Presentation on theme: "SA Guide to Users for LED Luminaires and LED Tube Lamps"— Presentation transcript:
1 SA Guide to Users for LED Luminaires and LED Tube Lamps Robert HendersonPr Eng FIESSA
2 Contents The presentation will look at standards Go onto what IEC 34 are working onList some SANS publicationsSetting urgent needsSuggesting a way forward and for these needsElectrical and photometric data required
3 Standards – why?Standardization, is there need for standards? The introduction of LEDs into the lighting market has and is making manufacturers and users rethink their lighting needs, test methods and the application of their existing equipment. The rethinking is helped along its way due to the world-wide energy shortage and in particular here in South Africa.The goals of standardization can be to help with independence of single suppliers (commoditization), compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability or quality.Standards ensure desirable characteristics of products and services such as quality, environmental friendliness, safety, reliability, efficiency and interchangeability and at an economical cost.
4 Standards - typesStandards for products are broadly divided into two categories namely that of Safety and Performance.Safety - Safety standards deal with the requirements that will ensure that the products are safe and will not cause harm to the user or the user’s building when used as recommended. Safety standards offer the tests and test methods to verify that the products are compliant. These safety standards may cover a wide range of products.Performance - Performance standards deal with the way that the product performs under a test situation. However as quote from Wikipedia, “The existence of a published standard does not necessarily imply that it is useful or correct. Just because an item is stamped with a standard number does not, by itself, indicate that the item is fit for any particular use. The people who use the item or service (engineers, trade unions, etc.) or specify it (building codes, government, industry, etc.) have the responsibility to consider the available standards, specify the correct one, enforce compliance, and use the item correctly. Validation of suitability is necessary.”
5 LED Standard Terminology The IEC has published some Standards and two Public Available Specifications (PAS). The need for the PAS documents is because these have not been accepted as full Standards but have information that is very useful.These documents suggest that the following quality criteria should be considered when evaluating LED manufacturer’s claims:a) Rated input powerb) Rated luminous fluxc) LED luminaire efficacyd) Luminous intensity distributione) Photometric code or the values of the next four measurementsf) Correlated Colour Temperature (CCT)g) Rated Colour Rendering Index (CRI)h) Rated chromaticity co-ordinate values both initial and maintainedi) Lumen maintenance codej) Rated life (in h) of the LED module and the associated rated lumen maintenance (Lx)k) Failure fraction (Fy), corresponding to the rated life of the LED module in the luminairel) Ambient temperature (tq) for a luminaire
6 TC 34 Working Group – March 2012 MEETING OUTCOME/INFORMATIONTC 34 Working Group MeetingAuckland - New Zealand, March 26-30, 20122. Standards Under Development/Review/Revisiona. Self-ballasted Lamps- IEC Safety Performance (edition 1)- IEC Performance (edition 1)
7 IEC 34 WG continued b. LED Modules and Lamps - IEC62031 LED Modules for General Lighting - Safety- IEC Self-ballasted LED Lamps for General Lighting Services >50V, Safety Specification- IEC Self-ballasted LED Lamps for General Lighting Services >50V, Performance Requirement (edition 1)- IEC Non-ballasted LED Lamps – Safety (edition 1)- IEC Non-ballasted LED Lamps – Performance (edition 1)- IEC TS Definitions for LED and LED Modules (Edition 2)- IEC LED Binning Part 1: General Requirements (Edition 1)- IEC LED Binning Part 2: Luminous Flux (Edition 1)- IEC LED Binning Part 3: Forward Voltage (Edition 1)- IEC LED Modules for General Lighting – Performance (Edition 1)- IEC Double-capped LED Lamps for General Lighting Services, Safety (Edition 1) WG Draft
8 IEC 34 continued 3. New Work Items - CCFL Performance - CCFL Safety - EEFL Performance- EEFL Safety- TR Method of Translating Binning Structure to- Self-ballasted LED Lamps for GLS, > 50V AC rms or < 120V dc – Safety- LED Lifetime Prediction- OLED Panels for General Lighting – Safety- OLED Panes for General Lighting – Performance- Performance of LED Components
9 IEC 34 continuedSC34C Standards Work Overview1. Standards Under Development/Review/Revision- IEC Control Gear for LED Modules - Safety- IEC Control Gear for LED Modules - Performance- IEC XXXXX Draft LED Performance Luminaire PAS- IEC XX Control Gear for Induction Lamps Safety2. New Project- IEC Energy Performance of Lamp Control GearPart 1: Control Gear for Fluorescent Lamps – Method of measurement to determine energy consumption of ballast-lamp circuits and efficiency of Control Gear- IEC Energy Performance of Lamp Control Gear for HID Lamps (excluding Fluorescent lamps) – Method of measurement to determine the efficiency of the Control Gear- IEC Control Gear for LED Modules and Low Voltage Halogen Lamps – Method of measurements to determine efficiency of the central gear
10 IEC continued end SC34D Standards Work Overview 1. Standards Under Development/Review/Revision- IEC Lighting Chains (includes LED)- IEC Sealed Lighting Chains (Rope Lighting) (includes LED)- IEC PAS: LED Luminaire PerformanceIV. LED Terms and DefinitionsComments and Proposals by National Committees on the Committee Draft of this Technical Specification under document 34/160/DC was reviewed but was not completed due to lack of time. Review of comments/proposal will continue next meeting.Acknowledgement and thanks to : Roberto C. Cristobal; Philippines; April 12, 2012
11 SANS PUBLISHED STANDARDS SANS LED StandardsStandard numberDescriptionSANS :2008 / IEC 62031:2008LED modules for general lighting – Safety specificationsSANS :2008 / IEC 62384:2008DC or AC supplied electronic control gear for LED modules – Performance requirementsSANS available StandardsStandard numberDescriptionIEC/PAS Edition 1 Public Available SpecificationPerformance requirements – LED Modules for general lightingIEC/PAS Public Available SpecificationPerformance requirements – LED Luminaires for general lightingSANS compulsory StandardsStandard numberDescriptionSANS :2009 Edition 5 and Nat. amdt 1 / IEC :2008 Edition 7Luminaires - Part 1: General requirements and tests.This SANS document, by reference, forms part of the Compulsory specification for electrical and electronic apparatus, as published by Government Notice No. R. 89 (Government Gazette 31844) of 6 February 2009.
12 LED Standards required LED replacements for 50 mm diameter Quartz Halogen lamps – Dichroic lampsLED floodlights lamps – replacement for PAR WLED floodlights lamps – replacement 300W 500W 1000W linear quartz halogen lampsLED linear lamps – replacement for 600mm, 1200mm, 1500mm tubular fluorescent lampsLED luminaires for above, andHigh bay luminairesStreet lanterns
13 LED replacements for 50 mm diameter Quartz Halogen lamps – Dichroic lamps Eskom Standard used in the Residential Mass Roll out (RMR) based on IEC Self-ballasted LED Lamps for General Lighting Services >50V, Performance Requirement (edition 1)Needs to be amendedLight output is to be added to be consider for a rebate50W QH lamp replacement lamp shall have a light output of 600 to 800 lumens35W QH lamp replacement lamp shall have a light output of 300 to 500 lumensTolerance allowed 5% and the power of the lamp used to calculate the rebate.Colour of lamps warm white 2800 plus tolerance ±7%Other?
14 Intensity, Beam angle and Colour Warm WhiteCool WhitePure WhiteQuartz Halogen White
15 LED floodlights lamps – replacement for PAR W and LED floodlights lamps – replacement 300W 500W 1000W linear quartz halogen lampsExisting IEC LED lamp standards could be used.Mass of LED lamp is high and the lamp holders should be checked.
16 Replacement lamps 1550 grams and 800 g Note LEDs on top of left not burning and the heat sink material
17 LED linear lamps – replacement for 600mm, 1200mm, 1500mm tubular fluorescent lamps These have the same challenges as the T5 retrofit and the SANS/IEC should be amended to include the G13 lamp cap but there is an IEC draft for LED tubular lamps and this is recommended to be used.The IEC LED draft offers a better solution as it looks at LEDs and their test systems.Test facilities may need to be arranged and hence if this is used as a guide or ARP and later become a VC
18 IEC draft Double-capped LED lamps for general lighting services –Safety specifications 1 ScopeThis International Standard specifies the safety and interchangeability requirements, and theexchange operation together with the test methods and conditions required to show compliance ofdouble-capped LED lamps with caps G5 and G13, intended for replacing fluorescent lamps with thesame caps, having:– a rated power up to 60 W;– a rated voltage of up to 250 V;Such LED lamps are designed for replacement without requiring any modification of the luminaire.The existing luminaires into which the double-capped LED lamps are fitted, can be operated withelectromagnetic or electronic control gear.The requirements of this standard relate only to type testing.Recommendations for whole product testing or batch testing are given in Annex A.
19 Typical information 5.3.2 Graphical instruction (IEC Draft) This clause can be used instead of The steps of applying the product to an existing luminaire shall be as given in Figure 8.Switch off – remove - replace - connect - switch onFigure 8: Schematic steps of removing a fluorescent lamp and inserting a double-capped LED lampNote no safety circuit shown – SA will require a safety fuse this is in the text of IEC draft
20 Proposed Guide lines LED Tubular lamps Use the T5 retrofit guide lines as the min basisLabels three off positions in retrofitCircuit diagrams shown with changesLuminaire tested with lamps especially retrofitLED replacement lamps not recommended for emergency luminaires as a refit but recommend new luminaires are used here.Zone classified luminaires must be retested with the LED lamps and certificates provided.All luminaires tested to have photometric data available .
21 LED luminaires for above, High bay luminaires and Street lanterns Used the amended SANS/IEC safety and call for SANS 475 testing for performance data.Phase this is but issue a working guide so that Users can specify correctly and manufacturers can compete on an equal basis.Street light standard is the most urgent followed by high bay luminaires for stores.
23 Light output and lifeAll LEDs must state the light output initial value and the value at 1000 hours, 2000 hours and hours.The LED survival must be 2% failure before 1000 hours 5 % at 2000 hours and not more than 50% AT hours. L70F50 ≥ h=max 50%lamps having lumen maintenance below 70% after hours and L85F05 ≥ 1000h = h=max 5%lamps having lumen maintenance below 85% after 1000 hoursCRI greater than 80Efficacy NDLS 65 lm/W DLS 55 lm/W and increasingRef European LED Quality CharterBatch testing is required.
26 ConclusionThis is a quick proposal of ideas but South Africa requires these Standards or guidance so that the local industry can establish themselves, importers can bring in safe and efficient LEDs and products, inter-changeability can be achieved with reliable service for usersUsers can specify products fairly and get competitive prices.Stock holding can be limited
28 IEC Programme 2012 onwards Reference, Title Downloads Circulation Date Closing34A/1571A/CCRevised compilation of comments on 34A/1554/CD: IEC A2 ed.1: LED modules for general lighting - Safety specifications 134 kB 100 kB34A/1601/CDIEC Ed.1: Non-ballasted LED lamps - Performance requirements 786 kB34A/1378A/RVNRevised result of voting on 34A/1353/NP: Non-ballasted single capped LED lamps for general lighting - Performance requirements 150 kB34A/1463A/CCRevised compilation of comments on 34A/1399/CD: IEC : Non-self-ballasted LED lamps - Part 1: Safety requirements 163 kB 113 kB34A/1594/DCDraft for comments - Organic light emitting diode (OLED) panels for general lighting - Performance requirements 416 kB
29 34A/1587/CCCompilation of comments on 34A/1570/CD: IEC ed.1: LED modules for general lighting - Performance requirements 239 kB 236 kB34A/1582/NPPNW 34A-1582: Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services with supply voltages not exceeding 50 V a.c. r.m.s. or 120 V ripple free d.c. 374 kB34A/1570/CDIEC ed.1: LED modules for general lighting - Performance requirements 805 kB34A/1565/INFComments received on 34A/1547/DC: Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services with supply voltages not exceeding 50 V a.c. r.m.s. or 120 V ripple free d.c. - Safety specification 76 kB34A/1552A/INFObservations on the comments received on 34A/1525/DC: Proposal for amendment to IEC 62560, Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services by voltage > 50 V - Safety specifications 83 kB34A/1541F/DTRIEC/TR Ed.1: Application of IEC to light sources and luminaires for the assessment of blue light hazard 1368 kB
30 34A/1553/RRReview report on IEC Ed.1: LED modules for general lighting - Safety specifications 54 kB34A/1554/CDIEC Ed. 1 Amd. 2: LED modules for general lighting - Safety specifications 279 kB34A/1548/CCCompilation of comments on 34A/1520/CD: IEC Ed. 1: LED - Binning - Part 1: General requirements and white grid 922 kB 240 kB34A/1551/INFComments received on 34A/1524/DC: Proposal to revise IEC 60969: Self-ballasted lamps for general lighting services - performance requirements 176 kB34A/1552/INFComments received on 34A/1525/DC: Proposal for amendment to IEC 62560, Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services by voltage > 50 V - Safety specifications 83 kB34A/1461A/RVCRevised result of voting on 34A/1416/CDV: IEC A1 Ed. 1: LED modules for general lighting - Safety specifications 92 kB
31 34A/1549/INFComments received on 34A/1521/DC: Document for comments on Organic light emitting diode (OLED) panels for general lighting - Safety requirements 264 kB34A/1547/DCDraft for comment: Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services with supply voltages not exceeding 50 V a.c. r.m.s. or 120 V ripple free d.c. - Safety specification 149 kB34A/1534/RVNResult of voting on 34A/1501/NP: Double-capped LED lamps for general lighting services - Safety specifications 664 kB34A/1513A/INFObservations on the comments received on 34A/1503/DC: Proposal for a TR: Application of IEC to light sources and luminaires for the assessment of blue light hazard 1289 kB34A/1541/DTRIEC/TR Ed.1: Application of IEC to light sources and luminaires for the assessment of blue light hazard 1231 kB 1368 kB
32 34A/1530/RVCResult of voting on 34A/1495/DTR: IEC/TR Ed. 1: Three-digit-code for designation of colour rendering and correlated colour temperature 145 kB34A/1525/DCProposal for amendment to IEC 62560, Self-ballasted LED-lamps for general lighting services by voltage > 50 V - Safety specifications 85 kB34A/1520/CDIEC Ed. 1: LED - Binning - Part 1: General requirements and white grid 259 kB34A/1455A/RVNRevised result of voting on 34A/1430/NP: LED - Binning - Part 1: General requirements and white grid 113 kB34A/1521/DCDocument for comments on "Organic light emitting diode (OLED) panels for general lighting - Safety requirements" 395 kB34A/1515/CDVIEC ed 1: Self-ballasted LED lamps for general lighting services with supply voltages > 50 V - Performance requirements 806 kB 834 kB34A/1503/DCProposal for a TR: Application of IEC to light sources and luminaires for the assessment of blue light hazard 2057 kB