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ILARIA PASCUCCI Space Telescope Science Institute Department of Physics & Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University Monitoring of the Wavelength Calibration.

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Presentation on theme: "ILARIA PASCUCCI Space Telescope Science Institute Department of Physics & Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University Monitoring of the Wavelength Calibration."— Presentation transcript:

1 ILARIA PASCUCCI Space Telescope Science Institute Department of Physics & Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University Monitoring of the Wavelength Calibration Lamps for the Hubble Space Telescope Pascucci, I., Proffitt, C., Ghavamian, P., Sahnow, D., Oliveira, C., Aloisi, A., Keyes, T., Penton, S. V. – Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7731, 77313B (2010)

2 STIS and COS Lamps STIS : 3 hollow cathode Pt-Cr-Ne lamps COS : 2 hollow cathode Pt-Ne lamps ~ Å ~ Å ~ Å

3 When do we take a lamp spectrum? STIS : every time we use a new grating or tilt position and generally after ~1 orbit COS : lamp exposure contemporaneous to science observations

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5 1. Metals sputtered from the cathode trap Ne atoms reduced gas pressure need higher turn-on voltage 2. Aging of the barium getter impurities mainly H H lines 3. COS: lamp beams become larger with time (not intrinsic fading) Causes for lamps fading typical lifetime 15,000 mA h or 1,500 h at 10 mA current

6 Increase lamp voltage with use Nave et al. 2008

7 STIS Lamps STIS : 3 Pt-Cr-Ne lamps – LINE, HITM1 and HITM2 Different locations and optics: LINE brightest on the detector FUV echelle modes HITM1 and 2 optical low-res modes

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9 STIS – Lamps Fading with Time

10 STIS – Lamps Fading in the FUV

11 STIS – Lamp flux vs Usage

12 STIS – Current Lamp Flux Ratios PID : 4 internal orbits

13 STIS – Early vs Recent Lamp Exposures

14 STIS – The Most Affected Setting allow for the HITM2 lamp current exp time with LINE = 46s

15 COS and STIS Lamp comparison when the COS sensitivity degradation is removed

16 Aged-lamps Intensities Nave et al. 2008

17 Summary The STIS LINE lamp, which was the brightest at the beginning of operation in 1997, has faded dramatically at the shortest FUV wavelengths ( Å) and is now fainter than the other two STIS lamps The STIS LINE lamp output remains higher than the HITM1 and HITM2 lamp outputs by factors of ~5-10 at all wavelengths > 1300Å The fading of the STIS LINE lamp between 1997 and 2010 in absolute terms is factor of ~15 at the very short FUV wavelengths, much greater than what expected from accelerated aging tests in the laboratory We have evidence that all STIS lamps fade even when they are not used indicating that on-orbit factors are impacting the lifetime of the lamps The 6-month monitoring of the COS P1 lamp shows that the lamp output fades similarly to the STIS lamps as a function of lamp usage Pascucci, I., Proffitt, C., Ghavamian, P., Sahnow, D., Oliveira, C., Aloisi, A., Keyes, T., Penton, S. V. – Proc. SPIE, Vol. 7731, 77313B (2010)


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