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RDA and Electronic Resources Thomas Brenndorfer

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1 RDA and Electronic Resources Thomas Brenndorfer tbrenndorfer@library.guelph.on.ca

2 Outline – RDA and Electronic Resources A trip down cataloguing memory lane… Categories, categories, categories RDA Elements Relationships Other approaches (single record, provider neutral)

3 A trip down cataloguing memory lane …

4 Anglo-American Cataloging Rules AACR 1967 Part I. Entry and Heading Part II. Description (including serials and photographic reproductions) Part III. Non-Book Materials Manuscripts Maps, Atlases, etc. Motion Pictures and Filmstrips Music Phonorecords Pictures, Designs, and other Two-Dimensional Representations

5 AACR2 1978 organization Description Books, Pamphlets, and Printed Sheets Cartographic materials Manuscripts (Including Manuscript Collections) Music Sound Recordings Motion Pictures and Videorecordings Graphic Materials Machine-Readable Data Files Three-Dimensional Artefacts and Realia Microforms Serials Access (Headings, Uniform Titles, References)

6 AACR2 1978 – scope of machine- readable data files Machine-readable data files -require use of a machine (such as a computer) for processing -examples: files stored on magnetic tape, punched cards (with or without a magnetic tape strip), aperture cards, punched paper tapes, disk packs, mark senses cards, and optical character recognition font documents (AARC2 1978 9.0A) -embraces both data and programs used to process that data

7 AACR2 1978 – examples of Extent of File 1 data file 2 program files 1 object program 1 data file (1,613 logical records) 2 program file (300 statements each, COBOL) 1 object program (IBM 360/40)

8 AACR2 1978 9.7B15 Mode of Use Specify if file cannot be used on facilities available to user of catalog Example: Mode of use: On-line video or teletype terminal or with a small dedicated computer (e.g., PDP 8)

9 AACR2 1988 – Computer Files Direct access carriers versus remote access carriers Extent – number of physical units computer cartridge computer cassette computer disk computer reel File Characteristics – moved to different area of description

10 AACR2 1988 File characteristics: computer data computer program(s) computer data and program(s) add number of records, statements, etc.: computer data (1 file : 350 records) computer program (2150 statements) computer data (2 files : 800, 1250 records) and programs (3 files : 7260, 3490, 5076 bytes)

11 AACR2 2001 – Electronic Resources GMD computer file changed to electronic resources Chapter 9 entirely replaced– Electronic Resources Electronic resources often include components with characteristics found in multiple classes of materials so there will frequently be a need to consult other chapters. For example, in describing a serially-issued cartographic electronic resource. Still understood to be data, programs, or both Still treated in two ways: direct (local) vs. remote (networked) [direct means a physical carrier to be inserted in a computerized device; remote could mean stored on a hard disk as well as accessed by a network]

12 AACR2 2001 continued all remote access electronic resources considered published file characteristics area renamed to Type and extent of resource area electronic data; electronic program(s); electronic data and program(s) same additions (files, records, bytes) chief source of information changed from title screen to resource itself, and removal of preference given to internal sources option for conventional terminology (1 CD-ROM instead of 1 computer optical disk) always give date viewed when describing remote access electronic resources

13 AACR2 2002 Serials replaced by Continuing Resources which was expanded to include integrating resources (ongoing and finite) such as updating loose- leafs and updating Web sites Type and extent of data abolished for electronic resources; added to Extent or a note example: 1 CD-ROM (1 file : 240,000 bytes) example: 1 zip disk (96 mb) Optional extent for remote access electronic resource + other details example: 1 sound file : digital, mp3 file example: Web site example: 1 electronic text : HMTL file

14 Categories

15 Content vs Carrier Content Work Expression Carrier Manifestation Item

16 The FR (Functional Requirements) Family FRBR – Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records FRAD – Functional Requirements for Authority Data FRSAD– Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data Nomen Thema - Work - Expression - Manifestation - Item - Person - Corporate Body - (Family) - Concept - Object - Event - Place - Name - Identifier Controlled Access Point - Rules - Agency Entities -have attributes -have relationships with other entities

17 User Tasks Identify – through attributes of an entity Select – through attributes of a resource Obtain – through attributes of a manifestation or item Find [Explore] – through attributes of entities or relationships between entities

18 Mode of Issuance Single unit A single physical unit or logical unit (e.g., a PDF file mounted on the web) Multipart monograph Resource issued in two or more parts (either simultaneously or successively). Has a finite number of parts. Serial Resource issued in successive parts (usually with numbering) with no predetermined conclusion. Includes reproductions of serials. Integrating resource Resource added to or changed by means of updates integrated into the whole (e.g., an updating loose-leaf publication; a continuously updated website)

19 Content Type text notated music notated movement spoken word performed music sounds still image two-dimensional moving image three-dimensional moving image cartographic image cartographic moving image computer program computer dataset cartographic dataset three-dimensional form cartographic three-dimensional form tactile text tactile notated music tactile notated movement tactile image cartographic tactile image tactile three-dimensional form cartographic tactile three-dimensional form

20 Media Type / Carrier Type Media type: computer Carrier type: computer card computer chip cartridge computer disc computer disc cartridge computer tape cartridge computer tape cassette computer tape reel online resource other

21 Media types with digital encoding Media type – computer Media used to store electronic files, designed for use with a computer. Includes media that are accessed remotely through file servers as well as direct-access media such as computer tapes and discs. Media type – audio Media used to store recorded sound, designed for use with a playback device such as a turntable, audiocassette player, CD player, or MP3 player. Includes media used to store digitally encoded as well as analog sound. Media type – video Media used to store moving or still images, designed for use with a playback device such as a videocassette player or DVD player. Includes media used to store digitally encoded as well as analog images.

22 General Material Designation (GMD) vs Content Type – Media Type – Carrier Type AACR2 general material designation: [electronic resource] formerly [computer file] Examples of titles proper + general material designation (GMD): 245 00 $a WordStar $h [electronic resource] 245 10 $a Demon attack $h [electronic resource] 245 04 $a The CPS 1974 American national election survey $h [electronic resource] 245 10 $a Krells logo $h [electronic resource]

23 Examples – Content Type and Carrier Type Title Proper: Vision in white Statement of Responsibility: Nora Roberts Content Type: text Carrier Type: online resource Title Proper: Vision in white Statement of Responsibility: Nora Roberts Content Type: spoken word Carrier Type: online resource Title Proper: WordStar Content Type: computer program Carrier Type: computer disc Title Proper: Topographic LIDAR Statement of Responsibility: Stone Environmental, Inc. Content Type: cartographic image Carrier Type: computer disc Title Proper: Red dead redemption Statement of Responsibility: Rockstar Games presents Content Type: two-dimensional moving image Carrier Type: computer disc Form of Work: Video game Title Proper: Script Content Type: text Content Type: still image Content Type: sounds Content Type: two-dimensional moving image Carrier Type: online resource

24 The March of the RDA Elements

25 Some preliminary points … Some elements are flagged as core elements – they are applied if applicable and readily ascertainable Add to core elements if needed to identify the resource Other elements are added on the basis of agency policy or cataloguer judgment Library of Congress has added to its list of core elements In RDA, elements are organized by entity (manifestations and items, followed by works and expressions), as well as by user task (identify, select, obtain) Some values for elements are from controlled vocabulary lists Some values for elements are transcribed from the resource Some values for elements are notes adding details or providing annotations on other elements Also … electronic resources are considered published

26 Identifying manifestations - Title ElementSubelementCore TitleTitle properCore TitleOther title information TitleParallel title proper TitleParallel other title information TitleVariant title TitleEarlier title proper TitleLater title proper TitleAbbreviated title TitleKey title Note on manifestationNote on title

27 Examples: Note on title ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properStrategic sustainable planning Note on manifestationNote on titleTitle from PDF cover page ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properFundamentals of operations management TitleVariant titleStudent CD-ROM to accompany Fundamentals of operations management Note on manifestationNote on titleTitle on CD-ROM label: Student CD-ROM to accompany Fundamentals of operations management

28 Identifying manifestations – Statement of responsibility and Edition statement ElementSubelementCore Statement of responsibilityStatement of responsibility relating to title properCore Statement of responsibilityParallel statement of responsibility relating to title proper Note on manifestationNote on statement of responsibility Edition statementDesignation of editionCore Edition statementParallel designation of edition Edition statementStatement of responsibility relating to the edition Edition statementParallel statement of responsibility relating to the edition Edition statementDesignation of a named revision of an editionCore Edition statementParallel designation of a named revision of an edition Edition statementStatement of responsibility relating to a named revision of an edition Edition statementParallel statement of responsibility relating to a named revision of an edition Note on manifestationNote on edition statement

29 Example: Note on statement of responsibility ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properTransport laws of the world Statement of responsibility Statement of responsibility relating to title proper compiled and edited by Malcolm Evans, Martin Stanford Note on manifestationNote on statement of responsibility Compiled and edited by: Dan Hill and Malcolm Evans, 1977-July 1980 Integrating resource (loose-leaf or web site):

30 Identifying manifestatio ns Publication statement Distribution statement Manufacture statement Copyright date ElementSubelementCore Publication statementPlace of publicationCore Publication statementParallel place of publication Publication statementPublishers nameCore Publication statementParallel publishers name Publication statementDate of publicationCore Note on manifestationNote on publication statement Distribution statementPlace of distributionCore if … Distribution statementParallel place of distribution Distribution statementDistributors nameCore if … Distribution statementParallel distributors name Distribution statementDate of distributionCore if … Note on manifestationNote on distribution statement Manufacture statementPlace of manufactureCore if … Manufacture statementParallel place of manufacture Manufacture statementManufacturers nameCore if … Manufacture statementParallel manufacturers name Manufacture statementDate of manufactureCore if … Note on manifestationNote on manufacture statement Copyright dateCore if … Note on manifestationNote on copyright date Publication statement: Consider all online resources to be published

31 Identifying manifestations – Production statement ElementSubelementCore Production statementPlace of production Production statementParallel place of production Production statementProducers name Production statementParallel producers name Production statementDate of productionCore Note on manifestationNote on production statement For published or unpublished reproductions: RDA 1.11 Facsimiles and Reproductions When describing a facsimile or reproduction, record the data relating to the facsimile or reproduction in the appropriate element. Record any data relating to the original manifestation as an element of a related work or related manifestation.

32 Identifying manifestations - series ElementSubelementCore Series statementTitle proper of seriesCore Series statementParallel title proper of series Series statementOther title information of series Series statementParallel other title information of series Series statementStatement of responsibility relating to series Series statementParallel statement of responsibility relating to series Series statementISSN of series Series statementNumbering within seriesCore Series statementTitle proper of subseriesCore Series statementParallel title proper of subseries Series statementOther title information of subseries Series statementParallel other title information of subseries Series statementStatement of responsibility relating to subseries Series statementParallel statement of responsibility relating to subseries Series statementISSN of subseries Series statementNumbering within subseriesCore Note on manifestationNote on series statement

33 Identifying manifestations – serial elements (numbering, frequency) ElementSubelementCore Numbering of serialsNumeric and/or alphabetic designation of first issue or part of sequenceCore Numbering of serialsChronological designation of first issue or part of sequenceCore Numbering of serialsNumeric and/or alphabetic designation of last issue or part of sequenceCore Numbering of serialsChronological designation of last issue or part of sequenceCore Numbering of serialsAlternative numeric and/or alphabetic designation of first issue or part of sequence Numbering of serialsAlternative chronological designation of first issue or part of sequence Numbering of serialsAlternative numeric and/or alphabetic designation of last issue or part of sequence Numbering of serialsAlternative chronological designation of last issue or part of sequence Note on manifestationNote on numbering of serial Frequency Note on manifestationNote on frequency

34 Identifying manifestations – miscellaneous elements ElementSubelementCore Identifier for the manifestationCore Identifier for the manifestationPublishers number for music Identifier for the manifestationPlate number for music Preferred citation Mode of issuance Note on manifestation Note on issue, part, or iteration used as the basis for identification of the resource

35 Examples: Note on issue, part, or iteration used as basis for identification of the resource ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properWashington state newsstand TitleEarlier title properWashington newspapers database Note on manifestation or itemNote on issue, part, or iteration used as basis for identification of the resource Former title (as viewed October 6, 1999): Washington newspapers database Online database – an integrating resource ElementSubelementValue Note on manifestation or itemNote on issue, part, or iteration used as basis for identification of the resource Identification of the resource based on contents viewed on October 21, 1999 Date of viewing of a remote access resource (no longer mandatory as it was in AACR2)

36 Obtaining manifestations – Acquisition and Access Information (RDA Chapter 4) ElementCore Terms of availability Contact information Restrictions on access Restrictions on use Uniform Resource Locator 856 second indicator = 0 (Electronic resource:) 856 40 $uhttp://www.loc.gov/catdir/semdigdocs/seminar.html

37 Describing carriers (RDA Chapter 3) ElementSubelementCore Media type Carrier typeCore ExtentCore ExtentExtent of textCore ExtentExtent of notated musicCore ExtentExtent of still imageCore ExtentExtent of cartographic resourceCore ExtentExtent of three-dimensional formCore * Note on carrierNote on extent of manifestation Dimensions Dimensions of map, etc. DimensionsDimensions of still image * Note on carrierNote on dimensions of manifestation * Note on carrierNote on changes in carrier characteristics * Note on carrier – currently called Note on manifestation or item

38 Extent – point #1 Number of units in Carrier Type terms: 1 online resource 2 computer discs 1 computer tape reel Changes from AACR2: -online resource added -computer disc replaced computer disk (floppy disks) and computer optical disc

39 Extent – point #2 Number of units in term in common usage (including a trade name) -as an alternative to a Carrier Type term -if carrier is not in list of Carrier Type terms 1 DVD-ROM (instead of 1 computer disc) 2 USB flash drives (Carrier Type = other)

40 Extent – point #3 Subunits – use if electronic resource consists of one or more files in a format that parallels a print, manuscript, or graphic counterpart (e.g., PDF) Add Extent terms from: Cartographic resource (RDA 3.4.2) Notated music (RDA 3.4.3) Still images (RDA 3.4.4) Text (RDA 3.4.5) 1 computer disc (184 remote-sensing images) cartographic resource 1 CD-ROM (xv pages, 150 maps) text, cartographic resource 1 online resource (68 pages) text 1 online resource (3 scores) notated music 1 online resource (36 photographs) still images 1 online resource (1 score (118 pages)) notated music in extent used for text

41 Extent – point #4 Subunits to use for other types of files From list at RDA 3.19.2.3 (File Type): audio file video file data file program file (image file) (text file) or another concise term 1 computer disc (8 audio files) 1 computer tape (3 data files) 1 CD-ROM (1 audio file, 3 video files) 1 online resource (2 video files) 1 online resource (1 program file) 1 online resource (2 audio files, 1 video file) 1 online resource (1 streaming video file) Optional addition for program file or data file - add the number of statements and/or records 1 online resource (1 program file: 96 statements) 1 computer tape (3 data files: 100, 460, 550 records)

42 Dimensions (RDA 3.5) computer card – height x width 9 x 6 cm computer chip cartridge, computer disc cartridge, computer tape cartridge – length of side of cartridge inserted into machine 10 cm computer cassette – length x height of the face of the cassette 10 x 7 cm computer disc – diameter 12 cm * 4 3/4 in. computer tape reel – diameter of reel, followed by width of tape 31 cm, 13 mm tape

43 Example: computer program on DVD-ROM LDR 01473cmm a2200337 i 450 007 co |g||||||||| 008 130528s2010 cau q b 245 00 |a Autodesk Burn 2010. 246 1_ |i Title on computer disc: |a Autodesk Visual effects and finishing. 246 30 |a Burn 250 __ |a 2010 edition. 264 _1 |a San Rafael, California, USA : |b Autodesk, Inc., |c 2010. 300 __ |a 1 DVD-ROM ; |b 4 3/4 in. + |e 1 user guide (viii, 88 pages) 336 __ |a computer program |2 rdacontent 337 __ |a computer |2 rdamedia 338 __ |a computer disc |2 rdacarrier 500 __ |a Title from user guide title page. ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properAutodesk Burn 2010 Note on manifestation Note on titleTitle from user guide title page TitleVariant titleBurn TitleVariant titleAutodesk Visual effects and finishing Note on manifestation Note on titleTitle on computer disc: Autodesk Visual effects and finishing Edition statementDesignation of edition2010 edition Publication statement Place of publicationSan Rafael, California, USA Publication statement Publishers nameAutodesk, Inc. Publication statement Date of publication2010 Extent1 DVD-ROM Dimensions4 ¾ in. Extent1 user guide (viii, 88 pages) Content typecomputer program Media typecomputer Carrier typecomputer disc

44 Example: online PDF document LDR 01437cam a22003137i 450 007 cr ||||||||||| 008 130521b2012 pk ob 000 0 eng 010 __ |a 2013344566 040 __ |a DLC |b eng |c DLC |e rda 245 00 |a Gender differences : |b understanding perceptions national baseline study / |c the study was carried out by Applied Economic Research Centre (AERC) and AASA Consulting. 264 _1 |a Islamabad : |b Gender Equity Program, |c 2012. 300 __ |a 1 online resource (xii, 150 pages) : |b PDF 336 __ |a text |2 rdacontent 337 __ |a computer |2 rdamedia 338 __ |a online resource |2 rdacarrier 588 __ |a Title from PDF file as viewed on 05/20/2013. 856 40 |u http://af.org.pk/gep/Advertisements/Nation al%20Baseline%20Study/FINAL%20National%20b aseline%20study.pdf ElementSubelementValue TitleTitle properGender differences Note on manifestation Note on issue, part, or iteration used as the basis for identification of the resource Title from PDF file as viewed on 05/20/2013 TitleOther title informationunderstanding perceptions national baseline study Statement of responsibility Statement of responsibility relating to title proper the study was carried out by Applied Economic Research Centre (AERC) and AASA Consulting Publication statement Place of publicationIslamabad Publication statement Publishers nameGender Equity Program Publication statement Date of publication2012 Extent1 online resource (xii, 150 pages) Content typetext Media typecomputer Carrier typeonline resource Uniform Resource Locator http://af.org.pk/gep/Advertisemen ts/National%20Baseline%20Study/FI NAL%20National%20baseline%20study.pdf

45 Equipment or system requirement ElementExamples Equipment or system requirementRequires PC with AudibleManager, or a portable device with AudiblePlayer, Audible Download Manager, AudibleAir, Windows Media Player, or Apple iTunes Requires RTI Series 500 CD-ROM DataDrive System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader System requirements: IBM-compatible PC with a Pentium processor or higher; 128MB of RAM; Windows 98, 2000, or XP; 11MB of available hard disk space; Windows-based word processing program Requires: Macintosh: power Macintosh/Power PC, OS9.1, OSX, 32 MB RAM, 14x CD-ROM drive MARC 538 – System Details Note

46 Describing carriers – specialized elements (RDA Chapter 3) Base materialSound characteristic Applied materialProjection characteristic of motion picture film MountVideo characteristic Production methodDigital file characteristic Generation Equipment or system requirement Layout Book format Font size Polarity Reduction ratio

47 Generation ElementSubelementValues GenerationGeneration of digital resourceoriginal master derivative master another concise term Details on generation of digital resource MARC 340 $j original $2 rda

48 Digital File Characteristic (RDA 3.19) sound characteristics of a digital file – RDA 3.16 video characteristics of a digital file – RDA 3.18 colour characteristics of a digital file – RDA 7.17 (expression element) File type Encoding format File size Resolution Regional encoding Encoded bitrate Digital representation of cartographic content Subelements:

49 File Type ElementSubelementValues Digital file characteristicFile typeaudio file data file image file program file text file video file another concise term Details of file type MARC 347 $a audio file $2 rda

50 Encoding format ElementSubelementAudioDataImageSpatialTextVideo Digital File Characteristic Encoding Format CD audioAccessBMPArc/InfoASCIIBlu-Ray DaisyExcelGIFBILHTMLDVD video DVD audioLotusJPEGBSQMegadotsDVD-R MP3XMLJPEG2000CADMS WordHD-DVD RealAudioPNGDEMPDFMPEG-4 SACDTIFFE00RTFQuicktime WAVMID/MIFSGMLRealVideo TeXSVCD Word PerfectVCD XHTMLWindows Media XML another concise term Details of encoding format MARC 347 $a audio file $b CD audio$2 rda

51 Miscellaneous subelements for the element Digital File Characteristic ElementSubelementMARC Digital File Characteristic File SizeRecord file size in KB, MB, or GB347$c Digital File Characteristic ResolutionDigital image measurement, usually in pixels347$d Digital File Characteristic Regional Encoding Region for videodisc347$e Digital File Characteristic Encoded BitrateSpeed at which streaming audio, video, etc. is designed to play (kbps, Mbps, Mbit/s) 347$f Digital File Characteristic Digital Representation of Cartographic Content Set of technical details relating to encoding of geospatial information in a cartographic resource (data type, object type, number of objects, other details) 352$a 352$b

52 Sound Characteristic (RDA 3.16) Type of Recording Recording Medium Playing Speed Groove Characteristics Track Configuration Tape Configuration Configuration of Playback Channels Special Playback Characteristics Subelements:

53 Type of Recording ElementSubelementValues Sound CharacteristicType of Recordinganalog digital another concise term Details of type of recording MARC 344 $a digital $2 rda

54 Recording Medium ElementSubelementValues Sound CharacteristicRecording Mediummagnetic magneto-optical optical another concise term Details of type of recording MARC 344 $a digital $b optical $2 rda

55 Playing Speed ElementSubelement Sound CharacteristicPlaying SpeedFor analog disc, use revolutions per minute (rpm) For digital disc, use metres per second (m/s) Details of type of recording MARC 344 $c 1.4 m/s sound recording 007/03=f (1.4 m. per second (discs)) For the encoded bitrate of an online sound file (e.g., streaming audio), use Encoded Bitrate subelement under Digital File Characteristic

56 Configuration of Playback Channels ElementSubelementValue Sound CharacteristicConfiguration of Playback Channelsmono stereo quadrophonic surround another concise term Details of type of recording MARC 344 $a digital $g stereo $2 rda sound recording 007/04=s (stereophonic)

57 Special Playback Characteristic ElementSubelementValue Sound CharacteristicSpecial Playback CharacteristicCCIR Standard CX Encoded dbx Encoded Dolby Dolby-A Encoded Dolby-B Encoded Dolby-C Encoded LPCM NAB Standard another concise term Details of type of recording MARC 300 $b Other physical details 538 System Details Note MARC 344 $h Dolby-B encoded $2 rda sound recording 007/12=c (Dolby-B encoded)

58 Video Characteristic (RDA 3.18) Video Format Broadcast Standard Subelements:

59 Comparing Video Format and Encoding Format Element: Digital File Characteristic Subelement: Encoding Format Values for digital video encoding formats: Blu-ray DVD video HD-DVD MPEG-4 QuickTime RealVideo SVCD VCD Windows Media Element: Video Characteristic Subelement: Video Format Values for analog video content: Beta Betacam Betacam SP CED D-2 EIAJ 8 mm Hi-8 mm Laser Optical M-II Quadruplex Super-VHS Type C U-matic VHS MARC 347 $b 300 $b 538 $a MARC 346 $a 300 $b 538 $a videorecording 007/04

60 Expression element – Colour Content (RDA 7.17) ElementSubelement Colour ContentExamples: colour, some colour, chiefly colour Details of colour content Colour ContentColour of Still ImageExamples: black and white, black and white (tinted), black and white (toned), black and white (tinted and toned), sepia, blue and red, colour [for more than two colours] Details of colour content Colour ContentColour of Moving ImageExamples: black and white, black and white (tinted), black and white (toned), black and white (tinted and toned), sepia, colour, some colour, chiefly colour Details of colour content Colour ContentColour of Three-Dimensional Form Colour ContentColour of Resource Designed for Persons with Visual Impairments MARC 300 $b 500 $a Element: Colour Content Subelement: Colour of Still Image Value: grey scale Used for digital still images in grey scale

61 Some other content elements … ElementSubelementExample Form of workVideo game Nature of the contentSpreadsheet, with word processing and graphic capabilities Place and date of capturePlace of captureParadise Studios, Sydney Place and date of captureDate of capture1997 April 22-23 Language of the contentFrench dialogue; English subtitles Accessibility contentClosed captioning in German Illustrative contentillustrations Supplementary contentIncludes index Sound contentsound (computer chip cartridge with integral sound) Aspect ratiowide screen (2.35:1) Duration27 min. (27 min. for an online video file) Performer, narrator, and/or presenterNarrator: Jackie Glanville Artistic and/or technical creditMusic, Joseph Horovitz; editing, Ray Helm; graphic designer, John Tribe Note on expressionNote on changes in content characteristics In French and English, 2002-2009 (website now only in French)

62 Relationships Entity attribute relationship

63 Work Expression Manifestation Item Person Corporate Body Manifestation

64 Work Expression Manifestation Item Person Corporate Body Manifestation Primary Relationships

65 Work Expression Manifestation Item Person Corporate Body Manifestation Creator author Creator composer Contributor editor Contributor actor Distributor film distributor Publisher Owner depositor Contributor translator Relationships to Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies associated with a resource

66 Work Expression Manifestation Item Person Corporate Body Manifestation Related Person real identity Related Person alternate identity Related Corporate Body group member of Related Corporate Body predecessor Related Corporate Body hierarchical superior Relationships between Persons, Families, and Corporate Bodies

67 Work Expression Manifestation Item Person Corporate Body Manifestation Related Work adapted as (work) Related Work in series (work) Related Expression translated as Related Manifestation electronic reproduction Related Manifestation digital transfer Related Item on disc with (item) Relationships between Works, Expressions, Manifestations, and Items

68 Conventions for recoding relationships between resources (work, expression, manifestation, item) identifier ISBN 978-1-74146-163-3 http://bibpurl.oclc.org/web/14192 authorized access point (work and expression only) Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. Taming of the shrew structured description Electronic reproduction of: New York : Bettini Phonograph Laboratory, [1898?]. – 1 audio cylinder (2 min., 33 sec.) : analog, 125 rpm, mono unstructured description Finding aid available in the repository and online

69 Related manifestations – different approaches to electronic versions original vs reproduction single record approach provider neutral

70 Reproductions – two approaches Library of Congress reconsidered cataloguing of reproductions… Facsimile theory – original first, data on reproduction in note (AACR1, LC approach to microforms and expanded to electronic reproductions) Edition theory – reproduction first, data on original in note (AACR2, RDA, LCs revised approach to reproductions with 775/776) Reconsidering the Cataloging Treatment of Reproductions. http://www.loc.gov/acq/conser/reproductions.pdfhttp://www.loc.gov/acq/conser/reproductions.pdf

71 Related Manifestations – New LC policy and MARC Carrier of reproduction is the same as the original (e.g., digital-to-digital) MARC 775 775 08 $iReproduction of (manifestation):$tGold, gals, guns, guts$d[Deadwood, S.D.] : Deadwood 76 Centennial Inc., c1975$h254 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.$w(DLC) 76005217 Carrier of reproduction is not the same as the original (e.g., print-to-digital) MARC 776 776 08 $iReproduction of (manifestation):$aRingwalt, J. Luther (John Luther)$tAnecdotes of General Ulysses S. Grant$dPhiladelphia : J.B. Lippincott Co., 1886$h118 p. ; 18 cm.$nCall number of original: E672.R58$w(DLC) 10032685

72 Single Record Approach RECORD FOR ORIGINAL RESOURCE … plus … Add 530 for Additional physical form available note Add 856 for web version of resource Example: 530 __ $aAlso available online. 846 41 $uhttp://www.library.org/resource.pdf

73 Provider-Neutral and RDA – e- book LDR nam 22 Ki 4500 006 m o d 007 cr cnu---unuuu 008 130906s2013 nyu do 000 f eng d 020 a9780316246316 (electronic bk.) 020 a031624631X (electronic bk.) 040 aTEFODbengerdaepncTEFODdCNGUP 050 4 aPZ7.Q3185bFo 2013eb 082 04a[Fic]223 100 1 aQuick, Matthew,d1973- 245 10aForgive me, Leonard Peacock :ba novel /cby Matthew Quick. 250 aFirst edition. 264 1 aNew York, NY ;aBoston :bLittle, Brown and Company,c2013. 300 a1 online resource (273 pages) 336 atext2rdacontent 337 acomputer2rdamedia 338 aonline resource2rdacarrier 588 aDescription based on print version record. 776 08iPrint version:aQuick, Matthew, 1973-tForgive me, Leonard Peacock.bFirst editionz9780316221337w(DLC) 2012031410w(OCoLC)811426726 856 40uhttp://gpl.lib.overdrive.com/ContentDetails.htm?ID=B6D26642-4580-4695-BC26-E6592DC84903zClick here to access this electronic title for checkout

74 Provider-Neutral and RDA – e-audiobook LDR cim 22 Ki 4500 006 m o h 007 cr nnannnunuuu 007 sz zunnnnnuned 008 131120s2013 orunnnneo h n eng d 020 a9781482941401 (electronic audio bk.) 040 aTEFODbengerdaepncTEFODdN$TdCNGUP 100 1 aDurant, Will,d1885-1981,eauthor. 245 14 aThe life of Greece /cby Will Durant. 250 aUnabridged. 264 1 a[Ashland, Oregon] :bBlackstone Audio, Inc.,c[2013] 264 4 c 2013. 300 a1 online resource (1 audio file (32 hr., 36 min., 44 sec.)) :bdigital. 306 $a323644 336 aspoken wordbspw2rdacontent 337 acomputerbc2rdamedia 338 aonline resourcebcr2rdacarrier 344 adigital2rda 347 aaudio filebMP32rda 588 aDescription based on hard copy version record. 710 2 aBlackstone Audio, Inc. 776 08 iSource record:aDurant, Will, 1885-1981, author.tLife of Greece.bUnabridgedz9781482941432w(OCoLC)852401160 856 40 uhttp://gpl.lib.overdrive.com/ContentDetails.htm?ID=2F398E76-E3CB-417E-B06E-DD3090E58D49zClick here to access this electronic title for checkout

75 The Future – cataloguing electronic resources Issues and challenges: MARC mappings for new RDA-based fields like 344, 346, 347 co-existence of different standards entities, attributes, and relationships – FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD as guides for the future Linked Data, Bibframe, other encoding standards


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