Presentation on theme: "Seminar on Universalisation of Roshni, - a Green Innovation for sustainable urban habitats Presentation By Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Govt. of."— Presentation transcript:
Seminar on Universalisation of Roshni, - a Green Innovation for sustainable urban habitats Presentation By Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Govt. of India
Roshni Programme Under the Roshni Programme, 50 KW SPV Power Plant at Auditorium and 100 SPV street lights. The SPV power plant also supplies power to the conventional street lights. Cow dung based 25 cu. m. biogas plant installed by KVIC for mess of PBG.
SPV installation under Roshni 50 kw SPV power plant100 SPV stand alone street lights
Special Area Demonstration Project Scheme The Scheme aims at providing clean and green energy at places of National and International importance including prominent monuments and religious shrines. Places include 28 World Heritage Sites, Parliament House, Raj Ghat, Rashtrpati Bhawan including retreats, Raj Bhawans, State Assemblies, Secretariats, Collectoraits, etc.
Some installations 80 KW SPV power plant, 2000 lpd solar water heating system installed at the Parliament House. 17 Raj Bhawans in 15 States supported at Kolkatta, Raipur, Jaipur, Chandigarh(Punjab), Chandigarh(Haryana), Jammu, Srinagar, Dehradun, Nainital, Bhopal, Itanagar, Agartala, Imphal, Chennai, Lucknow, Ranchi and Hyderabad. Projects completed at Raj Bhawans of Kolkatta, Raipur, Jaipur and Jammu, and at other Raj Bhawans during this year.
Status 5 KW SPV power plant, 5000 lpd SWH system installed and 5 tonne/day mule dung based Biogas plant by June at the Vaishnodevi Shrine. 20 KW solar power plant, 2000 lpd SWH system installed at Kwaja Dargah Sharief in Ajmer. SPV systems installed at Chittorgarh Fort, Jantar Mantar, Safdarjung Tomb and Saifi villa at Dandi (lighting and illumination). Out of 77 projects supported so far, majority will be completed during the year.
New Proposal Biogas Plant based on kitchen waste, horse dung and bio- degradable waste for lighting and illumination. Solar LED street lights, path lights and garden lights. SPV pumps for gardens and fountains. Solar Steam Cooking for PBG mess. Solar steam system for laundry. Battery vehicles to minimise vehicular pollution.
Lighting and illumination Rashtrapati Bhawan and Jaipur column to be illuminated through LED façade lamps. Solar trees for front courtyard and Mughal garden. SPV LED street lights. SPV LED garden lights in the garden and path lamps. Replacement of mercury vapor lamps etc. with energy efficient LED/Induction lamps, with BEE.
Perspective for green buildings In India, energy demand is increasing rapidly, due to increased urbanization and better lifestyle. Buildings are major consumers of energy, water and generate wastes. Globally, about 40% of energy consumption and 40% of global emissions is attributed to buildings. Green Buildings are the answer to reduce the energy consumption & control the pollution Consume about 40% less electricity and about 50% less water through proper water conservation and waste management practices and solar passive architecture and design
GRIHA Rating for Green Building GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Sustainable Habitat), a rating system has been developed which is suitable for all types of buildings in different climatic zones of the country. It operates on a 100 point marking system and rates the building from 1 to 5 star with 5 star being highest. MNRE is promoting green buildings construction in the country and supporting GRIHA rating system through some financial incentives.
ECBC Compliance: Insulation High Performance glass Controls Efficient electrical, mechanical and lighting systems Incremental cost: 15% Payback period < 5 years Compliance with GRIHA ECBC + Passive principles (shading, orientation, controlled glass area) Higher indoor design conditions (higher by 1 deg C) Optimized lighting design No further incremental cost Payback period: < 4 years kWh/yr Impact of GRIHA Energy efficient building= Solar passive building + ECBC compliant 37% 45%
Status of GRIHA Rating ADaRSH an independent registered society created for promotion and implementation of GRIHA. Government decided that all new buildings of Central Government /PSUs would be GRIHA rated (min. 3 Star). CPWD has already taken a decision to follow GRIHA ratings in all buildings built by them. 117 projects registered for GRIHA rating certification with 4.98 million sq. m built up area of which 81 are Government projects with 3.88 million square meter built up area. Through capacity building over 600 professionals trained of which 115 Trainers and 92 Evaluators are further promoting green buildings/GRIHA rating in the country.
IIT KANPUR ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES BUILDING GRIHA RATED 60% savings in energy 25% savings in water
Trees preserved and protected Outdoor solar lights N-S Orientation with shading (roof/window) Lesser paving Solar PV and Solar Thermal systems Incremental cost 17% Energy savings 52% Payback period :3 years 5 Star Rated GRIHA Building in IIT Kanpur
SUZLON ONE-EARTH CAMPUS PUNE, MAHARASHTRA GRIHA RATED 56% savings in energy 50% savings in water 2,50,000 units of electricity generated annually through renewable sources of energy
NEED FOR GREEN CAMPUS Simply making green buildings would not create a green campus it should be sustainable also. A green campus should follow the optimum path for - land use vis-à-vis population density - Vertical or horizontal growth - Least infrastructure including pitched roads - Transport (more walkability & less use of vehicles) - Renewable energy use and Energy conservation, - Waste management and water conservation All buildings should be green buildings with GRIHA ratings Guidelines by July end
The Upcoming Campuses Many new educational campuses i.e, IITs, IIMs, ISERs, NITs, AIIMS, Central Universities etc. are coming up. IITs and NITs are being built on 600-1000 acres of land. These may not be sustainable even if they are built with green buildings due to the less population density These should follow the optimum path of green campuses
The NIIT University, Neemrana Built on 75 acres for 7500 students. 20 times the density of JNU and 6 times the density of IIT Delhi Built on fallow land unusable for agriculture Harvests rainwater by creating check dams and planting trees. Layout designed to minimize development costs by putting students and teachers housing complexes next to the academic buildings, making the campus: - entirely walk able with pedestrian pathways, reducing the need for motorized transport and minimizing the need for pitched road. Has a combined system of evaporative cooling and regular air conditioning together with a system of pre-cooling fresh air by passing it through underground tunnel. -
The NIIT University, Neemrana It provides reasonable degree of comfort in the academic buildings at low EPI(energy performance index) of 33 kWh/sq. m/year compared to 140 kWh/sq. m/year for ECBC air conditioning building. Infrastructure costs of road and services were reduced with compact walk able campus planning.
Biogas plant at Magarpatta City, Pune Capacity2000 kg/day Area160 Sq.m Year2005-06 Cost25.25 Lac Payback3.8 Years Genera- tion 200 units/day
Solar Steam Generating Systems Concentrating solar collectors produce high temperature & convert water into steam. Use : Can supplement conventional steam systems for – Community cooking – Industrial process heat – Laundry Fuel saving & payback -100 sq. m. system costing Rs. 12- 15 lakhs can cook food for 500 people & save 5,000 liters of diesel / 600 LPG cylinders/ year - Pays back the cost in 4 years with MNRE support
Solar Steam Cooking System at Shirdi Comprise of 73 dishes each of 16 sq. m. area Commissioned in July, 2009. Meals for 20,000 people /day Expected to save around 6,000 LPG cylinders per year
Solar Water Heating Systems Two type of systems namely flat plate and evacuated tube collectors Commercially viable technology Can replace/ supplement geysers & boilers & save precious electricity & fuel oil Helps in peak load shavings besides reducing energy bills & CO2 emissions FPC based system ETC based system
Solar Water Heating Systems Cost Economics Capacity : 100 LPD at 80 C, 2 sq. m. solar collector area Installed cost : Rs. 15,000- 18,000 Savings : - Up to 1500 units of electricity/yr depending on use - 140 liters fuel oil /year Pay back : 2- 4 years with MNRE support.
Solar Steam system at a Laundry 240 sq. m. solar dish system installed at Gajraj Cleaners, Ahmed Nagar, Maharashtra for washing & cleaning System hooked up with existing boiler is generating about 105 kg of steam per hour at 5 kg pressure saving through furnace oil is around 10,000 liter/yrs Pay back in 4 yrs with depreciation benefit
Battery operated vehicles Emission free mode of transportation. Available in a number of seating capacity options. Can operate up to 80 kms. with one charge. Cost Rs. 3.5 to 5 lakhs.