Presentation on theme: "NO LIVE AMMUNITION IN CLASSROOM!"— Presentation transcript:
1NO LIVE AMMUNITION IN CLASSROOM! SAFETY FIRSTNO LIVE AMMUNITION IN CLASSROOM!
2ERML’s Sportsman’s Foundation Firearms Safety and CCW Course
3Course OutlineOur class is divided into two parts, classroom instruction and range qualification.The course is meant to be interactive, please ask questions when you have them, we expect the students to participate as much as the instructors.Ask questions, but no war stories.This is a concealed firearms courseFlorida issues a concealed weapons and firearms licenseThe instructors can discuss concealed weapons after this course or on the breaks
4Why are you here?What do you expect from us?What do you want to leave here with?
5COURSE REQUIREMENTS Range Proficiency To pass this course, you must use what you have been taught in the classroom by demonstrating firearms safety and proficiency on the rangeRange ProficiencyProficiency is defined as the ability to place 80 percent of all rounds fired in an 8x10 inch rectangle or 10 inch circle at the distance of 7 yards.
6Why Carry A Concealed Firearm? Police have no legal duty to protect any individual citizen from crimeCriminals choose the time and place of their assaultsCriminals choose their victimsVictims have no rightsRefuse to be a victimYour safety is in your handsIt is well-settled American law that the police have no legal duty to protect any individual citizen from crime, even if the citizen has received death threats and the police have negligently failed to provide protection.  In New York, for example, the rule was explicated by the Court of Appeals in the case Riss v. New York: the government is not liable even for a grossly negligent failure to protect a crime victim. In the Riss case, a young woman telephoned the police and begged for help because her ex-boyfriend had repeatedly threatened, "If I can't have you, no one else will have you, and when I get through with you, no-one else will want you." The day after she had pleaded for police protection, the ex-boyfriend threw lye in her face, blinding her in one eye, severely damaging the other, and permanently scarring her features. "What makes the City's position particularly difficult to understand," wrote a dissenting opinion, "is that, in conformity to the dictates of the law, Linda did not carry any weapon for self-defense. Thus, by a rather bitter irony she was required to rely for protection on the City of New York which now denies all responsibility to her." In the case of Warren v. District of Columbia, two women were upstairs when they heard their roommate being attacked by men who had broken in downstairs. They immediately telephoned the police for assistance. Half an hour having passed and their roommate's screams having ceased, they assumed the police must have arrived and taken care of the situation. Actually, their call for help for a violent felony in progress had somehow been lost in the shuffle while the roommate was being beaten into silence. When the two roommates went downstairs, as the court's opinion graphically describes: "For the next fourteen hours the women were held captive, raped, robbed, beaten, forced to commit sexual acts upon each other, and made to submit to the sexual demands" of their attackers.The roommates later sued the District of Columbia for ignoring their phone call for help. Having set out the facts of the case facts, the District of Columbia's highest court exonerated the District and its police, because it is:a fundamental principle of American law that a government and its agents are under no general duty to provide public services, such as police protection, to any individual citizen. Given the doctrine of police immunity, it is difficult to contend that trained citizens should not be allowed to carry firearms to protect themselves.The encounter will not be on equal terms; the fight will not be "fair." Without a weapon, an "equalizer" to overcome those natural disadvantages, it is unlikely that the victim will have an effective means of defending himself. Without a weapon, it is very likely that whether the victim lives or is maimed or injured will depend largely or entirely on the mercy of his assailant.
7When was the last time you heard the news and it went something like this... "Tonight, police foiled an attempted rape as they saw a man stalking a woman back to her car at the mall parking lot. Police watched the man long enough to determine his intentions, then arrested him just before he pulled a knife on the woman as she placed her child in a car seat"?
8Should I Carry?The first step in deciding to carry a concealed firearm is a personal assessment. You need to ask yourself an important question, and give yourself an honest answer...If I had to, could I use lethal force to defend myself, my family, or even others around me?
9If the answer is no you should not carry a concealed firearm. Florida issues a concealed weapon license so more than just firearms can be carried, such as non-lethal devices. Switchblade, brass knuckles, tasers.
10If the answer is yes…then you need to know your responsibilities You are carrying a deadly firearmKnow the lawSafe handlingTrainingPracticeLaw: when where and how to carrySafe Handling: load the gun, draw the gun from different positions without shooting your self.Training: wouldn’t drive a car without training, shouldn’t carry a gun without training.Practice: only way to maintain skills.
12IntroductionAs a gun owner you have a responsibility to know and to obey the law regarding the proper carry, use, and storage of a firearmThe best way to avoid legal problems associated with the use of a firearm is to not use the firearm.
13Lawful Use Without a License You may possess a firearm:In your homeAt Your businessIn your vehicleAt a shooting event/rangeWhile huntingWhile camping or fishing provided that State and Federal laws are complied withWhile transporting to and from a gun store
14Open Carry of FirearmsYou may not openly carry a firearm in public unless lawfully engaged in hunting, fishing, camping, or target shooting at a range.
15Carrying a weapon in a vehicle without a CCW An unlicensed gun owner, over the age of 18, may legally carry a weapon in a motor vehicle, if the firearm is “securely encased” or “not readily accessible for immediate use.”Securely encased: glove box, gun case, closed container, snapped holster*Not readily accessible: not carried on the person or in such close proximity that it can be retrieved as if on your person.Although the law states a snapped holster is considered encased it could be questionable, the attorney will comment further.
16Exceptions to Vehicle Carry without a CCW Firearms may not be allowed in certain State and Federal Parks.Firearms cannot be brought onto school property or within 1000 feet of school property.Firearms or weapons cannot be brought onto Military Bases.Cannot carry loaded firearms over State lines.
17Storage of FirearmsYou are responsible for misuse. If lost or stolen report to proper authorities.DO NOT ever leave your firearm unsecured where you have reason to believe that it may be accessible to a minor.If a minor gets hold of an unsecured firearm and harms himself or others, you can be prosecuted for a third degree felony. Additionally, you may be sued in civil court.Secured means in (1) a locked box or container, (2) a location which a reasonable person would believe to be secure, (3) or secured with a trigger lock.Test Question 17 – TRUE – Pistols should be stored so that they are not accessible to unauthorized persons.
18Minors and FirearmsMinors under the age of 16 may use firearms, BB guns, electric weapons or gas operated weapons only under adult supervision.Minors 16 or older may possess firearms, BB guns, electric weapons or gas operated weapons while engaged in hunting or target shooting without adult supervision.Minors may not otherwise use or possess loaded firearms.Parents who knowingly permit violations of these provisions may be criminally prosecuted.Don’t sell or transfer a firearm to a minor
19Carrying A Concealed Weapon It is a felony for anyone other than a law enforcement officer to carry a concealed firearm without a concealed weapon and firearms licenseYou can apply for a license from the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.A concealed weapons and firearms license does not permit its holder to carry a weapon into governmental buildings, police stations or sheriff’s offices, courthouses, prisons, jails, polling places, schools, universities, athletic events, bars, airports, places of public nuisance or any place where carrying weapons is prohibited by federal law.CCW license holders / Federal and State parks.
20Restrictions by Private Property Owners and Businesses A concealed carry permit does not override the rights of private property owners to restrict possession of firearms on their property.A CCW holder employee may store his firearm locked in his private vehicle while on the premises of his employer.
21Benefits of a Concealed Carry Permit Concealed carry in 34 StatesSchool zones (but not on school property)Apartments and condominiums- common areasEmployee storing firearm in vehicle at workLoaded transport across state linesTransport of handguns in AlabamaNo waiting period for handgun purchase
23IntroductionTry not to let pride, anger, embarrassment or similar emotions dictate your actions.A single shot from firearm can ruin more than one life and is capable of shattering more than one family.Do not introduce a gun into a fist fight and NEVER mix alcohol and firearms
24Improper display of Firearms The old adage of not pulling your firearm unless you intend to use it applies even today. Never draw or brandish your firearm unless you believe that you have the legal and moral justification to immediately use it.
25Florida Law Regarding Firearms and Self- Defense “A person is justified in using force, except deadly force, against another when and to the extent that the person reasonably believes that such conduct is necessary to defend himself or herself or another against the other’s imminent use of unlawful force.”However, a person is justified in deadly force when one has reason to believe,“that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm to himself or herself or another or to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible felony”
26Standing Your Ground“A person who is not engaged in unlawful activity and who is attacked in any other place where he or she has a right to be has no duty to retreat and has the right to stand his or her ground and meet force with force, including deadly force if he or she reasonably believes it is necessary to do so to prevent death or great bodily harm to himself or herself or another or to prevent the commission of a forcible felony.” (2)(d) Fla. Stat.
27Best PracticeRegardless of the current status of the law, you should always try to retreat or withdraw from a potentially deadly confrontation if possible to do so safely.Avoiding taking a life, if possible, is far easier to defend to a court of law and to your conscience than taking a life would be.
281994-2000 NYPD Hit Ratios By Distance Gunfights, Other Shootings vs NYPD Hit Ratios By Distance Gunfights, Other Shootings vs. Perpetrator, and Against DogsDistance (Yards)0-23-78-1516-2525UnknownHit Ratio38%17%9%8%4%2%
29Self Defense in the Home “The law will presume the existence of a reasonable fear of imminent death or great bodily harm, where an intruder is attempting to forcibly enter another person’s dwelling or occupied vehicle, or where the intruder is attempting to forcibly remove an individual from a home or vehicle”This presumption of reasonable fear of imminent death DOES NOT apply where the “intruder”:was a lawful resident of the dwelling or owner of the vehicle;was the child, grandchild or in the lawful custody of the lawful resident;was a member of law enforcement attempting to perform his or her lawful duties.(2)(d) Fla. Stat.
30BE SMARTIf you have a problem with the police or a question as to whether an officer’s actions are “lawful”, take it up in court. Do not resist the police on the street.“A person is not justified in the use of force to resist an arrest by a LEO, or to resist a LEO who is engaged in the execution of a legal duty, if the LEO was acting in good faith and he or she is known, or reasonably appears, to be a LEO.” (1) Fla. Stat.(1) Fla. Stat.
31Aggressors in confrontations can only claim self-defense if… The aggression is responded to with deadly forceThe “aggressor” obviously and clearly tries to withdraw from the confrontation and the opponent continues to use force. ( Do not count on this exception if you are the initiator)
32What to do if you are forced to use your firearm in self-defense Call 911 and summon law enforcement and an ambulance and then SHUT UPDo not speak to a criminal investigator before consulting a lawyer specializing in criminal defenseDon’t tamper with the scene.By law you cannot be arrested or prosecuted for the lawful use of force, unless the investigating agency has probable cause to believe that the use of force was unlawful.
33What to do if you are forced to use your firearm in self-defense There are many qualified criminal lawyers in this area. Personally, if I needed representation for a firearm related incident, I would call either Andrew Marks ( ); Ron Johnson or Roy Kinsey at ( ).Understand that the legal fees for defending you in a firearm related event can easily exceed $25, Is that $500 car radio system worth it?If you are sued, contact your home insurance carrier, if they deny benefits to you, contact a civil lawyer who specializes in first party insurance claims
34SupplementThe laws regarding concealed weapon carry and the use of deadly force vary from state to state.The internet site: has information that you may find useful if you intend to travel to other states while armed.
36Carrying a Concealed Firearm is a lifestyle Method of ConcealmentClothingHolstersSize of firearmWeight of firearmChoosing ammunition
37Concealed Carry, Which gun is the best? The best gun for someone who doesn't want one, or who won't practice with it, is -- NONE.If you are not willing to practice, please do not carry a concealed firearm.There is no one best caliber or gun. Oddly enough, we are all individuals. Asking what caliber of gun is best for a woman is exactly the same thing as asking what caliber or gun is best for a man. And the answer is, "It depends.“Would you give person the keys to your car if they are scared to drive??? Same is true for a handgun – if they don’t like it, don’t force them.
38Which gun to buy? Cont’d After you have made the decision to carry… How are you going to carry it?Think it thru again!Ask AdviceBorrow gun or try at Gun ShopBorrow HolsterTest Question 20 – TRUE – The single most important selection criteria revolves around the purpose of the firearm.
39Selecting a Handgun Beretta Browning Caspian Colt Daly Dan Wesson Ed BrownEAA (European American Armory)GlockHeckler & Koch (H&K)High StandardKel-TecKimberLes BaerPara-OrdinanceRossiRugerSig SauerSmith & WessonSpringfield ArmoryTaurusKahr
40Revolver Pros Cons Easy to load Easy to shoot Reliable/won’t jam Harder to concealHolds less roundsSlower to reload
41Components of a Revolver Test Question 1 – Three major components of a pistol are: frame, barrel and action.Test Question 2 – A cylinder is: the part of a revolver where cartridges are held in individual chambers arranged in a circular pattern.Test Question 3 – The trigger mechanism: releases a spring-powered hammer or striker to fire the cartridge.Test Question 8 – Revolver actions can be subdivided into: single-action and double-action.Test Question 9 – Double-action refers to the type of action: In which pulling the trigger performs two tasks: cocking and releasing the hammer.Test Question 24 – TRUE – The muzzle is the front end of the barrel where the bullet exits.
42Revolvers There are two basic types of revolvers: Single action Squeezing the trigger of a single action revolver does only one thing – itreleases the hammer to strike the firing pinSingle action revolvers have to be cockedDouble actionSqueezing the trigger of a double action revolver does two thingsIt causes the cylinder to rotate, bringing a fresh cartridge in line withthe barrel while also cocking and releasing the hammerDouble action triggers are heavier to squeeze and have a longer travelthan a single action trigger
43Semi-Automatics Pros Cons Capacity rapid reload Slimmer profile WILL JamSome find it complicated or difficult to loadMagazine Springs can weaken overtimeHard to determine if it is loadedCan only fire one round through pocketNot to say that a semi auto is not a good choice – just trying to say that you have to practice & be prepared for a jam situation. Not willing to practice clearing a jam? Don’t carry a semi-auto.
44Semi-Auto PistolTest Question 1 – Three major components of a pistol are: frame, barrel and action.Test Question 3 – The trigger mechanism: releases a spring-powered hammer or striker to fire the cartridge.Test Question 12 – The safety on a pistol is: a mechanical device, and can fail.Test Question 24 – TRUE – The muzzle is the front end of the barrel where the bullet exits.
45Semi Autos There are a number of different types of semi autos: All semi autos fire one round with each trigger squeezeSingle action onlyMuch like the revolver – has to be cocked but cycling the slide cocks thefirearmExamples: Colt 1911 and 1911 clonesDouble actionUnless the hammer is manually cocked, the first round is double actionSubsequent rounds are single actionExample: Ruger P345Double action only (DAO)Will only fire in double action modeExample: Kel Tec 380Striker firedSimilar to the DAO but the trigger often has a safety built inExamples: Glocks and Springfield XD
46Suggestions on Concealed Carry Guns Comfort, size, weight, caliberMethod of carry, holster…purse…pocketLifestyle, what you wear, where you workCar gun or Desk gun
47Choosing Caliber Ammunition Basics Bigger is better but is it practical?Hand StrengthWeight vs RecoilSize vs CaliberConsider comfort
48Ammunition Knowledge and Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting • The different components of a pistol cartridge.• The firing sequence of a cartridge.• How to properly store ammunition.• The major types of cartridge malfunctions.• The fundamentals of pistol shooting.
49Four Components of a Pistol Cartridge Case – metal cylinder (usually brass) closed at one end and contains the other three componentsPrimer – impact-sensitive chemical compound used for ignitionPowder Charge – Fast burning chemical compound used as propellantBullet - projectile
51Firing Sequence of a Cartridge Firing pin strikes and ignites the primerFlame generated by the primer ignites powder chargePowder burns very rapidly and produces high volume of gasGas propels the bullet out of the barrel at high rate of speed
52Cartridge designation and identification Ensure you load the proper cartridge into the pistolMatch the cartridge designation stamped on the pistol with the cartridge designation printed on the ammunition box and or bottom of a center-fire cartridge.Plus P – loaded to higher pressures
53Storing AmmunitionCool Dry areaKeep in factory boxWipe fingerprints off cartridgesStored to prevent unauthorized accessDo not expose to water,solvents, petroleum products, bore cleaner, ammonia or other chemicals
67Safety Rules ALWAYS treat all firearms as if they are loaded ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. Never point a gun at something that you are not willing to destroy.ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to useRead together with studentsTest Question 19 – TRUE – You should always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.Test Question 22 – TRUE – You should always keep your gun unloaded until you are ready to use it.Test Question 25 – TRUE – When shooting a pistol, you should always know your target and what is beyond.
68Standard Range Commands COLD RANGE–No handling of firearms. No ammunition in the firearms, except on the firing line and when the range is called “HOT”. NO EXCEPTIONSRANGE IS HOT – The Safety Officer on the far right will call “HOT RANGE”. The Safety Officer on the far left will confirm “HOT RANGE”.MUZZLE – During our training, your firearm must always be pointed down range. If you start to move in a direction other than down range, Safety Officer will call “MUZZLE” alerting you to point down range.FINGER – If a Safety Officer calls “FINGER” then you have inadvertently placed your finger on the trigger prior to acquiring your site on the target. At this time, remove your finger from the trigger until your target is acquired.
69Standard Range Commands STOP – This command will be given by the Safety Officer if something has or is going wrong with the shooter. Freeze and do not move; let the Safety Officer assist you.You as the shooter can also call STOP if you are concerned about safety or even ‘just’ uncomfortableSafety is always our primary concern
70Firearm Safety at the Firing Line Firearm on platform: Muzzle pointed down range, the slide or cylinder is open when on the platform.When retrieving firearm, make sure finger is off the trigger and muzzle is pointed down range.While loading & making ready for the firing line, a semi-auto pistol muzzle MUST be pointed down range while inserting the magazine. This will keep you from sweeping other people on the line.A revolver muzzle MUST be pointed down range and towards the ground while loading.When finishing the string of fire: Remove the magazine or open the cylinder to show clear and place firearm back on platform facing down range.Demonstrate loading & pointing down range for semi-auto or revolver and not sweeping & pointing at others.Discuss briefly how different real life and TV/movies/video games are. Example: In a video game, the gun is in your view & to check on a partner, you have to look at him/her and are pointing the gun at him or her. Do NOT do that is real life.
71On the Firing Line you will hear: Hot RangeLoad – You may load your pistolsCommence FiringIf you are finished; UNLOAD AND SHOW CLEARFIREARM IS SAFE – Place the firearm on the platform with the muzzle pointing down range, then back away.Remember the rule – Never point a gun at something you are not willing to destroy.
72Cartridge Malfunctions Misfire – failure of cartridge to fire after primer has been struckHangfire – a type of misfire where there is a delay in ignition of cartridge after primer has been struckSquib load – less than normal pressure or velocity after ignition of a cartridgeTest Question 6 – When a cartridge fails to fire immediately, you should: Keep the pistol pointed in a safe direction and, after waiting at least 30 seconds (as a precaution in case of a hangfire), open the action and remove the cartridge.Test Question 11 – A MISFIRE occurs when a cartridge fails to fire after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.Test Question 18 – FALSE – A misfire is a perceptible delay in the ignition of a cartridge after the primer has been struck by the firing pin. (This is actually the definition of a hangfire.)
73Common mistakesBarrel not placed down range when arriving at the rangeWhen replacing a magazine barrel is pointed in unsafe direction.Looking down the barrel with a malfunction.Barrel sweepsFinger on the trigger
74Major Causes For Accidents IgnoranceNot familiar with gun safety rulesNot familiar with proper operation of pistolCarelessness/complacencyKnow the rules but do not applyAdditional one, not following the four simple rules
75Cleaning Your Firearm Make certain that the firearm is not loaded! Read and follow the manufacturer’s written instructions for proper cleaning of your specific handgun.Clean thoroughly with manufacturer’s recommended solvent.Oil sparingly – A little goes a long way.Test Question 10 – Before cleaning a pistol, be sure that: The pistol is unloaded, The pistol is disassembled according to instructions in owner’s manual and that there is no ammunition present in the area.
76Use caution when using solvents, wear gloves, they can be absorbed through the skin. Read the label.
77Gun Storage At Home Two types of storage Long-term offers a high degree of protection from theft and sometimes fire and moisture but at the expense of quick access.Temporary or quick access methods of storage allow quick access when necessary.
78Storage of FirearmsGun cases are commonly used for transportation and storage of firearms. Some have lockable features.Pistol LockboxGun safeLockable drawerLockable gun rack
81Dominant EyeExtend both hands forward of your body and place the hands together making a small triangle between your thumbs and the first knuckle.With both eyes open, look through the triangle and center something such as a doorknob or the bullseye of a target in the triangle.Close your left eye. If the object remains in view, you are right eye dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to the left, then you are left eye dominant.To validate the first test, look through the triangle and center the object again with both eyes open.Close your right eye. If the object remains in view, you are left eye dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to the right, then you are right eye dominant.Test Question 21 – FALSE – Your non-dominant eye should be used for aiming the pistol. (Should be dominant eye used for aiming.)
82GripFit the “v” formed by the thumb and the index finger of the shooting hand (strong hand) as high as possible on the back strap portion of the frame.Grip the pistol using the base of the thumb and the lower three fingers of the shooting hand. The pressure of the grip must be directed straight to the rear.The thumb should lie relaxed along the side of the frame at the level above that of the index finger.With your support hand (weak hand) overlap the three fingers of your strong hand. Sixty percent of your grip should be from your weak hand.Test Question 7 – When gripping the pistol, you should: Use the same grip each time that you hold the pistol.Consistency is a key to repeated accuracy. Applies to grip, stance, trigger squeeze, sight alignment and follow through.Another key is to practice. Then practice some more.
84Minimize body movement by holding breath Breath ControlMinimize body movement by holding breathBefore each shot, take a breath, let out half squeeze triggerDon’t hold to longTest Question 13 – When shooting, you should hold your breath because: it minimizes body movement.
85Sight alignmentSight alignment is the relationship of the front and rear sites. The eye must be lined up with the front and rear sights and the site positioned so that the alignment is correct. Proper sight alignment of the two sights means that the top of the front sight must also be centered in the notch of the rear sight.Test Question 4 – Aiming consists of: sight alignment and sight picture.
86Sight PictureTest Question 4 – Aiming consists of: sight alignment and sight picture.Test Question 5 – When aiming a pistol, the eye can only focus on one object at a time; therefore, you should focus on the FRONT SIGHT so that it appears clear and sharp.Test Question 16 – TRUE – Proper sight alignment is having the front sight even with the top of the rear sight, and the front sight centered in the notch of the rear sight so that there is an equal amount of space on each side of the front sight.
87Sight Pictures Remember to focus on the front sight Standard sight Test Question 4 – Aiming consists of: sight alignment and sight picture.Test Question 5 – When aiming a pistol, the eye can only focus on one object at a time; therefore, you should focus on the FRONT SIGHT so that it appears clear and sharp.Test Question 16 – TRUE – Proper sight alignment is having the front sight even with the top of the rear sight, and the front sight centered in the notch of the rear sight so that there is an equal amount of space on each side of the front sight.Standard sightpictureBull's-eye sightpictureModified bull's-eyesight pictureRemember to focus on the front sight
88Trigger controlThe trigger must be squeezed straight to the rear in a smooth continuous manner without disturbing the sight alignment. Once the trigger squeeze has begun, it should be applied smoothly and continuously – don’t speed up or slow down the pressure, or apply in a stop – and – stop manner. Trigger squeeze and site alignment must be done simultaneously while maintaining a minimum of movement. Jerking or pulling on the trigger usually produces shots low and to the left.Taking up the trigger slack – This action is taking up the trigger slack prior to firing. This eliminates any unnecessary movement and makes for a quicker shot.The idea of follow-thru is to prevent any unnecessary movement before the bullet leaves the barrelTest Question 15 – Trigger control when shooting refers to: the technique of pulling the trigger without causing any movement of the aligned sights.Test Question 23 – TRUE – Trigger control is one of the most important shooting fundamentals.
89StanceAthletic Stance: Knees slightly bent, feet spread apart approximately shoulder width apart. Good example: same stance as playing basket or baseball in the ready position.Weaver positionIsosceles
91Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting Isosceles Stance
92Class practice Grip Stance Sight alignment Breath control Did you keep your finger off of the trigger?Test Question 14 – Dry-firing: involves practicing every phase of the firing process using an unloaded firearm.
100You can also practice at home This method is called dry firing and is a great and inexpensive way to practice grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment, trigger control, and follow throughCheck the Owners Manual to ensure it is okay to dry fire your firearmStep 1 – MAKE SURE FIREARM IS UNLOADEDStep 2 – MAKE SURE FIREARM IS UNLOADEDStep 3 – Remember the four basic safety rulesTreat every firearm as if it is loadedDo not point the firearm at anything you are not willing to destroyStep 4 – Practice your grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment, trigger control and follow through
102Lunch on your ownFirearms proficiency at the ERML RangeDo not bring any guns or ammunition to the firing lineShooters will fire approximately 50 to 75 rounds of ammunition during qualificationReceive certificates