Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Chapter 11 Printers. You Will Learn… How printers work and how to troubleshoot them.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 Printers. You Will Learn… How printers work and how to troubleshoot them."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 11 Printers

2 You Will Learn… How printers work and how to troubleshoot them

3 Printers Local printers connect directly to computer via parallel port, serial port, USB port, infrared connection, wireless connection, IEEE 1394 port, SCSI port, or PC Card connection Network printers are accessed over the network

4 Main Types of Printers Laser Ink-jet Dot-matrix Thermal printers and solid ink printers

5 Laser Printers Use electrophotographic process Range from small, personal desktop models to large network printers capable of handling and printing large volumes continuously Require interaction of mechanical, electrical, and optical technologies

6 How a Laser Printer Works Places toner on electrically charged rotating drum Deposits toner on paper as paper moves through the system at same speed the drum is turning

7 Six Steps of Laser Printing 1. Cleaning 2. Conditioning 3. Writing 4. Developing 5. Transferring 6. Fusing Take place inside toner cartridge Use components that undergo the most wear

8 Six Steps of Laser Printing

9 Step 1: Cleaning

10 Step 2: Conditioning Conditions drum to contain a high electrical charge

11 Step 3: Writing Laser beam discharges a lower charge to only those places where toner is to go

12 Step 3: Writing Data from PC is received by formatter (1) and passed to DC controller (2) which controls laser unit (3) Scanning mirror (4) is turned clockwise by scanning motor Laser beam is reflected off scanning mirror, focused by focusing lens (5) and sent to the mirror (6) Mirror deflects laser beam to a slit in the removable cartridge and on to the drum (7)

13 Step 3: Writing

14 Step 4: Developing Toner is placed onto the drum where the charge has been reduced

15 Step 4: Developing

16 Step 5: Transferring Strong electrical charge draws toner off drum onto paper; takes place outside the cartridge

17 Step 6: Fusing Heat and pressure fuse toner to paper

18 Ink-Jet Printers Small Print color inexpensively Tend to smudge on inexpensive paper Slower than lasers

19 How an Ink-Jet Printer Works Print head moves across paper, creating one line of text with each pass Shoots ionized ink at a sheet of paper in a matrix of small dots Several technologies are used to form ink droplets (eg, bubble-jet) Uses ink cartridges

20 Ink-Jet Cartridges

21 Photo-Quality Ink-Jet Printers New generation of ink-jet printers that give photo-quality results Mix different colors of ink to produce a new color that then makes a single dot

22 Dot-Matrix Printers Less expensive; lesser quality Impact printer; can print multicopy documents Print head moves across width of the paper, using pins to print a matrix of dots on the page Uses a ribbon If print head fails, buy a new printer

23 Dot-Matrix Printers

24 Thermal Printers and Solid Ink Printers Relatively new printer technologies Non-impact printers that use heat to produce printed output

25 Thermal Printers Use wax-based ink that is heated by heat pins that melt ink onto paper Internal logic of the printer determines which pins get heated in order to produce the printed image Popular in retail applications for printing bar codes and price tags Can burn dots onto special paper or use a ribbon that contains wax-based ink

26 Solid Ink Printers Store ink in solid blocks that are easy to handle; several can be inserted in printer to be used as needed Solid ink is melted into the print head which spans the width of the paper Head jets the liquid ink onto the paper as it passes by on a drum

27 Solid Ink Printers Advantages Simple design Excellent print quality Easy to set up and maintain Disadvantage Time it takes (~15 minutes) for the print head to heat up

28 Printer Manufacturers

29 Installing a Local Printer Physically attach printer to computer (via parallel, serial, USB, SCSI, IEEE 1394 port; PC Card or Infrared connection; or wireless access point) Install printer drivers Have Windows do it Use printer manufacturers installation program (best way) Alternately, use Windows Printer window to install Test the printer

30 Installing a Network Printer Network printer contains a NIC and connects directly to the network or is shared on the network by another PC Can use Network Neighborhood or My Network Places to install a network printer on a remote PC

31 Troubleshooting Guidelines for Printers Printer maintenance General printer troubleshooting Problems with laser printers Problems with ink-jet printers Problems with dot-matrix printers

32 Printer Maintenance Procedures vary widely from manufacturer to manufacturer and printer to printer Make sure consumables for the printer are on hand Research printer documentation or manufacturers Web site for specific maintenance tips Clean inside and outside of the printer

33 General Printer Troubleshooting Isolate the problem Application attempting to use the printer OS and printer drivers Connectivity between PC and printer Printer itself

34 Addressing Printer Problems Caused by Hardware Verify a printer self-page can print Problem with printer cable

35 Problems with Laser Printers Poor print quality due to low toner Printer stays in warm-up mode Paper Jam or Paper Out message is displayed Printer images are distorted Printing is slow A portion of the page does not print

36 Problems with Ink-Jet Printers Print quality is poor Printing is intermittent or absent Lines or dots are missing from the printed page Ink streaks appear on the printed page

37 To Clean Ink-Jet Nozzles

38 Problems with Dot-Matrix Printers Print quality is poor Print head moves back and forth, but nothing prints

39 Chapter Summary Printers and how to support them

Download ppt "Chapter 11 Printers. You Will Learn… How printers work and how to troubleshoot them."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google