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Development of Photovoltaics and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Kazakhstan Serekbol Tokmoldin Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National.

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Presentation on theme: "Development of Photovoltaics and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Kazakhstan Serekbol Tokmoldin Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of Photovoltaics and Energy-Efficient Technologies in Kazakhstan Serekbol Tokmoldin Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Kazakhstan Energy Forum, November 1, 2011, Almaty, Kazakhstan 0% Photovoltaics in the Kazakhstan Energy Pattern 76% Coal 12% Oil & Gas 12% Hydro

2 Global Power Generation Forecast Welt im Wandel: Energiewende zur Nachhaltigkeit, Springer ISBN Grid Parity DoE Cost Reduction Roadmap Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

3 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

4 Gaps show opportunities for R&D and Engineering Efficiencies of Solar Cells based on different materials Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

5 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

6 Forecast of the world PV modules market growth (2004) Thin-film cells are those solar cells which are based on: amorphous hydrogenated silicon; CdS/CdTe, CIS (CuInSe 2 ), ZnO/CuO 2 structures; multilayered А 3 В 5 nanoheterostructures; quantum dots and Si/Ge superlattices. The key question in selection of priority technologies is the question of availability of resources! In this respect, silicon solar cells and technologies have an advantage. Year Solar panels Sales $4-4,5 bill. (1 GW) Sales $12-14,5 bill. (3 GW) Sales $ bill. (12 GW) Manufacturing of photovoltaic products Sales $2 bill. (900 MW-1 GW) Sales $6-7 bill. ( GW) Sales $ bill. (10 GW) 95% $1.9 bill. silicon wafers 5% $ 100 mln. thin-film cells 65% $ bill. silicon wafers 35% $ bill. thin-film cells 25% $5-5.5 bill. silicon wafers 75% $ 19,5 bill. thin-film cells Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

7 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

8 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Short-cut processes for Monosilane synthesis, process comparison solar-grade polysilicon Innovation processes of IPT

9 110 MW Solar Cells & Modules Plant in Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Location of Business: Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Special Economic Zone, Almaty city, Republic of Kazakhstan Competitive Advantages: Development of Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Special Economic Zone is one of the two priorities of the Program of Innovation Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan Development of Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Special Economic Zone is one of the two priorities of the Program of Innovation Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan Stable geopolitical and economic situation in Kazakhstan Stable geopolitical and economic situation in Kazakhstan Open-door policy for investors, tax preferences for investments and protection Open-door policy for investors, tax preferences for investments and protection Ability of intellectual resources Ability of intellectual resources Large export potential in the framework of Customs Union of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belorussia Large export potential in the framework of Customs Union of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belorussia Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

10 Project Objective: Creation of a vertically integrated manufacturing of silicon solar cells, formation of a new economical cluster, providing for Kazakhstans domestic market needs, and entry into international markets of high-tech products Creation of a vertically integrated manufacturing of silicon solar cells, formation of a new economical cluster, providing for Kazakhstans domestic market needs, and entry into international markets of high-tech products Project Tasks: Creation of basic industry of PV materials and devices in Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Special Economic Zone at the Institute of Physics and Technology Creation of basic industry of PV materials and devices in Alatau Park of Innovation Technologies Special Economic Zone at the Institute of Physics and Technology Creation of the PV market in Kazakhstan Creation of the PV market in Kazakhstan Creation of a PV plants network for power production using various-type solar modules Creation of a PV plants network for power production using various-type solar modules Development of innovative technologies on the basis of the silicon solar cells plant in collaboration with domestic and international Centers of Excellence Development of innovative technologies on the basis of the silicon solar cells plant in collaboration with domestic and international Centers of Excellence Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

11 R&D Maintenance 1)Development of a short-cut technology for solar grade silicon manufacturing from metallurgical silicon excluding chlorosilane processing King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) has allocated USD 2.5 Mln. 2)Epitaxial and ion-beam technologies development for high-efficiency silicon solar cells Roth & Rau plans to invest the amount of EURO 1 Mln. Partner – Prof. A.Ignatiev, Center for Advanced Materials, University of Houston Applications 1)Manufacturing of turnkey lines for solar-grade multicrystalline silicon and gaseous monosilane Partner – Almaty Energo Service 2)Construction of solar-wind cogeneration power plants of various capacities Partners –Almaty Energo Service and Green Energy Almaty Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

12 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

13 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» The danger is not only in utilization of work- out energy-efficient lamps, but also in partially careless use of them. The broken or damaged bulb lets out mercury vapor causing grave poisoning; Mercury penetration into human organism often happens during the inhalation of its odorless vapor; According to the German Institute of Urban Affairs in Germany less than 40% of all gas- discharge lamps are utilized. What about the rest? Nobody knows; In 2009 in Russia about 40 million energy- efficient lamps (200 kg of mercury) are sold. Energy-Efficient Lighting TechnologicalEconomicEcological

14 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Assembly of LED luminaire Assembly of LEDs Epitaxy, Chip processing Stage I Stage II Stage III Roadmap of project implementation Partner – Prof. A.Ignatiev, Center for Advanced Materials, University of Houston

15 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» LED STREETLIGHT LUMINAIRE «PHOENIX» LED luminaire for housing and communal services (HCS), vandal resist, direct retrofit LED Greenhouse Luminaire LED Systems for railway station illumination Samples of LED applications

16 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Efficacy of luminaire = Кled Kо Kэ Kт Efficacy of optical system (0.50–0.92) Heat losses of luminous flux (0.85–0.95) Efficacy of supply and control unit (0.80–0.97) KтKт Optimization of heat design Temperature range -35…+40 С. Temperature minimization of active region of LEDs. Optimization of optical system Kо 00 Development of secondary optics elements. Search and choice of materials with high optical transmission, resistance to UV and chemical agents, as well as thermo cycling. Optimization of supply and control KэKэ Increase of transformation efficacy. Reliability growth of supply unit and development of multifunctional devices. Luminous efficacy of LEDs Luminous efficacy of LED luminaries

17 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Sample Sample 1Sample 2Sample 3Sample 4Sample 5 Bin limits, lm ,5 Luminous flux, lm 89,790,6100,2100,380,1 Table Bin limits on luminous flux, indicated by manufactures and measured values of luminous flux of samples at nominal current. Tested LEDs: Sample1 - Sample5 Selection of LED element base

18 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Optimization of optical system for LED street light Purpose: 100% usage of luminous flux. Tasks: 1. Change of normative-technical base (illumination levels, height and step of poles, requirements to glare, color rendering and illumination level); 2. Development of luminary with required light output diagram; 3. Development of light projects. Purpose: 100% usage of luminous flux. Tasks: 1. Change of normative-technical base (illumination levels, height and step of poles, requirements to glare, color rendering and illumination level); 2. Development of luminary with required light output diagram; 3. Development of light projects. Example of impractical illumination

19 Optimization of heat design of luminaries Storage temperature, С LEDs-30 … +85 Supply units 85 Protective coating (polymer) 90 Optics 95 Thermogram of multichip LED module Thermogram of multichip LED module Kinetics of heating in different sample points Thermal model testing of Luminaire Fortimo (Philips) Thermal model testing of Luminaire Fortimo (Philips) Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat»

20 Institute of Physics and Technology Kazakhstan National R & D Holding «Parasat» Thank you for your attention!


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