Presentation on theme: "The Complete Solution to the Mercury Waste Problem"— Presentation transcript:
1The Complete Solution to the Mercury Waste Problem MRT System International ABMagnus NilssonTechnical Director
2MRT System International AB A Swedish company established in 1979.MRT is recognised as the world leader in supplying complete lamp/mercury recycling systems. The unique technology is designed for processing a broad range of mercury bearing products.MRT’s know-how in glass separation and material decontamination has led to the development of a Cathode Ray Tube Separator, the MRT CRT Separator
3The Swedish InventionEPA requested recycling of heavy metals instead of disposal. All Swedish lamp producers had to follow the directive.Result: Development of the first distiller in The first patent was issued in 1978.
5MRT GloballyMRT has made over 200 installation in over 35 countries.
6Type of Clients Clientes da MRT na Asia Empresas de Reciclagem/ Coleta de ResíduosOnyx, Hong KongCNEPC, ChinaKobelco Eco-Solutions Um-Welt, JFE, Jay Relight, JapanHong Chin RecyclingPerfect Recycling, Chung Tai, TaiwanAdvanced Recycling AustraliasiaProdutores de LâmpadasFoshan Electrical & Lighting,OSRAMChina ElectricPanasonic,KumhoGE LightingPhilips Lighting
8Mercury in Brazilian Lamps Fluorescent mg Mixed mg Mercury vapor (HID) mg HP Sodium vapor (SON) mg Metal Halide (HID) mg Compact Fluorescent (CFL) mgMercury can be present in lamps either as liquid, gas or amalgam.
9Mercury Health RisksMercury is one of the most dangerous heavy metals to be found and is highly poisonous to both the environment and human beings. Especially the mercury vapor which easily enters into the human body when inhaling it.Mercury may cross the placenta and blood brain barriers and accumulate in the brain and fetal tissues.Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that can permanently damage the brain of developing fetuses and infants if exposure occurs at critical times. Therefore, pregnant women, nursing mothers, young children and women of childbearing age (ages 15-44) are most at risk.The majority of the mercury entering lakes, streams, rivers, and oceans comes from the atmosphere.Wind can carry airborne mercury great distances before it is deposited on land and water, primarily by rain and snow, contaminating remote places hundreds of miles from the mercury source.Mercury can be found in over different items.
11Mercury Guidelines/Limits WHO 1 μg/m3 EmissionOSHA (USA) 0,1 mg/m3 EmissionEA (UK) 0,025 mg/m3 EmissionWHO 50 nmol/L BloodThe mercury content in lamps is equal to 50g of mercury. In an area of 100m2 x 3m height, the mercury contamination would be 0,17-0,34 mg/m3.The total annual consumption of lamps in Brazil, if discarded improperly, would be equal to a mercury exposure of kg.
13Europe, WEEE Directive Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment The purpose of the directive is to prevent waste or to reduce waste by re-use or recycling.By August 13, 2005 all member states had to ensure that collection systems were set up. Producers of electrical and electronic equipment provides for the financing of collection, treatment and environmentally sound disposal. The polluter pays!By December 31, 2006 the member states must ensure a separate collection rate of 4kg per inhabitant and year.
14Targets for WEEE recovery Categories of WEEEWEEE DirectiveRecovery and recyclingrate (w-%)1Large household appliances802Small Household appliances703IT & Telecommunication754Consumer equipment5Lighting equipment6Electrical and Electronic tools7Toys, Leisure and Sports equipment8Medical devices (not implanted)(not fixed – 2008)9Monitoring & Control Instruments10Gas discharge lamps (fluorescent and Hg lamps)
15OPÇÕES DE USINA - 1 - Usina para processar: Usina para processar:Lâmpadas Tubulares InteirasEquipamento-CCS-Destiladora PadrãoOpcional:Alimentador de Tambor/ElevadorPara processar lâmpadas trituradas
17CCS Specifications Capacity: Max 300 kg of tube material per hour, equal to approx tubes per hour (1200 mm long, diameter 25.5 mm).Measurements:Length: 6,2 mHeight: 2,6 mWidth: 2,5 mHg emission in the atmosphere:Inside the room max. 0,025 mg/m3Hg content in glassHg concentration: max. 0,1mg/l
18Distiller Specifications Capacity:100l batch of fluorescent powderProcess time: Fl.. Powder= hours.Measurements:Length: 3 mHeight: 4 mWidth: 1,6 mHg emission in the atmosphere:Inside the room max. 0,025 mg/m3Hg content after distillationHg concentration: max. 0,1mg/l
19OPÇÕES DE USINA - 2 - Usina para processar: Lâmpadas Compactas e HID Usina para processar:Lâmpadas Compactas e HID(Vapor metálico E40, E27)Equipamento-Processador de Compactas-Processador de HID-Destiladora Padrão
20OPÇÃO 2 Lâmpadas Compactas e HID OPÇÕES DE USINAOPÇÃO 2 Lâmpadas Compactas e HIDPROCESSADOR DELÂMPADAS COMPACTASPROCESSADOR DELÂMPADAS HIDDESTILADORA PADRÃO
21OPÇÕES DE USINA - 3 - Usina completa para processar: Usina completa para processar:Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras, compactase HID (Vapor metálico E40, E27)Equipamento-CCS-Preparador de Compactas-Processador de HID-Destiladora Padrão
22OPÇÃO 3 Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras, compactas e HID OPÇÕES DE USINAOPÇÃO 3 Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras, compactas e HIDPREPARADOR DELÂMPADAS COMPACTAS+ CCSPROCESSADOR DELÂMPADAS HIDDESTILADORA PADRÃO