Presentation on theme: "SSG Raven Z. S. Black I 1 st TMCA, BDE S-2 Assist, Protect, Defend 9-MM PISTOL PMI TRAINING REF: FM 23 - 35."— Presentation transcript:
SSG Raven Z. S. Black I 1 st TMCA, BDE S-2 Assist, Protect, Defend 9-MM PISTOL PMI TRAINING REF: FM
TASK: Familiarize firers with the Semi- automatic 9-MM Pistol and its operational functions to include the fires role and responsibilities in range operations. CONDITIONS: Given a block of instructions on the 9-MM Semi-automatic Pistol, firers must be able to meet the Standards. STANDARDS: Firers must be able to disassemble and separate and reassemble the 9-MM Pistol correctly with no deficiencies. Firers must also gain a basic working knowledge of the 9-MM Pistol and their responsibilities while at the firing range.
RISK ASSESSMENT LOW 9-MM PISTOL PMI
9-MM PISTOL. The 9-MM Pistol is a 9-MM Semi-automatic, magazine fed, recoil-operated, double- action weapon, chambered for the 9-MM cartridge. The magazine has a 15-round capacity.
Caliber mm NATO System of Operation Short recoil, semiautomatic Locking System Oscillating block Length mm (8.54 inches) W i d t h mm (1.5 inches) Height mm (5.51 inches) Weight with Empty Magazine g r a m s ( 2. 1 p o u n d s ) Weight with 15-Round Magazine ,145 grams (2.6 pounds) Barrel Length l25 mm (4.92 inches) R i f l i n g R.H., six-groove (pitch 250 mm [about 10 inches]) Muzzle Velocity meters per second (1,230.3 feet per second) 9-MM Equipment Data
Muzzle Energy newton meters (430 foot pounds) Maximum Range ,800 meters (1,962.2 yards) Maximum Effective Range meters (54.7 yards) Front Sight Blade, integral with slide Rear Sight Notched bar, dovetailed to slide Sighting Radius mm (6.22 inches) Safety Features De-cocking/safety lever, firing pin block Hammer (half-cocked notch) Prevents accidental discharge Basic Load rounds Trigger Pull Single-Action: 5.50 pounds Double-Action: pounds 9-MM Equipment Data
OPERATION The M9 pistol has a short recoil system using a falling locking block. The pressure developed by the expanding gases of a fired round recoils the slide and barrel assembly. After a short run, the locking block is disengaged from the slide, the barrel stops against the frame, and the slide continues its rearward movement. The slide then extracts and ejects the fired cartridge case, cocks the hammer, and compresses the recoil spring. The slide moves forward feeding the cartridge from the magazine into the chamber. The slide and barrel assembly remain open after the last cartridge has been fired and ejected. 9-MM PISTOL
PHASES OF TRAINING Marksmanship training is divided into two phases: preparatory marksmanship training ( PMI ) and range firing. All marksmanship training must be progressive. Combat marksmanship techniques should be practiced after the basics have been mastered.
The main use of the 9-MM semi-automatic pistol is to engage an enemy at close range with quick, accurate fire. Accurate shooting results from knowing and correctly applying the elements of preparatory marksmanship training. 9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS
The elements of combat pistol marksmanship are: 9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS Grip Aiming Breath control Trigger squeeze Target engagement Positions
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS The weapon must become an extension of the hand and arm. It should replace the finger in pointing at an object. A firm, uniform grip must be applied to the weapon. A proper grip is one of the most important fundamentals of firing the 9MM Pistol. GRIP
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS Aiming is sight alignment and sight placement, sight alignment is the centering of the front blade in the rear sight notch. Sight placement is the positioning of the weapons sights in relation to the target as seen by the firer when he/she aims the weapon. A correct sight picture consists of correct sight alignment with the front sight placed center mass of the target. AIMING
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS BREATH CONTROL The firer must learn to hold his/her breath properly at any time during the breathing cycle if he/she wishes to attain accuracy that will serve him/her in combat. This must be done while aiming and squeezing the trigger.
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS TRIGGER SQUEEZE Improper trigger squeeze causes more misses than any other step of preparatory marksmanship. Poor shooting is caused by the aim being disturbed before the bullet leaves the barrel of the weapon. This is usually the result of the firer jerking the trigger or flinching. To apply correct trigger squeeze, the trigger finger should contact the trigger between the tip of the finger to the second joint (without touching the weapon anywhere else). NOTE: The trigger squeeze of the 9-MM pistol, when fired in the single-action mode, is 5.50 pounds; when fired in double-action mode, it is pounds.
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS TARGET ENGAGEMENT Firers engage two types of targets, single targets and multiple targets. When engaging multiple targets the firer should engage the closest and most dangerous target first. Common Target Engagement Problems: Recoil Anticipation Trigger Jerk Heeling In combat the firer should fire two rounds when completing target engagement, this is commonly referred to as a double-tap.
9-MM PISTOL FUNDAMENTALS POSITIONS The qualification course is fired from the standing, kneeling, crouch and prone firing positions. All firing positions must be practiced so they become natural movements, during qualification and actual combat firing. Though these positions seem natural, practice sessions must be conducted to ensure the habitual attainment of correct firing positions. Assuming correct firing positions ensures that soldiers can quickly assume these positions without a conscious effort. 9-MM Pistol marksmanship requires a soldier to rapidly apply all the fundamentals at dangerously close targets while under stress. Assuming a proper position to allow for a steady aim is critical to survival on the battlefield.
9-MM Firing Positions Pistol Ready Position:
9-MM Firing Positions Standing Position:
9-MM Firing Positions Kneeling Position:
9-MM Firing Positions Crouch Position:
9-MM Firing Positions Prone Position:
ALTERNATE PISTOL QUALIFICATION COURSE SCORECARD DA
– Meter E-Type Silhouette Aim for the 5 CENTER MASS
9-MM PISTOL DIS-ASSEMBLY PORTION OF PMI
9-MM PISTOL RE-ASSEMBLY PORTION OF PMI
Learning Follow Up… Q)What is the effective maximum range of the 9-MM Pistol? A) 50 meters Or 54.7 Yards Q) How many rounds can the 9MM Magazine hold? A) 15 Q) Name some positions you fire the 9-MM Pistol? A) Standing, Kneeling, Crouch and Prone
RANGE SAFETY! OBEY ALL COMMANDS FROM THE TOWER ( DO NOT LOAD OR FIRE UNTIL DIRECTED TO DO SO ) CONSIDER THE WEAPON LOADED AT ALL TIMES ANYONE CAN CALL CEASE-FIRE NO HORSE-PLAYING & SMOKING AREA HELMENTS MUST BE WORN WHILE ON THE RANGE LEFT AND RIGHT BOUNDRIES… KNOW THEM CLEARING OF WEAPON ON/OFF RANGE