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Level One Apprenticeship What you need to know Ability to identify the type of plasticAbility to identify the type of plastic Proper steps to achieve.

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Presentation on theme: "Level One Apprenticeship What you need to know Ability to identify the type of plasticAbility to identify the type of plastic Proper steps to achieve."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Level One Apprenticeship

3 What you need to know Ability to identify the type of plasticAbility to identify the type of plastic Proper steps to achieve correct resultsProper steps to achieve correct results Which method of repair?Which method of repair? Will the repair be satisfactory?Will the repair be satisfactory? Is it cost effective?Is it cost effective? Do you have all the necessary materials?Do you have all the necessary materials? Are we allowed to repair the part?Are we allowed to repair the part? Is it a Thermoset, or a Thermoplastic?Is it a Thermoset, or a Thermoplastic?

4 Plastics Usage Through the Years

5 Where are these plastics used? fascias fascias bumper covers bumper covers interior trim interior trim exterior trim exterior trim fan shrouds fan shrouds batteries batteries gas tanks gas tanks wheel housings and liners exterior body panels valve covers composite plastic floor tunnels virtually anywhere

6 Viper... Viper... Is a perfect example of Is a perfect example of Plastics and performance Plastics and performance

7 Future Technology

8 Methods of Identification ISO Code Body Repair Manual Sanding Test Float Test Flexibility Test Rod Adhesion Test

9 ISO Code Identification

10 PET PET(E) HDPE PVC LDPE PP PS Other Other means of Identification

11 The Mitchell Manual is another source for plastic identification information

12 What is TPO, ABS or PUR ?

13 Plastic Locations

14 Oldsmobile Aurora

15 Saturn Station Wagon

16 PE / Polyethylene

17 PP/Polypropylene PP/Polypropylene

18 Saturn

19 Hummer H2

20 Thermoset vs. Thermoplastic

21 Repairing Plastics

22 Identifying the Extent of Damage One sided RepairOne sided Repair - Nick, Scratch or gouge - Nick, Scratch or gouge Two sided RepairTwo sided Repair - Puncture, Rip or Tear - Puncture, Rip or Tear Reshaping with HeatReshaping with Heat - Dents or distortion - Dents or distortion

23 Damage Identification

24 Repair Methods WeldingWelding –Hot Air Welding –Airless Welding –Ultrasonic AdhesiveAdhesive –Olefin –Non-Olefin –Rigid –Flexible

25 Repair Method Recommendations

26 Steps for Welding or Adhesive Repair Thoroughly wash part with soap and waterThoroughly wash part with soap and water –Warm soapy water –Aids in cleansing water soluble materials –Secondary damage becomes apparent Wax and Grease removerWax and Grease remover –Cleans surface of waxes and silicones –Removes non-water soluble materials, such as road tar road tar

27 Once clean, use heat if necessary to reshape panel and remove any distortionOnce clean, use heat if necessary to reshape panel and remove any distortion –Heat gun –Heat lamp Make repair decisionsMake repair decisions –One sided repair? –Two sided repair? Which method of repair will be appropriate?Which method of repair will be appropriate? –If cosmetic, Adhesive repair will suffice –If torn, a two sided repair will be needed Will an Adhesive or a Welding repair be stronger?Will an Adhesive or a Welding repair be stronger?

28 Safety First! - With the vast amounts of chemicals found in plastics and adhesives today, following the proper safety precautions should be first and foremost when performing any repair procedure

29 Do Not Repair!

30 Types of Adhesive Repairs

31 Adhesive Repair Tools needed for a one-sided repairTools needed for a one-sided repair –Sander (D/A or Single action) –Sanding block –Air nozzle MaterialsMaterials –Plastic cleaner –Adhesion promoter (if polyolefin) –Repair material (2-part) – grit sandpaper

32 One Sided Repair

33 One Sided Repair Procedure Featheredge the nick, scratch or gouge toFeatheredge the nick, scratch or gouge to the base of the damage Clean area by blowing away leftover dustClean area by blowing away leftover dust Clean sanded area with approved plasticClean sanded area with approved plastic cleaner (Do not mix systems) Wash clean and dryWash clean and dry Apply adhesion promoter if necessaryApply adhesion promoter if necessary Mix chosen repair material correctly and applyMix chosen repair material correctly and apply Sand material to desired finishSand material to desired finish

34 Two Sided Procedure ToolsTools –Die grinder –Small grinder (50 grit) –DA sander –Blow gun –Spreaders –Clamping devices MaterialsMaterials –Backing materials –Repair Adhesive and adhesive promoters –Abrasives

35 Two Sided Repair

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37 Repair Materials Do not intermix materials!

38 Cleaners Plastic cleaners are important for a couple of reasonsPlastic cleaners are important for a couple of reasons –They aid in removing surface contaminants left from the manufacturing process –Help cleanse the surface of contaminants left from the sanding and grinding process

39 Repair Adhesives Procedures vary from manufacturer to manufacturerProcedures vary from manufacturer to manufacturer Materials and their characteristics will vary as wellMaterials and their characteristics will vary as well Can be made up of Epoxies, Urethanes or AcrylicsCan be made up of Epoxies, Urethanes or Acrylics All have different curing times and sanding / handling timesAll have different curing times and sanding / handling times Procedures are all brand and material specificProcedures are all brand and material specific

40 Curing times Example only

41 Applicators

42 Using the Mixing Guns Insert Cartridge into applicator gunInsert Cartridge into applicator gun Remove protective cap from cartridgeRemove protective cap from cartridge Purge cartridge to equalize contentsPurge cartridge to equalize contents Install new mixer tipInstall new mixer tip Gun out approximately 1 1/2 - 2 inches of mixed material to ensure proper mixing on waste materialGun out approximately 1 1/2 - 2 inches of mixed material to ensure proper mixing on waste material Apply material to repair area, keeping theApply material to repair area, keeping the mixing tip in the applied adhesive mixing tip in the applied adhesive

43 Once all Material needed has been applied,Once all Material needed has been applied, leave used mixing tip in place on cartridge leave used mixing tip in place on cartridge Release pressure from cartridge and remove cartridge from applicator gunRelease pressure from cartridge and remove cartridge from applicator gun Store leftover cartridge in a cool, dark environmentStore leftover cartridge in a cool, dark environment Shelf life of a used cartridge isShelf life of a used cartridge is usually one month, an unused usually one month, an unused one is a year one is a year

44 Reinforcement Materials Can consist of mesh materialsCan consist of mesh materials –Loose Fiberglas mesh –Woven Fiberglas cloth Can consist of materials consistent with the material being repairedCan consist of materials consistent with the material being repaired –Leftover or discarded plastics of similar makeup

45 Adhesion Promoters Are used primarily for improving the adhesion characteristics of Olefin based plasticsAre used primarily for improving the adhesion characteristics of Olefin based plastics Improve adhesion by chemically changing the surface of the Olefin plastic, allowing an adhesive to bond with itImprove adhesion by chemically changing the surface of the Olefin plastic, allowing an adhesive to bond with it Other methods include a flame treatment to promote adhesionOther methods include a flame treatment to promote adhesion

46 Minor Repairs Instant Adhesives, or crazy glue have their place in the bodyshop as well as 2-part adhesivesInstant Adhesives, or crazy glue have their place in the bodyshop as well as 2-part adhesives Serve well for minor replacement of broken tabs or mounting hardwareServe well for minor replacement of broken tabs or mounting hardware Limited strengthLimited strength

47 Plastic Welding Hot Air and Airless

48 Plastic Welders

49 Hot Air Welding

50 Hot Air Welding Tips

51 Speed Welder (Hot Air)

52 Hot Air with Speed Tip

53 Fanning Nozzle

54 ISO Code (identifier) Welding Temperature ABS 350° C (660°F) PE 300° C (572°F) PVC Hard 300° C (572°F) Soft ° C ( °F) PP 300° C (572°F) PA 400° C (752°F) Temperature Settings

55 Airless Welder

56 Welding a Thermoplastic 1 2 3

57 Welding a Thermoset

58 Two Sided Unreinforced

59 Shop Practicals Adhesive repairAdhesive repair –Olefin two sidedtwo sided –Non-olefin one sidedone sided Welding repairWelding repair –ABS one and two sidedone and two sided –Polyethylene one and two sidedone and two sided

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