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| 1 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies High Intensity Discharge (HID) Presented by: Your Name HERE
| 2 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Family: Universals Offering Magnetic HID Ballasts: Cover all HID lamp types ranging from 35 to 1650 watts including: Metal Halide, Pulse Start Metal Halide and High Pressure Sodium. Available in dedicated, Tri (120, 277, 347), Quad (120, 208, 240, 277), or Multi-5 (120, 208, 240, 277, 480) voltage ballasts. 502K distributor kit covers tri-tap. These replacement kits include all mounting hardware, capacitor, and ignitor ( if needed) in a single box. Multi-5® Uni-Pak HID Ballast and Lamp Replacement Kits (Core and Coil) For High Pressure Sodium and Metal Halide lamp types. Easy ballast replacement kit in one easy-to-carry box. Includes all the components of the distributor replacement kits with a 5-tap ballast and a matched lamp. This kit is also known as the 555. HID Lampholders Cover the standard E26 medium base and E39 mogul base applications Have a large lineup of low wattage HID lampholders as well including GX10, G12, G8.5, and more. Universal is the technology leader in every category of HID ballasts covering every lamp application. Universal stocks and delivers ultra-reliable HID ballasts. Universals HID Family
| 3 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Family: Primary Benefits Magnetic HID Benefits: Trip tap (120, 277, 347), Quad tap (120, 208, 240, 277) and Multi-5 (120, 208, 240, 277, 480): Color-coded leads for easier installation. Simple installation instruction and troubleshooting tips included. Adjustable mounting brackets for various mounting configurations. Prewired capacitor (plus ignitor if needed) saves installation time and reduces wiring errors. High Pressure Sodium Ballasts: These lamp systems provide maximum energy efficiency where color quality is not a primary concern. Available with constant wattage autotransformers and high reactance lag circuit types. Wattages from 35 – Probe Start Metal Halide Ballasts: These lamp systems are an efficient lighting source with good color rendering. Universals HID ballasts are available for lamps from 175W to 1650W with constant wattage autotransformer circuit type. Pulse Start Metal Halide Ballasts: These lamp systems provide high efficiency lighting source with good color rendering. Universals HID ballasts are available for lamps from 35W to 1000W with constant wattage autotransformers and high reactance lag circuit types. Metal Halide: Pulse Start provides these additional benefits over Probe Start: Better cold starting, improved color rendering, faster warm-up times, shorter re-strike times, cooler operation, and reduced color shift. Multi-5 Uni-Pak (Ballast/Lamp) Replacement Kit Benefits: Five taps in one: 120, 208, 240, 277 and 480 volt. Packages the right ballast and lamp to ensure system compatibility – all in an easy-to carry box. Multi-5 ballast for the correct voltage every time (120, 208, 240, 277, 480). Matched lamp to ensure system compatibility. All mounting hardware and components in one easy to carry box.
| 4 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Lamps Three different types: 1.Mercury (Banned by DOE) 2.High Pressure Sodium (HPS): Ceramic arc tube is populated with mercury and sodium vapors under high pressure. High voltage applied across arc tube causes the vapors to generate an orange/yellow light. 3.Metal Halide (MH) Family (Standard Metal Halide and Pulse Start Metal Halide): Arc tube is populated with mercury and metal halide salt gases under high pressure. High voltage applied across cathode causes the salt atoms to generate UV and visible light. Bulb wall filters out UV and allows visible light to pass through.
| 5 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Starting Electrode Standard Metal Halide Pulse Start Metal Halide Pulse Start Arc Tube One of the key differences between the pulse start metal halide lamp and standard metal halide lamps is that the standard MH lamp has a starting electrode as part of the arc tube. Removal of this starting electrode improves the efficiency and lighting quality of the lamp. Because there is no starting electrode, pulse start lamps require the ballast to have an ignitor.
| 6 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Quartz and Ceramic Metal Halide Many metal halide lamp wattages are available with quartz or ceramic arc tubes. – Quartz is the older technology that has typically been installed. – Ceramic arc tubes provide better color rendering. (Whiter whites!) Ceramic lamps are available for pulse start lamps only.
| 7 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies High Pressure Sodium Lamps High Pressure Sodium (HPS) lamps are the most efficient type of HID lamp but since their color is not very good, HPS lamps may not be ideal for some applications. Pulse Start MH lamps also provide very good efficiencies.
| 8 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Lumen Maintenance With Magnetic HID ballasts... Over the life of an HID lamp, the light output drops off. HPS drops off the least, followed by Pulse Start MH.
| 9 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Colors Ceramic MH provides the highest Color Rendering (CRI) available for HID lamps. HPS and Mercury provide the lowest CRI. HID lamps vary in their ability to provide quality white lighting. The chart below identifies the lamp color and other attributes. The higher the CRI (color rendering index), the closer the lamp color is to having a full true white color spectrum.
| 10 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Warm-Up & Re-Strike All HID lamps require time to warm up when initially turned on and have a re-strike delay time when they are inadvertently shut off during operation.
| 11 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Starting High Pressure Sodium External Ignitor Required Pulse Start Metal Halide External Ignitor Required Metal Halide Internal Electrode: No external ignitor required Some HID lamps require an external ignitor to be used as part of the lighting circuit. When these are required, they are included with the ballast.
| 12 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID End-of-Life High Pressure Sodium – Arc voltage rises to a point where ballast cannot sustain it and the lamp repeatedly cycles on and off. Metal Halide – Similar to mercury, long lamp life but lumen depreciation (reduced light output) dictates usable life. Unlike fluorescent lamps, HID lamps fail differently than just extinguishing. They also vary in end-of-life between lamp types.
| 13 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Lamp ANSI Matrix Ballast specifications identify the HID lamps that are to be used by their ANSI lamp designations. This is to prevent compatibility problems in identifying lamp types of the same wattage that require different ballast types.
| 14 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Magnetic Ballast Circuit Types 1.Reactor (Rx) 2.High Reactance (Lag) 3.Constant Wattage Autotransformer (CWA)
| 15 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Reactors (Rx) Advantages Single Coil Small Size Good Efficiency Lowest Cost Disadvantages Poor Power Factor Poor Regulation Dip Tolerance 25% Single Voltage u Available for Low Wattage MH & HPS W Reactor ballasts have a single coil and are designed for a single input voltage. They are connected with an ignitor to the lamp and can also have a capacitor for power factor correction. Reactor ballasts perform poorly when the power line fluctuates (poor regulation).
| 16 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies High Reactance (Lag) Advantages Can be used with any input voltage Disadvantages Heavier, larger, and more expensive than reactor type Higher losses than reactors Notes u Used for multi-tap, low wattage HID lamps u Performance the same as a reactor u Also called HxNPF & HxHpf u Capacitor required for High Power Factor High Reactance ballasts have two coils and are available with multiple taps for different input voltages. They are low power factor but can have a capacitor for power factor correction.
| 17 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Constant Wattage Autotransformer (CWA) Advantages Better power line regulation High power factor Better voltage dip tolerance Disadvantages Higher cost Weight Not as efficient as reactors or electronic HID Notes u Most common ballast on wattages above 150W. CWA ballasts have two coils and are available with multiple taps for different input voltages. They are high power factor and provide good regulation with the power line.
| 18 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Magnetic Ballast Construction Types 1.Core and Coil Most common type of HID ballast Constructed with one or two coils and steel laminations Available for CWA, High Reactance, and Reactors A wide variety of input voltages are available Ballast is installed in an enclosed fixture housing Capacitor and starter supplied (If needed) 2.Encased and Potted Primarily used for indoor downlighting applications where quiet operation is essential. All of the components are enclosed in a fluorescent-style ballast can and are thermally protected. Available for most lamp types up to 400W
| 19 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Ballast Factor Unlike fluorescent ballasts, which are offered with a variety of ballast factors, HID ballasts have ballast factors of – Lumens from the lamp are identified by the lamp manufacturer. System lumens will take into account lamp lumens and fixture efficiencies. Ballasts are not part of the system lumen equation. – Unique applications may have ballast factors less than 1.00, but these are not very common.
| 20 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Temperature Codes UL Bench Top Rise Ratings HID ballasts have temperature codes to identify the temperature rises at which they operate. – The best rating is A, which represents the lowest temperature rise – J rating has the highest temperature rise Temperature codes are primarily used by the fixture manufacturers during their approval processes. Replacement products are designed for operation in most applications.
| 21 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Capacitors The majority of HID ballasts use capacitors for lamp current control or power factor correction. These were once available only in metal cans, but many of them are now constructed with plastic housings and are referred to as dry capacitors. Capacitor Ratings: –Capacitors are rated in microfarads and volts. –Replacement capacitors must be the same microfarads and equal or higher volts than the capacitor being replaced. Why choose dry capacitors? –They are smaller in size. –The plastic case does not conduct electricity, nor does it require grounding. –They can operate at higher temperatures, up to 105° C.
| 22 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Ignitors Standard Ignitor – Always comes with the ballast if the lamp requires an ignitor. Auto Shutoff Ignitor – Excellent choice when the fixture is in a place that is difficult to maintain. – The ignitor will stop pulsing after a predetermined time to minimize wear on the ballast and the ignitor. Long Distance – For use when the ballast is remote-mounted from the lamp. – Standard ignitors are limited from some applications by the distance that they can be mounted from the lamp. Instant Restrike – For low wattage HPS applications when the need for instant re-strike is required. Many HID lamps require that ignitors (a.k.a. starters) are connected to the lamps to provide an ignition pulse to start the lamp. When ignitors are required, they are shipped along with the ballast. There are different types of ignitors that will provide additional benefits.
| 23 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Voltages U.S. HID lighting voltages include 120, 208, 240, 277, and 480 volts. – Common ballast that meet these are: 5-Tap: 120/208/240/277/480V – covers ALL voltages Quad Tap: 120/208/240/277V 480V w/ 120V tap for standby lighting Canadian HID lighting voltages include 120, 277, and 347 volts. – Tri-Tap voltages meet these requirements: 120/277/347V Unlike magnetic fluorescent ballasts, many HID ballasts can operate on a variety of input voltages. These ballasts have separate voltage taps, and they require that the input voltage to be connected to the appropriate tap. This benefit allows contractors and distributors to stock fewer ballasts while meeting their requirements.
| 24 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies Target Segments Commercial & Industrial Sites: Distribution Centers, Warehouses, Factories, etc. Convention Centers: Large meeting space, loading warehouse, trade show floor spaces, etc. Education: Gymnasiums, parking, etc. Government / Municipalities: Large indoor or outdoor public places Healthcare: Parking structures for visitors/doctors, large lobby atriums, etc. Parking Structures, Stations & Garages: Garage, flood, pedestrian, pole, specialty indoor/outdoor, etc. Retail: Grocery stores, convenience stores, shopping center developers, furniture dealers, etc. Sports Arenas: Coliseums, Arenas, Stadiums, Athletic Fields, etc. HID ballasts are ideal for a broad range of applications. Target replacement HID ballasts with Facility Managers over multi-location facilities with parking. HID is commonly used for: –Area lighting (e.g. parking) –Roadways (e.g. underground roundabouts, tunnels, highways, etc.) –Outdoor lighting –Highbays –Exterior lighting, outdoor wall packs –High ceiling downlighting –Large indoor areas with high ceilings. HID Family: Applications
| 25 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies HID Family: Quick Cross Reference Always consult the current spec sheet for details: Universals HID product line covers more lamp types and lamp wattages than most of our competitors. It is interesting to see the holes in competitors lines where they are limited or have no offering.
| 26 © 2013 Universal Lighting Technologies THANK YOU For Additional Information, please visit our website or use your QR Reader for Smart Phone instant access. | 26 Website: Nashville Customer Service: (800) Universal Technical Engineering Services: BALLAST ( )
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