3The Eiffel Tower is the Symbol of Paris. It is affectionately called “The Iron Lady.”
4Why was the Eiffel Tower built? Who was the genius behind it?
5World’s Fair 1889 It was built for World’s Fair and to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution.The tower officially opened May 5, 1889.“The Iron Lady” was the star attraction with 2 million visitors.It symbolizes ideals of ingenuity, progress, and beauty.It was the tallest structure in the world until 1930.
6Gustave EiffelBorn December 15, 1832, in Dijon, FranceDied December 28, 1923, in ParisAn engineer, Gustave Eiffel designed 100’s of lattice-like metal structures of all kinds and sizes:BridgesViaductsInfrastructure of The Statue of Liberty, 1876The Eiffel Tower, 1889, his crowning achievement
7Oh là là! Quelle Grandeur! Took 2 years, 2 months, 5 days to build5,300 blue prints18,038 parts2,500,000 rivetsWeighs 10,000 tonsMeasures 324 meters high50 engineers125 workmen on site100 iron workers1665 stepsCost $1.5 million
8The Iron Lady is Kept Beautiful! “We will most likely never realize the full importance of painting the Tower, that it is the essential element in the conservation of metal works and the more meticulous the paint job, the longer the Tower shall endure.” Gustave EiffelPainted every 7 years to preserve the iron and steel structure.Takes 14 months to paint from top to bottom.Takes 60 tons of paint.25 painters kept busy.
9“The Iron Lady” Shines for All! Lampposts – Gas - Incandescent lamps—Neon—Sodium lamps—ElectricityMay, 1889Lampposts were used to illuminate the tower.1937André Grasset created the largest chandelier in the world to hang under the first platform.1985352 thousand watt projectors equipped with sodium lamps lighted the tower from inside.20002000 electric beams light the towerto celebrate the new millennium!
10“THE GUARDIAN OF PARIS” 1914 “The tower radiotelegraphy center intercepts enemy messages. …[and] the infamous Mata Hari spy is caught.”1927 “Lindbergh used the lighted tower to guide him to the end of his daring voyage.”World War II : All the elevator and electrical cables are cut to prevent the Occupational (German) forces from using the tower.Tourist attraction: The tower is the most famous monument in the world with 6 million visitors a year.
11Par un étudiant inconnu la fin!Par un étudiant inconnu
12Works Citedeiffel.htmlBlume, Eli, and Stein, Gail. French Two Years, New Edition, AMSCO School Publications, Inc., PagesMagi, Giovanna. All Paris, Bonechi. 1990