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EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES SYMPOSIUM Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association February 21, 2012 Tara OToole, M.D., M.P.H. Under Secretary for.

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Presentation on theme: "EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES SYMPOSIUM Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association February 21, 2012 Tara OToole, M.D., M.P.H. Under Secretary for."— Presentation transcript:

1 EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES SYMPOSIUM Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association February 21, 2012 Tara OToole, M.D., M.P.H. Under Secretary for Science and Technology U.S. Department of Homeland Security

2 Key Points Department of Homeland Security missions: broad scope of problems and operations, complex, dynamic Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) Value Proposition S&T Budget, Strategy and Priorities

3 3 Department of Homeland Security The Core Missions 1.Preventing terrorism and enhancing security; 2.Securing and managing our borders; 3.Enforcing and administering our immigration laws; 4.Safeguarding and securing cyberspace; and 5.Ensuring resilience to disasters.

4 Evolution of Terrorist Attacks in Aviation TimeEvent/ThreatVulnerabilityResponse 1970sHostage/HijackingGuns, weaponsMagnetometers 1988Pan Am 103, Lockerbie Bomb in baggage Baggage scans Sept 2001WTC, PA, PentagonBox cutters, etcTSA Dec 2001Richard ReidShoe bombShoes removed 2004Chechen suicide attacksVests Pat downs, backscatter 2006Heathrow liquids plot Novel liquid bomb Liquids ban 2009Non-metallic body bomb Body bomb in sensitive area ETD, WBI, pat down 2010Printer cartridge bombs Explosives packed in cargo Trace detection for cargo

5 US Airline Flight Density Sources:Koblin

6 Worldwide Land and Sea Shipping Density Sources: Uchida, Nelson

7 Visualization of the Internet Sources: OPTE Project

8 Deepwater Horizon Sources: Reuters, Wikimedia Commons

9 Three Near-Simultaneous Disasters Magnitude 9.0 Sources: AP, Reuters

10 Complex Systems Fail Complexly In complex industrial, space, and military systems, the normal accident generally (not always) means that the interactions are not only unexpected, but are incomprehensible for some critical period of time. - Charles Perrow, Normal Accidents, 1984

11 DHS S&T Mission Strengthen Americas security and resiliency by providing knowledge products and innovative technology solutions for the Homeland Security Enterprise

12 S&T Value Proposition S&Ts contributions to the Homeland Security Enterprise will come from: Creation of new technological capabilities Improve operational effectiveness, efficiency and safety through technological innovation and analytics Leverage scientific and engineering expertise to improve acquisition management, encourage systems-based solutions Achieve progressively deeper, broader understanding of technology priorities and capability gaps across entire homeland security enterprise

13 S&T Discretionary R&D

14 Goal 1: Transition to Use Provide knowledge, technologies, and science-based solutions that are integrated into homeland security operations, employing 24-36 month innovation cycles from project inception through operational testing Strengthen relationships with DHS components to better understand and address their high-priority requirements Become best-in-class at technology foraging – find and use whats out there; encourage and enable multidisciplinary teams Focus on rigorous project selection and regular review of the entire R&D portfolio Implement processes that strengthen project management, evaluation, and accountability within the Directorate Rapidly develop and deliver knowledge, analyses, and innovative solutions that advance the mission of the Department

15 1.Is our portfolio making a significant impact on our customers mission? 2.Are we transitioning relevant products to the field? 3.Is our investment positioning the organization for the future? 4.Are we clear on what we are trying to achieve? 5.Do we have the appropriate level of customer interaction? 6.Are we sufficiently innovative in the way we approach our challenges? 15 Impact? Transition? Technical Positioning? Clarity of Purpose? Customer Involvement? Innovation? Portfolio Analysis: Key Questions

16 S&T Priorities GOAL #2: Strengthen DHS Acquisition Process Engage components at front end – requirements, threat matrix Encourage systems level analyses and solutions: APEX GOAL #3: Provide First Responders with Key Technologies, Standards and Protocols Simulations for high fidelity training and exercises Communications – all environments, across jurisdictions Reliably monitor first responders in real time Improved response options for catastrophic events

17 Innovation: Implications for USG R&D Organizations? …in the last 40 years purposeful innovation – both technical and social – has itself become an organized discipline that is both teachable and learnable. …every organization will have to learn to innovate – and innovation can now be organized and must be organized – as a systematic process. On the one hand, this means every organization has to prepare for the abandonment of everything it does…..On the other hand, every organization must devote itself to creating the new. Peter Drucker, The New Society of Organizations, 1992

18 Where Innovation Comes From…. In the cases I have studied, again and again I am struck that innovation emerges when people are faced by problems – particular, well-specified problems. It arises as solutions to these are conceived of by people steeped in many means – many functionalities – they can combine. It is enhanced by funding that enables this, by training and experience in myriad functionalities, by the existence of special projects and labs devoted to the study of particular problems, and by local cultures that foster deep craft. W. Brian Arthur, The Nature of Technology, 2009

19 Innovation in DHS S&T Top heavy bureaucracies remain innovation sink holes. Steven Johnson, Where Good Ideas Come From, 2010 DHS S&T Innovation Advantages - Deep understanding of the problem – close links to operators, users Multidisciplinary teams Emphasis on near-term development, transition to use: technology foraging, leverage others investments Rich opportunities for operational test beds, pilots, T&E Capacity to partner with private sector, academia, other federal agencies, internationally Convening power – whats on the near horizon

20 The single most frequent failure in the history of forecasting has been grossly underestimating the impact of technologies -Peter Schwartz President, Global Business Network



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