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1 Audio Video Production L IGHTING E QUIPMENT I NTRODUCTION Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Audio Video Production L IGHTING E QUIPMENT I NTRODUCTION Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2012. All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Audio Video Production L IGHTING E QUIPMENT I NTRODUCTION Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission.

2 Spotlights Create directional light The beam can be controlled or focused A spotlight shining on the ground will create a circle of light with definite edges Contain a lens 2

3 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Spotlights Fresnel Spotlight Named after the inventor of the lens used in this spotlight Most common light in TV studios Can be identified by the rings of the lens Versatile Beam is adjustable from flood to spot Several sizes and wattages 3

4 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Spotlights Ellipsoidal Produces sharp, defined beam of light Beam can be manipulated with Shutters Cookie/gobo - cutout used to create a shadow pattern 4

5 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Floodlights 5 Create diffused light Direction cannot be controlled Light goes everywhere Think of a flood…water spreads out and covers everything

6 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Floodlights Scoop Named for its round shape (think ice cream scoop) Fixed or adjustable focus No lens Gel holder around the opening 6

7 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Floodlights Broad Light Minimal beam control Diffused light Soft shadows 7 Soft Light Extremely diffused Very few shadows Various sizes Diffuser/gel holder around opening

8 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Floodlights Strip or Cyc Light Even illumination Used for cycloramas and set areas Great for background lighting 8

9 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Mounting Equipment Pipe grid Series of pipes strung in a crisscross pattern throughout the top of the studio Allows for placement of studio lights anywhere in the studio 9

10 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Mounting Equipment C-clamp Used to attach a lamp to pipe grid Safety chain Wire used as a backup support if C-clamp gives way C-stand (Century stand) Portable stand used for small ENG/EFP lights 10

11 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Directional & Intensity Controls Barn doors Attachments to spotlights that mask off unwanted light to keep it from spilling into areas where its needed Flags Same as barn doors but not attached to light Screen Reduce light intensity Reflector Controls light direction, bouncing illumination toward subject 11

12 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Review: Safety in Studio Lighting Safe usage for attaching studio lighting Be aware of amperage of lamp and amperage of circuit (30 amp light will overload a 20 amp circuit) Always connect lamps (lights) to pipe grid using C- clamp AND safety chain (backup) Make sure barn doors are also secured Practice proper ladder safety A partner holds the ladder while the other climbs Never move a ladder with someone on it 12

13 Copyright © Texas Education Agency, All rights reserved. Images and other multimedia content used with permission. Review: Safety in Studio Lighting Safe usage when handling lamps Wear protective gloves to Adjust barn doors of a spotlight that is on Barn doors get very hot Replace a bulb Oils from bare hand will damage bulb Make sure light is off and unplugged before changing bulb Adjust the light from behind it, not in front Avoid looking directly into lights that are on If an accident occurs, REPORT IT IMMEDIATELY! 13


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