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1.Unattended cooking 2.Combustibles too close to a heat source.

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Presentation on theme: "1.Unattended cooking 2.Combustibles too close to a heat source."— Presentation transcript:

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9 1.Unattended cooking 2.Combustibles too close to a heat source

10 On Average: 40% of all home fires 36% of all home fire injuries 1 out of every 8 homes Mostly on the cook top Usually in the first 15 minutes of cooking.

11 Unattended cooking can lead to a fire that can destroy a kitchen and spread to the rest of a home Fire started by a microwave oven

12 Keep combustibles away from heat sources Stay in or near the kitchen while cooking Wear short or tight-fitting sleeves

13 Cook on rear burners Keep pot handles turned away from the edge Keep surfaces clean; prevent grease build-up

14 Dont cook if drowsy or impaired Dont allow kids or pets to play in the kitchen Turn off the stove to answer the phone or the door

15 If a fire occurs on the stove top – Do NOT use –A fire extinguisher –Baking soda –A towel NEVER pour water on a grease fire NEVER try to move a pan thats on fire

16 For a grease fire in a pan – 1.Slide a lid over the pan, 2.Turn off the burner 3.Let it cool If you dont have a lid use: –Larger pan –Cookie sheet –Wooden bread board

17 For a fire in the oven 1.Leave the oven door closed 2.Call 9-1-1

18 For a fire in a microwave oven Keep the door closed Unplug unit if safe to do so Have the microwave oven serviced before using again

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20 This is a handle for opening the oven. Its NOT A TOWEL RACK!

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23 1.Combustible material too close (50%) 2.Candles left unattended (18%) 3.Playing with a candle (5% - mostly kids) Falling asleep – 12% of candle fires, 25% of associated deaths NFPA 2005

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25 Christmas Christmas Eve New Years Day New Years Eve Halloween NFPA 2005

26 18,000 residential fires 130 civilian deaths 1,350 civilian injuries $333 million in direct property damage U.S. - NFPA 2005

27 A candle started a fire in this apartment while the renter slept.

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29 Always use a candleholder Make sure its –Sturdy, wont tip –Non- combustible –Large enough to collect dripping wax

30 Do not use candles that have combustible items embedded in them Extinguish all candles when leaving a room or going to sleep Keep candles away from combustibles and flammable liquids Burn candles inside a 1-foot circle of safety

31 Never leave children unattended in a room with a burning candle Dont allow candles (and incense) in childrens or teens rooms Store candles out of reach and sight of small children Never leave a burning candle unattended

32 Use candles cautiously during a power outage Never use a candle when checking pilot lights or fueling equipment Avoid using any candles after an earthquake

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35 Lamp, light fixture, or light bulb – 28% Wiring – 22 % Outlet, receptacle, or switch – 17% Defective cords and plugs start 12% of electrical fires but cause 39% of civilian deaths resulting from electrical fires!

36 20,900 homes 500 civilian deaths 1,100 civilian injuries $862 million in property damage NFPA 2005

37 This fire was caused by a 150-watt bulb used in a 60-watt lamp.

38 Use lighting safely –Place lamps on level, uncluttered surfaces –Secure lampshades to protect bulb if lamp is knocked over –Never drape fabric or other combustible material over any lamp

39 Use light bulbs that do not exceed recommended wattages Lighting to be used outdoors should be designated as such

40 Dont misuse fuses and circuit breakers –If a fuse blows or a circuit breaker trips correct the problem –Never replace a fuse or circuit breaker with one that exceeds the circuit rating –Never tape a circuit breaker in the open position

41 Maintain electrical outlets –Replace old or damaged with GFI receptacles –Plug type should match outlet type –Do not use a multi- plug adapter unless it has its own circuit breaker

42 Maintain electrical appliances –Look for the UL label –Allow air space around each –Unplug small appliances when not in use –Check CPSC website for product recalls

43 Care for electrical cords –Keep out of traffic paths –Replace if cracked, cut, or frayed

44 Care for electrical cords Dont push furniture against plugs in outlets Never run cords under carpets or through doorways Never alter plugs

45 If an outlet isnt close enough: Re-arrange furniture Have an electrician install another outlet Use a multi-outlet adapter with its own circuit breaker Extension cords are for temporary use only

46 Heed warnings of electrical problems –Recurring blown fuses or tripped circuit breakers –Feeling a tingle when touching an electrical appliance –Discolored wall outlets –Burning smell or odd odor –Sizzling sound at wall switches or outlets –Flickering lights

47 Knob and tube wiring often found in homes built prior to 1950 –Can become brittle over time –Often impro- perly connected to newer wiring –Unlikely to be able to carry the heavy load of multiple modern appliances –Best replaced by a certified electrician Knob Tube

48 Aluminum wiring, installed in homes during the 50s and 60s –has been responsible for many home fires –Biggest problem - connections with outlets and wall switches deteriorating over time

49 Aluminum wiring Can be identified by the writing on the side of the insulation

50 Aluminum wiring Can also be identified by the wire color

51 Specialized connectors can reduce the risk of aluminum wiring Rewiring is the best solution

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54 Lint, lint, and more lint! A clothes dryer that has to work harder to evacuate lint and moisture can trigger enough heat to cause some dryer components to malfunction produce sparks or even flames sometimes produce enough heat to ignite lint or other nearby combustibles

55 Each year dryer fires cause: –$99 million damage –15,600 fire department responses –About 400 injuries and 15 fatalities.

56 Lint, lint, and more lint! A clothes dryer that has to work harder to evacuate lint and moisture can trigger enough heat to cause some dryer components to malfunction produce sparks or even flames sometimes produce enough heat to ignite lint or other nearby combustibles

57 Fires usually occur when lint builds up in the dryer or in the exhaust duct.

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59 Keep vent hose runs as straight and short as possible

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63 Use smooth sided ducting, rigid if possible Corrugated is more likely to collect lint Vinyl is no longer allowed; its very dangerous!

64 Have interior of cabinet cleaned out regularly

65 Check and clean outlet regularly Make sure air is coming through while the dryer is operating

66 –Clothing is still damp at the end of a typical cycle –Drying requires longer times than normal –Clothes feel hotter than usual at the end of the cycle –Outside of dryer is unusually hot –Damper (or flappers) on exhaust termination doesnt open or barely opens when dryer is on –Laundry room feels warmer or more humid than normal –Unexplained moisture stains appear in concealed dryer exhaust duct area –Burnt smells in laundry room Signs that the lint screen or the exhaust duct is blocked.

67 Flap covered or louvered vents help prevent birds/animals from nesting Dont use any type of screening

68 Clean filter before and after every load

69 Follow the manufacturers recommendations. If the exhaust duct system is not up to current standard, have it replaced or corrected. Install a fire extinguisher in laundry area, but not over the dryer. Install smoke alarm in laundry area. Install CO alarm in laundry area (Gas dryer only). Replace a damaged lint filter. Use caution not to crush or kink transition duct behind dryer. Never operate a dryer while sleeping or away from home. Deal with concerns immediately

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72 Most fires are PREVENTABLE!

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75 Escondido Fire Department fire.escondido.org


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