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Write about the emotions of love and hate. Write about how R+J was written in the 1590s and how people saw love and marriage at the time. How is hatred.

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Presentation on theme: "Write about the emotions of love and hate. Write about how R+J was written in the 1590s and how people saw love and marriage at the time. How is hatred."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Write about the emotions of love and hate. Write about how R+J was written in the 1590s and how people saw love and marriage at the time. How is hatred expressed in the play? Girls often married young. Arranged Marriage Marriage as a business deal Love not always the reason for marrying Juliets predicament

3 Write about the emotions of love and hate. Write about how R+J was written in the 1590s and how people saw love and marriage at the time. How is hatred expressed in the play? Gangs at the start fighting Could link to gangs today (Still relevant) The hatred of the gangs interferes with the love of R+J

4 Write about the emotions of love and hate. Write about how R+J was written in the 1590s and how people saw love and marriage at the time. How is hatred expressed in the play? Both powerful emotions Not necessarily opposites? Love emerges out of the hatred

5 Fetch me my rapier, boy. What dares the slave Come hither, covered with an antic face... Now, by the stock and honour of my kin, To strike him dead, I hold it not a sin... 'Tis he, that villain Romeo... I will withdraw: but this intrusion shall Now seeming sweet convert to bitter gall. Violent language. Insults Foreshadowing later in the play (3:1) Audience reaction? Act 1, scene 5

6 Write about the way R describes J on first seeing her. Write about the religious language. What does this say about Rs view of J? Perhaps write about how they are aware that it could be a mistake but dont stop. Act 1, scene 5

7 Did my heart love till now? forswear it, sight! For I ne'er saw true beauty till this night. Juliet: Good pilgrim... Romeo: Dear Saint... R describes J as beautiful. Then calls J a saint. Use of religious metaphors. It is as if he will worship her. How might the audience view R at this point? Act 1, scene 5

8 Look at the imagery that Romeo uses. Perhaps focus on the light metaphors. Also, they talk about their names and how they represent the divisions (and the hatred?) Act 2, scene 2

9 But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun... The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars, As daylight doth a lamp... Js beauty shines out of her like a light. Act 2, scene 2

10 Juliet: 'Tis but thy name that is my enemy;... Romeo, doff thy name, And for that name which is no part of thee Take all myself.... Romeo: Call me but love, and I'll be new baptized; Act 2, scene 2

11 Look at when it happens in the play. What has just happened? How does Shakespeare create contrast? Look at the use of insults, Dramatic irony, word play. The deaths in this scene are obviously a result of the hatred in the play. The tone of the play changes here. Act 3, scene 1

12 TYBALT Romeo, the hate I bear thee can afford No better term than this,--thou art a villain Tybalt continues the insults from the Capulets ball. ROMEO Tybalt, the reason that I have to love thee Romeo contrasts Tybalts hate with his love Act 3, scene 1

13 ROMEO I do protest, I never injured thee, But love thee better than thou canst devise, Romeo is the only character here who knows of the marriage. This creates dramatic irony and confusion, making the eventual fight inevitable. Ironically, it is the marriage (which unites the families) which also leads to the fight. Act 3, scene 1

14 The two fights and deaths change the tone of the play and what was a play that contained romance, comedy and a foreshadowing of tragedy becomes ones that is moving towards a tragic ending. Mercutio, the joker of the play, is dead because of the hatred between the families. He curses the families for this: A plague on both your houses! Act 3, scene 1

15 Now Romeo, who has been the lover so far in the play, becomes also the hater. Away to heaven, respective lenity, And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now! This hate leads to Tybalts death and Romeos banishment and ultimately the confusion that leads to the deaths of the two lovers. Act 3, scene 1

16 The story is set in 1910 in New York. The two main characters are a gang leader and a woman. What do we know about gangs and how women were treated at the time? Only on the lower East Side of New York do the houses of Capulet and Montague survive. As you can see from p.39 of your booklets, gangs controlled most of New York in 1920.

17 Attend to the revelation of the secret. In Rooney's ladies may smoke! In America in the early 1900s women, did not have the same rights as men. (think of the research you did on An Inspector Calls which happens around the same time). Women were not allowed to vote. In New York

18 Women and smoking in America Smoking cigarettes started becoming socially acceptable in the early 1900s. Up until then, men mainly smoked cigars, Cigarettes were considered too feminine. Only in 1910 did cigarettes match the popularity of cigars. A historian wrote that, at this time, on the lips of a woman, a cigarette was generally regarded as a badge of questionable character. Generally, women were still seen as the weaker sex. Society was dominated by men. Think about the story of Rooneys - are there any signs of this in the story?

19 ...experience whispered to him that the finger of trouble would be busy among the chattering steins at Dutch Mike's that night. Close by his side drew Brick Cleary, his Mercutio... Just as Benvolio, Mercutio and Romeo fight with the Capulets in 3:1 in the streets of Verona, so Cork and Brick get ready for a fight at Dutch Mikes bar. O. Henry makes it clear that he is linking his story to that of Romeo and Juliet. The gangs (such as those we see in R+J) appear in every time, in every place. There is a stand-off at the beginning of the story just as there is in 3:1 of R+J. The reader is expecting violence.

20 you must observe the niceties of deportment to the wink of any eyelash and to an inch of elbow room at the bar when its patrons include foes of your house and kin. How does O. Henry describe the hatred between the gangs. There is clearly tension. The slightly step out if line will lead to violence.

21 Look at the fight on p1. Analyse how it is described and what is says about the hatred between the two gangs. It is not known who first overstepped the bounds of punctilio; but the consequences were immediate... No one knows who started the fight. (Compare with R+J!)

22 Buck Malone, of the Mulberry Hills, with a Dewey-like swiftness, got an eight-inch gun swung round from his hurricane deck. But McManus's simile must be the torpedo. He glided in under the guns and slipped a scant three inches of knife blade between the ribs of the Mulberry Hill cruiser. Malone turns like a warship (slowly!) while Cork moves like a torpedo. Why does Henry use these kinds of metaphors or similes?

23 A girl, alone, entered Rooney's,... Then she looked again in the eyes of Cork McManus and smiled. Instantly the doom of each was sealed. Suggestion that it was fate that brought them together.

24 With the exchange of the mysterious magnetic current came to each of them the instant desire to lie, pretend, dazzle and deceive, which is the worst thing about the hypocritical disorder known as love. Henry says that people lie to try to impress someone they fall in love with. Is this true of Cork and Ruby? Does it apply to Romeo? Love is described as a disorder.

25 "Have another beer?... "No, thanks," said the girl... "Your fingers are as yellow as mine.... Say, who do you think you are talking to? Compare the language here to that of R+J at the Capulets ball. The language of Cork and Ruby is down to earth, realistic.

26 "I think you're the swellest looker I've had my lamps on in little old New York," said Cork impressively. Cork turns on the charm. Compare this to Romeos words about Juliet being true beauty.

27 you make 'em all look like rag-dolls to me. Cork compares Ruby favourably to other women. Remember what Romeo says about Juliet in 1:5, So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows.

28 Add your own paragraph here

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30 This is where you need to link the two stories and sum up the main points of your essay.


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