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Whole Systems, Whole Students Eric Brewer UC Berkeley, Google CCC Council November 2, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Whole Systems, Whole Students Eric Brewer UC Berkeley, Google CCC Council November 2, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Whole Systems, Whole Students Eric Brewer UC Berkeley, Google CCC Council November 2, 2012

2 Three Converging Trends 1.Billions of gadgets – Some smart, some just clever – Basic cost is low => huge variety 2.Software in everything – Smart phones, scales, cars, appliances, glasses – Follows from Moores Law – Often connected to the cloud 3.Ability to make your own gadgets – Not just the software – … also the electronics, mechanics, packaging


4 Phone as Super Gadget Several embedded processors WiFi, cellular, bluetooth, NFC Many sensors: – camera(s), mic(s), GPS, accelerometers, compass, … Open-source software stack (Android) Combine with cloud-based services – Voice recogition, navigation, …

5 Software in Gadgets Fitness – Scale, fitbit, nike shoe, bike computers Cars: 30-100 software systems Digital cameras: autofocus, face detection Remote controls Robot vacuums, mops, … GPS+video ski goggles

6 Maker Subculture … stresses new and unique applications of technologies, and encourages invention and prototyping [Wikipedia]Wikipedia Enabled by: 1.Internet 2.New tools 3.Fabrication facilities and servicesservices Plus magazines, Maker Faire

7 Internet enables DIY

8 New Tools

9 Arduino Uno

10 Arduino is an Enabler

11 Fabrication made Easy

12 Claim: super educational Very creative – Focuses on design skills – Physical manifestation is more rewarding Mix of disciplines and thinking – Mechanical and electrical engineering – Computer science – Plus HCI, business, art – Multi-modal learning High school students can do this (and should)

13 My Best DIY Project (so far)



16 The Dovetail Joint

17 Four pieces of wood, no nails

18 4W, 12V Xenon bulb, real candle

19 Power flows to Both Ends

20 Embedded microcontroller

21 Chandelier Electronics 18 bulbs at 4W = 72W total 2 microcontrollers, one at each end – Pseudo-random flickering between 50-100% – 6 1A circuits total, each independent flickering 8 wires to every bulb location – 6 circuits plus 2 ground (ethernet cable) – Each circuit handles every 6 th bulb in series 3 bulbs * 4W = 12W, 12W @ 12V => 1A

22 Three CS Issues 1.EE vs CS for Embedded Systems 2.Security for smart gadgets 3.How to design Whole Systems

23 EE vs CS Embedded systems are typically an EE topic – Follows from analog control theory – Also hard real-time systems New systems are all software – Control loop is in software, likely on Linux – Kind of real time (due to overprovisioning) – … but might need to reboot periodically We should revisit this dichotomy

24 Security

25 Designing Whole Systems Not enough to design the software – Can choose the CPU, sensors, flash, ram, … Partially a CAD problem Mostly a breadth problem – How to train the full range of design skills? – How much is needed from each discipline? – How to cover the device + the cloud? – Claim: CS should lead this rising area

26 The Larger Trend CS is being applied to solve real problems We need to create students – that can lead solutions – (not just write software) Technology for developing regions – Need to solve the problem Not deploy technology – CS only part of the solution (but the enabling part)


28 Tier Base Station

29 Tier SIM card

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