Presentation on theme: "David B. Burnett, Frank Platt, Carl Vavra"— Presentation transcript:
1 Challenges in Produced Water Treatment and Measurement Emerging Trends Te David B. Burnett, Frank Platt, Carl VavraDepartment of Petroleum Engineering GPRITexas A&M UniversitySeptember 2013This is a presentation made on May 12, 2013 by David Burnett.GPRI
2 Technology Developments U.S. Lower 48In 2000 shale gas provided only 1% of U.S. natural gas production; by 2010 it was over 20% and the U.S. government's Energy Information Administrationpredicts that by % of the United States' natural gas supply will come from shale gas.Technology Developments
3 Growth of Natural Gas Resources, International EUTechnology Developments
8 Challenges Facing Produced Water Management Varying Water CompositionsLack of InfrastructurePublic/policy Demands (environmental & perception Issues)Water Transport/storageVariation in Use of Product WaterDisposal
11 Getting Good Ideas Adopted ChallengeGetting Good Ideas AdoptedEFDEFD-TIPThe most difficult time for a business is surviving the Valley of Death. The Valley of Death is the funding gap between promising research and the transition to the marketplace. Below are the typical stages of funding and potential funding sources a business can consider to successfully navigate its way through the commercialization process.Proof of Concept is usually the first round of capital that a business attempts to secure. The funds are used to provide evidence that a product, technology or service is viable and capable of solving a particular problem.Potential Funding SourcesPersonal resources – including personal funds, credit cards, money from family and friends, and home equity loans.SBIR/STTR Grants – using grants from federal agencies to finance research: Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer Research (SBIR/STTR). Participate in our SBIR/STTR Online Fundamental Training to better understand how to write a competitive proposal and use the programs successfully. View the list of federal SBIR/STTR funding agencies.Seed are beginning rounds invested in companies at very early stages of development.SBIR/STTR Grants – using grants from federal agencies to finance research: Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer Research (SBIR/STTR). articipate in our SBIR/STTR Online Fundamental Training to better understand how to write a competitive proposal and use the programs successfully. View the list of federal SBIR/STTR funding agencies.Angel Investors - Search our online directory of Angel's and other potential sources for funding.Startup when a business is in the development stage and typically has a prototype in place.Bootstrap – is starting and growing a business through current revenues.Equity Barter – trading equity in the company in exchange for services, product development, supplier, good, and management assistance prior to getting funded.Suppliers– negotiating terms or signing promissory notes in lieu of cash payments.Leasing – acquiring equipment through leasing versus using a bank loan.
13 Texas A&M Marcellus Shale Brine Re-Use New York Chenango Co. 2012Texas A&M Marcellus Shale Brine Re-UseCourtesy Williams Bros. CompanyDeliverablesIdentify optimal treatment techniques for ultra-high brine concentrationsProvide information to community leadersAt present I’m funded to try and handle high salinity Marcellus Shale brine - this is at a New York site handling 140,000 TDS brine.This site is providing me with “sea trials” of the proccesing equipment and analytical techniques developed for ultra-high TDS brines and frac flow back waters.StatusCurrent field trials in New YorkA&M Separation Sciences pilot testing new technologyCreation of new Analytical Services RoundtableNew York Field Trial of Ultra-High Salinity Brine Pre-treatment: Texas A&M Environmentally Friendly Drilling Technology for the Marcellus Shale –SPE
17 Process Train Schematic Raw Water Source/Wire Screen + 25 U CartridgeMedia FiltrationMicro FilterNano FilterReverse OsmosisOil & Grease removalBETX RemovalTSS removalHardness RemovalDesalinationpH, Temp., Conductivity, turbidity, tocToc, Turbidity, BETX, ConductivitypH, toc ConductivitypH, conductivity, toc*This process train is designed to sequentially separate and remove contaminants from the raw water source
18 Table 1 Target Values of Treatment Characteristic/Item Reduction or Target ValueHydrocarbon Reduction 80% reductionTurbidity NTU or lessTotal iron % reductionHardness Ca % reductionBarium % reductionSulfate B/A % reduction
19 Analytical Laboratory at A&M SPE PPNew York Field Trial of Ultra-High Salinity Brine Pre-treatment: Texas A&MEnvironmentally Friendly Drilling Technology for the Marcellus ShaleAnalytical Laboratory at A&MWater & Wastewater Training LabTEEX, a leader in hands-on training, now delivers the latest water & wastewater analytical testing and laboratory training to any location, using a unique, self-contained mobile training lab. Your laboratory and operational staff will get personalized, hands-on training in all techniques and procedures they need to know to assure the quality of potable water and to meet the regulatory requirements for wastewater treatment and effluents.The 41-foot, self-contained mobile laboratory can accommodate up to 12 students in a class. The fully equipped lab includes up-to-date analytical instruments and apparatus such as: spectrophotometers, pH meters, ion selective analyzers, a Total Organic Carbon analyzer, advanced digital microscopes, and computers and lab data software.Your staff will actually perform routine and advanced laboratory analyses, not just listen to lectures or watch others. The mobile laboratory can be set up at any location and is designed with your safety as a priority. Save money and reduce employee travel and lodging costs by scheduling a class at your location.Courses:WWW011- Intermediate Water Laboratory (32 hours)WWW113- Intermediate Wastewater Laboratory (32 h
20 Low Pressure Media Filtration The unit on the left is a media filter that removes oil from the input waste stream.
21 High Pressure Membranes and On-Line Sensors A modular “wall of Membranes” allows different components to be used in series or in stand alone applications.
22 Power Costs of Produced Water Treatment Utica Formation (Herkimer Sand)180,000 tdsNY Trial, 2011
23 Looking Ahead - Advanced Analytics Emerging TrendLooking Ahead - Advanced AnalyticsAir Emissions from Produced WaterOpen ImpoundmentsFrac flowback Water SamplingStray Methane Gas Sampling
24 On Site Analytical Measurement. Emerging TrendOn Site Analytical Measurement.Opposite the membrane wall is the counter for the analytical equipment.
29 New York Field Trial Description TOC Raw Water 90 After Media 73 Emerging TrendNew York Field TrialDescription TOCRaw WaterAfter MediaAfter MicroAfter Nano
30 Ultra-Filter Results Before >5700E cfu per ml After 1E cfu per ml Emerging TrendUltra-Filter ResultsBefore >5700E cfu per mlAfter 1E cfu per ml
31 The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems Program Emerging TrendAwarded October 5, 2009The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems ProgramDemonstrating innovative technologies that reduce environmental footprintsEFD got its start in 2005 – today it represents over 100 sponsors and affiliates with a budget of over $15 million.
32 The EFD TeamCo-funded by RPSEA, U.S. Fish & Wildlife, Industry, Environmental OrganizationsENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONSCOLLABORATORSSPONSORSALLIANCE MEMBERSMANAGEMENT TEAMThree managers handle the management of the program. David Burnett, Director of Technology for the Global Petroleum Research Institute is a member of the faculty of the petroleum engineering department at Texas A&M UniversityRich Haut, Senior Research Scientist, Houston Advanced Research Institute, serves as P.I. for the Environmentally Friendly Drilling Program ( in partnership with Texas A&M University, Sam Houston State University, Argonne National Laboratory, other universities, industry and environmental organizations.Tom Williams, Managing Director at Nautilus International LLC is the former Vice President, Research and Business Development of Noble Technology Services, currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Far East Energy Company. the Research Partnership to Restore Energy for America (RPSEA), Independent Petroleum Association of America, the Petroleum Technology Transfer Council, the Society of Petroleum Engineers, American Association of Drilling Engineers, Deep Star Consortium Contributors Advisory Board, Nautilus International, Petris Technologies and the Environmentally Friendly Drilling Consortium.
33 Links to More Information Thank youLinks to More InformationVideos and Panorama ShotsWater Treatment Video Link