Presentation on theme: ". A Brief Overview of Iraq s Human Tragedy IRAQ: Helping Widows and Orphans."— Presentation transcript:
. A Brief Overview of Iraq s Human Tragedy IRAQ: Helping Widows and Orphans
Widows & Orphans Subjects Discussed in the Slide Show Statistical Experience of the last few years The Technique of Reaching out to help the widows Desperate Condition of most Widows and Orphans Subjects Discussed Widows and orphans, then Brief introduction to Iraq The insurgency and the devastation
Overview of the widows and Orphans In the Press
Widows & Orphans NY Times: February 22, 2009 As the number of widows has swelled during six years of war, their presence on city streets begging for food or as potential recruits by insurgents has become a vexing symbol of the breakdown of Iraqi self-sufficiency. Women who lost their husbands had once been looked after by an extended support system of family, neighbors and mosques.
Widows & Orphans New York Times: Among Iraqi women aged 15 to 80, 1 in 11 are estimated to be widows, though officials admit that figure is hardly more than a guess When an Iraqi journalist threw his shoes at President Bush in December, he shouted that he was doing so on behalf of the wars widows and orphans.
Widows & Orphans NY Times continues about the tragedy: Only about 120,000 widows roughly one in six receive any state aid, according to government figures. Mr. Sharmal, a Shiite, lost three sons to sectarian violence in Diyala Province, which was a center of the Sunni insurgency, during a 10-month period in One son, a doctor, was killed in a parking garage as he walked to his car. A second died after gunmen sprayed bullets across a field of soccer players. The third, a police officer, was shot in the back of the head while on his way to work.
Widows & Orphans The Plight The estimated 740,000 widows left without breadwinners is mounting, and with only a fraction of them receiving financial support from the government Moussawi, (a member of the parliament), basing her estimate on a Ministry of Planning report from mid- 2007, put the number of divorcees and widows close to 1 million of a total of 8.5 million women aged between 15 and 80
Widows & Orphans CNN Sat March 7, 2009: Survey by Oxfam Oxfam and its Iraqi partner group Al-Amal Association, conducted the survey in five provinces -- Baghdad, Basra, Tameem, Najaf and Nineveh. Questioners interviewed 1,700 respondents starting last summer. A quarter of the women interviewed still do not have daily access to water, a third cannot send their children to school and, since the war started, over half have been the victim of violence," Hobbs said. "And to add further insult more than three-quarters of widows, many of whom lost their husbands to the conflict, get no government pension which they are entitled to."
Widows & Orphans CNN Sat March 7, 2009: Survey by Oxfam Many women have been widowed and have had to run their families because their husbands "had been killed, disappeared, abducted or suffered from mental or physical abuse," the survey says. The survey found that largely because of the conflict in Iraq, 35.5 percent of participants were acting as head of the household and that "nearly 25 percent had not been married."
Iraq in: 1. Ancient history 2. Middle ages 3. Recent times
Widows & Orphans Iraq in history Iraq was the Cradle of Civilization History goes back to 7,000-8,000 years Ruled by numerous dynasties and rulers Alexander the Great conquered the world but died in Babylon! (?Malignant form of malaria) Mixture of cultures and ethnicities
Widows & Orphans The Ancient Iraq: (By JOE BOB BRIGGS), NY 1.They invented irrigated farming 2.Invented writing 3.Figured out how to tell time 4.In the Code of Hammurabi, they invented the first legal system 5.The first people to build cities and live in them 6.They invented the cavalry in war 7.Abraham, the father of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, was from Iraq.
Widows & Orphans Iraq in the Middle Ages 8.They wrote the greatest poetry, history and "sagas" in the world. 9.They established the first school for astronomers 10.Beginning around 800 A.D., the Iraqis founded universities: a.to teach medicine, mathematics, b.philosophy, theology, literature and poetry. 11.For the first 1,200 years of its existence, Baghdad was regarded as one of the most refined, civilized and festive cities in the world.
Widows & Orphans Iraq in Recent times Was ruled by the Ottomans, leading to neglect and disrepair Invaded by British in 1 st world war Ruled by King Faisal and his descendants Series of revolts ended with Baath Party Saddam Hussein manipulates, is in charge Wars, misrule, devastation, and tyranny led to catastrophic results
Widows & Orphans Ethnic and Sectarian sections of Iraq Mostly Sunni Mostly Shia Kurdish area
Widows & Orphans Iraq During Saddam Hussein When Iraq was ruled by Baath Party, headed by Saddam Hussein: Dictatorship, Stalin type Causing wars with Neighboring countries Devastating the economy Using Nationalism has led to social upheaval Oil money was cleverly pilfered During the 35 years of Saddams rule, about 3-4 Million Iraqis had to flee the country: the Cream of the Society
Widows & Orphans Iraq After Saddam Hussein Americans helped form a government in Iraq Al-Qaeda + Local Sunnis precipitated: 1.the cruelest insurgency imagined 2.Sectarian strife 3.Infrastructure attacked, oil pipelines damaged 4.Corruption becoming rampant 5.Social upheaval led to extreme insecurity Al-Qaeda inflicted untold miseries Criminals roam the streets kidnapping professionals for ransom money
Widows & Orphans The Strife in Iraq Started by the Extremists Fundamentalists Wahhabis who were joined by: 1.Al-Qaeda 2.The Baathists 3.The criminals released by Saddam 4.The fired officers of Saddams army 5.Saddams Secret Service
Widows & Orphans The Wahhabis Wahhabis religious leaders urging for spilling the blood: 1.Religious edicts 2.Instructing their representatives in Iraq 3.Supplying money and awards 4.To kill 10 Shia you are titled as a Prince 5.Get a prize money for killing an American, police officer, soldier, or a Shii
Widows & Orphans Social Catastrophe of the last few years More than one million children are orphaned More than 200,000 widows Sectarian cleansing: People forced out of houses Refugee in the worst shape Basic services in shambles: electricity, water
Widows & Orphans Project to help the widows and orphans The 6 steps to help Widows and Orphans 1. Channel money to the widows and orphans 2. Tax-exempt 3. Appealing to Iraqis as well as to others 4. Distribution in Iraq is done by many members 5. Distribution to each family is ed to us 6. Send a copy of the to the contributor
Widows & Orphans The Middle East Provinces being helped
Widows & Orphans The Middle East Widows and orphans in Karbala & Najaf Provinces, (See encircled in red) Provinces as large as eastern Maryland Need of the widows and their children is massive. Poverty is deep The needs more acute lately Province being helped
Widows & Orphans Quran Account Inc. On contributing to the widows and orphans through Quran Account: 1.You get a receipt for Tax-exempt 2.Money is sent to Iraq through (World Wide Welfare Organization) 3.Distribution in Iraq is done by volunteers 4.Details of distribution is ed to us 5.Copy of the receipt is mailed to the contributor
Widows & Orphans Sample receipt Names of contributors on the receipt Receipt ed to us and sent to each contributor
Widows & Orphans received from Iraq Contributed money was used for: Blankets Oil lamps Food Kerosene heaters Cash Medicine
Widows & Orphans received from Iraq Contributed funds used during Ramadhan Names of Sheikhs undertaking the process Charity money distributed Meat and other supplies Fabric for women dresses Fabric for men apparel
Widows & Orphans Sample: Course to teach sewing 50 widows A two month course to teach sewing Established in an elementary school Fifty widows enrolled Sewing machines bought Widows would likely become independent earners
Widows & Orphans Their needs Flour and meat Clothes Blankets Oil lamps Vegetables Kerosene heaters Fruits and other supplies Medicine Other elementary necessities of life
Widows & Orphans Experience during 2005 Project was started in Ramadhan 2005 Appeals also during Eid Appeals during other occasions Word of mouth spread Personal contact Project continued ever since, growing steadily
Widows & Orphans Year 2005: $8, was received Through effort of Quran Account and Darul Salam, Inc, Total Collected from Darul Salam and Quran Account: $8, Period 4 individual months During Ramadhan and other occasions
Widows & Orphans Year 2006: $33, was received Through effort of Quran Account and Darul Salam, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Year 2007: $63, was received Through effort of Quran Account, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Year 2008: $72, was received Through effort of Quran Account, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Year 2009: $50, was received Through effort of Quran Account, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Year 2010: $43, was received Through effort of Quran Account, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Comparative, Yearly: : Through effort of Quran Account, Inc,
Widows & Orphans Contributor Parameters: Birth Place
Widows & Orphans Contribution by original nationality For 2008
Widows & Orphans Contributor residence in the US
Widows & Orphans The Holy Quran about the orphans: (2:177) It is not righteousness that ye just turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; and to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; and to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; and to fulfill the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, ….. لَّيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَن تُوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَـكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَالْمَلآئِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّآئِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلاةَ وَآتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِهِمْ إِذَا عَاهَدُواْ وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْسَاء والضَّرَّاء وَحِينَ الْبَأْسِ أُولَـئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَأُولَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ
Widows & Orphans The Holy Quran and the orphans And For The Love Of Allah, They Feed The Indigent, The Orphans, And The Captives. (Surah 76: Ayah 8) وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعَامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِينًا وَيَتِيمًا وَأَسِيرًا Show Kindness To Your Parents, Kinsfolk, And To The Orphans And The Needy, And Exhort To Righteousness. (Surah 55: Ayah 9) وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَاناً وَذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَقُولُواْ لِلنَّاسِ حُسْناً… Have You Seen The One Who Denies Religion? It Is He Who Turns Away The Orphan And Does Not Urge Others To Feed The Poor.... (Surah 107: Ayah 1-3) أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يُكَذِّبُ بِالدِّينِ فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي يَدُعُّ الْيَتِيمَ وَلا يَحُضُّ عَلَى طَعَامِ الْمِسْكِينِ
Widows & Orphans The Prophet (pbuh) about the orphan "The best home is one where the orphan is treated well and the worst one is where he is ill-treated." The Prophet, (pbuh), addressed the people and said: "Beware! Whoever is the guardian of an orphan who has property, should trade with it, and should not leave it (undeveloped), so that the Zakat should consume it."
Widows & Orphans The Holy Quran and the orphans A Giver Of Maintenance To The Widows And The Poor Is Like A Giver In The Way Of God, An Performer Of Prayers All Night, And Fasting During The Day. Bukhari السَّاعي على ألأرْمَلةِ والمِسْكينِ كَالمُجَاهدُ في سَبيلِ اللهِ أو القائمِ الَّليْـل الصائمِ النهار I And The Person Who Takes Charge of the Orphan Will Be Like This In Heavens; And He Put His Index And Middle Finger Together. Bukhari أنا وكافلُ اليَـتيمِ في الجَنَّةِ هكذا (وأشار بإصبعيه السبابة والوسطى)
Widows & Orphans Imam Ali and the orphans Once, during his reign, when a quantity of honey was brought to the public treasury, Imam Ali, the Leader of the believers, asked for the orphans to be brought to him; And while he distributed it, himself fed the orphans. When people expressed wonder at his action, he told them: "The Imam is the father of the orphans and so I feed them like a father would have fed his children." Teach the orphan in the manner you educate your own child; and if you have to punish him, punish him as you would your own child."
Widows & Orphans In Conclusion Help the Widows and Orphans 1.Karbala and Najaf are Provinces in Iraq 2.They contain numerous poor 3.Your contributions feed and cloth 4.Quran Account, Inc is tax-exempt organization 5.You will receive a receipt of how your contribution was used in assisting the orphans and their mothers
Widows & Orphans Please help Be in Gods Care Dr. A.S. Hashim