Photo-Catalytic Hydrated – Quad-Metallic High intensity UV light activates the hydrated quad-metallic catalyst target
Photoelectric Effect : The conversion of light to electricity
Conventional Advanced Oxidation Reaction Formation of OH o Super Oxide Ions O2 - Hydroperoxides HO 2 H H O H H O H H O O2 - HO 2 O2 - HO 2 254 nm hv
Hydrated Quad-metallic Catalytic Coating Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent The Quad-metallic coating: has particular affinities, breaks bonds, releases electrons, holds and releases atoms, steals other electrons. absorbs water vapor It changes everything but itself remains unchanged. It is a Catalytic process.
Hydrophilic means that it attracts water, (H2O from the air) This creates an abundance of hydrogen and oxygen on the coating Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating
Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things! Catalytic Surface
Titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ) is a multifaceted compound. It's the stuff that makes toothpaste white and paint opaque. TiO 2 is also a potent photocatalyst that can break down almost any organic compound. Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things!
when TiO 2 is exposed to UV light of a wavelength below 385 nanometers in the presence of water vapor, two highly reactive substances are formed: hydroxyl radicals [OH] and a superoxide ion [O 2 -1 ]. "These are highly reactive chemical species. Hydroxyl radicals are very strong oxidizers and will attack all kinds of organic materials. Daniel Blake, Dept of Energys Natural Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things!
Vol. 05, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHOTOENERGY, 2003 Enhanced activity of silver modified thin film TiO2 photocatalysts This silver doped photocatalyst decomposes the pollutant 3-times faster than the un-doped TiO2. Silver speeds up titanium reactions It was postulated that silver enhanced the reduction potential of TiO2, … It was found that … the reduction potential of the photocatalytic system can be altered by varying the amount of silver doped onto the TiO2. The amount of silver alters the photocatalytic system Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things!
The Current Status of Catalysis by Silver R Schlögl, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Ges., Faradayweg. 4-6, D-14195 Berlin, Germany Elemental silver is a unique catalyst for selective oxidation reactions, … Four different species of atomic oxygen interacting in spectroscopically distinct ways with silver have been identified Atomic Oxygen Species Adsorbed on Silver. V.I.Bukhtiyarov, Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Lavrentieva prosp., 5, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia This paper summarizes our efforts to study the nature of oxygen species adsorbed on silver and their reactivity Silver has some unique abilities to work with energized forms of oxygen Silver is an excellent electrical conductor Silver is stable and will not itself oxidize in the course of creating and transporting oxidizers Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things!
Copper, like silver, can improve the functions of titanium Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 1999, Vol. 20, No. 8 Photocatalytic Activity of Cu/TiO2 with Oxidation State of Surface- loaded Copper the effect of oxidation state of loaded Cu on the photo- catalytic oxidation reaction. … it is expected that the loaded Cu may improve photocatalytic activity of TiO2, SOLAR PHOTOCATALYTIC HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM WATER USING A DUAL BED PHOTOSYSTEM, Clovis A. Linkous, Darlene K. Slattery, Florida Solar Energy Center, University of Central Florida …As it turned out, the more common copper Pc evolved the most H2… our best H2-evolving photocatalyst was copper. Copper has unique abilities to work with hydrogen Rhodium, Titanium, Silver, Copper, Hydrating Agent Quad-metallic Hydrophilic Coating Different catalysts do different things!
Why the PHI Technology is Unique By utilizing our broad spectrum lamp, we not only produce conventional AOP reactions on the cell surface, we also produce AOP reactions within the air that passes through the cell.
254 nm 254 nm breaks O 3 back down to O 2 254 nm decomposition of ozone
Germicidal UV Light Rays Hydroxyl Radicals OH o Super Oxides O 2 - Hydroperoxides H 2 O 2 Ozonide Ions O 3 - Hydroxides OH O3O3 O3O3 O2O2 HO 2 - O2O2 - AOP formation
The PHI Cell produces and destroys ozone to facilitate the AOP reactions. Typically greater than 87% of the actual produced ozone is decomposed in the AOP process. Devices utilizing the PHI cells are not ozone generators. PHI Cell advantages
Uses germicidal UV for microbe inactivation. Uses germicidal UV for Catalytic AOP reactions. Uses the combination of UV wavelengths to produce AOP reactions in air. AOP reactions inactivate microbes as well as destroy odors. AOP reactants remain effective after leaving cell
APS Cartridges The Technology Fog HEPA Ultra Mercury Radon VOC
3,240 square inches versus 66 square inches. Almost 50 times more surface area. The same filter area as 4.5 x 5 HVAC filter MERV 15
A specialty bed of sublimed sulfur carbon designed for maximum adsorption of airborne mercury. Calculated maximum adsorption per cartridge: APS Mini 26 grams APS 148 grams
A blend of activated carbon and natural elements for adsorption of a wide variety of volatile organic compounds. Calculated typical adsorption per cartridge: APS Mini 32.9 grams * APS 191 grams * * Actual adsorption may vary dependent on VOC encountered
A blend of natural elements poly activated for efficient absorption of radioactive radon gas. Calculated typical adsorption per cartridge: APS Mini 37.6 grams APS 225 grams Radon Cartridge
Multi Cartridge 245 square inches versus 66 square inches Particulate and Odor (carbon coated) Rated at 90% down to 7 micron MERV 7
IAQ Acceptable indoor air quality: Air in which there are no known contaminants at harmful concentrations as determined by cognizant authorities and which a substantial majority (80%) or more of the people exposed do not express dissatisfaction. ASHRAE Standard 62-2001
IAQ OSHA has proposed IAQ regulations Some legislation was introduced on toxic mold -Melina Bill No specific IAQ Laws or Regulations currently
IAQ TESTING Identify the problem -Use a common sense approach -Does the establishment have visible indicators? -Use the test sensors you walk around with. -Communicate with the owner -IAQ professionals are actually using quantitative testing as a last resort
Typical PHI Cell Reductions in air 2 nd Day 71.2 % 3 rd Day 86.8 % 4 rd Day 95.4 %
PHI Cell Odor Reductions in air 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 24 HOURS Unit onUnit off Off ~ 25% On ~ 75%