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Global Consultation on the Implementation of the Xpert MTB/RIF system for rapid diagnosis of TB and MDR-TB M. Akhalaia, MD, Microbiologist, Reference Laboratory,

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Presentation on theme: "Global Consultation on the Implementation of the Xpert MTB/RIF system for rapid diagnosis of TB and MDR-TB M. Akhalaia, MD, Microbiologist, Reference Laboratory,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Consultation on the Implementation of the Xpert MTB/RIF system for rapid diagnosis of TB and MDR-TB M. Akhalaia, MD, Microbiologist, Reference Laboratory, National Centre Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Tbilisi, Georgia

2 Global Consultation on the implementation of Xpert MTB/RIF System for rapid daignosis of TB and MDR-TB 30 Nov-2 Dec 2010 (Geneva, Switzerland) Meeting objectives 1.Diagnostic algorithms for risk groups 2. Programmatic implementation: tiered lab services 3. Pricing considerations and market dynamics 4. Cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit considerations 5. Global framework for rapid uptake in countries WHO Policy announcement: 7 Dec 2010

3 WHO recommendations Comercial liquid culture/DST -Rapid speciation (MPT64) Line probe assay (Rif&INH) LED-based FM -Non-commercial culture (MODS, CRI, NRA) Catrige-based Automated NAAT(Xpert MTB/RIF)

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5 To face the burden of TB, TB/HIV and especially MDRTB, we need a rapid test for TB and drug susceptibility The detection of RIF resistance may be a good surrogate marker for MDR-TB, as an estimated 90% or RIF-resistant TB is also resistant to INH In the past 4 years, WHO has worked intensively with FIND, UNITAID, USAID and other partners to pursue new TB diagnostics and rapid uptake at country level

6 Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument The rapid test: Detects M. tuberculosis and RIF resistance by PCR amplification Process is hemi nested and the amplified target is detected in real time by six color fluorescent molecular beacons

7 Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument

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11 The new DNA test for TB is a fully automated diagnostic molecular test that uses modern technology: Extraction and purification DNA/RNA & Amplification & Multiplex detection (automated) Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument

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20 Time to results minutes Throughput - Total hands-on time of 2 min, total daily throughput depends on the size of instrument (4 cartridges system – up to 16 tests) Specimen type – Sputum, may work with other simples except for venous blood Sample preparation – Two steps Biosafety level - Level 1 Readout – Simple and color coded, readout on a computer Waste disposal – Plastic reagents tubes can recycled, cartridges can be incinerated Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument

21 Closed system – no contamination risk Controls – Positive control included in test kit Reagents – All reagents in self-contains kit, kit contains a pipette to transfer liquid sputum from container to cartridge Storage/stability (including reagents) – Maximum shelf-life of 14 months Reagents stable at temperature Instrumentations – Requires annual maintenance Power requirement – Low power requirement compared with other PCR system Training – Approximately 1 day of training required Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument

22 Compared culture Sensitivity for AFB+/culture+ 98.2% Sensitivity for AFB-/culture+ 72.5% Specificity 99.2% Rifampicin resistance detection Sensitivity – 98% Specificity – 99% Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument Sensitivity and specificity

23 Xpert MTB/RIF assay & GeneXpert instrument Projected prices reductions based on increases in the number of tests Year Number of tests (million)0.6m1.7m3.7m Price per Test$16.86$14.00$10.72 Average Price Reduction75%79%84%

24 RECOMMENDATIONS In high MDR-TB settings: Persons at risk of MDR-TB (treatment failures, other retreatment cases, close contacts of MDR-TB cases) should be tested using Xpert MTB/RIF as the primary diagnostic test; Strong recommendation In high HIV prevalence settings: Persons living with HIV who have signs and symptoms of TB, those seriously ill and suspected of having TB regardless of HIV status, and those with unknown HIV status presenting with strong clinical evidence of HIV infection, should be tested using Xpert MTB/RIF as the primary diagnostic test; Strong recommendation In other settings: Xpert MTB/RIF is recommended as the primary diagnostic test where available, including in persons living with HIV in these settings, or as a follow-on test (at higher level of the health service) after screening by sputum smear microscopy (at lower level of the health service) or after screening by chest radiology; Conditional recommendation

25 Access to conventional microscopy, culture and DST is still needed Recommendations apply to the use of Xpert MTB/RIF in sputum specimens Recommendations support the use of one sputum specimen

26 Thank you for your attention


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