Presentation on theme: "14-4 Rev. A Sept. 18, 2007 Fire Detection System Model S64F Helicopter."— Presentation transcript:
14-4 Rev. A Sept. 18, 2007 Fire Detection System Model S64F Helicopter
Rev. A Sept. 18, Fire Detection System The fire detection system consists of a thermal fire detection system and an optical surveillance system. They both monitor potential fire zones and have activate warning indicators in the cockpit. The fire detection system consists of the following components: a) Fire Warning Test Panel b) Fire Detector Controller c) Sensing Loops d) Control Amplifier e) Flame Detector Unit f) Warning Lights
Rev. A Sept. 18, Fire Detection System
Rev. A Sept. 18, Component Description Fire Warning Test Panel: The fire warning test control panel contains switches for testing the fire surveillance system. The panel contains a toggle switch, a five position selector switch and three panel lamps. Sensing Loop Fire Eyes
Rev. A Sept. 18, Component Description Fire Detector Controller: Two control units, installed in the attic compartment, monitor the resistance of the sensing elements. In case of fire or engine over heating, sensing element resistance drops, causing the control unit to signal an alarm. To prevent false alarms, a delay circuit prevents the warning lights from going on unless the heat continues for more than a moment.
Rev. A Sept. 18, Sensing Loop: Four temperature-sensitive fire detection element sensing loops, two for each engine warning circuit, are used in the fire detection system. The loops are attached to the engine deck and aft firewall. A sensing loop is a hermetically sealed, flexible temperature sensing element consisting of a center conductor and the outer sheath with two end fittings. The space between the center conductor and the sheath with contains a salt, which lowers its impedance allowing more current to flow when heated by a fire or overheat condition. Removal of the heat will reset the system automatically. Component Description
Rev. A Sept. 18, Sensing Loops Sensing Loop
Rev. A Sept. 18, Control Amplifier: The control amplifiers are located in the attic on the right side. They monitor the flame detector output and provide a 28vdc signal to the warning lights in the cockpit. Component Description
Rev. A Sept. 18, Component Description Flame Detector Units: The flame detection system consists of 11 detection units. Five flame detectors are located around each engine, and one at the APP unit. The flame detector is a photo conductive cell that provides an output signal to the control amplifier when a fire occurs. The detectors react to a light frequency which is unique to a hydrocarbon flame.
Rev. A Sept. 18, Flame Detector Units
Rev. A Sept. 18, Warning Lights: A warning light for each engine, located in the cockpit overhead quadrant area, goes on whenever a fire is detected. The warning light has a light capsule with the legend opaque marking on a transparent red background. Each fire warning has a press to reset function. An APP fire warning is located on the APP Control Panel. In addition, there are two master FIRE warning lights for the pilot and copilot on the forward instrument panel. Warning lights
Rev. A Sept. 18, Warning Lights Engine Fire Light Master Fire Light
Rev. A Sept. 18, Theory of Operation The fire detection system provides for two methods of fire detection. The thermal fire detection system uses heat sensing loops which allow more current to flow when heated by a fire or overheat condition. The increased current flow causes the detector controller to send a signal to the warning lights. The optical warning system uses optical detection units to a light frequency which is unique to a hydrocarbon flame. This condition completes a circuit in the control amplifier and the amplifier sends a signal the appropriate warning lights.