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Taking Sustainability in Parking to the Next Level… IPI Sustainability Roadshow TPTA, March 2014 Michael Cramer & Rachel Yoka, LEED AP.

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Presentation on theme: "Taking Sustainability in Parking to the Next Level… IPI Sustainability Roadshow TPTA, March 2014 Michael Cramer & Rachel Yoka, LEED AP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Taking Sustainability in Parking to the Next Level… IPI Sustainability Roadshow TPTA, March 2014 Michael Cramer & Rachel Yoka, LEED AP

2 Objectives Offered by IPI Sustainability Committee Review applicable frameworks for parking and sustainability Share best practices in municipal, university, healthcare, and campus settings Discuss your concerns, questions, ideas Serve as a listening session Any questions, topics?

3 Houston Headlines Mayor Parker Commits to Further Reduce Citys Greenhouse Gas Emissions City of Houston to Launch First Municipal Electric Vehicle Car Sharing Program 2035 Regional Transportation Plan Update: Recommends $9.5 Billion for transit

4 Topics Big Picture Frameworks Case Studies Trending Now

5 "For all the implications of sprawl – from job loss and economic decline, to alarming obesity, asthma rates and segregation, to the loss of habitat and global warming, to our dangerous dependence on foreign oil all of them are driven by one fundamental problem: the mismatch between where we live and where we work. Shaun Donovan, Secretary, Housing and Urban Development (HUD) February 2010

6 VMT decreases

7 Demographic Change

8 Placemaking: Building healthy places Principles of healthy design align with sustainability and smart growth Density, Street connectivity, Mixed-use Pedestrian friendly communities can command a real estate premium Role of TOD and structured parking, maximizing shared use

9 2035 Regional Transportation Plan Light Rail Lines and Fixed Route Lines Bicycle, Pedestrian, and Livable Centers Five new trails adding 15 miles to existing network Since installing bike racks, METRO has logged more than 150,000 bike boardings Completed Livable Centers studies Air Quality 4,764 NuRide participants – reduced 20,895,357 VMT 7,031 riders in 700 vanpools – reduced 5,118,543 VMT 3,000 teleworkers from 26 participating companies Clean Cities/Clean Vehicles: Replaced or retrofitted 60 engines – reduced 1,175 tons of NOx

10 Transit choice: Fleet Share Municipal fleet sharing program through ZipCar 50 city-owned fleet vehicles (25 Nissan Leaf Evs and other plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles use by city employees Six EV charging stations in City Hall Annex Garage 300 workers in 13 downtown departments, over 7,000 reservations Washington DC Pilot: Saved $300,000 during four month pilot, $1 million in first year Projects $6 million over five years

11 State of the market: our industry "If you plan for cars and traffic, you get cars and traffic. If you plan for people and places, you get people and places." Fred Kent, Founder & President, Project for Public Spaces

12 Parking as catalyst Hamilton Square, Philadelphia, PA Pedestrian connectivity Walkability Mixed use/Shared use Economic revitalization

13 Parking as a platform for sustainability

14 Frameworks LEED New Construction Existing Buildings Neighborhood Development Green Globes Green Parking Council International Green Construction Code Codes: ASHRAE, others Energy Star And thats a short list…

15 Frameworks


17 IPI Sustainability Framework

18 Frameworks: LEED Infill development – parking lots count Density – typically required for structured parking Accessibility to transit Alternative fuel vehicles, low emission vehicles, carpools Bike parking & facilities Stormwater management – quality and quantity Roofing choices – cool, green, solar Optimize energy efficiency Reduce water consumption

19 Frameworks: GPC Open source, organic None of us is as smart as all of us Intersection of parking, green building, clean technology, renewable energy, smart grid infrastructure, urban planning and sustainable mobility Demonstrator Site program completed (pilot) Certification program beta

20 Frameworks: GPC Focus on parking structure as building type New/planned Existing Adapted to the specifics and benchmarks of our industry Segmented approach Design and technology Programs Management Certification first, accreditation to follow

21 Focus on Parking Management Pricing Sharing TMA/TMO CXA Regional Labor

22 Pricing Daily Vs. Monthly Parking Research shows daily parking more effective at influencing travel behavior Monthly parking induces driving – get your moneys worth Daily parking forces a frequent choice about commuting behavior

23 Focus on Parking Programs/Ops Placemaking Traffic Flow Wayfinding Operational Specificity

24 Focus on Parking Technology/Design Payment systems EV Charging Stations Energy Efficient Lighting and Ventilation Pursuit of Net Zero Life Cycle Assessment

25 Management and Operations Think about water Operational water use Stormwater management Natural Infrastructure Water efficient landscaping Rainwater harvesting Greywater reuse

26 Greening the Roof Stormwater retention requirements Balance green roof size with accommodating additional parking spaces

27 Greening the Surface Operational/ Programmatic Bike share and storage Car share AFV parking/discounts EV charging Solar modules Variable pricing Design Pervious paving Lighting choices Solar applications Cool pavement applications Landscape architecture Pocket parks/amenity space/off peak usage

28 Greening the Surface

29 Increasing Focus on Energy Efficiency EPA Portfolio Manager EPA Battle of the Buildings IGCC Energy Efficiency analysis and upgrades HVAC systems Lighting Operational procedures Commissioning CxA EBCx

30 Management and Operations Benchmarking Battle of the Buildings (EPA Competition) Winner: University of Central Florida Parking Garage C, Orlando, Florida Reduced Energy Use by 63.2% Cost Savings: $34,907 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Prevented: 258 metric tons

31 Management and Operations

32 Lighting Choices Decreased environmental impact Significant reduction in operating costs Safety and security in all parts of an operation Reduced carbon footprint Responsible disposal at end of life New design vs. retrofit

33 Why Lighting? Lighting retrofits tend to be low cost and high return Average payback is less than 24 months Rapidly advancing technology Better light Lower prices Higher efficiency High utility rebates and tax incentives

34 Lighting Choices: Lakeland Lakeland HealthCare Parking Facility, St. Joseph, MI Four-level facility; 231 metal halide fixtures with 175W lamps Power outages caused lamp/ballast failures, raising security concerns Selected Solution (LED): Immediately powered on after power outage Reduced use energy and maintenance $52,316 annually 326,299 kWh annually Avoided 635,435 pounds of CO2 annually

35 Lighting Choices: Super Park


37 Proactive Asset Management Design to last Spec products that think about life cycle Joint sealants Water repellants Plan and budget for proactive maintenance

38 Trending Now

39 TPTA – Your Turn! Burning questions Challenges What did we forget Local projects Innovative approaches Best practices Areas to research

40 Taking Sustainability in Parking to the Next Level… IPI Sustainability Roadshow TPTA, March 2014 Michael Cramer & Rachel Yoka, LEED AP

41 Case Study: CRDA

42 Project Context Gateway to the city: aesthetics critical to success Demand for additional parking to serve AC destinations Urban infill, highly visible project Pedestrian connections, walkability

43 Sustainable Strategies: Renewable Energy 54,000 SF, 400 KW array connected to Atlantic City Utility Authority Cost: $2,800,000, $52 per SF Incentives: $840,000 Annual Savings: $95,000 Initial Calculation (2009/10): SREC: $209,000 6.5 year payback Revised (2013 estimated) SREC: $75,000 9 to 10 year payback

44 Sustainable Strategies Alternative Transportation Increased density Walkability, pedestrian accessibility Improve streetscape Six electric vehicle charging stations Heavily used Costs per station ($8,900)

45 Balancing Budget and Sustainability Utilize solar array to offset energy use and costs Urban infill and site selection critical to overall sustainability Local contractor Practical decisions with intent on the part of the owner Total Project Cost: $31,650,000 Solar Array: $3,000,000 Billboard: $500,000 Metal Screening: $400,000 Retail Shell Space: $1,000,000 Parking Cost: $26,700,000 Includes architectural elements Cost per space: $22,600 (1182 spaces) Efficiency per space: 326 SF/space

46 Case Study: TDM TDM Measures reduce parking demand Campus TDM programs often reduce auto trips by 10-30% (Brown, Hess & Shoup, 1998) Students are relatively sensitive to transit pricing, frequency, and overall service quality (Ubillos and Sainz, 2004) 20-30% of students and staff who drive may change their travel behavior if incentives were offered (Shannon, et al, 2006)

47 Case Study: TDM 2010 – Penn sets a goal of 50/50 split between driving and use of sustainable modes w/in 5 years (Was 60/40) Permit pricing phased out in 2011 New TDM programs started – carpool parking, occasional parking, 3rd party vanpool and transit benefit administration Subsidy provided for all transit and vanpool users Ticketing introduced to reduce use of towing but improve enforcement Car sharing locations increased Parking facilities had closed around Medical Complex Partnerships LUCY circulator shuttle and intermodal connector Car Sharing Vanpool Guaranteed ride home Electric charging stations Transit/remote parking providers – SEPTA, PATCO, New Jersey Transit & Amtrak Transit pass discount LEV parking, carpool, vanpool and occasional parking discounts

48 Case Study: TDM Demand Based Pricing - September 2012 Targeted at locations with long wait lists for permits high demand for daily parking Permit Price increased 5% versus 1- 3% elsewhere Long term – will create tiered permit pricing based on demand at each facility. July 1, 2013 – two medical center garages permit price increased by 4% All other locations increased by 3%. 4 pricing levels created for permits based on demand There were only 2 pricing levels in 2012 Continue to identify locations with high utilization and/or wait lists

49 EV Charging Stations

50 Trending Now: DriveNow

51 Trending Now: Microgrid

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