Presentation on theme: "Personal Pronouns Singular and Plural. Subject Pronouns indicate the person who does the action. SingularPlural YoINosotrosWe TúYou Él Ella Usted He She."— Presentation transcript:
Personal Pronouns Singular and Plural
Subject Pronouns indicate the person who does the action. SingularPlural YoINosotrosWe TúYou Él Ella Usted He She Thou Ellos Ellas Uds. They (male) They (Female) Thou all (Yall)
Using the subject pronoun. Often, we do not need to use the subject pronoun, because the verb tells us who the subject is. Como mucha carne. We know that Yo is doing the action because of the –o ending of the verb. In the third person, we do need to state the subject because él, ella and usted share the same verb form. Usted come mucho pero ella come poco. If we didnt state the subjects in both of the clauses, we wouldnt know who does what. The same thing is true for the third person plural.
Object pronouns indicate the receiver of the action. The direct object pronoun indicates the person or thing that receives the action directly. The indirect object pronoun indicates the person or thing who receives the result of the action.
The Direct Object The direct object receives the action of the verb. Sr. Burroughs mata el ratón El perro come el gato. Mimi grita insultos. Buffy besa al maestro. Fred Durst canta la canción
If we want to replace the direct object with a pronounso that we dont have to keep repeating itwe simply use one of the following. Me = meNos = us Te = youOs = yall Lo = it (masc) La = it (fem) Los = them (masc) Las = them (fem)
In Spanish, we place the pronoun directly before the verb. H&R Block la prepara ( la declaración ). Cartman los come ( los Cheesy Poofs ). Beavis lo fuma ( el cigarro ). Yo te amo ( a ti ). Ellos me odian ( a mí ).
When we have a verb and an infinitivetwo verbs in a row, we can place the pronoun before the first verb or attach it to the end of the second verb: Pablo quiere comer el caballo Pablo lo quiere comer. Pablo quiere comerlo. Voy a besar a ti. Te voy a besar. Voy a besarte.
The Indirect Object Indicates to/for/at somebody. Le tiramos tomates al Sr. Burroughs. We throw tomatoes at Sr. Burroughs. Sr. Burroughs nos da malas notas (a nosotros). Sr. Burroughs gives bad grades to us.
We place the indirect object pronoun directly before the verb. When there are two verbs, we can put it before the first verb or on the end of the infinitive. Yo le compro el lonche (a mi amigo). I buy lunch for him. Ella me lava la ropa (a mi). She washes the clothes for me. No le picamos la nariz (a él). We dont pick the nose for him. No quiero comprarte una soda (a ti). I dont want to buy a soda for you.
Whenever there is an indirect object present in the sentence, we must use the pronoun. The actual name of the indirect object is optionalit can be included to clarify the pronoun. Le tiro tomates (al Sr. Burroughs). Les gritamos insultos (a los Lakers).
It is easy to confuse the direct object and the indirect object. SubjectVerbDirect Object Indirect Object Yodigosecretosa Juan Ellostirantomatesa mi. Juancompradulcesa uds.