Presentation on theme: "Standardization in LED Lighting-Indian Scenario"— Presentation transcript:
1Standardization in LED Lighting-Indian Scenario R C MathewHead, Electro technicalBureau of Indian Standards
2WHY STANDARDS???? Standards are essential for all human activity But most people take them for granted
3GENERAL OPINION OF PEOPLE ABOUT STANDARD More constraintsMore things to comply withMore costExcludes my products from other marketsStifles innovation
4BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS National Standards Body of IndiaBureau of Indian Standards (BIS) took over work of Indian Standards Institution (ISI) through enactment of BIS Act (1986) by the Indian ParliamentISI was set up in Jan 1947 by a resolution of the Parliament
7APPROACH TO STANDARDIZATION Consultations involving all StakeholdersDocuments sent for public comments before finalizationConsensus PrincipleBalanced Committee StructureCompliance of WTO/TBT Principles
8STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS COMMENTSNEW WORK ITEMCIRCULATIONTOCOMMITTEEMEMBERSFIRSTDRAFTP-DRAFTCOMMENTSCIRCULATIONTOCOMMITTEEMEMBERSWCDRAFTPUBLICCIRCULATION+Web(30 to 90 Days)MEETINGCOMMENTSMEETINGF-DRAFTSTANDARDADOPTION BY DIVISIONCOUNCILNATIONAL STANDARDSTANDARDS DEVELOPMENT PROCESS8
9STANDARDS FORMULATION PRESENTFOCUSNEED BASED &DEMAND DRIVEN STANDARDSTIMELYUPDATIONHARMONISATION WITHINTERNATIONALSTANDARDSFASTER DEVELOPMENTOF STANDARDS
11LIGHTING COMMITTEES ET 23 – Electric Lamps and their Auxiliaries ET 24 – Illumination Engineering and LuminairesPanel on LED formed in June 2010
12INDIAN STANDARDS ON LIGHTING Lamps 29Control gear 10Test method 3 (Lamps)Test Method 4 (Luminaire)Code of Practice 17Lighting Fittings 16National Lighting CodeTotal 92
13A one step solution to all of lighting technology
14NEED FOR STANDARDS ON LED Widespread demand from all stake holdersProspect for huge energy saving – potential mass use of LED productsAvailability of wide varieties in market place vis-à-vis costNeed to define quality characteristicsNeed for quality monitoring.Power Quality Issues
15ADVANTAGES OF LED Green technology Long source life (light output degrades % after 11 years of continuous operationHigh lumen efficiencyLow maintenanceNo moving partsLow power consumptionLittle heat; no radiated heat from lightNatural coupling for digital controlNon-insect attractingFast response
16PROBLEMS FACED BY LED INDUSTRY Some low quality product in market affecting confidence of usersUnsubstantiated and inaccurate quality claimsLack of confidence of designers on SSL productsInadequate information on product performanceVery high initial costLack of awareness among channel members/consumers
17COMPLEXITY OF STANDARD FORMULATION ON LED LED technology has not yet been stabilizedAdvancement taking place at breakneck paceReduction in Span of Product lifecycleAny standards developed, by that time technology make it inadequateStandard development process has to keep pace with technology developmentLaboratories will have to make provision for such change
18COMPLEXITY OF STANDARD FORMULATION ON LED What’s the average rated lamp life for LEDs?Do LEDs really operate for 100,000 hours?How do we test and predict life of LED?
19CHALLENGES IN LED STANDARDS MAKING Life - LED has a long rated life – up to hr or more. Even with 24X7 operation, testing of led would take 5.7 years (for 50 khr)Concept of “Useful life” introduced in the standard – depreciation up to 70% of initial lumenAn accelerated life test for 2000 hr has been introducedEye Safety – High-powered LEDs(multi-chip LED arrays) can cause thermal heating effect which can damage tissues in retina
20INDIAN STANDARDS ON LED Sl. No.Title of standardIndian Standard /InternationalStandardDegree of Equivalance1Terms and definitionsIEC TS/IS 16101:2012Identical2Self-ballasted Led-lamps for general lighting services Part 1 - safety requirementsIEC 62560/IS 16102(Part 1):2012Modified3Self-ballasted Led-lamps for general lighting services Part 2 Performance requirementsIEC 62612(Part 2):20124Led modules for general lighting–Safety specificationsIEC 62031IS 16103(Part1)5Led modules for general lighting Part 2 performance requirementsIEC 62717IS 16103(Part2)
21INDIAN STANDARDS ON LED Sl. No.Title of standardCorresponding International StandardDegree of Equivalance6dc or ac supplied electronic control gear for Led modules – performance requirementsIEC 62384IS 16104:2012Modified7Method of measurement of lumen maintenance of solid state light (led) sourcesLM 80IS 16105:2012Equivalent8Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Solid-State Lighting ProductsLM 79IS :20129Led luminaires for general lighting purposes part 1 safety requirements34D/950/NPIS 16107(Part 1)10Led-luminaires for general lighting Part 2 Performance requirements34D/977/DCIS 16107(Part 2)11Photobiological Safety of LED and LED systemsIEC 62471IS 16108:2012Identical
22IS 16101:2012 (GENERAL LIGHTING-LED’s AND LED MODULES-TERMS AND DEFINITIONS This Standard presents terms and definitions relevant for lighting with LED light sourcesProvides both descriptive terms(such as “built-in LED module”) and measurable terms( such as “luminance”)
23IS 16102(Part 1):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 1 : SAFETY REQUIREMENTSThis Standard specifies the safety and interchangeability requirements, together with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance of LED lamps with integrated means of stable operation(self-ballasted LED lamps), for domestic and similar general lighting purposes, having,a) a rated wattage up to 60 Wb) a rated voltage of d.c. supplies up to 250 V or a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hzc) caps ( as per Table 1)
24IS 16102(Part 1):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 1 : SAFETY REQUIREMENTSRecommendations for batch testing are given in Annex C of IS 16103(Part 1):2012 ‘LED modules for general lighting: Part 1 Safety Requirements
25IS 16102(Part 2):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 2 : PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTSThis Standard specifies the performance requirements for self-ballasted LED lamps with a d.c. supply up to 50 V or a.c. supply up to 1000 V at 50 Hz, together with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standard, intended for domestic and similar general lighting purposes, having the same rated wattage, d.c. supplies or a. c. supplies, lamp cap as specified in IS 16102(Part 1).
26IS 16102(Part 2):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 2 : PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTSThis standard does not cover self-ballasted LED-lamps that intentionally produce tinted or colored light neither does it cover OLED’sRecommendations for batch testing are under considerationThese performance requirements are additional to the requirements given in IS 16102(Part 1)
27IS 16103(Part 1):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies general and safety requirements for LED modules:a) LED modules without integral control gear for operation under constant voltage, constant current and constant power.b) Self-ballasted LED modules for use on d.c. supplies up to 250 V or a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz.
28IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies performance requirements for LED modules, together with test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standardThe following types of LED modules are covered in this standard:a) Type 1 – Self-ballasted LED modules for use on dc supplies up to 250 V or on ac supplies up to 1000 v at 50 Hz
29IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS b) Type 2 – LED Modules operating with external control gear connected to the mains voltage, and having further control means inside(semi-ballasted) for operation under constant voltage, constant current or constant power c) Type 3 – LED Modules where complete control gear is separate from the module for operation under constant voltage, constant current or constant power.
30IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
31IS 16104:2012 (d.c. OR a.c. SUPPLIED ELECTRONIC CONTROL GEAR FOR LED MODULES – PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS)This standard specifies performance requirements for electronic control gear for use on d.c. supplies up to 1000 V and a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz with the output frequency which can deviate from the supply frequency, associated with LED modules according to IS 16103(Part 1):2012 ‘LED Modules for general lighting: Part 1 Safety requirements’.Control gear in this standard are designed to provide constant voltage or currentDeviations from the pure voltage and current types do not exclude the gear from the standard.
32IS 16105:2012 (METHODE OF MEASUREMENT OF LUMEN MAINTENANCE OF SOLID STATE LIGHT(LED) SOURCES) This standard covers the method of measurement of lumen maintenance of LED packages, arrays and modules onlyThis test method is primarily intended to permit reliable comparison of test results among laboratories by establishing uniform test methodsIt addresses the measurement of lumen maintenance testing for LED light sources designed and certified to meet lighting industry standards.
33IS 16106:2012 (METHOD OF ELECTRICAL AND PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF SOLID STATE LIGHTING (LED) PRODUCTS)This standard covers the procedures to be followed and precautions to be observed in performing reproducible measurements of total luminous flux, electrical power, luminous intensity distribution, and chromaticity, of solid state lighting (SSL) products commonly known as LED products for illumination purpose, under standard test conditions.
34IS 16107(Part 1):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies performance and environmental requirements for luminaires, incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1000 V where claims of operational performance are madeThis standard covers requirements for luminaires to support energy efficient use and responsible environmental management to the end of life.
35IS 16107(Part 2):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 2: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS, Section 1: LED LUMINAIRES)This standard specifies the performance requirements for LED luminaires, together for general lighting purposes, where claims of operational performance are made.Types of LED luminaires:a) Type A – Luminaire using LED modules that have not been shown to comply with IS 16103(Part 2):2012 ‘LED modules for general lighting: Part 2 Performance requirements
36IS 16107(Part 2):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 2: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS, Section 1:LED LUMINAIRES)Types of LED luminaires:b) Type B – Luminaire with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standard. It applies to LED luminaires using LED modules that have been shown to comply withIS 16103(Part 2)c) Type C – Luminaire using a LED lamp and covered in IS (Part 1) : 2012 ‘Luminaires performance: Part 1 General requirements’
37IS 16108:2012 (PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SAFETY OF LAMPS AND LAMP SYSTEMS) This standard gives guidance for evaluating the photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems including luminaires.It specifies the exposure limits, reference measurement technique and classification scheme for evaluation and control of photobiological hazards from all electrically powered incoherent broadband sources of optical radiation, including LED’s but excluding lasers, in the wavelength range from 200 nm through 300 nm