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Plan Introduction I)History II)How does that work ? III)Advantages / disadvantages IV) Business Conclusion
Introduction The need of energy increase
Introduction Evolution of electricity consumption in France
Introduction Lighting energy represent an important part of the total energy :
Introduction Grenelle of the environment -Kyoto : -5.2% ( ) -Copenhague : ?? ( ) in one month
History Physical discoveries: middle of the 19th century Incandescent lamps: 1880
History Discharge lamps (like Neon lamps) Fluorescent lamps: birth in 1980 Invented by Philips In 2001 : 44% An evolution? Yes, but why?
II) How does it work ?
Expensive because of the supply: Block Diagram:
In case of breakage: - Do not touch it - Ventilate the room - Use adhesive II) How does it work ?
III) Advantages / disadvantages Advantages : They use 3 or 4 times less electricity: Source: Fluorescent lampsIncandescent lamps
III) Advantages / disadvantages LampFluorescent lampIncandescent lamp Performance65 lumen / Watt15 lumen / Watt Price15 euros1 euro Life duration6000 hours1000 hours Advantages : Life duration is 6 bigger
III) Advantages / disadvantages Source: Lemonde.fr Advantages Life duration is 6 bigger Situation for 7000 hours of consommation
III) Advantages / disadvantages Advantages : Respect of natural colours The recycling is better (93%) Repaid in one year
III) Advantages / disadvantages Disadvantages : They attain their maximum intensity after several minutes.
III) Advantages / disadvantages Disadvantages : Color Rendering Index : Incandescent lamp : 100% Fluorescent tubes : 60%-70%
III) Advantages / disadvantages Disadvantages : -Dangerous : contains mercure -Toxin for men and nature -Issue electromagnetic radiance
III) Advantages / disadvantages Disadvantages : Disadviced to use it close to the head
III) Advantages / disadvantages Disadvantages : There is not any kind of bulb like incandescent lamps
IV) Business Comparative law France, State of California 2013 : end sales of incandescent bulbs Trade Distribution will collect used lamps USA Nothing...
IV) Business Economic future in US: Money (bilions euros) US with 12 fluorescent lamps / home Nowadays: US with 2 fluorescent lamps / home A saving of 17 billions euros per year !! Source:
IV) Business Sales of fluorescent lights in France and USA since 2004: Source:
Number of fluorescent lamps by inhabitants: France:USA: - 65 millions Inhabitants- 307 millions Inhabitants millions Lamps- 830 millions Lamps IV) Business Source:
IV) Business Electricity use for light: 1% 15% The US should use 15 times more lamps than France Source:
Conclusion 67 % 23 % 11 % Source:
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