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Testing Results: P13621: Heat Transfer Lab Equipment Lab experiment: Fouriers Law Heat transfer model using ANSYS. This model accounts for heat losses due to convection. With a 50/50 mix of water and glycol, the cooling loop can provide a constant low temperature boundary without the complications of freezing. The DAQ display allows for real time tracking of the temperature. This in turn enables the user to determine when the sample has reached steady state. Specimen Material Experimental K (W/m*K) Published K (W/m*K) Accuracy (%) Aluminum214.421599.7 Brass123.410988.0 Rolled Steel59.65490.1 Stainless Steel19.61682.0 From Left to Right: Shannon McCormick (ChemE), Emeka Iheme (ChemE), Jordan Hill (EE), Rushil Rane (ISE), Shayne Barry (ME), Piotr Radziszowski (ME), Tatiana Stein (ChemE) Acknowledgements: Neal Eckhaus (Guide) Steve Possanza (Guide) Dr. Karuna Koppula (Customer) Paul Gregoriuosa (Customer) Concept Selection: 1.Cartridge heater in the copper heating block to heat horizontal specimen. Insulation along length of specimen and free convection to cool the opposite end of the specimen. 2.Hot plate used to the specimen. Cooling unit that cycles coolant used to cool opposite end of specimen. 3.Insulated hot plate heating two samples. One is for data collection and one is for visual display. Cooling plate absorbs heat on the opposite end. Clamp is used to apply constant pressure. Final Concept: Aspects of each of the three conceptual designs were chosen for the final design. Constant pressure is needed to apply constant heat flux. The cooling unit is needed to maintain steady state conditions. The cartridge heater is a cost-effective way to apply heat. To keep analysis simple for laboratory students, one-dimensional, steady state heat conduction is assumed and losses from convection and radiation are neglected. Concept Selection: 1.Cartridge heater in the copper heating block to heat horizontal specimen. Insulation along length of specimen and free convection to cool the opposite end of the specimen. 2.Hot plate used to the specimen. Cooling unit that cycles coolant used to cool opposite end of specimen. 3.Insulated hot plate heating two samples. One is for data collection and one is for visual display. Cooling plate absorbs heat on the opposite end. Clamp is used to apply constant pressure. Final Concept: Aspects of each of the three conceptual designs were chosen for the final design. Constant pressure is needed to apply constant heat flux. The cooling unit is needed to maintain steady state conditions. The cartridge heater is a cost-effective way to apply heat. To keep analysis simple for laboratory students, one-dimensional, steady state heat conduction is assumed and losses from convection and radiation are neglected. Top view of apparatus. Wing nuts are used to tighten system and apply pressure for better transfer of heat. Tubing coming out of the cold plate connects to the cooling unit to cool the top of the specimen. Bottom view of apparatus. Dinrail is used to guide wires from the cartridge heater. The yellow, rubber feet are to stabilize the apparatus on the cart. Model of final concept Website: https://edge.rit.edu/edge/P13621/public/Home Mission Statement: Provide students with the ability to observe conductive heat transfer and the ability to measure the thermal conductivity of a material. Project Background: The transfer of heat through a material in any state is the process of heat transfer. Conductive heat transfer through a solid has been done for years in industry to heat or cool materials. It also happens everywhere around us. A materials ability to transfer heat is a measurable quantity called thermal conductivity. Objectives/ Scope: 1.Develop apparatus for students to observe conductive heat transfer and measure thermal conductivities of various samples 2.Ability for students to compare experimental results to published thermal conductivities 3.Obtain data from manual measurement and DAQs 4.Visually demonstrate conductive heat transfer 5.Allow students to observe steady state heat transfer conditions Website: https://edge.rit.edu/edge/P13621/public/Home Mission Statement: Provide students with the ability to observe conductive heat transfer and the ability to measure the thermal conductivity of a material. Project Background: The transfer of heat through a material in any state is the process of heat transfer. Conductive heat transfer through a solid has been done for years in industry to heat or cool materials. It also happens everywhere around us. A materials ability to transfer heat is a measurable quantity called thermal conductivity. Objectives/ Scope: 1.Develop apparatus for students to observe conductive heat transfer and measure thermal conductivities of various samples 2.Ability for students to compare experimental results to published thermal conductivities 3.Obtain data from manual measurement and DAQs 4.Visually demonstrate conductive heat transfer 5.Allow students to observe steady state heat transfer conditions This apparatus allows the user to actively test out Fouriers law by testing the K- value of the sample inserted within it. A temperature gradient is achieved by activating the cooling loop chilling the cold plate on top while connecting the power supply to the cartridge heater below. A copper heating block allows for a more uniform temperature distribution. Measuring the samples height will return the change in distance thus completing the temperature gradient. This is also when the cross-sectional area should be taken so that one may calculate the heat flux along with a three point backward Taylor Series Expansion and the known value of K for the copper heating block. With this information, one can find the experimental K value once it has reached a steady state and compare it to tabulated results. This plot shows that the change in temperature against the change in distance provides a line which represents the thermal conductive resistance coefficient. The line should result in a linear configuration. Applying relevant assumptions and simplification, Fouriers Law may be expressed in this form which is convenient for one dimensional analysis.

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