Presentation on theme: "The Complete Solution to the Mercury Waste Problem MRT System International AB Magnus Nilsson Technical Director."— Presentation transcript:
The Complete Solution to the Mercury Waste Problem MRT System International AB Magnus Nilsson Technical Director
MRT System International AB A Swedish company established in MRT is recognised as the world leader in supplying complete lamp/mercury recycling systems. The unique technology is designed for processing a broad range of mercury bearing products. MRTs know-how in glass separation and material decontamination has led to the development of a Cathode Ray Tube Separator, the MRT CRT Separator
The Swedish Invention EPA requested recycling of heavy metals instead of disposal. All Swedish lamp producers had to follow the directive. Result: Development of the first distiller in The first patent was issued in 1978.
MRT Business Areas Lamp recycling/decontamination Crush & Separation Plant End Cut Technology Mercury Recovery (distillation) Batch Distiller Continuous Flow Distiller Electronical waste processing (WEEE) CRT-separating Disc Cutting Technology Hot Wire Technology
Type of Clients Produtores de Lâmpadas Foshan Electrical & Lighting, OSRAM China Electric Panasonic, Kumho GE Lighting Philips Lighting Empresas de Reciclagem/ Coleta de Resíduos Onyx, Hong Kong CNEPC, China Kobelco Eco-Solutions Um-Welt, JFE, Jay Relight, Japan Hong Chin Recycling Perfect Recycling, Chung Tai, Taiwan Advanced Recycling Australiasia Clientes da MRT na Asia
Fluorescent Tube By-Products
Mercury in Brazilian Lamps Fluorescent 6-15 mg Mixed11-45 mg Mercury vapor (HID) mg HP Sodium vapor (SON)15-30 mg Metal Halide (HID) mg Compact Fluorescent (CFL) 4-6 mg Mercury can be present in lamps either as liquid, gas or amalgam.
Mercury Health Risks Mercury is one of the most dangerous heavy metals to be found and is highly poisonous to both the environment and human beings. Especially the mercury vapor which easily enters into the human body when inhaling it. Mercury may cross the placenta and blood brain barriers and accumulate in the brain and fetal tissues. Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that can permanently damage the brain of developing fetuses and infants if exposure occurs at critical times. Therefore, pregnant women, nursing mothers, young children and women of childbearing age (ages 15-44) are most at risk. The majority of the mercury entering lakes, streams, rivers, and oceans comes from the atmosphere. Wind can carry airborne mercury great distances before it is deposited on land and water, primarily by rain and snow, contaminating remote places hundreds of miles from the mercury source. Mercury can be found in over different items.
Vicious Mercury Cycle
Mercury Guidelines/Limits WHO1 μ g/m 3 Emission OSHA (USA)0,1 mg/m 3 Emission EA (UK)0,025 mg/m 3 Emission WHO50 nmol/LBlood The mercury content in lamps is equal to 50g of mercury. In an area of 100m 2 x 3m height, the mercury contamination would be 0,17-0,34 mg/m 3. The total annual consumption of lamps in Brazil, if discarded improperly, would be equal to a mercury exposure of kg.
Europe, WEEE Directive Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment The purpose of the directive is to prevent waste or to reduce waste by re-use or recycling. By August 13, 2005 all member states had to ensure that collection systems were set up. Producers of electrical and electronic equipment provides for the financing of collection, treatment and environmentally sound disposal. The polluter pays! By December 31, 2006 the member states must ensure a separate collection rate of 4kg per inhabitant and year.
Categories of WEEE WEEE Directive Recovery and recycling rate (w-%) 1Large household appliances80 2Small Household appliances70 3IT & Telecommunication75 4Consumer equipment75 5Lighting equipment70 6Electrical and Electronic tools70 7Toys, Leisure and Sports equipment70 8Medical devices (not implanted)(not fixed – 2008) 9Monitoring & Control Instruments70 10Gas discharge lamps (fluorescent and Hg lamps)80 Targets for WEEE recovery
OPÇÕES DE USINA Usina para processar: Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras Equipamento -CCS -Destiladora Padrão Opcional: Alimentador de Tambor/Elevador Para processar lâmpadas trituradas
CCS Specifications Capacity: Max 300 kg of tube material per hour, equal to approx tubes per hour (1200 mm long, diameter 25.5 mm). Measurements: Length: 6,2 m Height: 2,6 m Width: 2,5 m Hg emission in the atmosphere: Inside the room max. 0,025 mg/m3 Hg content in glass Hg concentration: max. 0,1mg/l
Distiller Specifications Capacity: 100l batch of fluorescent powder Process time: Fl.. Powder= hours. Measurements: Length: 3 m Height: 4 m Width: 1,6 m Hg emission in the atmosphere: Inside the room max. 0,025 mg/m3 Hg content after distillation Hg concentration: max. 0,1mg/l
OPÇÕES DE USINA Usina para processar: Lâmpadas Compactas e HID (Vapor metálico E40, E27) Equipamento -Processador de Compactas -Processador de HID -Destiladora Padrão
OPÇÕES DE USINA PROCESSADOR DE LÂMPADAS COMPACTAS OPÇÃO 2 Lâmpadas Compactas e HID PROCESSADOR DE LÂMPADAS HID DESTILADORA PADRÃO
OPÇÕES DE USINA Usina completa para processar: Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras, compactas e HID (Vapor metálico E40, E27) Equipamento -CCS -Preparador de Compactas -Processador de HID -Destiladora Padrão
OPÇÕES DE USINA PROCESSADOR DE LÂMPADAS HID PREPARADOR DE LÂMPADAS COMPACTAS + CCS DESTILADORA PADRÃO OPÇÃO 3 Lâmpadas Tubulares Inteiras, compactas e HID