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1 RoHS directive 10 th July 2008 Kwidzyn Poland Business Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and TurkeyBusiness Support Programme for Bulgaria,

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Presentation on theme: "1 RoHS directive 10 th July 2008 Kwidzyn Poland Business Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and TurkeyBusiness Support Programme for Bulgaria,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 RoHS directive 10 th July 2008 Kwidzyn Poland Business Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and TurkeyBusiness Support Programme for Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Turkey BSP 2007/

2 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 2 outline Legislative background What is it about Restricted elements and compunds Exemptions Testing methods Summary

3 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 3 Resolution of 25 January 1988 on a Community action programme to combat environmental pollution by cadmium

4 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 4 Legislative background Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council 27 th January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment RoHS

5 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 5 WEEE and RoHS Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE as set out in Directive 2002/96/EC of 27 January 2003 Reduce the load of electronic waste: heavy metals flame retardants

6 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 6 Directive is not the same as state law of the EU member State. States have been given 18 moths for incorporating the law into their own

7 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 7 What is it about Approximate the laws of the Member States Contribute to the protection of human health Environmental Disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment

8 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 8 restricted elements compounds Mercury Hg CadmiumCd Lead Pb ChromiumCr (VI) Fire retardants

9 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 9 PBB (polybrominated biphenyls) PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers) …will there be more restricted elements compounds

10 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 10 concentration Maximum concentration in homogeneous material 0,01%Cadmium Mercury Lead 0,1%Chromium (VI) PBB (polybrominated biphenyls) PBDE (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)

11 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 11 Homogeneous material Homogeneous material means a material that can not be mechanically disjointed into different materials. PCB element (plastic- cover chip, etc.) powder

12 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 12 What equipment is covered electrical and electronic equipment falling under the categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 set out in Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) and to electric light bulbs, and luminaires in households Devices that use electric current or electromagnetic field or generation, transfer, measure of such not exceeding 1000 V AC 1500 V DC Link annex IA

13 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL Large household appliances 2. Small household appliances 3. IT and telecommunications equipment 4. Consumer equipment 5. Lighting equipment 6. Electrical and electronic tools (with the exception of large-scale stationary industrial tools) 7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment 8… 9… 10. Automatic dispensers Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) What equipment applies

14 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 14 WEEE (1) WEEE Annex IA (1) 1. Large household appliances Large cooling appliances Refrigerators Freezers Other large appliances used for refrigeration, conservation and storage of food Washing machines Clothes dryers Dish washing machines Cooking Electric stoves Electric hot plates Microwaves Other large appliances used for cooking and other processing of food Electric heating appliances Electric radiators Other large appliances for heating rooms, beds, seating furniture Electric fans Air conditioner appliances Other fanning, exhaust ventilation and conditioning equipment

15 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL Large household appliances 2. Small household appliances 3. IT and telecommunications equipment 4. Consumer equipment 5. Lighting equipment 6. Electrical and electronic tools (with the exception of large-scale stationary industrial tools) 7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment 8… 9… 10. Automatic dispensers Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) What equipment applies

16 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 16 Producer: manufactures and sells electrical and electronic equipment under his own brand; resells under his own brand equipment produced by other suppliers, a reseller not being regarded as the producer if the brand of the producer appears on the equipment, as provided for in; or imports or exports electrical and electronic equipment on a professional basis into a Member State.

17 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 17 Entering into force from 1 July 2006 new electrical and electronic equipment put on market

18 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 18 Exemptions Does not apply to spare parts for the repair, or to the reuse, of electrical and electronic equipment put on the market before 1 July 2006

19 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 19 Exemptions Exemptions from the substitution requirement should be permitted if substitution is not possible from the scientific and technical point of view or if the negative environmental or health impacts caused by substitution are likely to outweigh the human and environmental benefits of the substitution

20 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 20 Exemptions Hg Mercury in compact fluorescent lamps not exceeding 5 mg per lamp. Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for general purposes not exceeding: halophosphate 10 mg triphosphate with normal lifetime 5 mg triphosphate with long lifetime 8 mg Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes. Mercury in other lamps not specifically mentioned in this Annex.

21 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 21 Exemtions Pb Lead in glass of cathode ray tubes, electronic components and fluorescent tubes. Lead as an alloying element in steel containing up to 0,35 % lead by weight, aluminium containing up to 0,4 % lead by weight and as a copper alloy containing up to 4 % lead by weight. Lead in high melting temperature type solders (i.e. tin-lead solder alloys containing more than 85 % lead),

22 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 22 Lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array systems (exemption granted until 2010), Lead in solders for network infrastructure equipment for switching, signalling, transmission as well as network management for telecommunication, Lead in electronic ceramic parts (e.g. piezoelectronic devices). Lead in lead-bronze bearing shells and bushes (2005/717/EC) Exemtions Pb

23 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 23 Exemption Pb Lead used in compliant pin connector systems 2005/747/EC Lead as a coating material for the thermal conduction module c-ring 2005/747/EC Lead and cadmium in optical and filter glass 2005/747/EC Lead in solders consisting of more than two elements for the connection between the pins and the package of microprocessors with a lead content of more than 80 % and less than 85 % by weight 2005/747/EC Lead in solders to complete a viable electrical connection between semiconductor die and carrier within integrated circuit Flip Chip packages 2005/747/EC

24 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 24 Exemption Pb Lead in linear incandescent lamps with silicate coated tubes 2006/310/EC Lead halide as radiant agent in High Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps used for professional reprography applications 2006/310/EC Lead as activator in the fluorescent powder (1 % lead by weight or less) of discharge lamps when used as sun tanning lamps containing phosphors such as BSP (BaSi2O5:Pb) as well as when used as speciality lamps for diazo-printing reprography, lithography, insect traps, photochemical and curing processes containing phosphors such as SMS ((Sr,Ba)2MgSi2O7:Pb) 2006/310/EC

25 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 25 Lead with PbBiSn-Hg and PbInSn-Hg in specific compositions as main amalgam and with PbSn-Hg as auxiliaryamalgam in very compact Energy Saving Lamps (ESL) 2006/310/EC Lead oxide in glass used for bonding front and rear substrates of flat fluorescent lamps used for Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) 2006/310/EC Lead bound in crystal glass as defined in Annex I (Categories 1, 2, 3 and 4) of Council Directive 69/493/EEC; 2006/690/EC Exemption Pb

26 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 26 Exemptions Pb Lead and cadmium in printing inks for the application of enamels on borosilicate glass 2006/691/EC Lead as impurity in RIG (rare earth iron garnet) Faraday rotators used for fibre optic communications systems 2006/691/EC Lead in finishes of fine pitch components other than connectors with a pitch of 0.65 mm or less with NiFe lead frames and lead in finishes of fine pitch components other than connectors with a pitch of 0.65 mm or less with copper lead frames 2006/691/EC Lead in solders for the soldering to machined through hole discoidal and planar array ceramic multilayer capacitors 2006/691/EC

27 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 27 Exemption Pb Lead oxide in plasma display panels (PDP) and surface conduction electron emitter displays (SED) used in structural elements; notably in the front and rear glass dielectric layer, the bus electrode, the black stripe, the address electrode, the barrier ribs, the seal frit and frit ring as well as in print pastes 2006/691/EC Lead oxide in the glass envelope of Black Light Blue (BLB) lamps 2006/691/EC Lead alloys as solder for transducers used in high- powered (designated to operate for several hours at acoustic power levels of 125 dB SPL and above) loudspeakers 2006/691/EC

28 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 28 Exemption Pb Lead in soldering materials in mercury free flat fluorescent lamps (which e.g. are used for liquid crystal displays, design or industrial lighting 2008/385/EC Lead oxide in seal frit used for making window assemblies for Argon and Krypton laser tubes 2008/385/EC

29 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 29 Exemption Cd Cadmium plating except for applications banned under Directive 91/338/EEC amending Directive 76/769/EEC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations Cadmium alloys as electrical/mechanical solder joints to electrical conductors located directly on the voice coil in transducers used in high-powered loudspeakers with sound pressure levels of 100 dB (A) and more 2008/385/EC

30 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 30 Exemption Cr (VI) Hexavalent chromium as an anti-corrosion of the carbon steel cooling system in absorption refrigerators Hexavalent chromium in corrosion preventive coatings of unpainted metal sheetings and fasteners used for corrosion protection and Electromagnetic Interference Shielding in equipment falling under category three of Directive 2002/96/EC (IT and telecommunications equipment). Exemption granted until 1 July /692/EC

31 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 31 Exemptions fire retardants DecaBDE in polymeric applications (2005/717/EC)

32 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 32 … 8. Medical equipment 9. Devices for control and monitoring … Category 8 and 9 in Annex IA to Directive No 2002/96/EC (WEEE) Exemption

33 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 33 evaluation Mercury in straight fluorescent lamps for special purposes, Lead in solders for servers, storage and storage array systems, network infrastructure equipment for switching, signalling, transmission as well as network management for telecommunications (with a view to setting a specific time limit for this exemption) Evaluation of exemptions every 4 years

34 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 34 Occurrence of restricted chemicals Source: guide from Ministry of Economy

35 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 35 Occurrence of restricted chemicals Mercury Hg

36 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 36 Occurrence of restricted chemicals PBB PBDE

37 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 37 RoHS like regulations Source:Jutta Muller IZM Fraunhofer

38 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 38 Testing methods Testing procedures IEC Procedures for the Determination of Levels of Regulated Substances in Electrotechnical Products

39 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 39 Testing methods Screening: XRF (X-ray Fluorescence) Non destructive Fast Needs reference material Calibration

40 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 40 Testing methods Wet chemistry ICP-MS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry) ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy) CV-AAS (Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry) AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrometry) Destructive, digestion Time vs precision Calibration

41 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 41 Testing procedure LOD (Limit od Detection) = 3

42 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 42 Further steps March 2008 Oko Institute report May 2008 stakeholders workshop June 2008 Final version of report October 2008 revision made by EC of RoHS

43 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 43 Pros & Cons -Lead-free solders have a higher melting point requiring higher process temperatures -Lead-free solders are significantly harder, which can increase the likelihood of cracks instead of plastic deformation, which is typical for lead- containing solders -Energy consumption -Costs to upgrade to technology standard

44 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 44 Pros & Cons +Health benefits +Environment + Reliability concerns

45 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 45 Useful links /LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32002L0095:EN:NOT /LexUriServ.do?uri=CONSLEG:2002L0095: :EN :PDF htm FAQ

46 RoHS training, 10/07/08, Kwidzyn PL 46 amendments 2005/717/EC 2005/747/EC 2006/310/EC 2006/690/EC 2006/691/EC 2006/692/EC 2008/385/EC … more to come


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