Presentation on theme: "The role of the Fire Marshall / Fire Warden"— Presentation transcript:
1The role of the Fire Marshall / Fire Warden TrainerGerard McCarthy
2Aims and Objectives To look at current fire legislation To identify fire prevention, precaution and protection measures.To examine the role of the Fire Warden / Marshall
3Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (2005) LEGISLATIONRegulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (2005)Employers, or anyone who has control of a workplace, have the obligation to provide:A means of detecting fire and raising the alarm.A means of escape.A means of fighting the fire
4Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (2005) LEGISLATIONRegulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order (2005)Employers are also obliged to carry out a fire risk assessment of the workplace, to:Indentify the hazards.Identify persons at risk.Evaluate the risk.Record findings.Review the assessment regularly.
5Formal TrainingEmployers are also required to provide formal training in fire precautions and procedures.Fires in the workplace commonly occur because:They have been started deliberatelyPeople are unaware or careless of the fire hazard
6Compliance with Legislation If legislation is complied with, the risk of prosecution is lessened, but more importantly, Fire precautions and training saves and protects:LivesPropertyJobs
7Fire preventionEquipment: only operate, service and maintain according to manufactures instructions, regular inspection and testing, don’t overload extension cables, switch off and isolate equipment which is not in use, (end of day, holiday periods etc).Contractors: ensure they are safe, work is authorised and monitored.
8Fire preventionGood procedures: Safe working practices, regular inspections, end of day close down procedure, Staff training.Good house-keeping: clean and tidy workplace, waste removal.Storage: appropriate storage areas, sufficiently spaced, only store enough materials for immediate operational needs.
9Fire protection Fire Doors: not to be wedged open. Fire Exits: routes to remain free of obstacles, emergency fastenings should be checked weekly.Emergency Lighting: check indicator lamps within the unit are lit. test on a monthly basis, serviced every 6 months.Evacuation Signage: clearly placed on evacuation route until final exit is reached.
10Fire protectionAlarm Systems: call points are available at all times, ensure console indicates normal operation on a daily basis and the system is sounded weekly.Fire Fighting Equipment: must be available at all times, weekly inspection(basic check on tamper indicators, pressure indicator, signs of damage, serviced on an annual basis by a competent engineer
11Fire protectionStaff Training: all new staff to be instructed in evacuation procedures during induction process, then on a regular basis (at least annually for day shift workers and quarterly for night shift workers).
12Behaviour of Fire Heat and smoke spreads through upper floors Heat and smoke rise up through stairwaySmoke and heat escape though opendoorFire starts in ground floor room
13Actions to be carried out in the event of a fire On discovery of a fire:Raise the alarm.Leave by the nearest exit (take any visitors with you. Do not stop to pick up belongings).Close windows and doors behind you.Do not use lifts.Move to the assembly area immediately make sure you are accounted for by the designated person.Do not re-enter the building until all clear has been given.
14Actions to be carried out in the event of a fire On hearing the fire alarm:Leave by the nearest exit (take any visitors with you. Do not stop to pick up belongings).Close windows and doors behind you.Do not use lifts.Move to the assembly area immediately make sure you are accounted for by the designated person.Do not re-enter the building until all clear has been given.
15Actions to be carried out in the event of a fire If assisting with the evacuation:Begin sweep of the area from the furthest point away from your nearest exit so you are always heading towards a place of safety.Check all persons have evacuated, (it is important to check any toilet areas and individual cubicles.Never open a door if you suspect there may be fire beyond it.Instruct any persons to evacuate immediately, usher visitors to the exit.
16Actions to be carried out in the event of a fire Do not delay your own evacuation if somebody refuses to evacuate.Inform the designated person as soon as you reach the assembly point.
17General rules for fighting a fire Always raise the alarm firstOnly attempt to tackle a fire if you have received training in the safe operation of the fire fighting equipment and only if it is safe to do so.Make sure you select the correct type of extinguisher. Do not attempt to tackle a fire if you are unsure what is burning or if in doubt about using the equipment. Extinguishers are designed for small fires in the initial stages.
18General rules for fighting a fire Always tackle a fire from the furthest point possible. Always have a means of escape available to you. Do not let the fire to get between you and a means of escape.If the fire continues to grow or it is too dangerous to continue, abandon it close the door behind you and evacuate the building.Report your actions to the designated person at the assembly point.
19Fire triangle Starvation Smother Cooling . ..\CIEH Programme\Level 2\Christmas Tree Fire Safety.mp4StarvationSmotherCooling
20WATER Class ’A’ Fires Co2 Class ’B’ Fires Use on: Wood, Paper, TextilesDo not use on;Live electrical equipment, flammable liquids, cooking oils or fatsCo2Class ’B’ FiresUse on:Flammable liquidsSafe to use on live electrical equipmentDo not use on;Cooking oils or fats.Use caution in confined space (replaces oxygen in room)Danger of re-ignitionDO NOT hold discharge horn
21Foam (AFFF) Aqueous Film Forming Foam Class ’A’ ‘B’ Fires Dry PowderClass ’A’ ‘B’ ‘C’ FiresUse on:Wood, Paper, Textiles,Flammable liquids.Gases*Safe to use on live electrical equipmentDo not use on;Cooking oils or fats.Danger of re-ignition*Gas supply should be turned off due to the explosive nature of GasFoam (AFFF) Aqueous FilmForming Foam Class ’A’ ‘B’ FiresUse on:Wood, Paper, Textiles,Flammable liquids.Do not use on;Some foam extinguishers are not suitable for use on live electrics
22Wet Chemical Class ‘A’ ‘F’ Fires Fire Blankets Use on: Wood, Paper, Textiles,Cooking oils and fatsDo not use on;Live electrical equipment, Flammable liquidsFire BlanketsFire blankets are made of highly fire-resistant materials. Usually they are found in areas where there is a splash hazard of flammable liquid. Their most anticipated use would be to throw around a person whose clothes have caught fire, to smother the fire. Other possible uses would be to smother a small free-standing fire, or to wrap someone protectively who needs to pass through an inflamed area to get to safety.
23The principal duties of the fire warden are to: Take appropriate and effective action if a fire occurs.Ensure that escape routes are available for use.Identify potential hazards in the workplace.Record and report their observations.Conduct a sweep of pre-designated area to ensure occupants have evacuated.
24The principal duties of the fire warden are to: Ensure that the alarm has been raised.Check that manufacturing processes have been made safe.Evacuate staff from the building or area involved.Check that any staff or visitors with disabilities are assisted as planned.Call the reporting centre and give details of the location, severity and cause of the fire, if known, fight the fire if it is safe to do so.