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1 Presented by: Your Name HERE High Intensity Discharge (HID)Presented by: Your Name HERE
2 HID Family: Universal’s Offering Universal is the technology leader in every category of HID ballasts covering every lamp application. Universal stocks and delivers ultra-reliable HID ballasts.Magnetic HID Ballasts:Cover all HID lamp types ranging from 35 to 1650 watts including: Metal Halide, Pulse Start Metal Halide and High Pressure Sodium.Available in dedicated, Tri (120, 277, 347), Quad (120, 208, 240, 277), or Multi-5 (120, 208, 240, 277, 480) voltage ballasts.“502K” distributor kit covers tri-tap.These replacement kits include all mounting hardware, capacitor, and ignitor ( if needed) in a single box.Multi-5® Uni-Pak™ HID Ballast and Lamp Replacement Kits (Core and Coil)For High Pressure Sodium and Metal Halide lamp types.Easy ballast replacement kit in one easy-to-carry box.Includes all the components of the distributor replacement kits with a 5-tap ballast and a matched lamp.This kit is also known as the “555.”HID LampholdersCover the “standard” E26 medium base and E39 mogul base applicationsHave a large lineup of low wattage HID lampholders as well including GX10, G12, G8.5, and more.Universal’s HID Family
3 HID Family: Primary Benefits Magnetic HID Benefits:Trip tap (120, 277, 347), Quad tap (120, 208, 240, 277) and Multi-5 (120, 208, 240, 277, 480):Color-coded leads for easier installation.Simple installation instruction and troubleshooting tips included.Adjustable mounting brackets for various mounting configurations.Prewired capacitor (plus ignitor if needed) saves installation time and reduces wiring errors.High Pressure Sodium Ballasts: These lamp systems provide maximum energy efficiency where color quality is not a primary concern. Available with constant wattage autotransformers and high reactance lag circuit types. Wattages from 35 – 1000.Probe Start Metal Halide Ballasts: These lamp systems are an efficient lighting source with good color rendering. Universal’s HID ballasts are available for lamps from 175W to 1650W with constant wattage autotransformer circuit type.Pulse Start Metal Halide Ballasts: These lamp systems provide high efficiency lighting source with good color rendering. Universal’s HID ballasts are available for lamps from 35W to 1000W with constant wattage autotransformers and high reactance lag circuit types. Metal Halide: Pulse Start provides these additional benefits over Probe Start: Better cold starting, improved color rendering, faster warm-up times, shorter re-strike times, cooler operation, and reduced color shift.Multi-5 Uni-Pak (Ballast/Lamp) Replacement Kit Benefits:Five taps in one: 120, 208, 240, 277 and 480 volt.Packages the right ballast and lamp to ensure system compatibility – all in an easy-to carry box.Multi-5 ballast for the correct voltage every time (120, 208, 240, 277, 480).Matched lamp to ensure system compatibility.All mounting hardware and components in one easy to carry box.
4 HID Lamps Three different types: Mercury (Banned by DOE) High Pressure Sodium (HPS):Ceramic arc tube is populated with mercury and sodium vapors under high pressure.High voltage applied across arc tube causes the vapors to generate an orange/yellow light.Metal Halide (MH) Family (Standard Metal Halide and Pulse Start Metal Halide):Arc tube is populated with mercury and metal halide salt gases under high pressure.High voltage applied across cathode causes the salt atoms to generate UV and visible light.Bulb wall filters out UV and allows visible light to pass through.
5 Pulse Start Arc TubeOne of the key differences between the pulse start metal halide lamp and standard metal halide lamps is that the standard MH lamp has a starting electrode as part of the arc tube.Removal of this starting electrode improves the efficiency and lighting quality of the lamp.Because there is no starting electrode, pulse start lamps require the ballast to have an ignitor.Standard Metal HalideStarting ElectrodePulse Start Metal Halide
6 Quartz and Ceramic Metal Halide Many metal halide lamp wattages are available with quartz or ceramic arc tubes.Quartz is the older technology that has typically been installed.Ceramic arc tubes provide better color rendering. (Whiter whites!)Ceramic lamps are available for pulse start lamps only.
7 High Pressure Sodium Lamps High Pressure Sodium (HPS) lamps are the most efficient type of HID lamp but since their color is not very good, HPS lamps may not be ideal for some applications.Pulse Start MH lamps also provide very good efficiencies.
8 HID Lumen MaintenanceWith Magnetic HID ballasts ...Over the life of an HID lamp, the light output drops off.HPS drops off the least, followed by Pulse Start MH.
9 HPS and Mercury provide the lowest CRI. HID ColorsHID lamps vary in their ability to provide quality “white” lighting. The chart below identifies the lamp color and other attributes. The higher the CRI (color rendering index), the closer the lamp color is to having a full true white color spectrum.Ceramic MH provides the highest Color Rendering (CRI) available for HID lamps.HPS and Mercury provide the lowest CRI.
10 HID Warm-Up & Re-Strike All HID lamps require time to warm up when initially turned on and have a re-strike delay time when they are inadvertently shut off during operation.
11 HID Starting High Pressure Sodium External Ignitor RequiredPulse Start Metal HalideMetal HalideInternal Electrode: No external ignitor requiredSome HID lamps require an external ignitor to be used as part of the lighting circuit.When these are required, they are included with the ballast.
12 HID End-of-Life High Pressure Sodium Metal Halide Unlike fluorescent lamps, HID lamps “fail” differently than just extinguishing. They also vary in end-of-life between lamp types.High Pressure SodiumArc voltage rises to a point where ballast cannot sustain it and the lamp repeatedly cycles on and off.Metal HalideSimilar to mercury, long lamp life but lumen depreciation (reduced light output) dictates usable life.
13 HID Lamp ANSI MatrixBallast specifications identify the HID lamps that are to be used by their ANSI lamp designations.This is to prevent compatibility problems in identifying lamp types of the same wattage that require different ballast types.
14 Magnetic Ballast Circuit Types Reactor (Rx)2. High Reactance (Lag)3. Constant Wattage Autotransformer (CWA)
15 Available for Low Wattage MH & HPS 35-150 W Reactors (Rx)Reactor ballasts have a single coil and are designed for a single input voltage.They are connected with an ignitor to the lamp and can also have a capacitor for power factor correction.Reactor ballasts perform poorly when the power line fluctuates (poor regulation).AdvantagesSingle CoilSmall SizeGood EfficiencyLowest CostDisadvantagesPoor Power FactorPoor RegulationDip Tolerance 25%Single VoltageAvailable for Low Wattage MH & HPS W
16 High Reactance (Lag)High Reactance ballasts have two coils and are available with multiple taps for different input voltages.They are low power factor but can have a capacitor for power factor correction.AdvantagesCan be used with any input voltageDisadvantagesHeavier, larger, and more expensive than reactor typeHigher losses than reactorsNotesUsed for multi-tap, low wattage HID lampsPerformance the same as a reactorAlso called HxNPF & HxHpfCapacitor required for High Power Factor
17 Constant Wattage Autotransformer (CWA) CWA ballasts have two coils and are available with multiple taps for different input voltages. They are high power factor and provide good regulation with the power line.AdvantagesBetter power line regulationHigh power factorBetter voltage dip toleranceDisadvantagesHigher costWeightNot as efficient as reactors or electronic HIDNotesMost common ballast on wattages above 150W.
18 Magnetic Ballast Construction Types Core and CoilMost common type of HID ballastConstructed with one or two coils and steel laminationsAvailable for CWA, High Reactance, and ReactorsA wide variety of input voltages are availableBallast is installed in an enclosed fixture housingCapacitor and starter supplied (If needed)Encased and PottedPrimarily used for indoor downlighting applications where quiet operation is essential.All of the components are enclosed in a fluorescent-style ballast can and are thermally protected.Available for most lamp types up to 400W
19 Ballast FactorUnlike fluorescent ballasts, which are offered with a variety of ballast factors, HID ballasts have ballast factors of 1.00.Lumens from the lamp are identified by the lamp manufacturer.System lumens will take into account lamp lumens and fixture efficiencies.Ballasts are not part of the system lumen equation.Unique applications may have ballast factors less than 1.00, but these are not very common.
20 Temperature Codes UL Bench Top Rise Ratings HID ballasts have temperature codes to identify the temperature rises at which they operate.The best rating is “A,” which represents the lowest temperature rise“J” rating has the highest temperature riseTemperature codes are primarily used by the fixture manufacturers during their approval processes.Replacement products are designed for operation in most applications.
21 CapacitorsThe majority of HID ballasts use capacitors for lamp current control or power factor correction. These were once available only in metal cans, but many of them are now constructed with plastic housings and are referred to as “dry” capacitors.Capacitor Ratings:Capacitors are rated in microfarads and volts.Replacement capacitors must be the same microfarads and equal or higher volts than the capacitor being replaced.Why choose dry capacitors?They are smaller in size.The plastic case does not conduct electricity, nor does it require grounding.They can operate at higher temperatures, up to 105° C.
22 IgnitorsMany HID lamps require that ignitors (a.k.a. starters) are connected to the lamps to provide an ignition pulse to start the lamp. When ignitors are required, they are shipped along with the ballast. There are different types of ignitors that will provide additional benefits.Standard IgnitorAlways comes with the ballast if the lamp requires an ignitor.Auto Shutoff IgnitorExcellent choice when the fixture is in a place that is difficult to maintain.The ignitor will stop pulsing after a predetermined time to minimize wear on the ballast and the ignitor.Long DistanceFor use when the ballast is remote-mounted from the lamp.Standard ignitors are limited from some applications by the distance that they can be mounted from the lamp.Instant RestrikeFor low wattage HPS applications when the need for instant re-strike is required.
23 VoltagesUnlike magnetic fluorescent ballasts, many HID ballasts can operate on a variety of input voltages. These ballasts have separate voltage taps, and they require that the input voltage to be connected to the appropriate tap. This benefit allows contractors and distributors to stock fewer ballasts while meeting their requirements.U.S. HID lighting voltages include 120, 208, 240, 277, and 480 volts.Common ballast that meet these are:5-Tap: 120/208/240/277/480V – covers ALL voltagesQuad Tap: 120/208/240/277V480V w/ 120V tap for standby lightingCanadian HID lighting voltages include 120, 277, and 347 volts.Tri-Tap voltages meet these requirements: 120/277/347V
24 HID Family: Applications Target SegmentsCommercial & Industrial Sites:Distribution Centers, Warehouses, Factories, etc.Convention Centers:Large meeting space, loading warehouse, trade show floor spaces, etc.Education:Gymnasiums, parking, etc.Government / Municipalities:Large indoor or outdoor public placesHealthcare:Parking structures for visitors/doctors, large lobby atriums, etc.Parking Structures, Stations & Garages:Garage, flood, pedestrian, pole, specialty indoor/outdoor, etc.Retail:Grocery stores, convenience stores, shopping center developers, furniture dealers, etc.Sports Arenas:Coliseums, Arenas, Stadiums, Athletic Fields, etc.HID ballasts are ideal for a broad range of applications.Target replacement HID ballasts with Facility Managers over multi-location facilities with parking.HID is commonly used for:Area lighting (e.g. parking)Roadways (e.g. underground roundabouts, tunnels, highways, etc.)Outdoor lightingHighbaysExterior lighting, outdoor wall packsHigh ceiling downlightingLarge indoor areas with high ceilings.
25 HID Family: Quick Cross Reference Universal’s HID product line covers more lamp types and lamp wattages than most of our competitors. It is interesting to see the “holes” in competitor’s lines where they are limited or have no offering.Always consult the current spec sheet for details:
26 For Additional Information, please visit our website www.unvlt.com or use your QR Reader for Smart Phone instant access.Thank youWebsite:Nashville Customer Service: (800)Universal Technical Engineering Services: BALLAST ( )|