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© Pearson Education Ltd Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free. This document may have been altered from the original. 1 C3.13 Specification points 3.1 Explain that electrolytes are ionic substances in the molten state or dissolved in water. 3.2 Describe the movement of ions during electrolysis, such that: a positively charged cations migrate to the negatively charged cathode b negatively charged anions migrate to the positively charged anode.
© Pearson Education Ltd Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free. This document may have been altered from the original Demonstrate an understanding that oxidation can involve the loss of electrons and reduction can involve the gain of electrons. 3.4 Demonstrate an understanding that reduction occurs at the cathode and that oxidation occurs at the anode in electrolysis reactions. 3.5 Write half equations for reactions occurring at the anode and cathode in examples of electrolysis reactions in this unit. C3.13 Specification points
3.6 Describe the manufacture of sodium by the electrolysis of molten sodium chloride (details of the electrolytic cell are not required). 3.7 Recall that sodium can be used in street lamps and as a coolant in some nuclear reactors Explain the formation of the products in the electrolysis, using inert electrodes, including: d of molten lead bromide. C3.13 Specification points 3 © Pearson Education Ltd Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free. This document may have been altered from the original.
C3.13 Specification points © Pearson Education Ltd Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free. This document may have been altered from the original. 4 HSW 3 Describe how phenomena are explained using scientific models.
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