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X II MACHINE 1 GROUP NAME: AHMAD FAUZI AHADA MUHARAM AHMAD SURYADI DWIKA FERNANDO FARIS SADDAM T.

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Presentation on theme: "X II MACHINE 1 GROUP NAME: AHMAD FAUZI AHADA MUHARAM AHMAD SURYADI DWIKA FERNANDO FARIS SADDAM T."— Presentation transcript:

1 X II MACHINE 1 GROUP NAME: AHMAD FAUZI AHADA MUHARAM AHMAD SURYADI DWIKA FERNANDO FARIS SADDAM T

2 Lesson : ENGLISH Material : REPORT PRESENTATION Title : Fire Prevention

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5 (Pencegahan) Fire Repression (Pemadaman) Fire Evacuation (Evakuasi)

6 SOURCE APIAPI GROWTH API Growing & distention CONDITION DANGEROUS PREVENT Ignition R egulation D iscipline O rganization Limiting the burden of fire Non Combustible Materials Kompartemenisa si Retaining walls of fire Detector M eans WHAT M eans APAR System Hydrant Fixed System KONTROL ASAP Smoke Control Measures Smoke vents Tata Air Organizational SOP E xercise M eans CONDITION FIRE SAFE EARLY STAGE OF EXTINCTION PREVENT API GROW EVACUATION FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM

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8 FIRE is API uncontrolled

9 Relationship with the material fire S olid L iquid G as Triangle Fire (Triangle of Combustion) + Fire Tetra Hedron Things to support the spread of fire Types and classifications fire

10 1.Lack of information and knowledge about fire 2. H uman negligence 3. Deliberate 4. N ature

11 1.PROPERTY DAMAGE 2. VICTIM OR MENTAL DISABILITY 3. DAMAGES / LOSS OF BUSINESS 4. SOCIAL ECONOMY

12 HOT FUEL ISOLATIONHOBBYIST DECOMPOTION FIRE TRIANGLE SEGITIGA API A IR

13 I II III ISOLATION O 2 BBM explained COLLING H 2 O ISOLATION,EXPAINED, COLLING

14 Kebakaran pada benda pada mudah terbakar yang menimbulkan arang/karbon (contoh : Kayu, kertas, karton/kardus, kain, kulit, plastik) Kebakaran pada benda cair dan gas yang mudah terbakar (contoh : bahan bakar, bensin, lilin, gemuk, minyak tanah, thinner) Kebakaran pada benda yang menghasilkan listrik atau yang mengandung unsur listrik Kebakaran pada logam mudah terbakar (contoh : Sodium, lithium, radium) API DIBAGI MENURUT KELASNYA NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)

15 Kebakaran pada benda pada mudah terbakar yang menimbulkan arang/karbon (contoh : Kayu, kertas, karton/kardus, kain, kulit, plastik) Kebakaran pada benda cair mudah terbakar (contoh : bahan bakar, bensin, lilin, gemuk, minyak tanah, thinner) Kebakaran pada benda gas (contoh : LPG, LNG, metan, dll) Kebakaran pada logam mudah terbakar (contoh : Sodium, lithium, radium) Kebakaran pada peralatan yang menggunakan tenaga listrik/menimbulkan tenaga listrik API DIBAGI MENURUT KELASNYA SAA (Standard Australian Association)

16 UNIT-2

17 I. MANUAL II. OTOMATIS 1. APAR CARTRIDGE (Busa, Air, DC) STORED-PRESURE (Busa, Air, DC, CO 2 ) TURN OVER TWO-WAY CHEMICALS 2. MOBILE UNIT (KERETA DORONG) 3. FIRE TRUCK 4. FIRE PUMP 1.SISTEM PIPA 2.SISTEM NON-PIPA CARTRIDGE LUAR CARTRIDGE DALAM FRANGIBLE PLUG VALVE SYSTEM CARTRIDGE STORED-PRESSURE HYDRANT SPRINKLER FIXED SYSTEM FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT

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19 ALAT PEMADAM API RINGAN (APAR) Tubular fire extinguishers are easily operated by one person and is easily portable. APAR is intended to extinguish fires start small at first occurrence. APAR weight ranging from 1 kg - 16 kg. Extinguishers weighing more than 16 kg fire extinguisher called Mobile Unit (stroller)

20 AIR BUSA CO2 KIMIA KERING HALON 1211

21 LEVER (tuas) NOZZLE (corong) LABEL PRESSURE GAUGE (indikator tekanan) HOSE (selang) CYLINDER (tabung) SAFETY PIN (kunci pengaman)

22 Recognize LIGHT YOUR FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT AIR BUSA CO2 KIMIA KERING HALON A B. B Electrically charged equipment C E PRICISELY SPECIAL FOAM INTERIOR INTERIOR & MACHINE API EARLY INTERIOR & MACHINE INTERIOR & MACHIN E INTERIOR & MACHINE APAR & TYPE / MEDIA FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT SUITABLE TO of fire Wood, paper, cloth, plastic, garbag e, etc.. Flammable liquids insoluble Flammable liquid which is soluble in water: acetone, alcohol, etc.. Material of gas: LPG, LNG SPECIAL FOAM Motor vehicle

23 E asily visible E asily affordable Scattered - not collected N ot locked In accordance sikon

24 SYSTEM TURN OVER System TWO CHEMICALS (turn ove / reversed) where pemadamnya material consisting of two liquid chemicals that when mixed will produce CO2 gas as the gas pressure that will push the foam as a result of reaction

25 SYSTEM CARTRIDGE O2O2 Cartridge CO 2 Per Jarum Penusuk Pipa Outlet Serbuk Serbuk DC Membran Timah Pipa Outlet CO 2 Sistem CARTRIDGE dimana bahan pemadamnya terpisah dengan gas penekan (cartridge). Gas penekannya adalah CO2

26 Hose Nozzle Lever Chemical Dry N2 Valve Stem Spring SYSTEM STORED PRESSURE / VALVE System where the emphasis dikempakan gas into the tube containing the extinguishing material.

27 UNIT-4 U S E

28 Unlock SAFETY Navigate SPRAY TO BASIC SOURCE API Use upright PRESS grip! ! DI UDARA TERBUKA JANGAN MELAWAN ARAH ANGIN!

29 USE APAR FAST, SECURE & RIGHT (CAT) Follow the wind direction Basic source of fire Istance too close Downwind Into the flames + Angle 30o - 60o

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31 APAR TREATMENT 1.Open the APAR 2.Examinations of the APAR 3.Cleaning the dirty 4.Remount 5.Replenishment 6.Emphasis repeated if necessary 7.Hydrostatic-test 1.A service record label and used to record the date and initials examiner 2.Seals and worn breaker indicator of fine wire or plastic material that easily break smooth PEMERIKSAAN RUTIN : 1. Is there completeness of the APAR and complete, such as: safety lock, the indicator disk, label, cover hose 2.Is the pressure OK bookmark 3.Do not tube corrosion MAINTENANCE INSPECTION : ROUTINE MAINTENANCE:

32 1.Fires will not be removed from the face of the earth since fire is a part of life. Fires can be prevented as little as possible when we understand the cause of the fire precautions and measures. 2.Fires can happen anywhere, anytime to anyone. 3.Fire prevention is the most efficient, effective since done BEFORE the presence of a fire station so the loss of the price of things and lives could have been avoided. 4.Means of Fire Protection (fire extinguisher, Hydrant, etc.) that are available will not produce when not supported OPTIMAL OPERATOR skilled. 5. Any skills acquired only by appropriately trained Konsistent +!

33 * REFERENCES * kebakaran.html

34 TERIMA KASIH


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