21877Thomas Edison's phonograph was invented in 1877.
31878The first music is put on record: cornetist Jules Levy plays "Yankee Doodle.
41888 In 1888, Emile Berliner filed and patented a talking machine which also recorded and played back sound. (The gramophone)
51898Valdemar Poulsen patents his "Telegraphone," recording magnetically on steel wire.
61901The Victor Talking Machine Company is founded by Emile Berliner and Eldridge Johnson.
71906Lee DeForest invents the triode vacuum tube, the first electronic signal amplifier.
81912Major Edwin F. Armstrong is issued a patent for a regenerative circuit, making radio reception practical.
91913The first "talking movie" is demonstrated by Edison using his Kinetophone process, a cylinder player mechanically synchronized to a film projector.
101929The "Blattnerphone" is developed for use as a magnetic recorder using steel tape.
111930Before the development of oxide based magnetic tape, the stainless steel piano wire recorder was the dominant audio recording format of choice.
121932The first cardioid ribbon microphone is patented by Dr. Harry F. Olson of RCA, using a field coil instead of a permanent magnet..
131936The Tefifon used an endless vinyl belt housed in a cassette that recorded the tracks.
141940Walt Disney's "Fantasia" is released, with eight-track stereophonic sound.
151945The Audograph used technology, in that the modulated grooves were embossed onto soft vinyl.
161945The soundscriber used flexible vinyl records were "cut" using a stylus cutting head and playback was made on a dedicated player.
171947Dictabelts are flexible belts of vinyl .005" thick by 3 1/2 inches wide with a circumference of 12 inches, which allowed up to approximately 15 minutes of recording time per belt. This machine works just like the soundscriber.
181957The Sonaband Walkie RecordAll used the same technology as that of the Dictabelt. It embossed the audio information onto a soft vinyl belt with a stylus, instead of cutting grooves into harder materials.
191957The portable dictet dictation recorder by the Dictaphone Corporation, was the very first dictation machine to use magnetic tape cassettes. (dictaphone dictet)
201958In 1958 RCA developed an audio cartridge system known simply as the sound tape cartridge.
211959Introduced in 1959 by Collins Radio, the cart tape format was designed for use by radio broadcasters to play commercials, bumpers, and announcements.
221960In 1960, the magnabelt was invented. It was another type of dictation machine.
231962Ironically, the compact cassette is still in wide use today and was never intended for such wide use.
241964The Sanyo Pack 35 was an early format portable dictation player/recorder for busy executives in the 1960’s.
251977The Elcaset format was introduced by Sony in 1977. Though marketed as a consumer format, it was intended as a platform to offer open reel to reel quality with the convenience of a compact cassette.
261978The Sony PCM-F10, though not the first digital stereo recorder, was the first to make it truly affordable.
271981Sony released the second generation called the PCM-F1 which reduced the processor size substantially.
281982The audio CD in the form we know it today, was released in the UK in September, 1982.
291987Introduced in 1987 for the professional studio market, digital audio tapes quickly claimed the high ground in professional recording industry circles.
301991Released in 1991, the first ADAT machine took the recording industry by storm.