Presentation on theme: "Objectives SWBAT: describe the impact of new technology on industry, transportation, and communication."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives SWBAT: describe the impact of new technology on industry, transportation, and communication
Do Now – 2/12/13 1. Have your Sec 1 IR Spreads HW out 2. Sec 2: Rise of the Cities – due tomorrow! What form of technology plays the biggest/most important role in your life? How? (Something that you cannot live without – but might take for granted.) crash course Why The IR Happened in Britain
New Nations Industrialize Belgium first to industrialize after Britain By mid 1800s other nations caught up Germany, France, United States more supplies of coal, iron & other resources ADVANTAGE: followed Britains lead borrowed British experts & technology
Americans Industrialize First American textile factory Pawtucket, RI Plans smuggled out of Britain Rapidly grew after the Civil War (1861-1865) By 1900 the US was manufacturing 30% of the worlds industrial goods SURPASSING Britain as the leading industrial nation
Uneven Development Eastern & southern Europe industrialized much slower Lacked natural resources & capital to Russia had the resources but lacked social & political conditions Slowly industrialized – 100 years after Britain Japan lacked resources had political revolution making industrialization a priority. Canada, Australia, New Zealand also built thriving industries at this time
Effects of Industrialization 1900s conditions in factories and social conditions began to improve Ordinary workers could afford goods - $$ Demand for goods created jobs rapid building of railways, buildings, factories Politics changed had to meet demands of industrial society Globally industrial nations competed Western nations dominated world more than ever before
Innovations Alfred Nobel invented dynamite Used for construction & to his dismay, warfare Nobels huge fortune was willed to fund the famous Nobel prizes still awarded today
Electric Power Replaces Steam Late 1800s – electricity replaced steam as the dominant source of industrial power Italian scientist Alessandro Volta first battery 1800 Michael Faraday first simple electric motor & first dynamo Today, all generators and transformers work on the same basic principle Thomas Edison 1870s first electric light bulb Edisons incandescent lamps illuminated whole cities Pace of city life quickened factories could work after dark By 1890s cables carried electrical power from dynamos to factories
New Methods of Production Improved efficiency interchangeable parts Simplified assembly and repair of products Assembly line add parts to a product that moves along a belt from one work station to the next Took much of the joy out of work divided labor into separate tasks
Transportation Advances Russians Trans-Siberian Railroad Moscow to Vladivostok on the Pacific German engineer Nikolaus Otto invented gasoline powered internal combustion engine 1886 Karl Benz patent for first automobile – had 3 wheels 1887 Gotlieb Daimler introduced first four-wheel automobile American Henry Ford models that reached 25 mph Early 1900s Ford used assembly lines to mass-produce cars Making United States a leader in the automobile industry
Exit Ticket List some pros and cons of the Industrial Revolution In your opinion, do the pros outweigh the cons? Or is is the other way around? Explain!
Nikolaus Otto invented gasoline powered internal combustion engine
Gotlieb Daimler introduced first four-wheel automobile
Geronimo drives a Locomobile Model C in this 1905 photograph taken on the 101 Ranch near Ponca City, Oklahoma. In full headdress to Geronimo's left is his friend Edward Le Clair Sr., a Ponca Indian.
Automobiles powered by internal combustion engines at the 1900 National Automobile Show were primitive. The most popular automobiles proved to be electric, steam, and gasoline…in that order.
This advertisement for the Winton motor carriage – often identified as the first American automobile advertisement, according to the Henry Ford Museum – appeared in a 1898 issue of Scientific American magazine. Automobiles would help reduce the annual removal of 450,000 tons of horse manure from New York City streets.
Airplanes Take Flight 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright flew a flimsy airplane at Kitty Hawk, NC daredevil pilots flew airplanes across the English Channel and over the Alps Commercial passenger travel did not begin until 1920s
Communication Advances American inventor, Samuel F. B. Morse, developed the Telegraph Send coded messages over wires using electricity First telegraph line Washington D.C. & Baltimore in 1844 1876 Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone 1890s Italian Guglielmo Marconi invented the radio 1901 Marconi received a radio message using Morse code sent from Britain to Canada
Rise of Big Business Big Business – an establishment that is run by entrepreneurs who finance, manufacture, and distribute goods. Stock sold to finance companies Coporations businesses owned by many investors Monopolies formed powerful business leaders controlled entire industries or areas of economy
Monopolies Germany – Alfred Krupp inherited fathers steelmaking business bought up coal and iron mines as well as ore deposits John D. Rockefellar Standard Oil Company became an empire Dominated American petroleum industry Captains of Industry people praised vision and skill Robber Barons destroying competition with aggressive means – damaged free enterprise system reformers called for laws to prevent monopolies and regulate large corporations
Review Question: Why were big business leaders captains of industry to some, but robber barons to others?
Exit Ticket Choose one topic from what we just discussed and write a problem-and- solution For example, you could write about the impact of powerful monopolies. Make a list of details, facts, and examples that define the problems that monopolies pose to a free market.
Do Now – March 2, 2012 Sit in your Workers Rally Project groups Form a circle with the desks within your group
Cause & Effects Causes: 1. Increased agricultural productivity 2. Growing pop 3. Energy – steam & coal 4. Demand for mass-produced goods 5. Improved technology 6. Natural resources, labor, money 7. Strong, stable governments
Industrial Rev Effects Immediate Effects: 1. Rise of factories 2. Change in trans & communication 3. Urbanization 4. New methods of production 5. Rise of urban working class 6. Growth of reform movements
Industrial Rev Effects Long-Term Effects 1. Growth of labor unions 2. Inexpensive new products 3. Increased population 4. Rise of big business 5. Expansion of middle class 6. Expansion of public education 7. Competitive world trade 8. Progress in medical care
Connections to Today 1. Improvements in world health 2. Growth in population 3. Industrialization in developing nations 4. New energy sources – oil & nuclear 5. Environmental pollution 6. Efforts to regulate world trade