANNOTATION. Design Question – 3Answer these questions for your DESIGN ANNOTATION.What manufacturing process would you use?Advantages / disadvantages?What material would it be made from?What are the advantages / disadvantages?What printing technique would you use?Advantages / disadvantages?What would the internal packaging be?How will it protect your product?Advantages / disadvantages?What adhesive would you use?Advantages / disadvantages?
15Equipment - School Workshop Name of equipment –Use –Safety Considerations -Name of equipment –Use –Safety Considerations -Name of equipment –Use –Safety Considerations -
16Industry Processes Name of process – Use – Safety Considerations -
17Important Terms Ergonomics Sustainability Anthropometrics Recyclable What does it mean?What does it mean?AnthropometricsRecyclableWhat does it mean?What does it mean?
18Important Terms Quality Control Quality Assurance What does it mean?What does it mean?Just in time productionCAD / CAMWhat does it mean?What does it mean?
19Important Terms One-off Production Batch Production Mass Production What does it mean?What does it mean?Mass ProductionContinuous ProductionWhat does it mean?What does it mean?
20Signs & Symbols Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Meaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:
21Signs & Symbols Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Meaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:SymbolMeaning & Example of use:
22Materials – Paper & Card When working with paper/card materials candidatesshould:be able to identify common papers such aslayout, cartridge, tracing, grid, card, corrugatedcard, duplex board, solid white board,understand the different properties anduses of such materials both as a mediafor communication and as a material formanufacturing products such as packaging;understand the availability of commoncomponents e.g. to fasten, seal, hang, pour, join,bind, index;understand that many paper based boardsare laminated to other materials and that thecomposition can be adjusted to create differentproperties for specific purposes e.g. foil-backedfor food packaging;understand the stock forms for paper/cardmaterials i.e. size, thickness, weight andcolour;have a basic understanding of the source of pulpand the primary processes involved in conversionto workable materials.Materials – Paper & CardLayout PaperAdvantage –Use -Solid White BoardAdvantage –Use -Cartridge PaperAdvantage –Use -CorrugatedCardboardAdvantage –Use -Tracing PaperAdvantage –Use -Foam Core BoardAdvantage –Use -
23Materials – Timber (wood) Timber based materialsWhen working with timber based materialscandidates should:be able to identify common timbers such aspine, mahogany, teak, ash, beech used in themanufacture of productsbe able to identify common manufactured boardsi.e. MDF, plywood, chipboard, blockboard,hardboard;understand the different properties and uses ofsuch materials within commercial products;understand that many timber-based materials aremanufactured therefore the composition can beadjusted to create different properties for specificpurposes;understand the stock forms for timber basedmaterials i.e. rough sawn, PSE, sheet sizes andmouldings;have a basic understanding of the source oftimber and the primary processes involved inconversion to workable materials.MDFAdvantage –Use -PineAdvantage –Use -PlywoodAdvantage –Use -MahoganyAdvantage –Use -TeakAdvantage –Use -ChipboardAdvantage –Use -AshAdvantage –Use -Block boardAdvantage –Use -BeechAdvantage –Use -Hard boardAdvantage –Use -
24Moral, Social, Ethical, Sustainability Write a list of issues -Write a list of issues -SocialSustainabilityWrite a list of issues -Write a list of issues -
25TASK - Join up the designers, product images and product names. Famous DesignersTASK - Join up the designers, product images and product names.Alberto AlessiVolkswagen BeetleLaszlo andGeorge BiroPlay Lounge ChairFerdinand PorscheJuicy Salif Lemon SqueezerMarcel BreuerWassily ChairPhilippe StarkeBiro Pen
26Examination WordsCertain words and phrases are used in the Examination – You must understand what they mean and be able to apply this knowledge when answering Examination questions.Annotate - Add brief notes/reasons, to explain ideas, to an illustration – Remember that you must be critical/analytical in order to access the top range of marks.Calculate - Implies that a numerical answer is needed.Complete - Enter an answer in the space provided.Describe - State in words the important points of the topic.Dimension - Add measurements to a drawingDraw - Use a straight edge, pencil, fine-liner (Set square etc) to help produce a Drawing e.g. Orthographic.Explain - Write an explanation of a topic / point that includes justification of the answer i.e. Why / How / Because etc.
27Examination WordsDiscuss - Develop/debate an argument to justify your answer/point of view etc.Evaluate - Assess/appraise once work against a criteria etc.Free Hand - Using a pencil, fine liner and your hand to produce an illustration or sketch without the use of rulers and drawing instruments etc.Give a reason - How / Why – a reason which applies knowledge of this subject e.g. Expanded Polystyrene is used for packaging because …..Sketch - Informal ‘freehand’ drawings to illustrate an idea / design or point, without the use of rulers and drawing instruments.Label - Identify parts of a product / drawing etc. e.g. leader lines, key etc.
28How to Annotate you designs Always include the following when annotating in an exam question :ManufactureHow would the product be made and WHY is this method the best choice?EG.I would make this product using CAM. I would use the laser cutter to cut the pieces because it is very precise and all the parts will be identical.MaterialsWhat will you make the product from and WHY?EG. The product would be made from MDF because it is low cost, easy to shape and can be used with a variety of finishes.FinishesWhat finish will you use to decorate the product and WHY?EG. I will use varnish to finish the product because it will provide a gloss finish and protect the product from liquids.Target MarketHow does the product appeal to the target market?How do you know this?EG. This design would appeal to children as it has many functions and it is brightly coloured.JoiningHow would the components be joined together and WHY?Would you use a type of joint / adhesive / or another method?EG. I would join the pieces together using PVA glue and leave them to dry in a vice for added strength.SafetyWhat are the health and safety issues of this product? How would you prevent them and protect the user?EG. This product may have small parts I need to ensure this is mentioned on the packaging and provide an age limit for the product.