Presentation on theme: "THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR: The Last Colonial Battle over Land and Resources in North America."— Presentation transcript:
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR: The Last Colonial Battle over Land and Resources in North America
From Causes of the French and Indian War (http://frenchandindianwar.info/cause.htm)
The Schenechtady Massacre, by Samuel Sexton, 1690
King Louis XV ( ) For France:
The Governor General of New France, Louis de Frontenac French Colonial Leader:
King George II ( ) For Britain:
British Colonial Leader: George Washington
This 1754 woodcut by Benjamin Franklin warns what would happen if the colonies did not unite against the French threat. There was lingering hatred between the French and English.
Caught in the Middle: Diverse Native people from hundreds of independent, sovereign nations living in North America for thousands of years before Europeans arrived.
1630 coin of New France, the livre coin of British colonies, the shlling Why did they Fight?
This is the story of Peter Williamson, who was captured from his farmhouse in He managed to escape and fight in many battles in the French and Indian War. It was one of several best-sellers about captured and mistreated settlers. From French and Indian War Information (http://frenchandindianwar.info/cause.htm) How do you get soldiers to fight? Advertise! Propagandize!
1. Hand-to-Hand Combat Double-headed battle axe. These iron blades would be attached to a wooden or iron handle. From How did they Fight? 1) Hand-to-Hand Combat
Swords and Sabers
The gorget was used to protect the neck from sword wounds.
2. Firearms Brown Bess, the flintlock musket, was the most common gun used in the Colonial Wars.
The flintlock musket was about 5 feet long and weighed about 10 pounds. It fired a ball that weighed more than one ounce. It had only a 75 yard accuracy, but it was particularly deadly in the hands of infantrymen firing in tight ranks. A good shot could fire off 3 – 4 shots a minute. A bayonet was often affixed to the guns end to finish off jobs left undone by the bullets. (From The Colonial Wars, by A. Carter. Danbury: Grolier, 1992.)
A soldier carried paper-wrapped ammunition in a cartridge pouch slung at his side. To load his musket, he tore the end of a cartridge with his teeth and sprinkled gunpowder into the pan of the firing mechanism, where it would be set off by a spark when the piece of flint on the hammer struck the steel latch covering the pan. He then pushed the rest of the cartridge into the open end of the barrel and jammed the powder and lead ball down with a long steel rod called a ramrod. (From The Colonial Wars, by A. Carter. Danbury: Grolier, 1992.)
British Field Howitzer, produced in the 1740s From: To the Sound of the Guns: (http://markerhunter.wordpress.com/2010/07/05/18cent-br-how/) 3. Cannons
English howitzer; a 6-pounder. The ammunition boxes on each side of the would hold enough munitions to put the gun into action quickly while the munition wagon was being brought up to support sustained fire. In the 1600s, caliber was pretty standard. The smallest standard cannon was the two-pounder, and the largest was the fifty-pounder. (Pounds refers to the weight of the ball that could be fired.) From:
A bomb, or shell. On the right is a cut-away view. Grape shot ready for loading. The thousands of balls inside the canvas bag created a kill range of 600 yards. Case shot: filled with balls lethal to a range of yards. Cannon Projectiles
Another Gruesome Unpleasantry
The Death of Jane McCrea by John Vanderlyn (1804) Scalping
Native Americans could earn payment from the French by presenting them with British scalps. They could also earn payment from the British for French scalps.
Indian Scalping or hunting knife excavated near Fort Haldimand, N.Y. This is the typical utility knife traded by the British to the native Americans
After the scalps were taken, they were attached to the scalpers belt or carried on a pole like a flag. Once home, the scalper would clean and dry the scalp and hang it up as a war trophy decoration.
Some scalping victims survived…
Robert McGee was scalped as a child by Sioux Chief Little Turtle in (Photo from Library of Congress)