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1 Developing Technologies The Gateway to a Sustainable Energy Future Thusitha Sugathapala Director General Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority Ministry.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Developing Technologies The Gateway to a Sustainable Energy Future Thusitha Sugathapala Director General Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority Ministry."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Developing Technologies The Gateway to a Sustainable Energy Future Thusitha Sugathapala Director General Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority Ministry of Environment and Renewable Energy 2 nd September 2013 CURRENT STATUS AND ISSUES OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DOMAIN IN SRI LANKA

2 Content Sustainable Energy Domain Sustainable Energy Domain National Energy Balance National Energy Balance Electricity Sector Electricity Sector Transport Sector Transport Sector Energy Resources Energy Resources Future Trends in Electricity Sector Future Trends in Electricity Sector Energy Conservation & Management Energy Conservation & Management Key Challenges / Strengths Key Challenges / Strengths Possibilities for TT and R&D Possibilities for TT and R&D 2

3 SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DOMAIN The Pathway of Sri Lanka The Pathway of Sri Lanka A.Developing Renewable Energy B.Energy Efficiency Improvements, Conservation and Management C.Less Energy Intensive Economy (Energy Modesty) 3 ABC Pathway for Green Economy

4 NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE Primary Energy Supply by Source Primary Energy Supply by Source 4

5 NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE Primary Energy Supply by Source in 2011 Primary Energy Supply by Source in Sourcektoe% Biomass Petroleum Coal Major Hydro New Renewable Energy

6 NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE Energy Consumption by Sector Energy Consumption by Sector 6

7 NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE Energy Consumption by Sector in 2011 Energy Consumption by Sector in Sectorktoe% Industry Transport Household, Commercial & Others

8 NATIONAL ENERGY BALANCE Sectoral Energy Consumption by Source in 2011 Sectoral Energy Consumption by Source in Industrial Sector Household, Commercial & others Sector Transport Sector

9 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Gird Electricity – An Overview in 2012 Gird Electricity – An Overview in Electrification Level of HHs Total 94% National Grid 92% Off-Grid 2% Grid Emission Factor In 2009: t-CO 2 /MWh In 2010: t-CO 2 /MWh In 2011: t-CO 2 /MWh Installed Capacity Total Capacity 3,316 MW Hydro1,357 MW CEB Thermal854 MW PPP Thermal784 MW NRE321 MW Peak Demand 2,146 MW Electricity Generation Gross Generation: 11,800 GWh Hydro23% Thermal-Oil59% Thermal-Coal12% NRE 6% Small HydroWindBiomassSolarTotal No.MWNo.MWNo.MWNo.MWNo.MW New Renewable Energy

10 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Total Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant Total Installed Capacity by Type of Power Plant 10

11 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Gross Generation by Type of Power Plant Gross Generation by Type of Power Plant 11

12 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Gross Generation by Type of Power Plant Gross Generation by Type of Power Plant

13 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Consumption by Consumer Category Consumption by Consumer Category 13

14 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Consumption by Consumer Category in 2011 Consumption by Consumer Category in Sector Annual Consumption GWh% Industry & Commercial - Large & medium4, Industry & Commercial - Small1, Religious600.6 Domestic3, Street Light Total10,024100

15 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Consumption by Consumer Category in 2011 Consumption by Consumer Category in Garment industry Food industry (including farms and restaurants) Metal crushing Coconut estate and fiber products Leather and Rubber, including rubber estates Water pumping Dessicated coconut industry Inland transport Metal Industry (iron, aluminium etc) Cement, roofing materials, porcelain Tea industryRice mills Recreation and sports Hotel industry Chemical and mining Industries Property development and large scale building management Supermarket chains Electricity generation and distribution Non-classified industries Airport and sea ports Hospitals Wood products Education Telecommunication Financial institutions Plastic, polythene, pvc Nonclassified government organization Defence Mass media Packaging industry Other, mainly commercial buildings

16 ELECTRICITY SECTOR System Load Profile System Load Profile 16

17 ELECTRICITY SECTOR Rural Electrification Rural Electrification Solar Home Systems About 150,000 systems Hindered the progress due to lack of after-sale services Village Hydro About 280 plants catering for 7000 households About 30 villages received grid electricity Three pilot projects on feeding to national grid Pico Hydro About 2000 systems Small wind turbines About 20 plants of capacities 100 – 200 W Biomass (Dendro-Power) Biomass Gasifier – IC Engine technology Few plants installed but not very successful

18 TRANSPORT SECTOR Active Vehicle Fleet - Estimates Active Vehicle Fleet - Estimates 18

19 TRANSPORT SECTOR Active Vehicle Fleet Active Vehicle Fleet Vehicle CategoryNumber% Motor Cycles1,762, Motor Cars329, Three Wheelers565, Dual Purpose210, Buses33, Lorries213, Land Vehicles234, Total3,349, Modal Share (% Passenger km)

20 ENERGY RESOURCES Main Categories Main Categories Fossil Fuels Global resources Renewable (RE) Resources Indigenous resources Fossil Fuels Fossil Fuels Petroleum Oil Furnace Oil Diesel Kerosene / Aviation Oil Petrol Naphtha LPG Coal 20 Refined from Imported Crude Oil/ Importation of Refined Oil

21 ENERGY RESOURCES RE Resources RE Resources Conventional RE Resources New Renewable Energy (NRE) Resources Conventional RE Resources Conventional RE Resources Conventional Biomass Thermal Energy Large Hydro Grid Electricity NRE Resources NRE Resources Small Hydro Wind Solar Modern Biomass Biofuels Geothermal Ocean Thermal/ Wave/ Tidal 21 Already being harnessed Yet to be harnessed

22 ENERGY RESOURCES Solar Resource Map Solar Resource Map 22 Spatial distribution of annual average Global Horizontal Irradiation (kWh/m 2 /year)

23 ENERGY RESOURCES Wind Resource Map Wind Resource Map 23 Mannar Region Spatial distribution of annual average Wind Speeds (m/s)

24 ENERGY RESOURCES Small Hydro Resource Map Small Hydro Resource Map 24 Low Medium High

25 ENERGY RESOURCES Biomass Biomass Biomass potential from dedicated plantation 25 Availability of Land Intercropping / under-cropping with other plantations: Coconut, Tea Homeland (Out growers) Land for dedicated plantation -Scrub land -Sparsely used cropland -More than 1 million ha dry tons/ha/yr Scrub Land

26 Biomass Biomass Biomass potential from dedicated plantation: Declaration of Gliricidia as 4 th plantation crop, Sustainable plantation concepts for not only monoculture farming but also intercropping / under-cropping in agricultural lands. 26 ENERGY RESOURCES

27 Geothermal Geothermal Local resource potential Ten sites have been identified in preliminary studies Detailed studies are yet to be carried out ENERGY RESOURCES

28 Sea Wave Sea Wave Technologies Yet to be commercialized Potential in Sri Lanka Total potential MW Potential HEZ MW ENERGY RESOURCES

29 FUTURE TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY SECTOR Sri Lanka Energy Demand – Projections Sri Lanka Energy Demand – Projections Electricity 29 Year Installed Capacity (MW) Small HydroWindBiomassSolarTotal

30 FUTURE TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY SECTOR CEB Generation Plan – Base Case CEB Generation Plan – Base Case Energy Mix (without NRE) 30

31 FUTURE TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY SECTOR NRE Road Map NRE Road Map 31 NoDistrictBiomassSolarWindHydroTotal 1Ampara Anuradhapura Badulla Batticaloa Colombo Galle Gampha Hambantota Jaffna Kalutara Kandy Kegalle Kilinochchi Kurunegala Mannar Matale Matara Monaragala Mullaittivu Nuwara Eliya Polonnaruwa Puttalam Ratnapura Trincomalee Vavuniya Total

32 FUTURE TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY SECTOR NRE Road Map NRE Road Map Progress as at 15 th August 2013) 334 MW, 7% Grid-electricity generation 32 Technology Status Small HydroWindBiomassSolarTotal No.MWNo.MWNo.MWNo.MWNo.MW Commissioned Energy Permits Provisional Approvals

33 FUTURE TRENDS IN ELECTRICITY SECTOR Off-grid / Rural Electrification Off-grid / Rural Electrification Solar Home Systems About 30,000 systems Capacity Range: 20 – 60 W Village Hydro About 25 plants catering for 500 households About 30 villages catering for 500 households About 50 projects feeding to national grid Pico Hydro About 500 systems Electrification of Remote Islands Four Wind-Solar-Diesel Hybrid systems catering to 2000 households

34 ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT 34 Energy Intensity and Industrial Competitiveness Energy Intensity and Industrial Competitiveness Ability to produce and export manufactured goods competitively Sri Lanka Energy Intensity (ToE per US$ 1000 Manufacturing Value Added) Competitive Industrial Performance Index Japan

35 ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT 35 Activities of SLSEA Activities of SLSEA 35 Regulations Energy ServicesAwarenessFinancing Accreditation of Energy Manager / Energy Auditor Energy Efficient Building Code Sector specific energy efficiency programmes (Hotel, Tea, Water Pumping, Gov. Sector Buildings, …) Energy Labeling of Appliances Project formulation and implementation through ESCOs Provide sophisticated instruments for energy auditing Sustainable Guarantee Facility Conduct Training and Awareness Programmes Introduction of Energy subject to School curricula Implementing National Energy Award Industry Commercial General Public Mandatory Energy Auditing / Consumption Data Reporting Fuel economy standards Transport ISO50001 Energy Management System

36 National Energy Management Plan (EnMAP) National Energy Management Plan (EnMAP) Developed for the 5-year period from 2012 to It shall serve as a guide to embark on an integrated and cohesive programme of work with a long term perspective to realize better energy efficiency in all sectors. Cost: Around LKR 1.2 billion; Benefits: LKR 135 billion in 5 yrs ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT 36 Main Activities: Conducting awareness & training programmes and promoting services Secure funds Establishment of Energy Management Cells Providing Advisory & Counseling services Promoting ISO Introducing Standards & Regulations Carrying out Research & Development Establishment of Pilot Projects Introducing Market Based Instruments Rewarding of achievements

37 Other National Programmes Other National Programmes ISO Certification – Technical assistance and certification jointly with SLSI. Energy productivity improvement in small and medium institutions – National Productivity Secretariat Regional Operations (Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency – RE3 Zones) – With Provincial / Local governments Energy efficiency improvement in hospitals – With Ministry of Health Energy efficiency improvement in tea sector – With Tea Research Institute Energy efficiency improvement in Hotel sector – With Ceylon Chamber of Commerce (CCC) Formulation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) for energy sector – both renewable energy and energy efficiency ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT 37

38 38 ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT Energy Saving Target for 2020 Energy Saving Target for 2020 Technology/Process-wise (Total Saving ~ 2,000 GWh) Technology / ProcessAnnual Saving Potential - GWh Energy Labeling Program Ceiling Fans 35 Tubular Fluorescent Lamps 65 Ballasts 80 Refrigerators 16 Efficient lighting 173 Air Conditioning 250 ISO Efficient motors 185 Building Management System (BMS) 20 Efficient office equipments 16 Solar water heaters 5 Telecomunication 10 Efficient air compressors 11 Eliminating Incandescent Lamps 205 Green Buildings 550 Total 1,990

39 CFL Energy Performance Star Rating: Mandatory programme in full implementation More than 80% penetration in households Annual demand: CFL – 20 million, Incandescent - 10 million Ceiling Fans Energy Performances: Star Ratings about to implement 39 ENERGY LABELING OF APPLIANCES

40 Electric Motors Star Rating based on three Energy Efficiency Classes : Final stage of implementation Magnetic Ballast Star Rating - Already developed, will be implemented within 2013 Other Appliances in consideration Refrigerators Air conditioners 40 ENERGY LABELING OF APPLIANCES Efficiency classes – (IE1,IE2,IE3) Rated Energy consumption per hour –(kWh)

41 41 ENERGY EFFICIENCT BUILDING CODES A code of practice established to improve energy performance of buildings A code of practice established to improve energy performance of buildings Implemented in 2008 for commercial buildings Now under revision for further improvements Energy Efficiency Building Guideline for domestic buildings is under development.

42 Implemented with the objective of improving energy efficiency and conservation in industrial & commercial organizations. Implemented with the objective of improving energy efficiency and conservation in industrial & commercial organizations. Target Group: Any institution whose Target Group: Any institution whose Annual Electricity Consumption > 600,000 kWh or Annual Thermal Energy Consumption > 4500 TOE ACCREDITATION OF ENERGY MANAGER / ENERGY AUDITOR 42 The Energy Manager Accreditation Programme has been implemented and about 180 Energy Managers have been appointed Over 90 have been trained for Energy Auditor Accreditation

43 KEY CHALLENGES Technological Developments Technological Developments Lack of expertise / Local capacity Information Management / gaps Lack of coordination Absence of case studies on success stories and demonstration projects Constraints in national grid in absorbing RE based electricity Constraints in national grid in absorbing RE based electricity Variable / Non-dispatchable generations Limited options for demand side electrical load management to flatten the load curve Geographical mismatch of supply and demand Non-consideration of integrating to non-electrical energy loads (thermal / mechanical) 43

44 KEY CHALLENGES Higher costs of NRE Higher costs of NRE Limited market potentials Limited local value addition Lack of R&D Lack of conducive environment for local manufacture Lack of funding / financial schemes for project implementation Lack of funding / financial schemes for project implementation Transport sector is not properly addressed Transport sector is not properly addressed 44

45 STRENGTHS Provisions in the SLSEA Act for both RE and EM interventions Provisions in the SLSEA Act for both RE and EM interventions Inherently low energy intensive economy Inherently low energy intensive economy RE and EM targets for 2020 under national action plan of the Government RE and EM targets for 2020 under national action plan of the Government 100% electrification target of the Government 100% electrification target of the Government Pioneering experience in mini-hydro development Pioneering experience in mini-hydro development Diverse RE resource – technology – application options Diverse RE resource – technology – application options Climatic conditions conducive for solar, biomass, hydro and wind Climatic conditions conducive for solar, biomass, hydro and wind 45

46 POSSIBILITIES FOR TT and R&D Railway Electrification / Electric Vehicles Railway Electrification / Electric Vehicles Demand Response through Smart Grid / Intelligent Control Demand Response through Smart Grid / Intelligent Control Hydrogen as an Energy Storage Option Hydrogen as an Energy Storage Option Pump Storage / Thermal Storage / Battery Storage Pump Storage / Thermal Storage / Battery Storage Emerging REs (Geothermal, Ocean Thermal, etc.) Emerging REs (Geothermal, Ocean Thermal, etc.) 46

47 SUMMING UP Special Thanks for NEDO for Sharing Experiences, Special Thanks for NEDO for Sharing Experiences, Future Collaboration of Key Stakeholders for Sustainable Energy Journey of Sri Lanka. Future Collaboration of Key Stakeholders for Sustainable Energy Journey of Sri Lanka. 47


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