Presentation on theme: "R C Mathew Head, Electro technical Bureau of Indian Standards."— Presentation transcript:
R C Mathew Head, Electro technical Bureau of Indian Standards
WHY STANDARDS???? Standards are essential for all human activity But most people take them for granted
GENERAL OPINION OF PEOPLE ABOUT STANDARD More constraints More things to comply with More cost Excludes my products from other markets Stifles innovation
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS National Standards Body of India Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) took over work of Indian Standards Institution (ISI) through enactment of BIS Act (1986) by the Indian Parliament ISI was set up in Jan 1947 by a resolution of the Parliament
COMPOSITION of STANDARD FORMING COMMITTEE Chairman (Independent Body) Member Secretar y (BIS ) Manufactur er Laboratorie s/ R&D Institutions Government & Regulatory Bodies Consumer/ User Organization Industry Association Public Sector Units Consulting Firms Professional & Academic Bodies
APPROACH TO STANDARDIZATION Consultations involving all Stakeholders Documents sent for public comments before finalization Consensus PrincipleBalanced Committee StructureCompliance of WTO/TBT Principles
8 FIRST DRAFT CIRCULATION TO COMMITTEE MEMBERS P-DRAFT COMMENTS CIRCULATION TO COMMITTEE MEMBERS COMMENTS PUBLIC CIRCULATION +Web (30 to 90 Days) COMMENTS NATIONAL STANDARD NEW WORK ITEM MEETING WC DRAFT ADOPTION BY DIVISION COUNCIL F-DRAFT STANDARD MEETING
STANDARDS FORMULATION PRESENTFOCUS NEED BASED & DEMAND DRIVEN STANDARDS HARMONISATION WITH INTERNATIONALSTANDARDS FASTER DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS TIMELYUPDATION
STANDARDS STATISTICS VITAL STATISTICS (May 2013) STANDARDS PUBLISHED TECHNICAL COMMITTEES 314 TECHNICAL EXPERTS >12000 TIME TAKEN TO FORMULATE INDIAN STANDARDS PRIORITY ONE 12 MONTHS PRIORITY TWO 24 MONTHS OTHERS 28 MONTHS
LIGHTING COMMITTEES ET 23 – Electric Lamps and their Auxiliaries ET 24 – Illumination Engineering and Luminaires Panel on LED formed in June 2010
INDIAN STANDARDS ON LIGHTING Lamps 29 Control gear 10 Test method 3 (Lamps) Test Method 4 (Luminaire) Code of Practice 17 Lighting Fittings 16 National Lighting Code Total92
A one step solution to all of lighting technology
NEED FOR STANDARDS ON LED Widespread demand from all stake holders Prospect for huge energy saving – potential mass use of LED products Availability of wide varieties in market place vis-à-vis cost Need to define quality characteristics Need for quality monitoring. Power Quality Issues
ADVANTAGES OF LED Green technology Long source life (light output degrades % after 11 years of continuous operation High lumen efficiency Low maintenance No moving parts Low power consumption Little heat; no radiated heat from light Natural coupling for digital control Non-insect attracting Fast response
PROBLEMS FACED BY LED INDUSTRY Some low quality product in market affecting confidence of users Unsubstantiated and inaccurate quality claims Lack of confidence of designers on SSL products Inadequate information on product performance Very high initial cost Lack of awareness among channel members/consumers
COMPLEXITY OF STANDARD FORMULATION ON LED LED technology has not yet been stabilized Advancement taking place at breakneck pace Reduction in Span of Product lifecycle Any standards developed, by that time technology make it inadequate Standard development process has to keep pace with technology development Laboratories will have to make provision for such change
COMPLEXITY OF STANDARD FORMULATION ON LED Whats the average rated lamp life for LEDs? Do LEDs really operate for 100,000 hours? How do we test and predict life of LED?
CHALLENGES IN LED STANDARDS MAKING Life - LED has a long rated life – up to hr or more. Even with 24X7 operation, testing of led would take 5.7 years (for 50 khr) Concept of Useful life introduced in the standard – depreciation up to 70% of initial lumen An accelerated life test for 2000 hr has been introduced Eye Safety – High-powered LEDs(multi-chip LED arrays) can cause thermal heating effect which can damage tissues in retina
INDIAN STANDARDS ON LED Sl. No.Title of standardIndian Standard /International Standard Degree of Equivalance 1Terms and definitions IEC TS /IS 16101:2012 Identical 2Self-ballasted Led-lamps for general lighting services Part 1 - safety requirements IEC /IS (Part 1):2012 Modified 3 Self-ballasted Led-lamps for general lighting services Part 2 Performance requirements IEC /IS (Part 2):2012 Modified 4 Led modules for general lighting– Safety specifications IEC IS 16103(Part1) Modified 5 Led modules for general lighting Part 2 performance requirements IEC IS 16103(Part2) Modified
INDIAN STANDARDS ON LED Sl. No.Title of standardCorresponding International Standard Degree of Equivalance 6 dc or ac supplied electronic control gear for Led modules – performance requirements IEC IS 16104:2012 Modified 7 Method of measurement of lumen maintenance of solid state light (led) sources LM 80 IS 16105:2012 Equivalent 8 Electrical and Photometric Measurements of Solid-State Lighting Products LM 79 IS :2012 Equivalent 9 Led luminaires for general lighting purposes part 1 safety requirements 34D/950/NP IS 16107(Part 1) Modified 10 Led-luminaires for general lighting Part 2 Performance requirements 34D/977/DC IS 16107(Part 2) Modified 11 Photobiological Safety of LED and LED systems IEC IS 16108:2012 Identical
IS 16101:2012 (GENERAL LIGHTING-LEDs AND LED MODULES-TERMS AND DEFINITIONS This Standard presents terms and definitions relevant for lighting with LED light sources Provides both descriptive terms(such as built-in LED module) and measurable terms( such as luminance)
IS 16102(Part 1):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 1 : SAFETY REQUIREMENTS This Standard specifies the safety and interchangeability requirements, together with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance of LED lamps with integrated means of stable operation(self-ballasted LED lamps), for domestic and similar general lighting purposes, having, a) a rated wattage up to 60 W b) a rated voltage of d.c. supplies up to 250 V or a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz c) caps ( as per Table 1)
IS 16102(Part 1):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 1 : SAFETY REQUIREMENTS Recommendations for batch testing are given in Annex C of IS 16103(Part 1):2012 LED modules for general lighting: Part 1 Safety Requirements
IS 16102(Part 2):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 2 : PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS This Standard specifies the performance requirements for self-ballasted LED lamps with a d.c. supply up to 50 V or a.c. supply up to 1000 V at 50 Hz, together with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standard, intended for domestic and similar general lighting purposes, having the same rated wattage, d.c. supplies or a. c. supplies, lamp cap as specified in IS 16102(Part 1).
IS 16102(Part 2):2012 (SELF-BALLASTED LED LAMPS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING SERVICES PART 2 : PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS This standard does not cover self-ballasted LED-lamps that intentionally produce tinted or colored light neither does it cover OLEDs Recommendations for batch testing are under consideration These performance requirements are additional to the requirements given in IS 16102(Part 1)
IS 16103(Part 1):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies general and safety requirements for LED modules: a) LED modules without integral control gear for operation under constant voltage, constant current and constant power. b) Self-ballasted LED modules for use on d.c. supplies up to 250 V or a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz.
IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies performance requirements for LED modules, together with test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standard The following types of LED modules are covered in this standard: a) Type 1 – Self-ballasted LED modules for use on dc supplies up to 250 V or on ac supplies up to 1000 v at 50 Hz
IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS b) Type 2 – LED Modules operating with external control gear connected to the mains voltage, and having further control means inside(semi-ballasted) for operation under constant voltage, constant current or constant power c) Type 3 – LED Modules where complete control gear is separate from the module for operation under constant voltage, constant current or constant power.
IS 16103(Part 2):2012 (LED MODULES FOR GENERAL LIGHTING PART 2: PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
IS 16104:2012 (d.c. OR a.c. SUPPLIED ELECTRONIC CONTROL GEAR FOR LED MODULES – PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies performance requirements for electronic control gear for use on d.c. supplies up to 1000 V and a.c. supplies up to 1000 V at 50 Hz with the output frequency which can deviate from the supply frequency, associated with LED modules according to IS 16103(Part 1):2012 LED Modules for general lighting: Part 1 Safety requirements. Control gear in this standard are designed to provide constant voltage or current Deviations from the pure voltage and current types do not exclude the gear from the standard.
IS 16105:2012 (METHODE OF MEASUREMENT OF LUMEN MAINTENANCE OF SOLID STATE LIGHT(LED) SOURCES) This standard covers the method of measurement of lumen maintenance of LED packages, arrays and modules only This test method is primarily intended to permit reliable comparison of test results among laboratories by establishing uniform test methods It addresses the measurement of lumen maintenance testing for LED light sources designed and certified to meet lighting industry standards.
IS 16106:2012 (METHOD OF ELECTRICAL AND PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF SOLID STATE LIGHTING (LED) PRODUCTS) This standard covers the procedures to be followed and precautions to be observed in performing reproducible measurements of total luminous flux, electrical power, luminous intensity distribution, and chromaticity, of solid state lighting (SSL) products commonly known as LED products for illumination purpose, under standard test conditions.
IS 16107(Part 1):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS) This standard specifies performance and environmental requirements for luminaires, incorporating electric light sources for operation from supply voltages up to 1000 V where claims of operational performance are made This standard covers requirements for luminaires to support energy efficient use and responsible environmental management to the end of life.
IS 16107(Part 2):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 2: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS, Section 1: LED LUMINAIRES) This standard specifies the performance requirements for LED luminaires, together for general lighting purposes, where claims of operational performance are made. Types of LED luminaires: a) Type A – Luminaire using LED modules that have not been shown to comply with IS 16103(Part 2):2012 LED modules for general lighting: Part 2 Performance requirements
IS 16107(Part 2):2012 (LUMINAIRES PERFORMANCE PART 2: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS, Section 1:LED LUMINAIRES) Types of LED luminaires: b) Type B – Luminaire with the test methods and conditions, required to show compliance with this standard. It applies to LED luminaires using LED modules that have been shown to comply with IS 16103(Part 2) c) Type C – Luminaire using a LED lamp and covered in IS (Part 1) : 2012 Luminaires performance: Part 1 General requirements
IS 16108:2012 (PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SAFETY OF LAMPS AND LAMP SYSTEMS) This standard gives guidance for evaluating the photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems including luminaires. It specifies the exposure limits, reference measurement technique and classification scheme for evaluation and control of photobiological hazards from all electrically powered incoherent broadband sources of optical radiation, including LEDs but excluding lasers, in the wavelength range from 200 nm through 300 nm