Presentation on theme: "Environmental Resources Unit Animal Wildlife Management."— Presentation transcript:
Environmental Resources Unit Animal Wildlife Management
Problem Area Safety and Ethics
Lesson Identifying Hunting Equipment
Learining Objectives Identify primitive hunting devices. Identify modern firemarms. Describe ammunition and how it works. Discuss handgun safety.
What are the tools of the trade I need to go hunting? Assume you are planning on going deer hunting in a few months. After a discussion in small groups, build a list addressing the following questions. Hunting modern weapons could I use? What ammunitions would I need for those weapons? What primitive weapons could I use?
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? A primitive hunting device is a device with less power and hence, less capacity to kill. Using this device is sometimes call specialty hunting. Bowhunting, using a bow to propel an arrow in order to harvest game, is rapidly increasing in popularity. Bowhunting requires practice, patients, and a committment to safety.
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? Bows come in three basic styles: Long bow Recurve bow Compound bow A compound bow uses a series of pulleys or cams to increase speed while decreasing the amount of strength need to hold the bow at full draw (when the string is fully pulled back and in the firing position).
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? Recurve Bow Long Bow Compound Bow
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? A broad head is the tip of an arrow used in larger game hunting, such as deer. It is equiped a razor blade style cutting edges. Various states have differing laws concerning broadheads.
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? A quiver is a container used to carry arrows. It may be mounted to the bow or carried on the hunters side.
What are the basic steps shooting an arrow? Position Nocking-putting the arrow on the string Drawing-pulling the string and arrow back Aiming Holding Release Follow-through
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? The first firearms used were muzzleloaders, a firearm that is loaded through the muzzle end of the barrel instead of the breech end of the barrel. It is challenging because only one shot can be fired at a time. MAKE IT COUNT! Muzzleloader, originally from Europe, have been drastically improved over the past 600 years.
What are Primitive Hunting Devices? muzzleloaders
What are modern firearms? A shotgun is a firearm that fires several small pellets in a patterns or one large projectile called a slug. Shotguns are multi-purposed. They can be used to hunt a variety of wildlife. The size of the bore is known as gauge or caliber. Common shotguns are 10,12,20,28 & 410
What are modern firearms? Shotgun & shotgun shells
What are styles of shotgun actions? The action is the working mechanism of the shotgun. Pump Semiautomatic Bolt action Break action-single shot Break action-side-by-side double barrel Break action-over/under double barrel
What are some common gun actions? Break
What are some common gun actions? Bolt
What are some common gun actions? Semi-automatic
What are some common gun actions? Lever
What are some common gun actions? Pump
What are modern firearms? A rifle is a firearm with a spiral bore inside and fires one shot from a cartridge at a time. The spinning caused by the spiral bore makes for a longer and straighter bullet flight. Measurement of a rifle is known as caliber and is reported in millimeters or hundredths of an inch. Common rifle sizes are.22,.270, and 6 mm.
What are modern firearms? Some rifles have a feature that allow several firings in rapid succession. Cartridges are stored in the magazine. Magazinethe part of a repeating rifle that holds the ammunition until it is ready to be fed into the chamber.
What are modern firearms? Rifles and cartridges
What are styles of rifle actions? Pump Bolt Break Semiautomatic Lever
What are the parts of a modern firearm? Action–loads, fires and ejects the cartridge. Barrel–tube-like part which the bullet is fired through. Breech–part of the barrel opposite the muzzle. Butt–part of the stock which is held against your shoulder.
What are the parts of a modern firearm? Chamber–part of the bore into which the cartridge is placed. Comb–top ridge of the stock. Forearm–part of the stock under the barrel. Muzzle–end of the barrel and is the smallest part of the barrel.
Stock–wooden, plastic or metal frame that holds the barrel and action. it helps to aim and absorbs recoil. Trigger–squeezed to start the movement of the action. Trigger Guard–protects the trigger from accidental bumping. What are the parts of a modern firearm?
What is a Safety? Safety–SHOULD prevent the firearm from firing if the trigger is pulled. Types button movable pin thumb lever thumb hammer sliding plate
What are the sights of a modern firearm? Rifle sights–on top of the barrel, are used to aim. Open sights–have a front and rear part. The rear can be moved. Peep sights–have a front and rear part. The rear has a peephole where the eye will focus. Telescopic sight–aiming points are in a telescope. It makes the target closer and brighter.
What is ammunition and how does it work? Ammunition – any powder, shot, cartridge or shell used in a firearm Rifle and pistol ammunition has four parts projectile case powder primer
What is ammunition and how does it work? Shotgun ammunition has five parts projectile wad powder case primer
What is ammunition and how does it work? A shell is the container that hold the shot, powder and other ammunition parts for use in a shotgun. Shot is a pellet of steel, lead, copper or other material for use in a shotgun. A cartridge is ammunition used in a rifle.
What is ammunition and how does it work? All shotguns and larger caliber rifles use centerfire ammunition. The primer is located in the center of the cartridge base. Small rifles use rimfire ammunition. The primer is located around the cartridge rim. A primer is located in the base of a cartridge and exploded when activated, causing the powder to burn.
How does ammunition work? The trigger releases the hammer. The hammer drives a firing pin into the primer area. The primer explodes; this sets fire to the powder. This fire causes very high pressure gas. The gas pressure pushes the bullet or shot out of the barrel.
What are the safety precautions around ammunition? use correct size keep powder supplies away from fire, cigarettes and sparks keep ammunition dry and cool know how far ammunition will shoot carry only one size of ammunition at a time Make sure the barrel is unobstructed
What are some of the basics of handgun selection? A handgun is a firearm with a short barrel that is fired at arms length. They are often called pistols. There are NO EXTERNAL SAFETY on most handguns. Beware of the recoil-the kickback from a firearm.
What are some of the basic parts a of handgun? Frame–metal housing that give the gun its shape. Barrel–connects to the frame and is the tube the bullet travels through. Action–fires the cartridge. Action is made up of the trigger, mainspring and hammer. Grip–part you hold on to while firing.
What are some common handgun styles? Semi-Automatic Revolver