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Engines and Motors Part - 2. Engines and Motors Turbines Rocket Steam.

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Presentation on theme: "Engines and Motors Part - 2. Engines and Motors Turbines Rocket Steam."— Presentation transcript:

1 Engines and Motors Part - 2

2 Engines and Motors Turbines Rocket Steam

3 Turbine Engines In all cases, something (a force) spins the turbine. Background Steam Water Wind

4 Gas Turbine / Jet Engines In a gas turbine a pressurized gas spins the turbine.

5 Gas Turbine / Jet Engines The engine produces its own pressurized gas, and it does this by burning something like propane, natural gas, kerosene or jet fuel. The heat that comes from burning the fuel rapidly expands the exhaust gasses, and the high-speed rush of this hot air spins the turbine. Helicopter Engine Helicopter Engine

6 Gas Turbine / Jet Engines Advantages: Excellent Power to Weight Ratio Small Size Disadvantages: EXPENSIVE! Prefer a constant load

7 External Combustion Engines Steam Engines Rocket Engines

8 Steam Engines Steam engines were the first engine type to see widespread use. Thomas Newcomen in 1705 Used to pump water from coal mines along sea shore

9 Steam Engines Steam engines powered all early locomotives, steam boats and factories, and therefore acted as the foundation of the industrial revolution.

10 Steam Engines

11 Rocket Engines Rocket engines are reaction engines. The "strength" of a rocket engine is called its thrust. Thrust is measured in "pounds of thrust"

12 Rocket Engines – 2 Types Solid Fuel Liquid Fuel

13 Rocket Engines-Solid Fuel Solid-fuel rocket - first engines created by man. Invented in China around 1232

14 Rocket Engines – Solid Fuel Solid-fuel rocket engines have three important advantages: Simplicity Low Cost Safety They also have two disadvantages: Thrust cannot be controlled Once ignited, the engine cannot be stopped or restarted

15 Rocket Engines- Liquid Propellant Rockets Robert Goddard-1926 He also worked on and solved a number of fundamental problems in rocket engine design, including pumping mechanisms, cooling strategies and steering arrangements.

16 Rocket Engines- Liquid Propellant Rockets Advantages: Shut Down/Restart Can Throttle Higher Performance Disadvantages: Very Complex Very Expensive

17 Electric Motors 1 st practical electric motors from Emily and Thomas Davenport in 1837 Ran @ 600 RMP, and powered machine tools and a printing press

18 Electric Motors Electric Motors: D/C A/C

19 Electric Motors

20 Electric Motor in Action Electric Motor in Action

21 Hybrids Any vehicle is hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Examples: mo-ped, car, locomotive, sail boat

22 Hybrids Hybrid Cars Electric Drag Racing

23 The End

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