2 What is Forensic ballistics? Forensic ballistics attempts to establish the true facts in a shooting crimeBallistic evidence includesFirearmsBulletsCartridge cases
3 Major Types of Ballistic Evidence Bullet holesBullet damageBullet trajectoriesGunshot wounds
4 Internal BallisticsInternal Ballistics studies all of the processes inside a firearm.Most common responsibilities are:Examining firearms in case of accidental dischargeExamining homemade devices called zip gunsThe microscopic examination of fired bullets and cartridge cases
5 External BallisticsExternal ballistics studies the projectile of the bullet from the gun to target.Two common types of external ballistics are:Calculation and reconstruction of bullet trajectoriesEstablishing the maximum range of a given bullet
6 Terminal BallisticsTerminal ballistics is the study of the projectiles effect on the target.The target can be any solid or living objectWhen the target is human or animal this is often referred to as “wound ballistics”
7 Types of Terminal Ballistics Determination of distance between firing and targetEstablishing whether a particular wound was caused by a fired bulletDetermining the caliber and type of projectile that caused the woundIdentifying exit/entrance by examining holes in targets or woundsExamination of ricochet possibilities on targets and fired projectiles
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