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Overview of Jesus Teaching Gods Kingdom, and How to Enter It Not everyone who says to me Lord, Lord will enter the Kingdom of heaven, but only those who.

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of Jesus Teaching Gods Kingdom, and How to Enter It Not everyone who says to me Lord, Lord will enter the Kingdom of heaven, but only those who."— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of Jesus Teaching Gods Kingdom, and How to Enter It Not everyone who says to me Lord, Lord will enter the Kingdom of heaven, but only those who do what my Father in heaven wants Mt 7:21

2 Copyright Notice Great effort has been made to keep this presentation freely reproducible in its entirety. Omitting parts (especially these acknowledgements of contributors) or lifting selected parts may result in copyright infringement. Check details below and on contributers websites. I the writer am happy for it to be reproduced and distributed (including sale) for any good purpose providing that you include this copyright notice and do not exert your own copyright on any derivatives or performances of it, ie do not restrict or charge for subsequent copying and distribution. Copyright Graham and Teena Paul 2012, Unmarked bible quotes are my own translation from the Greek or Hebrew and are free to copy. Quotes marked NIV are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide. (Zondervan deems free Fair Use policy to be 25% of the full work. Acknowledgement by this notice or similar is required.) Quotes marked ESV are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved. (ESV allows free fair use up to 1000 verses and up to 50% of the resulting work, and must be acknowledged.) Quotes marked NET are by permission from the NET Bible® Copyright ©2005 Biblical Studies Press, LLC All rights reserved. (NET Bible allows free fair use up to 1000 verses and up to 50% of the resulting work; it must be acknowledged. Above this, all paper distributions must be entirely free of charge, and all other forms of distribution must receive written permission which is usually freely given.) Bible illustrations are from Sweet Media bible Illustrations and may be reproduced freely providing that they are acknowledged in this way or equivalent. Images marked W are taken from commons.wikimedia.org/ and are either public domain and/or copyright- expired and/or released for worldwide free use under the terms of the GNU licence. Clipart is taken from Microsoft Powerpoint and is freely reproducible. Microsoft denies all liability. Personal and family photos taken by us (Graham and Teena Paul) are unmarked and may be copied freely.

3 Two Main Themes: 1. Gods Kingdom 2. How to Enter it

4 The Kingdom of God was Jesus main focus 94 verses 2 verses basilea=Kingdom ekkl ē sia=assembly, community, eg church

5 How did Jesus refer to a good eternal outcome? Eternal life 19 Enter Kingdom 15 Saved 17 saved eternally 17 saved from something else 18 sōzō = save Therefore it is more specific to look at what Jesus said about eternal life and entering the Kingdom than what he said about saved

6 1.Gods Kingdom

7 Kingdom = a state or government with a king or queen as its head Kingdom prophecies (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Zechariah etc) : Ruled by God and a King Ruled by God and a King – a son of David, the Anointed One/Messiah/Christ Israel-based Israel-based: throne in Zion, Jerusalem; Israel delivered and victorious. World-ruling World-ruling: the King defeats and judges the nations and rules over all the nations, forever Glorious Glorious: peaceful, prosperous, healthy, righteous, Gods glory visible. The poor protected and fed with abundance, those who mourn comforted, everyone righteous. 1. Gods Kingdom 1. Gods Kingdom (aka kingdom of God, kingdom of heaven)

8 Not well appreciated by the Jews: The Kingdom is open only to the righteous The Kingdom is open only to the righteous (unless your actions are more righteous than the Pharisees, you will never enter the Kingdom Mt 5:20; Only the righteous will be welcomed into the kingdom Mt 25:31-46; Mt 13:43 (like sun) Repent, for the Kingdom of heaven is near Mt 4:17) Its origins are spiritual Its origins are spiritual, not from this world. (my kingdom does not come from this world Jn 18:36)

9 Not well appreciated by Gentiles: God wanted to establish the Kingdom in the first century God wanted to establish the Kingdom in the first century Lk 1:32-33 Mt 23:37-39 The Jews rejected the Kingdom (mostly) and so it was taken away from them The Jews rejected the Kingdom (mostly) and so it was taken away from them Mt 21:43, and instead they suffered the destruction of 70 AD and 1900 years of punishment and exile Lk 19:44 Lk 21:20-24 W

10 The Kingdom will come again The Kingdom will come again (fully) at Jesus return Lk 21:31 It will be a physical kingdom on earth It will be a physical kingdom on earth when fully completed; what we have now (30 AD AD ) is only a very small part of the Kingdom Not well appreciated by Gentiles:

11 2.How to Enter it

12 How to Enter the Kingdom Enter the kingdom = eternal life Eg judgment of the nations Mt 25:31-46: the righteous inherit the Kingdom v34 and go to eternal life v46, whereas the cursed get neither. Eg a man asked Jesus about inheriting eternal life and Jesus talked about how hard it is for a rich man to enter the Kingdom Mt 19:23-24 How to enter the Kingdom is all of Jesus behavioural teachings Mt 7:21-27 All Jesus behavioural teachings are based on the Law (but his teachings dont include certain sections of the Law, see later talk)

13 How to Enter the Kingdom Jesus behavioural teachings fall in two main categories: LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR as yourself Individualised LOVE GOD with all your heart & mind & soul & strength (relating to God) (relating to others)

14 LOVE GOD Lord and Master Trust and Believe Worship Pray Fast Do this (righteous)Not this (sin) Love God with all my heart+ Give up everything else Follow me (or via HS today) No love for God Pretend to love God Keep my life, things, family Serve and obey God only Serve & obey other masters Serve self (food, clothes, etc) Trust and believe God and Jesus (implies action) Unbelief, doubt God Fear other things Test God Worship God in spirit and in truth Insult God (blasphemy) Sincerely, succinctly, with faith, persevering, in private To oneself, for show, babbling Discreetly, for God to see To impress others

15 How to Enter the Kingdom Jesus behavioural teachings fall in two main categories: LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR as yourself Individualised LOVE GOD with all your heart & mind & soul & strength (relating to God) (relating to others)

16 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Needy Low status Women/opposite sex Parents Powerful Hostile Love neighbour as myself Do for others as Id like them to do for me Hate my enemies Ignore my neighbours

17 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Needy Low status Women/opposite sex Parents Powerful Hostile Love neighbour as myself Do for others as Id like them to do for me Hate my enemies Ignore my neighbours Kind & generous to the needy (poor, hungry, thirsty, naked, sick, prison, homeless) Ignore the needy

18 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Needy Low status Women/opposite sex Parents Powerful Hostile Love neighbour as myself Do for others as Id like them to do for me Hate my enemies Ignore my neighbours Take a low place myself (Help & serve them) Take a higher place, exercise authority, be lord over them, look down on them, lay heavy burdens on them Kind & generous to needy (poor, hungry, thirsty, unclothed, sick, prison, homeless) Ignore the needy

19 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Needy Women/opp Parents Powerful Hostile Love neighbour as myself Do for others as Id like them to do for me Hate my enemies Ignore my neighbours Kind & generous to needy (poor, hungry, thirsty, unclothed, sick, prison, homeless) Ignore the needy Low status Take a low place myself (Help & serve them) Take a higher place, exercise authority, be lord over them, look down on them, lay heavy burdens on them Love (female) neighbours; accept women as equals; single for Kingdom, or lasting marriage Lust, immorality, adultery, divorce (Oppress or subordinate women) Honour parents ( obey) (Dishonour parents) Take a low place myself (Help & serve them) Take a higher place, exercise authority, be lord over them, look down on them, lay heavy burdens on them Love enemies, pray for, bless them, forgive, be reconciled, generous to thieves, non-violent, win over privately/publicly, rebuke Judge, condemn, hate, anger, fight, retaliate, murder

20 A neighbour may be in more than one category Female Powerful Hostile

21 A neighbour may be in different categories at different times Hostile Needy (sick)

22 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Possessions Truth Openness

23 LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR Possessions Truth Openness Give, lend Save up, greedy, steal, keep possessions Tell truth all the time Lie, deceive, defraud, take oaths/swear Let good deeds shine, speak out Hide evil deeds; do things for others praise

24 How to Enter the Kingdom Jesus behavioural teachings fall in two main categories: LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOUR as yourself Individualised LOVE GOD with all your heart & mind & soul & strength (relating to God) (relating to others)

25 INDIVIDUALISED / AS DIRECTED Spiritual ministry: Speaking about Jesus, preaching, baptizing, miracles, teaching others Rest As directed by Jesus (usually after discipling++) Now as directed by HS Allow others to do it Didnt want some people speaking; win converts to become double sons of destruction; teach rules of men Rest when HS says to Use sabbath as excuse to neglect the needy Some instructions werent universal; Jesus wanted some people to do them at some times, but not for others to do them at other times. (Debatable to some extent)

26 Conclusions Jesus teachings are mostly about (1) the Kingdom of God and (2) how to enter it (behavioural teachings) Jesus behavioural teachings are based on the Law (Love God & Love Neighbour), but dont include all of the Law (see later talk). Jesus behavioural teachings are about doing righteous actions instead of the corresponding sinful actions in that area of life.

27 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? Jesus began to preach, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near. Mt 4:17

28 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? Jesus began to preach, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near. Mt 4:17 The Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom

29 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A1. He [Jesus] will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end. Lk 1:32-33

30 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A1. He [Jesus] will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end. Lk 1:32-33 The Kingdom

31 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B1. He told them another parable: The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. Though it is the smallest of all your seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and perch in its branches. Mt 13:31-32

32 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B1. He told them another parable: The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. Though it is the smallest of all your seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and perch in its branches. Mt 13:31-32 The Kingdom

33 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A2. Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your actions are more righteous than the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. Mt 5:17-20

34 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A2. Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your actions are more righteous than the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. Mt 5:17-20 How to enter the Kingdom

35 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B2. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls. When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it. Mt 13:45-46

36 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B2. Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls. When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it. Mt 13:45-46 The Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom

37 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A3. In Mt 5-6 Jesus gave two chapters of teaching on anger, murder, reconciliation, adultery, lust, divorce, keeping your word, not retaliating, being kind to enemies, giving to the needy, prayer, fasting, not saving, serving God and trusting him for necessities, and not judging others; and then he concluded: Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord, will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will say to me on that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles? Then I will tell them plainly, I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers (lit. workers of lawlessness) ! Therefore, everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash Mt 7:21-27

38 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A3. In Mt 5-6 Jesus gave two chapters of teaching on anger, murder, reconciliation, adultery, lust, divorce, keeping your word, not retaliating, being kind to enemies, giving to the needy, prayer, fasting, not saving, serving God and trusting him for necessities, and not judging others; and then he concluded: Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord, will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will say to me on that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles? Then I will tell them plainly, I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers (lit. workers of lawlessness) ! Therefore, everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash Mt 7:21-27 How to enter the Kingdom

39 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A3. In Mt 5-6 Jesus gave two chapters of teaching on anger, murder, reconciliation, adultery, lust, divorce, keeping your word, not retaliating, being kind to enemies, giving to the needy, prayer, fasting, not saving, serving God and trusting him for necessities, and not judging others; and then he concluded: Not everyone who says to me, Lord, Lord, will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. Many will say to me on that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles? Then I will tell them plainly, I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers (lit. workers of lawlessness) ! Therefore, everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash Mt 7:21-27 How not to enter the Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom

40 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B3. When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. Then the King will say to those on his right, Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me. Then the righteous will answer him, Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you? The King will reply, I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me. Then he will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me. They also will answer, Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you? He will reply, I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me. Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life. Mt 25:31-46

41 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B3. When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. Then the King will say to those on his right, Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world. For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,I needed clothes and you clothed me,I was sick & you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me. Then the righteous will answer him, Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you? The King will reply, I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me. Then he will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me. They also will answer, Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you? He will reply, I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me. Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life. Mt 25:31-46 The Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom How not to enter the Kingdom

42 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A4. Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field. He answered, The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil (lit. do lawlessness). They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear. Mt 13:36-43

43 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? A4. Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field. He answered, The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil (lit. do lawlessness). They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear. Mt 13:36-43 How not to enter the Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom

44 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B4. At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish and five were wise. The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. The wise, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep. At midnight the cry rang out: Heres the bridegroom! Come out to meet him! Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. The foolish ones said to the wise, Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out. No, they replied, there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead, go to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves. But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut. Later the others also came. Lord! Lord! they said. Open the door for us! But he replied, I tell you the truth, I dont know you. Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour. Mt 25:1-13

45 About the Kingdom, or how to enter the Kingdom? B4. At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Five of them were foolish and five were wise. The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. The wise, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps. The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep. At midnight the cry rang out: Heres the bridegroom! Come out to meet him! Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. The foolish ones said to the wise, Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out. No, they replied, there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead, go to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves. But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut. Later the others also came. Lord! Lord! they said. Open the door for us! But he replied, I tell you the truth, I dont know you. Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour. Mt 25:1-13 How not to enter the Kingdom How to enter the Kingdom The Kingdom

46

47 Does the Holy Spirit want to say anything to you about Jesus teachings? Listen to the Holy Spirit

48 Did the Holy Spirit say anything to you? Are there any new or useful concepts in this topic? Do you have any queries or sticking points in your mind? Are there any topics which you hadnt thought of as being something Jesus taught? Are there any which you cant imagine how they could work out in practice? ?

49 Headline of Jesus message (Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand) Repent = metanoeō = lit. change of mind change of ways, from wrong to right ways Doesnt necessarily have to involve remorse, confessions to others, sense of guilt, shame, apologies etc Does involve a change of behaviour, which requires: Understanding of sin and righteousness A plan/action to do it differently Eg 1993 ?


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